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asc11 resume Over the years, the recruiting protocols have changed due to constant advancement in technology. This has created a need for many resume formats and their methods of delivery. Here are some of the most commonly used resume formats. Gender Role. ASCII or Text Resume Formatted Resume Portable Document Format (PDF) Resume Posted Resume Web Resume Web Portfolio. This is the letter, simplest form of gender role essay, online resumes. Essay Rewriting Program. All the role, formatting is stripped off so it is uea creative writing entry requirements, compatible with all systems. This resume format is most commonly used when posting resumes on online job boards or sending resumes by email. All you have to essay, do is cover assistantship, copy and paste it to the email messages.
You have to make sure you format your resume in ASCII text before sending it. Essay Outline. To do that just copy your resume into the text editor like Not Pad and format it. You can also save it as a text file from your word processor and the format it in the text editor. Dbq Essay. What you don#8217;t want to do is gender essay outline, just copy your resume from your word processor and paste it into red lambda your email message or eforms to submit. Best resume format to submit electronically Saves time as you don#8217;t have to print, scan, photocopy or mail the traditional resume.
Employer can one and access it quickly Highly compatible with all the applications so no compatibility issue. You have no control over the look and feel of the resume as there is no formatting Looks inferior to role essay outline, the formatted resume as it is very plain to look at and maybe not as easy to read The appearance degrades when the recipients forward it to multiple destinations No capability to program, include graphics or images. Gender Role Outline. This is the resume format that you create in a word processor like MS Word and red lambda, send it out gender role outline, as an attachment. This resume is well formatted with indentations, bold or italicized text, columns and graphics. These types of resumes are more likely to carry viruses and could become a liability but employers still prefer them because of the convenience and accessibility.
Retains formatting so it is pleasing to look and easy to read You has a full control of the look and feel of the document Looks very similar to resume, the traditional paper resume format Can easily be forwarded to multiple recipients with out outline, loosing the formatting. Prone to resume, virus attacks so some recipients might not even open hence compromising your visibility There might be an incompatibility issue because of the different file formats More work for the recipients as they have to open, download, and print Formatting can be compromised depending on what systems the recipient is using. Portable Document Format (PDF) Resume. This resume writing format is very popular. It can only be created with an add on from Adobe Corporations. This format creates a snapshot of your resume and is highly compatible with all systems.
This resume format can be emailed, posted on the web, printed, searched and viewed as long as you have the Adobe Acrobat Reader installed in your computer. Works with all the systems It is a digital image of the outline, traditional resume so all the formatting is two page essay, retained Increase reader accessibility and gender role essay outline, increases legibility No risk of viruses Can not be altered so you have the complete control over the appearance and feel of the resume. More work for the recipient as they would have to open, view, or print Recipients need to have the uea creative writing requirements, Adobe add on role, to view the resume You would have to have the PDF writer software or you might have to letter graduate, pay someone to convert the resume into the PDF file. Not all recipients will be familiar with PDF. Just like the name, posted resumes are posted on the job sites like dice.com or monster.com. These resumes are stored in gender role outline the database of these job sites and you are provided with the user name and a password to access it. Posted resume is text only. Cover Assistantship. Posted resume is posted on job sites so it makes you visible to a larger recruiting community By the help of keywords your resume can easily be discovered You get exposed to other career opportunities you might not have considered before Your resume stays in role essay the database foe long period of time giving you extended exposure. Your resume could still be online even after you found your dream job Some paid job sites limit access only to their employees and the subscribers Posted resumes are text only so they are plain and difficult to read. Some site mandate predefined formats so you have no control over the appearance of your resume If you are conducting a private job search it might not be as private as you hoped. Program. Rich Text Format (RTF) Resume.
Rich Text Format resumes are very similar to the ASCII format resumes. Role Outline. However, they are formatted with codes to structure, enable you to see bold, italic and indentations. Role. In other words it allows you to use the visual tools to make it more appealing and captivating. No threats of phd thesis, virus as it is gender role essay outline, text only Easy to read No compatibility issue Better presentation with the resume, formatting. You have to send it as an attachment so threat of virus is there Not all recipients will be familiar to RTF Additional work for the recipient. Web resumes are created on the single web page. They have their on web address and all the gender essay outline, content is within this page. Two Page On Responsibility. different content can be accessed by navigating through the hyperlinks. Web resume is more robust because you can include all the supporting documents like references, degrees, certificates and so on.
It is exactly like a web page that has all the content from your resume and maybe more. Unlimited access from anywhere no compatibility issue You can include more documents than the traditional resume Capacity for incorporating audios, videos, links Full control of the appearance and freedom to be creative No need for photocopy, email, fax or mail. Web resumes can not be accessed with out an internet access Bad design will impart a poor impression to outline, the recipients Your URL could be overly complicated depending on what kind of red lambda resume, service you used to build your web resume Different browsers can display your resume differently so the role essay outline, appearance might be compromised. Web Portfolio is built on a web page with its own web address. It provides an avenue to showcase your credentials and cover assistantship, achievements in a visually captivating manner. It could be compared with a small commercial web site. It has everything a properly running website should have. It proves that you are technically savvy You can have unlimited content You can easily modify to make it look any way you like No virus Capacity for powerful graphic presentation Constantly evolving Gives employers bigger picture about you than just the gender, words.
Some cost might be involved Need to have a web development knowledge or pay to get it done Can only be accessed through the internet.
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Gender Roles Outline - Gender Role a …
History: American/ Ku Klux Klan term paper 17747. Over the years many people have created groups to support their beliefs. These groups allow people with the same ideas to gather together and work out plans to advance their ideas. All of the groups that have been established have not necessarily gained a positive image from the role essay, public. One example is the Ku Klux Klan. The Ku Klux Klan originated over one hundred years ago and has gone through many eras and changes since it’s beginning. Although many people know the Ku Klux Klan exists, they do not understand its purpose or how it has changed throughout its life. Background of the Ku Klux Klan in the United States. After the Civil War ended, the Southern States wen through a time known as Reconstruction. Ex-Confederate soldiers had returned home now, and they were still upset about the outcome of the essay rewriting program, war.
It is at this point that the Ku Klux Klan became a part of everyday life for many Southerners. In the beginning, the Ku Klux Klan was started to be a way for people who had the essay outline, same views to han and technology dbq essay spend time together. The original members meant for essay outline the Ku Klux Klan to two page on responsibility be a “hilarious social club” that would be full of aimless fun (Invisible Empire, p. 9), though in later years the gender role outline, Ku Klux Klan became known for essay rewriting their violence on anyone outside the white race (The Klan, p. 2). The Ku Klux Klan began in Pulaski, Tennessee, a small town south of Nashville. Gender Essay Outline. On the night of December 24, 1865, six ex-confederate soldiers were sitting around a fireplace at the law office of Judge Thomas M. Jones (Invisible Empire, p. 9). These six friends were having a discussion and were trying to come up with an idea to writing requirements cheer themselves up, since they were frustrated and bored with the inactivity in the aftermath of war.
One of the men suggested that they should start a club and the rest of the men agreed with the idea. After discussing the new idea, the men decided to essay meet again later and program they retired for the night. The second meeting was again at Judge Thomas M. Jones’ law office and was attended by the same six men. During this meeting the group decided the club’s need for a name. After many hours of deliberating, they decided on the name derived from the Greek work kuklos, meaning circle Ku Klux (Knights of the KKK, p. 2). The group later added “Klan” to the work to make the phrase complete (The Klan, p. 3). At this time, the group decided what to call the different ranks of the gender outline, members, starting with the leader, the Grand Cyclops, all the way down to the ghouls, or members of no rank. When the men had finished organizing, they were overjoyed about their new group, and they decided to show everyone their new creation. The members wrapped themselves and cover assistantship their horses in a sheet and rode through the small town and gender role terrified everyone, especially the Negroes (Invisible Empire, p. 12). No doubt, this is the harmless little club that later would be taken to extremes by writing entry, its members. Admittedly, the gender outline, Ku Klux Klan did become out of control in later years, but when it was first created it had no specific meaning; it was a way to two page on responsibility simply have fun.
After the members saw the effect the group’s appearance had on people, they began to use the results to gender essay their advantage. Because the Klan resembled ghosts, many of the citizens of Pulaski believed them to be dead soldiers of the Confederate Army when they saw them riding on harvard their horses through the small town (Knights of the KKK, p. 3). While the Negroes were busy avoiding the Ku Klux Klan, its main purpose changed. The Ku Klux Klan began aiming its violent actions toward Negroes, Jews, Oriental, and various other members of role outline, society that did not belong to the white race. Although violence was already occurring against non-whites before the organization of the Ku Klux Klan.
The Klan just used this fact as a way to keep their “enemies” under control (Hooded Americanism, p. 8). No one denies that the Ku Klux Klan became a brutal force over the years, but the fact remains that violence was not the reason the group was founded. It is true that all groups and clubs must go through changes, but many of these changes, which the Ku Klux Klan endured, were not necessarily the best for everyone. Shortly after the Ku Klux Klan’s first ride, its members began to cause a major impact on society. Many members decided that the Klan could be used as a way of discrimination. Red Lambda Resume. Many members also saw the Ku Klux Klan as a way for the South to regain control and keep the “Northern Folk” out. Gender Outline. Another reason the essay, Ku Klux Klan changed is that members broke off from the original den and created their own dens (Invisible Empire, p. Role Outline. 11). At this point in time, any “roughouser” could joint the essay program, Ku Klux Klan for only ten dollars.
By 1879 the membership of the Ku Klux Klan had exceeded eighty-five thousand members (Knights of the KKK, p. 3). Many people believed this is the role essay outline, point when the Ku Klux Klan became uncontrollable and its ramifications engulfed the entire nation. Visitors to the town of Pulaski also inspired the growth of the resume, Ku Klux Klan. These visitors went back home after their trips and began setting up their own dens and branches of the Ku Klux Klan. More than a dozen kindred groups were set up during this period.
All of these groups were deeply entrenched in the Southern States (Imperial Klans of America, p. 2). Though the growth of the Klan was steady, it was undirected and undisciplined, causing many of the dens to become violent and unruly. The Ku Klux Klan had a great deal of external help in outgrowing the small town of Pulaski. Newspaper and magazine articles added fuel by publishing propaganda and stories about the mysterious order, which had taken over the South (Knights of the KKK, p. 4). Indeed the Ku Klux Klan had surpassed the gender role outline, expectations of the original members. Members of the Ku Klux Klan saw the red lambda, great increase in gender growth of the group and decided to have a national convention to help maintain order within the group. Essay. The Ku Klux Klan National Convention was held in April of essay, 1867 at the Maxwell House Hotel in Nashville, Tennessee. Here the Grand Cyclops from all the dens met to discuss and set the general guidelines for the Ku Klux Klan’s different dens across the United States, and the group also set specific rules for han and technology members.
Also at the convention, the group drafted and approved a constitution so everyone would be aware of the group’s rules and regulations (Hooded Americanism, p. Role Essay Outline. 9). It was at red lambda resume, the National Convention meeting the Ku Klux Klan decided to appoint a Grand Wizard to head and gender essay outline control all of the dens of the Klan across the United States. Roman Technology Dbq Essay. General Nathan Bedford Forrest, formerly an officer in the Confederate army, was the group’s choice for the position and he gladly accepted. The Empire of the Grand Wizard was divided into role, realms, dominions, provinces, and dens, headed by two page essay, Grand Dragons, Titans, Giants, and Cyclopes, and composed of Ghouls. Under the command of gender role essay outline, General Forrest the technology, Ku Klux Klan became a greater choice in society than it had ever been (Hooded Americanism, p. 10). Since their new leader was in place, the final objective of the conventions was reached by creating an gender essay official symbol of the Ku Klux Klan. The symbol is a cross with a drop of blood (representing the blood of Jesus Christ) within a circle.
This symbol was meant to red lambda resume represent the totality of the White race (Invisible Empire, p. Gender Essay. 13). Admittedly, the han and dbq essay, Ku Klux Klan still had problems, but after their national convention many of its activities were more effective and organized. Almost every group that has ever come about has had its share of problems and the Ku Klux Klan was no exception. As with any controversial group, the outline, public asked the government for assistance in disposing of this violent organization. The Ku Klux Klan had become soft in enforcing its policies and this deficiency allowed its members to red lambda cause chaos throughout the gender role essay outline, Southern states. Cover Letter. Because many of the police supported the Ku Klux Klan movement, many incidents occurred and no investigation ever followed. The Ku Klux Klan was finally slowed when the Federal Bureau of Investigations stepped in and became involved in role essay reducing the power of the group. The major reason many incidents took place is that many ex-confederate soldiers had begun organizing their own dens.
The hatred of blacks was the main reason that many people decided to join the Ku Klux Klan movement. As the uea creative writing requirements, Ku Klux Klan’s membership grew, it obtained a wide range of enrollees. The Ku Klux Klan had members from all social classes (Knights of the KKK, p. 6). Not all of the role outline, members joined the Ku Klux Klan to cause trouble; many joined to keep from uea creative requirements, being victims. Ku Klux Klan members admitted that they were a “rough bunch of boys” and a ten-dollar joining fee had allowed anyone to join; no person was responsible for monitoring motives for joining.
For instance, many politicians had joined just so they would have the help of the gender essay, Ku Klux Klan in campaigning of the election. General Forrest tried to be strict on membership requirements, but his objective failed (Invisible Empire, p. 14). One of the Ku Klux Klan’s strong attractions to the average American was its secrecy, which was also one of the weak points which led to its undoing. Roman Dbq Essay. The mystery of the white sheet made control of the members a virtual impossibility, which resulted in the perpetration of gender role outline, all types of crimes by the Klansmen. Because of this, the leaders officially broke up the organization in 1869, tore up their Klan insignia, and destroyed their records. Nevertheless, white-robed nightriders continued to terrorize communities until the United States Congress passed laws in 1871-1872 aimed at the disbanding of the Klan and other secret societies (The Reference Shelf, p. 85). Despite the 1871-1872 legislation, the technology, American people had not seen the gender essay, end of the hooded Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. William Joseph Simmons of Atlanta, Georgia revived it in phd thesis November 1915.
For the first few years, the revived Klan was confined to Alabama and Georgia and outline was, in fact, another fraternity. In 1920, its membership was less the two thousand, and entry requirements showed no indication of becoming a sociological phenomenon in the United States (The KKK in the City 1915-1930, p. 120) It was then that two promoters, Edward Young Clarke and Mrs. Elizabeth Tyler, were attracted to the Ku Klux Klan. Although they had participated in promotional drives for respectable organizations, such as the Red Cross, Salvation Army, and Anti-Saloon League, Clarke and Tyler had distasteful reputations. When they offered to put this experience in role manipulating human emotions at the disposal of the Klan, Simmons readily accepted. Therefore, in three months 48,000 persons joined the Klan; and within a few years, Klan membership was being estimated in the millions (The KKK: A Study of the American Mind, p. 3) In the winter of 1920-1921, the Ku Klux Klan crossed the Mason-Dixon line into the northern States, and by 1923 the older Northwest had become the “center and source of greatest power” for the organization.
In May 1923, a survey of Klan membership discovered that Indiana claimed 294,000, Ohio 300,000, and Illinois 131,000. Other Midwestern states had memberships ranging from uea creative writing entry requirements, 30,000 to 75,000. Essay Outline. Therefore, by the middle of 1923, the Klan had claimed approximately three million members (The KKK: A Study of the American Mind, p. 96) The Ku Klux Klan in essay rewriting Canada. The first attempt of the Ku Klux Klan to organize into Canada began in Montreal in role September 1921. Essay. “The famous Ku Klux Klan is organizing in Montreal,” reported the Montreal Daily Star. The report said that a secret meeting was held and attended by “masked, hooded and silent men,” who planned to provide “proof of their existence in the form of some demonstration.” The Klan continued to gender role essay outline operate throughout the 1920’s in Montreal. British Columbia appears to have been the second province in Canada to have a branch of the han and technology dbq essay, Ku Klux Klan. It was not until 1925, however, that organization of the Klan began with the importation of three Klansmen from gender essay, Oregon, Major Luther E. Powell, Captain W. B. Laycock, and writing requirements Dr.
Keith Allan. Within a short time, local organizations were established at role essay, Vancouver, Victoria, Nanaimo, Ladysmith, and structure Duncan. A Klan rally held in North Vancouver attracted five hundred people and was addressed by Klansmen is gender outline, full dress (White Hoods: Canada’s KKK, p. 22). For the phd thesis structure, first few weeks of the Klan’s activities under the leadership of American organizers, the newspapers gave full coverage. Other reactions brought the Klan added publicity: in Victoria, a “black hooded gentry” was organized to combat the white hooded knights of the Klan; a Labor member of the Legislature, Mr. Tom Uphill, received a note from the order, during proceedings of the House, saying, “You are known;” and on the 26th of November 1925, the Klan announced its intention of holding a grand demonstration in role outline Victoria (White Hoods, p. 24) The Klan continued to be active in British Columbia for at least another twelve years. In 1927, Vancouver claimed a membership of entry, eight thousand, Victoria three thousand, New Westminster five hundred, and White Rock two hundred. There were at role, least another one thousand at scattered points throughout the province (White Hoods, p. 25) In British Columbia, the Klan could easily fasten itself to two page essay on responsibility an anit-orientalist tradition.
In February 1927, for role essay outline example, the Vancouver Klan passed a resolution supporting the “complete prohibition of Asiatic immigration into Canada, repatriation of all Asiatics at present domiciled in this country, and expropriation of their property…with fair recompense.”(Shades of Right: Nativist and Facist Politics in letter assistantship Canada, p. 42) This resolution was sent to the New Westminster District Trades and gender role outline Labor Council, the Victoria Chamber of Commerce, and the local provincial and federal governments. The British Columbia Klan continued this practice of petitioning government members for such reforms of requirements, Canadian life until at least 1932 (White Hoods, p. 26) The Ku Klux Klan conducted, however, other more stunning activities. On June 18, 1927, the role essay, organization requested and received the permission of Vancouver City Council to hold a parade in that city. The parade was widely advertised and ten thousand citizens attended on the streets of Vancouver to resume cheer the marchers. Of the five thousand Klansmen, dressed in full regalia, which were advertised as participants in the affair, only two hundred appeared.
The reason for gender role this was that the police prohibited the wearing of masks shortly before the parade was scheduled, and it might also have been caused by an exaggeration of essay on responsibility, Klan membership (White Hoods, p. 26-27) It would appear the gender essay outline, Maritime Provinces were next in line for the Ku Klux Klan. One of the Klansmen, C. L. Fowler, wrote, “As I see the red lambda, situation we shall have no trouble at outline, all along the border land. The entire territory from Nova Scotia which is entry, richly and predominantly Protestant and all along Via Quebec, Montreal, Ottawa and Toronto should be fine territory and should make it possible for us to gender essay gather in large numbers at uea creative writing entry requirements, once.” A few weeks later, Fowler again wrote to inform someone, that he had a friend in New Brunswick who was already engaged in the work and who reported that they would have no trouble establishing the Klan as “the men up there are wild for the organization.” (White Hoods, p. 55) The Ku Klux Klan penetrated other parts of the role outline, Maritime Provinces but, it seems, without much success, as there is little evidence of the order’s activities. Prince Edward Island also appears to have witnessed some Klan activity, as stories of the Klan apparently circulated among the people, but no reliable or specific information on its activities has been discovered or documented. As early as September 1923, the Ku Klux Klan had begun recruiting in program Ontario. The campaign for essay membership was to be continued under the leadership of King Kleagle R. Eugene Farnsworth of Portland, Maine, who was a former itinerant hypnotist, lecturer, promoter, and photographer. A meeting was held, in March 1925, at the Iroquois Hotel. The purpose of this meeting was to set up and establish the Ku Klux Klan in han and technology Canada. The official name of the organization adopted was The Invisible Empire, Knights of the Ku Klux Klan of Kanada, and the chief officers appointed were R. L. Cowan, Imperial Wizard (President), J. H. Hawkins, Imperial Klaliff (vice-president), and C. L. Fowler, Imperial Kligrapp (Secretary) (Shades of Right, p. 46)
By May 16th 1,102 members had been recruited. But within six weeks, Hawkins, the outline, Imperial Klaliff, resigned and was demanding $2,836.00 in back salary, and threatening to go to court if not paid. Hawkins, however, did not remain at rest; he quickly met with Klansmen at London and cover letter Hamilton and won them to his side. On July 17th, 1925, Hawkins organized a completely independent branch of the Klan, the outline, Ku Klux Klan of the British Empire, the upholding of the womanhood of the nations and uea creative entry its protection against colored or foreign peoples, the role outline, abolition of the yellow peril, and the abolition of anything tending to bring ridicule on letter graduate assistantship the Protestant church. Essay Outline. The new regalia for two page on responsibility the “reorganized” Klan was to be the same as the gender essay outline, original body except that the Union Jack was to be worn on the right breast, instead of the left. Within a few weeks, however, Hawkins was forced out of the Ku Klux Klan of the British Empire and returned to the United States (White Hoods, p. 56-58). Klaverns were organized at resume, various points in Ontario, such as, St. Thomas, Exeter, Sault Ste Marie, Ottawa, Kingston, Richmond, and Belleville.
There is some evidence of essay, vigilante activity by the Klan in Ontario. At Barrie, for roman example, a member was convicted of blowing-up a Roman Catholic Church, and at Oakville, a group of Klansmen rode into town, burned a cross on Main Street, and separated a young man thought to be of Negro ancestry from his fiancee and role outline warned him to keep away from white girls (White Hoods, p. 59). Although, it seems that the Ontario Ku Klux Klan of the essay, 1920’s faded away as quickly as it had appeared. When Fowler and Hawkins organized the Ku Klux Klan of Kanada in role essay outline Toronto, they attempted to enlist experienced organizers for the other provinces. Manitoba was one of these provinces. Fowler wrote to Hawkins on February 18th, 1925, “Colonel Machin has done some good work in Manitoba. He will get a Charter there also after Parliament adjourns April 1st.” (Shades of Right, p. 51) However, this was not to be, and the “good work” seems to have suddenly stopped when Colonel Machin moved his base of operations to Kenora, Ontario, within two months of the letter (Shades of Right, p. 52). The first attempt to organize the Klan in cover letter graduate assistantship Manitoba was in Winnipeg on gender role outline June 1st, 1928. Organizer, D. C. Grant, conducted a meeting in the Royal Templars Hall on Young Street. On July 7th, Dr. Writing. Hawkins lectured at Virden, and on October 19th, Grant held a rally in St.
Boniface (White Hoods, p. 61). The Klan’s campaign apparently brought some results. There is evidence that D. Essay Outline. C. Han And Roman Dbq Essay. Grant continued to organize in essay outline Manitoba at least until 1929, and perhaps in to the early 1930’s, for the Winnipeg Klan passed a resolution protesting bilingualism in January 1930. The organization does not appear to have reached beyond Winnipeg in the east. Red Lambda. But in general, Manitoba did not prove to be a fertile field for the Klan; meetings were poorly attended and role outline the membership does not seem to have been large at any time (White Hoods, p. Rewriting Program. 61-62). Ku Klux Klan organizers from British Columbia entered the province of essay outline, Alberta in 1926 and 1927, and began recruiting members at ten dollars per han and roman technology dbq essay head. Within a short time, one thousand members were in the order, with locals at Calgary, Milo, Vulcan, Red Deer, Taber, Rosebud, Edmonton, and many other smaller centers.
The order seemed to be making good progress until the organizers disappeared with the Klan funds in the fall of 1927. Two years later, however, in the fall of 1929, organizers from Saskatchewan revived the Klan. Within six months, the gender outline, Alberta Klan called a provincial convention for March 2nd, 1930, in Calgary, where officers would be elected and a course of action planned for the coming election (White Hoods, p. 64). In the fall of 1927, most of the Ku Klux Klan bodies in eastern and western Canada merged together, under the name of “The Invisible Empire Knights of the han and technology dbq essay, Ku Klux Klan of Canada,” leaving as separate organizations only the Ku Klux Klan of the British Empire and the Saskatchewan organization. Role. Four principal officials were appointed for the dominion-wide organization: Rev. George Marshall, Imperial Wizard, and J. S. Lord, Imperial Scribe, for eastern Canada with headquarters in Toronto; and Rev. Charles E. Batzold, Imperial Wizard, and A. J. England, Imperial Scribe, for western Canada with headquarters in Vancouver.
However, it seems that the merging was never perfected, as most of the two page on responsibility, provincial Klan bodies were split by constant internal bickering, failing to attain stability for any length of time, and unable to organize dominion-wide conventions (White Hoods, p. 65-67). By 1926, the Klan had, although never with spectacular success, penetrated most parts of Canada, feeding on traditions of role outline, prejudice that were not new to the nation. The Ku Klux Klan Today. Even though the Ku Klux Klan dwindled in membership, it never died in the eyes of the people who truly believed in it. The Ku Klux Klan has not drastically changed since the resume, origination of the essay outline, group. It is today, an structure harvard institution of chivalry, humanity, mercy, and patriotism, which are all characteristics of the original Klan.
Also, the Klan is gender essay outline, dedicated as preserving the maintenance of White Pride and the rights of the White Race, which was also a goal of the original founders (North Georgia White Knights, p. 2). The activities of the modern Ku Klux Klan vary from den to den depending of the inclination of its members. Some dens of the Klan tend to use more violence to express their viewpoints than do other dens. Some groups use threats, arson, and other forms of violence to force their ideas on modern society, while others simply choose to march and harvard protest opposing views. Regardless of the activities each den decides to participate in, the main goal of the Ku Klux Klan today is the progression of the White race and it is the same goal the original founders focused on. The main characteristic of the essay, Ku Klux Klan throughout the dbq essay, years has been that the group is a gathering of white Christian men and women who have joined together because of a common bond they share by blood and faith. This is what the original founders intended the role essay outline, group to become and essay rewriting they achieved their goal. Even though the Klan is sometimes looked upon gender outline, as a “hate group,” the characteristics of the roman technology dbq essay, group are a positive for society.
At this point in time, no single organization of the Ku Klux Klan is in existence. The Klan has splintered into several independent groups. Since the Klan has broken up into many groups, no one knows the exact number of members or its affiliated groups. Although the Klan’s members have changed their appearance and the membership has declined, no one can deny that that Klan is still a major influence on society. Due to some changes in the Ku Klux Klan, the organization now has new objectives. Leaders of the Klan now say they work to replace the collapsed society and push for the advancement of the White Race. Other objectives of the Klan are to start focusing on the family again. The Klan also intends on stopping abortion, reverse discrimination, and welfare for those who do not need it. The most important objectives of the Klan today are to outlaw homosexuality and inter-racial marriages. They attribute the imminent down fall of modern society to essay outline these two problems (Imperial Klans of America, p. 2).
The Klan agrees that everyone should be proud of their race, which means that White people have the right to be proud as well. Any new members of the Ku Klux Klan have to take a pledge not to commit any crime against anyone. The Klan’s motto printed on propaganda is “Not for self, But for others;” this is the main focus of the Klan today (Imperial Klans of America, p. 2) Even though the red lambda resume, Ku Klux Klan has new objectives, the main goal of the organization is to make the White Race superior to all others. Gender Role Outline. Although the letter assistantship, Klan has gone through many changes since it’s beginning, the present Klan is not very different from the original organization. Gender Role Essay Outline. And though the Klan is an organization like no other, it still has endured many problems, as do other groups. Red Lambda. It is impossible for people who do not study the gender essay outline, Ku Klux Klan to understand why it exists, but some of their concepts are really based on solid ground. In fact, people are always commenting that people should stand up for what they believe in, and the Ku Klux Klan is a perfect example. Word Count: 4278. Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on any level under time constraints. Well-versed in most subjects and citation styles, our writers have years of ghostwriting experience doing both academic and professional projects.
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Women And Gender Roles Sociology …
Reasons Why Autumn Is the Best Season. Fall is outline my favorite season. All the leaves from the trees and plants change into multi-colored works of art and letter assistantship fall away. It creates bare, and vulnerable branches, revealing the true scenery underneath. It also represents a beautiful cycle of essay loss, regeneration and regrowth once the spring season comes around. The dead leaves and branches on the ground disintegrate and turn into part of the soil, which are used as seeds and fertilizer later once the technology dbq essay cold welcomes the essay warmer weather. There are many reasons why I love fall and harvard why I think it's the best season, but here are just a few. In the southern part of the role essay United States, all the seasons are very apparent.
The spring season is roman dbq essay very green, the summer is very hot, the winter very cold and gender outline the fall is full of magnificent colors. The maple trees are especially vibrant with colors of red, golden yellow and uea creative writing combinations of both. When I was younger we called them tree stars from the movie Land Before Time and to this day they are my favorite trees when the season changes. This season is perfect for gender taking beautiful scenic photos and spending time outdoors. Technology! Nothing can relax and essay outline rejuvenate more than enjoying nature and the surrounding scenery. With cooler temperatures rolling in, saying goodbye to summer and hello to fall is not a hard thing to do. It's a great time to break out the jackets, coats, boots, scarves and phd thesis structure hats in preparation for the change in season. It's also the perfect time to start making hot cocoa, and lighting a fire in the fireplace. This season creates a sense of gender role comfort, warmth and reflection.
It's a great time to go camping, fishing, go on a road trip or anything else where you can spend quality time with family and eat good food. I like the fall, I like the night owl's. And wailing sound. I like the gray. And bare, dead boughs. That coldly sway.
Against my pane. I like the rain. And laugh at it. My cozy fire a bit. I like the fall. The mist and all. author, Dixie Willson. Fall was my mother's favorite season, and every year when it rolls around it creates a flood of memories and reminds me of the cover letter graduate beautiful person she was. She used to quote this poem from essay outline, Dixie Willson, all the time, but even more so when the autumn was in han and dbq essay full swing. It's one of the role many things I learned from her when I was young, that poems have a way of capturing your soul and uncovering a deeper connection within yourself.
Her demeanor changed when the red lambda resume weather started getting cooler, she would spend more and more time outdoors. She had a sense of peace and gender role essay outline thankfulness that I hope to convey to those around me. Autumn is one of the most packed holiday seasons. There's the red lambda resume back to role essay school rush, Halloween, Thanksgiving and of course Christmas. But it's not just full of regular holidays, these are all very involved, family centered holidays. This is two page essay a season to be thankful, and to be surrounded by the people you love. It's a perfect time to change up your decorations, add orange, red and yellow colors and pull out the spice scented candles. To think over the past year, what you've been through, the memories you've made together and to role look forward to a new and exciting year. Another reason I love the holidays is for the food.
You generally won't eat nearly as good during this season compared to the rest of the year. Autumn is not only the writing best time of year, out of all four seasons but it's also the most scenic and beautiful if you love being outdoors. It's all about role, family, food and creating memories. What season do you love the best and why? by Candace Bacon 7. 10 Contemporary Christian Christmas Songs. by Annette R. Smith 20. Happy Independence Day Messages, Wishes, and essay Quotes. by Oyewole Folarin 3. Better than the spring.
Fall is also my favorite season because you can stay inside and snuggle. You can get to bed at 7pm without hearing any noise. It gets dark earlier. The cold represents the warmer season. The leaves are also very beautiful and colorful. crystal mangual 12 months ago. Let me just tell you I LOVE how you wrote this. Gender Role Outline! And you are right fall is the best season ever. Letter Graduate! Fall is definetly the most wonderful time of the role outline year!! :)
Tigana Bryan 22 months ago. And don't forget the awesome fall makeup trends! Matte dark lipstick, winged liner, and matte foundation. (I might wear that all year round lol) autumn is my favourite season.i love it very much as i can.i write a book about autumn too.your essay also very beautiful as real sense of the word.good bye. Katharine L Sparrow 3 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. I live in the Northeast U.S., so summer is red lambda resume my favorite time of year. Generally not too hot here all summer long. In September I go all melancholy and it's hard to avoid feelings of depression. However, I do agree that the role essay outline scenery is exquisite and red lambda resume it's a good time to do outdoor things before the cold of winter sets in.
I absolutely LOVED the gender role essay outline poem your Mom taught you! Going to keep that one! Great hub! no way spring is a hell of a lot better. best season of the uea creative writing entry world.I love fall .I like the beauty of fall . Carrie Smith 5 years ago from Dallas, Texas. Thank you for the wonderful comments!
I love this season :) Linda Bilyeu 5 years ago from essay, Orlando, FL. We don't have much of graduate a Fall in outline FL so I appreciate the photos and this hub! Up/Awesome/Beautiful:) icciev 5 years ago from Kuwait. we don't much experience fall in the country where I live, nice hub voted up. David Stillwell 5 years ago from han and technology dbq essay, Sacramento, California.
ah. applecsmith! I thought about you and this hub today. I got to drive through the Napa Valley today on my way to Cobb Mountain. The grapes in the valley are all starting to turn their winter colors. but the maples on the way to Cobb were in awesome display. Great hub! Carrie Smith 5 years ago from Dallas, Texas. Thank you for the amazing comments.
I'm glad that even though some of you might not live in this area of the country, you still benefit from it's beauty. Admiral - so glad you understood my reference to tree stars :) Admiral_Joraxx 5 years ago from Philippines. Excellent post! Indeed autumn is a great season, I wish I can experience this someday, as there's no autumn in our country.=) Hey Applecsmith, I'm also a great fan and follower of The Land Before Time and their favorite Tree stars. It was a great movie.
1 vote up and beautiful. Aceblogs 5 years ago from India. Autumn season has always proven out to be best for me for past 7 years . Hope this story continues for me in essay future as well. Very nicely explained hub. Red Lambda! Images out essay outline, there are very colorful and essay so full of gender essay life. Two Page Essay On Responsibility! Thanks. tailgatingguru 5 years ago from Atlanta, GA. Beautiful! It is absolutely the best! Don A. Hoglund 5 years ago from gender role essay outline, Wisconsin Rapids.
I've always like fall.When I was young I did outside stuff like paint the cover graduate assistantship house. A.CreativeThinker 5 years ago. To one who loves creativity and art, this season seams to come alive with it's beauty. All seasons have something unique about them but the Spring and Fall can be very colorful. Lovely photos. Voted Up!
Take Care :) jean2011 5 years ago from Canada. I too like the essay outline comfortable temperatures, and yes the lovely colours of red lambda leaves. Great for gender essay picture taking. I voted this hub beatiful. Thank you for sharing! TattooKitty 5 years ago from Hawaii. I agree- autumn is the best season! I've always been enchanted by the beauty of the leaves changing color.
Yet, living in harvard Hawaii, I've never been able to experience it in person. Definitely on my bucket list! Beautiful hub ;) Om Paramapoonya 5 years ago. Lovely hub. I grew up in essay Thailand where most trees are evergreen. Harvard! The first year I moved to the U.S., I was really amazed to see a bunch of trees changing color. :)
Aeron Wright 5 years ago. Great photos! I love autumn too as there are so many great celebrations around and the weather is gender role outline just perfect, neither too cold nor too hot. RTalloni 6 years ago from the short journey. Yes! Bravo on this fall season essay! :) To have one's mother quote such a poem--how lovely! Beautiful hub in every way--thank you for sharing it with us.
Voted up. I like all the seasons, each for their own beauties, but fall is special for all the reasons you write about. Carrie Smith 6 years ago from Dallas, Texas. Thank you for the great comments. I hope everyone gets the opportunity to see the fall season in East Texas sometime in their life.
It's breathtaking! Kristin Trapp 6 years ago from Illinois. The colors in program that first photograph are just magnificient. Role Essay Outline! I hope our trees are that colorful this year in IL. Autumn is hands-down my favorite season. Peggy Woods 6 years ago from Houston, Texas. The trees don't show as much color down here as they do up north. but it is letter still a beautiful time of year. The cooler temperatures are welcomed especially after a long hot summer.
You have given some great reasons why it is your favorite time of year and I'm sure that many people will agree. I love Autumn! You have explained the topic very well. Marisa Hammond Olivares 6 years ago from Texas. Beautiful images!
Fall is so colorful - wish we could experience it in South Texas :( Carrie Smith 6 years ago from gender essay outline, Dallas, Texas. I couldn't agree more! Shopping season reaches it's peak during the fall and Black Friday deals are fantastic. I enjoy the smells, sounds and tastes of fall so much. Reading all these great comments has made my day, thanks a bunch. MonetteforJack 6 years ago from essay on responsibility, Tuckerton, NJ. Fall is definitely my favorite season.
It is the most comfortable weather for me. The winds are just right and essay outline the air is scented with falling leaves and earthy pumpkins and rewriting squash. Like you, I love the maple tree turn vividly in hues of gender muted yellows and reds. Materially, I look forward to this season because this is the cover letter time of the year that I truly shop for next year's summer stuff and other things on Black Fridays. Gender Role Outline! Like you, the fall is the start of frequent family gatherings. Still, it is relaxing . The smell of coffee brewing is more intoxicating at this time, so with hot cocoa, served with a bit of peppermint and mini-marshmallows.
I also love Fall because of Thanksgiving. This is a breathtaking hub, I could go on and on why I love Fall. Thanks! cardelean 6 years ago from Michigan. Fall is definitely the most beautiful season. I love the bounty that fall provides for us in addition to the beautiful leaves. Thank you for sharing such wonderful thoughts about fall. Fall is my favorite season too!
I live in uea creative entry requirements California, so the color change may not be as brilliant as in some other places, but I still love it. I have always wanted to role outline go visit back east where I have heard the fall colors are truly gorgeous. Dave Mathews 6 years ago from NORTH YORK,ONTARIO,CANADA. Autumn is my favorite season too. Not just for all the beauty in structure harvard color, but also for the fact that autums is harvest time for many of our farm produce and role essay outline fruits. SJmorningsun25 6 years ago. I love autumn, too! Thanks for sharing your thoughts.
Carrie Smith 6 years ago from Dallas, Texas. It's so nice to hear that everyone else loves the fall season like I do. It's a great time to take photos, enjoy the weather and reminisce. I almost love spring as much as fall, but not quite. Thanks for the great comments.
inaniLoquence 6 years ago from uea creative entry requirements, Singapore. Autumn is absolutely beautiful. Unfortunately, we don't have it here in Southeast Asia. Instead, we enjoy/suffer rainy and dry seasons throughout the year. It's the tropical paradise but it would be fantastic to experience the Autumn months! Victoria Lynn 6 years ago from Arkansas, USA.
I do think fall is beautiful, but I vacillate between it and gender role essay spring as my favorite season. Fall reminds me that winter is coming, and I loathe winter. Spring gives me hope that warmer, brighter days are coming. Two Page Essay On Responsibility! Still, the colors of fall are incredible. And the poem is essay outline adorable. Very nice hub! I voted many things on this one!
I agree Fall is the best season not too hot and not too cold. Red Lambda Resume! My husband loves it also. The thing that I really don't like is the gender essay sun goes down early and cover letter graduate assistantship I can't enjoy more the temperature outside , cook outs and look at nature at its best. I still love Fall second to gender role essay outline Spring, then Summer last is Winter. Your pictures are very beautiful thanks. I also wrote a hub on this same subject. It seems to be most everyones favorite. Han And Roman Technology! Love you pics and article. I could just feel your excitement. Enjoy. Sciborgs 6 years ago from New York.
Nice pictures used! Fall is easily my favorite season, beautiful scenery, that perfect not to essay outline hot, not to cold weather, and, of course, Halloween is in the Fall, love Halloween! JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. Fall is red lambda resume my favorite season! I got my camera ready this year and waiting for gender role outline the leaves to change, then I can publish a Photo Journey! I am lucky to live in harvard New England! Great Hub! Voting up and sharing! Mamadrama 6 years ago from Upstate NY. Best Season EVER!!
I love Autumn! flagostomos 6 years ago from Washington, United States. I hear you. I absolute love autumn as well. Something about gender essay outline, it reminds me of simpler times, back when I was a kid and Fall meant going back to school. My favorite is Saturday afternoon, when the sun is starting to head under the horizon and the afternoon sky feels hazy. It's like bright but not bright at han and, the same time. Gender! The air smells crisp and roman dbq essay life just comes to a stand still. But to be honest with you I love all the seasons for different reasons.
David Stillwell 6 years ago from Sacramento, California. I love the Autumn months. I enjoy the way the trees change and the weather can be warm and cool at the same time. The sky is full of geese and role clouds and the wind is a flutter with all that nature must do to prepare for winter. Harvard! A really great hub Applecsmith! very well written and full of wisdom. andrewwilliams63 6 years ago. When the gender role sun is out Autumn is beautiful, unfortunately that doesn't happen much in the UK! Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is roman a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc.
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Essay on Gender Research Paper on …
SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and gender Tips. The personal statement might just be the hardest part of your college application. Mostly this is because it has the han and roman technology least guidance and is the most open-ended. One way to understand what colleges are looking for when they ask you to write an essay is to check out the essays of students who already got in—college essays that actually worked. After all, they must be among the most successful of this weird literary genre. In this article, I’ll go through general guidelines for gender, what makes great college essays great. I've also compiled an enormous list of 100+ actual sample college essays from 13 different schools.
Finally, I’ll break down two of these published college essay examples and explain why and how they work. With links to 125 full essays and essay excerpts , this article will be a great resource for red lambda resume, learning how to craft your own personal college admissions essay! What Excellent College Essays Have in Common. Even though in many ways these sample college essays are very different from one other, they do share some traits you should try to emulate as you write your own essay. Building out from a narrow, concrete focus. You’ll see a similar structure in many of the essays. The author starts with a very detailed story of an event or description of a person or place. After this sense-heavy imagery, the essay expands out to role essay make a broader point about the author, and connects this very memorable experience to the author’s present situation, state of mind, newfound understanding, or maturity level. Knowing how to tell a story. Some of the structure harvard experiences in gender outline these essays are one-of-a-kind. But most deal with the stuff of everyday life.
What sets them apart is the way the author approaches the topic: analyzing it for uea creative, drama and gender humor, for its moving qualities, for what it says about the author’s world, and for how it connects to the author’s emotional life. A killer first sentence. You’ve heard it before, and you’ll hear it again: you have to suck the reader in, and the best place to do that is the first sentence. Great first sentences are punchy. They are like cliffhangers, setting up an exciting scene or an essay on responsibility, unusual situation with an gender role, unclear conclusion, in order to two page make the gender role essay reader want to know more. Uea Creative Entry? Don’t take my word for it—check out outline, these 22 first sentences from Stanford applicants and resume tell me you don’t want to gender essay outline read the two page rest of those essays to find out what happens! A lively, individual voice. Writing is for role essay, readers.
In this case, your reader is an admissions officer who has read thousands of essays before yours, and will read thousands after. Your goal? Don’t bore your reader. Use interesting description, stay away from cliches, include your own offbeat observations—anything that makes this essay sounds like you and not like anyone else. Enchanted Prince Stan decided to stay away from any frog-kissing princesses to retain his unique perspective on uea creative, ruling as an amphibian.
Technical correctness. Essay? No spelling mistakes, no grammar weirdness, no syntax issues, no punctuation snafus—each of these sample college essays has been formatted and proofread perfectly. If this kind of exactness is han and roman technology dbq essay not your strong suit, you’re in luck! All colleges advise applicants to gender role have their essays looked over several times by parents, teachers, mentors, and anyone else who can spot a comma splice. Your essay must be your own work, but there is absolutely nothing wrong with getting help polishing it. Links to Full College Essay Examples.
Some colleges publish a selection of their favorite accepted college essays that worked, and I've put together a selection of over 100 of cover graduate, these (plus some essay excerpts!). Please note that some of these college essay examples may be responding to gender role prompts that are no longer in use. The current Common App prompts are as follows: 1. Structure Harvard? Some students have a background, identity, interest, or talent that is gender role so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it. If this sounds like you, then please share your story. Rewriting? 7. Share an essay on any topic of role outline, your choice.
It can be one you've already written, one that responds to a different prompt, or one of essay on responsibility, your own design. These essays are answers to past prompts from either the Common Application or the Universal Application, both of role, which Johns Hopkins accepts. Essay Examples Published by Other Websites. 7 Common Application essays from applicants admitted to Stanford, Duke, Connecticut College, NYU, Carleton College, Washington University, and the University of Pennsylvania 2 Common Application essays (1st essay, 2nd essay) from requirements applicants admitted to Columbia. Here is a smaller collection of essays that are college-specific, plus 22 essay excerpts that will add fuel to your essay-writing fire. Gender? The University of Chicago is essay rewriting well known for gender outline, its off-the-wall, often wacky supplementary essay prompts. These seven sample essays respond to a variety of thought-provoking questions. Sometimes it's helpful to see how others managed to get over the difficult first-line hump.
We're guessing all these monkeys would write different first sentences. Analyzing Great Common App Essays that Worked. I've picked out essay on responsibility, two essays from the role outline examples collected above to examine in more depth so that you can know exactly what makes a successful college essay work. Full credit for essay program, these essays goes to gender role essay outline the original authors and resume the schools that published them. Example #1: Breaking Into Cars, by Stephen, Johns Hopkins Class of '19 (Common App Essay, 636 words long) I had never broken into a car before. We were in Laredo, having just finished our first day at a Habitat for Humanity work site. The Hotchkiss volunteers had already left, off to enjoy some Texas BBQ, leaving me behind with the role essay outline college kids to clean up. Not until we were stranded did we realize we were locked out of the cover graduate van.
Someone picked a coat hanger out of the dumpster, handed it to me, and took a few steps back. “Can you do that thing with a coat hanger to unlock it?” “Why me?” I thought. Gender Essay? More out of amusement than optimism, I gave it a try. I slid the hanger into the window’s seal like I’d seen on crime shows, and spent a few minutes jiggling the apparatus around the inside of the frame. Suddenly, two things simultaneously clicked. One was the lock on graduate, the door. (I actually succeeded in springing it.) The other was the realization that I’d been in this type of situation before.
In fact, I’d been born into this type of situation. My upbringing has numbed me to unpredictability and chaos. With a family of seven, my home was loud, messy, and role outline spottily supervised. My siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing—all meant my house was functioning normally. My Dad, a retired Navy pilot, was away half the time. When he was home, he had a parenting style something like a drill sergeant. At the age of nine, I learned how to resume clear burning oil from the role outline surface of water. My Dad considered this a critical life skill—you know, in han and roman case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed. “The water’s on fire!
Clear a hole!” he shouted, tossing me in the lake without warning. While I’m still unconvinced about that particular lesson’s practicality, my Dad’s overarching message is gender role essay outline unequivocally true: much of life is unexpected, and you have to deal with the twists and turns. Living in my family, days rarely unfolded as planned. A bit overlooked, a little pushed around, I learned to roll with reality, negotiate a quick deal, and give the phd thesis harvard improbable a try. Role Essay Outline? I don’t sweat the small stuff, and I definitely don’t expect perfect fairness.
So what if our dining room table only has six chairs for seven people? Someone learns the writing entry importance of punctuality every night. But more than punctuality and a special affinity for musical chairs, my family life has taught me to thrive in situations over which I have no power. Growing up, I never controlled my older siblings, but I learned how to thwart their attempts to control me. I forged alliances, and realigned them as necessary.
Sometimes, I was the poor, defenseless little brother; sometimes I was the gender omniscient elder. Different things to different people, as the situation demanded. I learned to adapt. Back then, these techniques were merely reactions undertaken to ensure my survival. But one day this fall, Dr.
Hicks, our Head of School, asked me a question that he hoped all seniors would reflect on throughout the year: “How can I participate in a thing I do not govern, in the company of people I did not choose?” The question caught me off guard, much like the question posed to me in uea creative entry requirements Laredo. Then, I realized I knew the answer. Gender Essay? I knew why the coat hanger had been handed to me. Growing up as the middle child in assistantship my family, I was a vital participant in gender role essay outline a thing I did not govern, in the company of assistantship, people I did not choose. It’s family.
It’s society. And often, it’s chaos. You participate by letting go of the small stuff, not expecting order and role perfection, and facing the unexpected with confidence, optimism, and preparedness. My family experience taught me to face a serendipitous world with confidence. It's very helpful to take writing apart in harvard order to see just how it accomplishes its objectives. Stephen's essay is very effective. Let's find out why! An Opening Line That Draws You In. I had never broken into a car before. In just eight words, we get: scene-setting (he is essay outline standing next to a car about to dbq essay break in), the idea of crossing a boundary (he is maybe about to do an illegal thing for role, the first time), and a cliffhanger (we are thinking: is he going to get caught? Is he headed for a life of crime?
Is he about to be scared straight?). We were in Laredo, having just finished our first day at a Habitat for Humanity work site. The Hotchkiss volunteers had already left, off to han and roman dbq essay enjoy some Texas BBQ, leaving me behind with the college kids to role clean up. Not until we were stranded did we realize we were locked out red lambda resume, of the van. Essay? Someone picked a coat hanger out of the dumpster, handed it to me, and took a few steps back. Uea Creative Writing Entry? “Can you do that thing with a coat hanger to unlock it?” “Why me?” I thought.
More out of amusement than optimism, I gave it a try. I slid the hanger into gender role essay the window’s seal like I’d seen on crime shows, and spent a few minutes jiggling the apparatus around the inside of the frame. Han And Roman? It’s the details that really make this small experience come alive. Notice how whenever he can, Stephen uses a more specific, descriptive word in place of a more generic one. The volunteers aren’t going to get food or dinner; they’re going for role essay outline, “Texas BBQ.” The coat hanger comes from technology “a dumpster.” Stephen doesn’t just move the coat hanger—he “jiggles” it.
Details also help us visualize the emotions of the people in the scene. Gender Role Essay? The person who hands Stephen the coat hanger isn’t just uncomfortable or nervous; he “takes a few steps back”—a description of movement that conveys feelings. Finally, the detail of actual speech makes the scene pop. Instead of writing that the other guy asked him to structure unlock the van, Stephen has the guy actually say his own words in a way that sounds like a teenager talking. Coat hangers: not just for gender role essay outline, crows' nests any more! (Gotz/Wikimedia) Turning a Specific Incident Into a Deeper Insight. Suddenly, two things simultaneously clicked.
One was the lock on the door. (I actually succeeded in springing it.) The other was the realization that I’d been in this type of situation before. In fact, I’d been born into two page essay this type of outline, situation. Not only does Stephen make the locked car experience a meaningful illustration of how he has learned to be resourceful and resume ready for anything, but he also makes this turn from the specific to the broad through an elegant play on the two meanings of the word “click.” Using Concrete Examples When Making Abstract Claims. My upbringing has numbed me to unpredictability and chaos. With a family of seven, my home was loud, messy, and spottily supervised. My siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing—all meant my house was functioning normally. “Unpredictability and gender chaos” are very abstract, not easily visualized concepts. Not only that, but they could mean any number of things—violence, abandonment, poverty, mental instability. Harvard? By instantly following up with highly finite and unambiguous illustrations like “family of seven” and “siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing,” Stephen grounds the abstraction in something that is gender role outline easy to red lambda resume picture: a large, noisy family.
Using Small Bits of Humor and Casual Word Choice. My Dad, a retired Navy pilot, was away half the time. When he was home, he had a parenting style something like a drill sergeant. At the age of nine, I learned how to role essay outline clear burning oil from the uea creative entry requirements surface of gender essay, water. My Dad considered this a critical life skill—you know, in case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed. Obviously, knowing how to clean burning oil is not high on the list of things every 9-year-old needs to phd thesis know. To emphasize this, Stephen uses sarcasm by bringing up a situation that is clearly over-the-top: “in case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed.” The humor also feels relaxed. Gender Essay? Part of this is because he introduces it with the colloquial phrase “you know,” so it sounds like he is talking to us in person. This approach also diffuses the potential discomfort of the reader with his father’s strictness—since he is making jokes about it, clearly he is OK. Notice, though, that this doesn’t occur very much in the essay. This helps keep the tone meaningful and serious rather than flippant.
Mr. President? There's been an structure, oil spill! Then I want our best elementary school students on it, STAT. An Ending That Stretches the Insight Into the Future. But one day this fall, Dr. Hicks, our Head of gender role essay, School, asked me a question that he hoped all seniors would reflect on throughout the year: “How can I participate in a thing I do not govern, in the company of red lambda resume, people I did not choose?” The question caught me off guard, much like the question posed to me in Laredo. Then, I realized I knew the answer. I knew why the coat hanger had been handed to me. Growing up as the middle child in my family, I was a vital participant in role essay a thing I did not govern, in the company of people I did not choose. Cover Graduate Assistantship? It’s family.
It’s society. And often, it’s chaos. You participate by letting go of the role essay outline small stuff, not expecting order and perfection, and facing the unexpected with confidence, optimism, and preparedness. My family experience taught me to face a serendipitous world with confidence. Essay? The ending of the essay reveals that Stephen’s life has been one long preparation for gender role essay outline, the future. He has emerged from chaos and his dad’s approach to parenting as a person who can thrive in a world that he can’t control. This connection of past experience to current maturity and self-knowledge is a key element in all successful personal essays. Colleges are very much looking for mature, self-aware applicants. These are the qualities of successful college students, who will be able to navigate the independence college classes require and the responsibility and quasi-adulthood of college life.
What Could This Essay Do Even Better? Even the best essays aren't perfect, and even the world's greatest writers will tell you that writing is han and never finished—just due. So what would we tweak in gender role essay outline this essay if we could? Replace some of the cliched language. Stephen uses handy phrases like twists and turns and don’t sweat the small stuff as a kind of shorthand for explaining his relationship to chaos and unpredictability. Uea Creative Entry? But using too many of these ready-made expressions runs the risk of clouding out your own voice and gender role outline replacing it with something expected and boring. Use another example from recent life. Stephen's first example (breaking into the van in Laredo) is a great illustration of being resourceful in an unexpected situation. But his essay also emphasizes that he learned to adapt by being different things to different people.
It would be great to see how this plays out outside his family, either in the situation in Laredo or another context. Example #2: By Bridget Collins, Tufts Class of '19 (Common App Essay, 608 words long) I have always loved riding in cars. Writing Entry? After a long day in first grade, I used to fall asleep to the engine purring in my mother's Honda Odyssey, even though it was only gender role essay outline a 5-minute drive home. As I grew, and graduated into cover letter graduate the shotgun seat, it became natural and enjoyable to gender role outline look out the uea creative writing requirements window. Seeing my world passing by through that smudged glass, I would daydream what I could do with it. Gender Essay Outline? In elementary school, I already knew my career path: I was going to be Emperor of the World.
While I sat in the car and watched the miles pass by, I developed the plan for my empire. I reasoned that, for the world to letter run smoothly, it would have to look presentable. I would assign people, aptly named Fixer-Uppers, to gender essay outline fix everything that needed fixing. Essay On Responsibility? That old man down the street with chipping paint on his house would have a fresh coat in no time. The boy who accidentally tossed his Frisbee onto the roof of the school would get it back. The big pothole on Elm Street that my mother managed to hit every single day on the way to school would be filled-in. It made perfect sense! All the people that didn't have a job could be Fixer-Uppers. I was like a ten-year-old FDR. Seven years down the road, I still take a second glance at the sidewalk cracks and think of my Fixer-Uppers, but now I'm doing so from the driver's seat.
As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in my car ride imaginings. Or do they? I always pictured a Fixer-Upper as a smiling man in an orange T-Shirt. Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for role essay, Yankee Candles. Maybe it could be me. Letter? Bridget the role essay Fixer-Upper will be slightly different than the imaginary one who paints houses and fetches Frisbees. I was lucky enough to discover what I am passionate about when I was a freshman in cover letter graduate high school. A self-admitted Phys. Ed. addict, I volunteered to help out with the Adapted PE class.
On my first day, I learned that it was for developmentally-disabled students. To be honest, I was really nervous. I hadn't had too much interaction with special needs students before, and wasn't sure how to handle myself around them. Long story short, I got hooked. Three years have passed helping out in APE and eventually becoming a teacher in role essay outline the Applied Behavior Analysis summer program. I love working with the students and watching them progress. When senior year arrived, college meetings began, and my counselor asked me what I wanted to do for a career, I didn't say Emperor of the program World. Gender? Instead, I told him I wanted to become a board-certified behavior analyst. A BCBA helps develop learning plans for red lambda, students with autism and other disabilities.
Basically, I would get to do what I love for gender, the rest of my life. He laughed and essay rewriting program told me that it was a nice change that a seventeen-year-old knew so specifically what she wanted to do. I smiled, thanked him, and left. Gender Essay Outline? But it occurred to me that, while my desired occupation was decided, my true goal in life was still to become a Fixer-Upper. So, maybe I'll be like Sue Storm and her alter-ego, the Invisible Woman. I'll do one thing during the day, then spend my off-hours helping people where I can. Instead of flying like Sue, though, I'll opt for a nice performance automobile. My childhood self would appreciate that. Bridget takes a somewhat different approach than Stephen, but her essay is just as detailed and engaging. Let's go through some of the technology strengths of gender role, her essay. A Structure That’s Easy to Follow and Understand.
The essay is arranged chronologically. Bridget starts each paragraph with a clear signpost of harvard, where we are in time: Paragraph 1: “after a long day in first grade” Paragraph 2: “in elementary school” Paragraph 3: “seven years down the essay road” Paragraph 4: “when I was a freshman in high school” Paragraph 5: “when senior year arrived” This keeps the reader oriented without being distracting or gimmicky. Writing Requirements? I would assign people, aptly named Fixer-Uppers, to fix everything that needed fixing. That old man down the street with chipping paint on his house would have a fresh coat in no time. The boy who accidentally tossed his Frisbee onto the roof of the school would get it back. Seven years down the road, I still take a second glance at the sidewalk cracks and think of my Fixer-Uppers, but now I'm doing so from the driver's seat. As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in my car ride imaginings. Or do they? I always pictured a Fixer-Upper as a smiling man in an orange T-Shirt.
Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Maybe it could be me. I wanted to become a board-certified behavior analyst. A BCBA helps develop learning plans for gender, students with autism and program other disabilities. Basically, I would get to do what I love for the rest of my life. Gender Role? …But it occurred to essay on responsibility me that, while my desired occupation was decided, my true goal in life was still to become a Fixer-Upper.
What makes this essay fun to gender role essay outline read is rewriting that Bridget takes a child’s idea of a world made better through quasi-magical helpers and role essay outline turns it into essay a metaphor for the author’s future aspirations. It helps that the gender metaphor is a very clear one: people who work with students with disabilities are making the world better one abstract fix at cover a time, just like imaginary Fixer-Uppers would make the role world better one concrete physical fix at a time. Every childhood Fixer-Upper ever. Ask your parents to explain the back row to you. (JD Hancock/Flickr) This essay uses many techniques that make Bridget sound genuine and make the reader feel like we already know her. Technique #1: humor. Notice Bridget's gentle and relaxed humor that lightly mocks her younger self’s grand ambitions (this is different from the essay rewriting program more sarcastic kind of humor used by Stephen in the first essay—you could never mistake one writer for the other). In elementary school, I already knew my career path: I was going to gender role be Emperor of the World. Han And Dbq Essay? I was like a ten-year-old FDR. Technique #2: invented terminology. The second technique is the way Bridget coins her own terms, carrying them through the whole essay. It would be easy enough to simply describe the people she imagined in outline childhood as helpers or assistants, and to simply say that as a child she wanted to rule the world.
Instead, she invents the essay capitalized (and thus official-sounding) titles “Fixer-Upper” and “Emperor of the World,” making these childish conceits at once charming and gender role essay iconic. Red Lambda? What's also key is gender outline that the titles feed into the central metaphor of the essay, which keeps them from sounding like strange quirks that don’t go anywhere. Technique #3: playing with syntax. The third technique is to use sentences of varying length, syntax, and structure. Most of the essay's written in standard English and uses grammatically correct sentences. Roman Technology? However, at key moments, Bridget emphasizes that the reader needs to sit up and pay attention by gender role essay, switching to short, colloquial, differently punctuated, and structure sometimes fragmented sentences. Gender Role Essay? The big pothole on two page essay on responsibility, Elm Street that my mother managed to hit every single day on gender role essay outline, the way to school would be filled-in. It made perfect sense! All the people that didn't have a job could be Fixer-Uppers. When she is narrating her childhood thought process, the sudden short sentence “It made perfect sense!” (especially its exclamation point) is basically the cover assistantship essay version of essay outline, drawing a light bulb turning on over someone’s head. As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in my car ride imaginings.
Or do they? Similarly, when the essay turns from her childhood imagination to program her present-day aspirations, the turn is marked with “Or do they?”—a tiny and gender outline arresting half-sentence question. Two Page Essay On Responsibility? Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Maybe it could be me. The first time when the comparison between magical fixer-upper’s and the future disability specialist is made is when Bridget turns her metaphor onto herself. Gender Role Essay Outline? The essay emphasizes the importance of the moment through repetition (two sentences structured similarly, both starting with the structure harvard word “maybe”) and the use of a very short sentence: “Maybe it could be me.” To be honest, I was really nervous. I hadn't had too much interaction with special needs students before, and wasn't sure how to gender handle myself around them.
Long story short, I got hooked. The last key moment that gets the small-sentence treatment is the emotional crux of the essay. As we watch Bridget go from nervously trying to help disabled students to falling in love with this specialty field, she undercuts the potential sappiness of the moment by relying on changed-up sentence length and two page essay slang: “Long story short, I got hooked.” The best essays convey emotions just as clearly as this image. What Could This Essay Do Even Better? Bridget's essay is very strong, but there are still a few little things that could be improved. Explain the car connection better. The essay begins and ends with Bridget's enjoying a car ride, but this doesn't seem to be related either to the Fixer-Upper idea or to her passion for gender outline, working with special-needs students.
It would be great to either connect this into the essay more, or to take it out altogether and create more space for something else. Structure? Give more details about being a teacher in the Applied Behavior Analysis summer program. It makes perfect sense that Bridget doesn't want to put her students on display. Role Essay? It would take the focus off of her and possibly read as offensive or condescending. Han And Roman? But, rather than saying long story short, maybe she could elaborate on role, her own feelings here a bit more. What is it about this kind of teaching that she loves? What is she hoping to bring to the lives of her future clients? 3 Essential Tips for han and technology, Writing Your Own Essay. How can you use this discussion to better your own college essay? Here are some suggestions for role outline, ways to use this resource effectively. #1: Take Apart the Other Essays in the Links.
As you go through the essays we've compiled for you above, ask yourself the following questions: Can you explain to yourself (or someone else!) why the opening sentence works well? Look for the essay's detailed personal anecdote. What senses is the author describing? Can you easily picture the scene in your mind's eye? Find the place where this anecdote bridges into a larger insight about the author. How does the essay connect the phd thesis structure harvard two? How does the anecdote work as an example of the gender author's characteristic, trait, or skill? Check out the essay's tone.
If it's funny, can you find the places where the humor comes from? If it's sad and moving, can you find the imagery and description of feelings that make you moved? If it's serious, can you see how word choice adds to this tone? When you figure out letter, how all the cogs fit together, you'll be able to build your own . um . whatever this is. All of outline, these essays rely on connecting with the reader through a heartfelt, highly descriptive scene from the author's life.
It can either be very dramatic (did you survive a plane crash?) or it can be completely mundane (did you finally beat your dad at Scrabble?). Either way, it should be personal and revealing about structure, you, your personality, and gender role outline the way you are now that you are entering the adult world. Let me level with you: the best writing isn't writing at all. It's rewriting. And in order to have time to rewrite, you have to han and dbq essay start way before the application deadline. My advice is to write your first draft at gender outline least two months before your applications are due.
Let it sit for a few days untouched. Then come back to two page on responsibility it with fresh eyes and think critically about what you've written. What's extra? What's missing? What is in essay outline the wrong place? What doesn't make sense? Don't be afraid to take it apart and resume rearrange sections.
Do this several times over, and your essay will be much better for it! Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at gender essay improving your score. Download it for structure, free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Anna scored in role outline the 99th percentile on her SATs in high school, and red lambda resume went on to major in role essay outline English at Princeton and to han and roman get her doctorate in gender role essay outline English Literature at Columbia. Han And Roman Technology? She is passionate about improving student access to higher education. You should definitely follow us on gender essay, social media. On Responsibility? You'll get updates on essay, our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics?
Ask below and red lambda resume we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on essay outline, Each SAT Section: Series: How to essay rewriting program Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of other topics! Looking for role, Graduate School Test Prep? Check out our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and test prep tips! © PrepScholar 2013-2015. Uea Creative Writing? All rights reserved. SAT® is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board TM . The College Entrance Examination.
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Essay on gender essay, Ozone Layer Depletion: Top 6 Essays | Atmosphere | Environment. Here is a compilation of essays on ‘Ozone Layer Depletion’ for class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Resume. Find paragraphs, long and short essays on ‘Ozone Layer Depletion’ especially written for school and college students. Essay on the Introduction to Ozone Layer Depletion Essay on the Causes of Ozone Layer Depletion Essay on the Mechanism of Ozone Layer Depletion Essay on the Antarctic and Arctic Ozone Hole Formation Essay on the Effects of Ozone Layer Depletion Essay on the Solution to Ozone Layer Depletion. Essay # 1. Introduction to Ozone Layer Depletion : The ozone layer protects the Earth from the ultraviolet rays sent down by the sun. If the ozone layer is depleted by human action, the effects on the planet could be catastrophic. Ozone is present in the stratosphere.
The stratosphere reaches 30 miles above the Earth, and at the very top it contains ozone. Essay Outline. The suns rays are absorbed by the ozone in the stratosphere and thus do not reach the Earth. Ozone is a bluish gas that is formed by roman dbq essay three atoms of oxygen. The form of role essay outline oxygen that humans breathe in consists of two oxygen atoms, O 2 . When found on the surface of the planet, ozone is considered a dangerous pollutant and is one substance responsible for producing the greenhouse effect. The highest regions of the stratosphere contain about 90% of on responsibility all ozone.
In recent years, the gender role essay, ozone layer has been the red lambda resume, subject of much discussion. And rightly so, because the ozone layer protects both plant and animal life on the planet. The fact that the ozone layer was being depleted was discovered in the mid-1980s. Essay. The main cause of this is the release of CFCs, chlorofluorocarbons. Antarctica was an early victim of ozone destruction. A massive hole in the ozone layer right above Antarctica now threatens not only that continent, but many others that could be the victims of Antarctica’s melting icecaps. In the future, the ozone problem will have to be solved so that the cover, protective layer can be conserved. Essay # 2. Causes of Ozone Layer Depletion: Only a few factors combine to create the problem of ozone layer depletion. The production and emission of CFCs, chlorofluorocarbons, is by far the leading cause. Many countries have called for the end of CFC production because only a few produce the chemical.
However, those industries that do use CFCs do not want to discontinue usage of this highly valuable industrial chemical. CFCs are used in industry in a variety of ways and essay, have been amazingly useful in many products. Discovered in the 1930s by American chemist Thomas Midgley, CFCs came to be used in refrigerators, home insulation, plastic foam, and throwaway food containers. Only later did people realize the program, disaster CFCs caused in the stratosphere. Gender Role. There, the chlorine atom is removed from the CFC and harvard, attracts one of the three oxygen atoms in the ozone molecule. The process continues, and gender role essay outline, a single chlorine atom can destroy over 100,000 molecules of letter graduate assistantship ozone. In 1974, Sherwood Rowland and Mario Molina followed the outline, path of CFCs. Their research proved that CFCs were entering the atmosphere, and dbq essay, they concluded that 99% of all CFC molecules would end up in the stratosphere.
Only in 1984, when the ozone layer hole was discovered over Antarctica, was the proof truly conclusive. Gender Essay. At that point, it was hard to question the destructive capabilities of CFCs. Even if CFCs were banned, problems would remain. There would still be no way to remove the CFCs that are now present in letter, the environment. Clearly though, something must be done to limit this international problem in the future. Essay # 3. Mechanism of Ozone Layer Depletion: It includes, 1. The natural process. 2. The anthropogenic process. Atmospheric oxygen absorbs ultraviolet radiation shorter than 240 nm and photo-dissociates into two oxygen atoms. These unite with other O 2 molecules to form ozone.
During the process surplus energy of nascent O 3 is often transferred to the nearby molecules as kinetic energy which slightly raises the surrounding atmospheric temperature. Ozone too is effective in absorbing particular short wavelength UV radiation in the range 230-320 nm, releasing atomic oxygen. This natural mechanism, however, does not necessarily upset the ozone equilibrium because the loss of ozone caused by role essay outline natural process is compensated by the creation of entry ozone through atmospheric circulation. Thus a dynamic equilibrium existing between the production and decomposition of ozone molecules constitutes one of the most important mechanism. The heat generated during the outline, reaction causes a rise in temperature of the stratosphere. Secondly, the photochemical process absorbs most of the harmful solar ultraviolet radiations of wavelength from 2000 A to 3500 A. Hence the atmosphere is heated because of this absorption and the earth’s biosphere is shielded from these radiations. Without it, life on the earth would be completely destroyed. The atmospheric layer of ozone surrounding us acts like a blanket, protecting or shielding us from the harmful UV radiations from the sun. So the ozone screen acts as our protective cover in cutting of the fatal UV radiations from the solar system. Ozone acts as a powerful oxidant because of its ability to remove electrons from uea creative entry, other molecules.
It occurs as a natural component of air. It is also formed in ambient air by role photochemical reactions of roman dbq essay primary pollutants. Its higher concentration is role essay generally found in large urban areas of the cover, world, which are characterized by automobile—dependent transportation and petroleum dependent energy production etc. Surface ozone is produced as a result of chemical reactions in the atmosphere driven by the action of UV radiation in the sunlight, involving both nitrogen oxides (NO x ) and volatile organic matter (VOM). While both NO x and VOMs are emitted in large amount by vehicles, other important sources of essay VOMs are solvents used in industrial and chemical processes. Writing. According to outline, British scientists, this surface ozone is responsible for the substantial reduction in the yields of major crops like wheat and rice. The surface ozone, a secondary pollutant, can spread in essay, high concentrations over rural areas. There are the other sources of ozone in the environment, such as gamma radiation used in food preservation plants, commercial UV lamps used for role essay outline sterilization, high voltage electric equipments, dermatological phototherapy equipments and even in photocopying machines. Ozone also occurs in air and water purification plants and oil wax, textiles and inorganic synthetic industries. We know that there are natural chemical and photochemical processes which lead to essay program, the continuous formation and role, destruction of on responsibility ozone in gender essay outline, the stratosphere.
The balance between these processes would result in a steady condition with a well-defined and stable ozone layer. However only oxygen chemistry cannot adequately explain the present situations. Other chemical species also play a role in determining the actual concentrations and can lead to enhanced ozone destruction. Some of these species occur naturally, while others are of recent industrial origin. The amount of some of the natural species moving into the stratosphere has been augmented in structure harvard, recent years by a number of human activities. Many of the processes, which are responsible for the depletion of ozone layer, share a general mechanism of the type, Here X is the reacting species. The most common of gender role essay these species have been identified to be free radicals, such as HO x (• H, • OH, HOO •), NO x (• NO, • NO 2 ) and ClO x (• CI, • CIO). Cover Graduate. Each of these species is capable of destroying the ozone layer in varying degrees, depending on altitude and the mixing ratio. Role Essay. For example, near the stratosphere the HO x radicals are responsible for about 70% of the total mechanism of phd thesis structure ozone destruction, including the oxygen only process. Lower in the atmosphere around 30 km, the gender essay outline, NO x catalytic decomposition process dominates the resume, ozone destruction mechanism.
The NO x cycle in the region just above the troposphere has been found to be responsible for about 70% of the gender role essay, ozone destruction, but recent studies show that this figure may be even more. The HO x radicals are generated by either of the following two photochemical reactions: where O is excited state oxygen. These reactive free radical species (• H or • OH) decompose ozone in the following manner: Production of uea creative entry • OH radical is largely due to the natural processes and their relative importance increases with increasing altitude. The hydrogen radical decomposes the ozone in the following way: The nitric oxide cycle contributes in gender role outline, a significant way in the natural destruction of stratospheric ozone in the lower region of the stratosphere: In the essay rewriting program, upper atmosphere, NO is produced by essay reactions involving atomic and ionic species of nitrogen and oxygen. These species are produced by red lambda the highly energetic radiation that penetrates that part of the atmosphere. Photodecomposition of N 2 is possible at altitude much greater than 30 km, producing both an electronically excited N( 2 D) and a ground state N( 4 S) atom.
The ground state nitrogen subsequently reacts with O 2 , producing another natural source of NO: At altitudes of less than 30 km, additional NO is role outline also generated via a reaction: Where O( 1 D) is excited state oxygen. The principal source of nitrous oxide is the process of roman denitrification in soils having high concentration of nitrate ion: The increase in outline, atmospheric nitrous oxide (N 2 O) mixing rations is due (to some extent) to enhanced rates of denitrification resulting from essay on responsibility, greater use of nitrogenous fertilizers worldwide.
Although the mixing ratio of nitrous oxide in the troposphere is steadily increasing, the essay outline, production of stratospheric nitric oxide through various processes can, in a large part, be attributed to natural causes. Nitrogenous fertilizers are also responsible for essay on responsibility much of the increase. The nitric oxide that has been generated by combustion near ground level, or even at altitudes where subsonic aircrafts fly, is not considered to be major contributor to essay, the stratosphere, because it has a very short (about 4 days) tropospheric residence time. The CFCs and halons are entirely manmade with wide applications in air conditioning, refrigeration, aerosols, electric and metal clearing, foam blowing and modern firefighting. They act as a catalyst in the destruction of ozone layer in the stratosphere.
The rate of destruction of ozone is further enhanced by the oxides of nitrogen (NO x ) released from the rewriting, exhausts of large fleet of supersonic aircrafts (SST). A wide range of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are known, but widely used are CFCl 3 and CF 2 Cl 2 , which are in use since 1930. CFCs and halons remain inactive in the troposphere and it takes about 20-40 years for these chemicals to travel and reach the gender role, stratosphere, but after that their intermediate product (chlorine radical) retrains active for more than 100 years. The travelling time for rewriting program CFCs and gender, halons to reach to stratosphere may range from 20 to 40 years, that is, CFCs generated in the troposphere today may take 20 to 40 years to uea creative entry requirements, reach the stratosphere. Once these CFCs and halons reach to stratosphere, the chlorine and role essay outline, bromine atoms present in these chemicals are released as a result of interaction with UV radiations in the stratosphere. In spite of the fact that CFC molecules are much heavier than those of cover letter assistantship air, they tend to be well mixed and homogeneously distributed throughout the troposphere in role essay, the gas phase because of strong convective mixing. We know that CFCs are almost completely inert both biologically as well as chemically in the earth’s environment, including in the troposphere. Because they do not react, they circulate through the troposphere until they leak or escape into the stratosphere. At higher altitudes they are capable of undergoing UV photolytic decomposition, as a result of being exposed to the intense flux of phd thesis structure harvard energetic UV radiation— CFCI3 + hv (? 290 nm) > • CFCl 2 + • CI.
The released chlorine radical is capable of taking part in essay outline, the catalytic decomposition of ozone as follows: A second and perhaps third chlorine radical could also be produced by further decomposition of program • CFCl 2 radical, generating additional • CI radical responsible for ozone depletion— Chlorine atoms catalyse the destruction of ozone. At 30 km, the natural contributions to ozone destruction by chlorine accounts for about 10% of the gender role essay, total. A significant natural precursor of atomic chlorine is CH 3 Cl, which is produced biogenically from the oceans, from the burning of rewriting vegetation and from volcanic emissions. Once in gender role essay, the atmosphere, CH 3 Cl undergoes photochemical reaction, Other natural sources of chlorine are various forms of chlorine. Such sources as HCl released by volcanoes or CI – ions released from sea-salt spray are short-lived in the troposphere and most of them are washed out through the rainfall before they reach the stratosphere. There are other catalytic cycles also involving chlorine. For example,
Bromine (from, say halons) can also replace chlorine in the cycle and together these reactions account for about 60% of the routes by which ozone is destroyed by halogens. It should be noted that natural sources produce small amounts of cover letter graduate atomic chlorine in the stratosphere, but there is a significant destruction of ozone by role outline chlorine derived from the anthropogenically produced CFCs. Taking into essay, consideration the ozone depleting CFCs and halons, scientists are trying to modify the relative amounts of fluorine, chlorine and hydrogen in new compounds. Outline. Thus a common approach is to incorporate hydrogen in the structure, as in hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) or replace chlorine and produce hydrofluorocarbons(HFCs). Increasing the content of hydrogen reduces the inertness of the compound and in structure, this way the lifetime of the compound in troposphere may be made short. The presence of hydrogen means that the compounds are more reactive and flammable. But the higher reactivity is a disadvantage in many applications. If the proportion of fluorine is increased at the expense of outline chlorine, then a highly stable compound will be formed because the bond energy of C-F bond is larger than C-Cl bond. This will reduce stratospheric photolysis to a very significant extent. Moreover, such compounds are excellent and uea creative, persistent greenhouse gases. Essay Outline. For compounds containing no chlorine, obviously no CI atoms can be released, so there is no potential to red lambda resume, deplete ozone.
Increasing the chlorine content is undesirable, because the ability to destroy ozone will be higher and role, because compounds containing chlorine and entry, hydrogen tend to be more toxic. From a combined industrial and gender role, environmental point of view, HFC-134a (CF 3 CH 2 F) is more promising. This HFC has intermediate stability and it is oxidised by phd thesis structure the • OH radical in the troposphere and has residence time of 18 years. It is gender role outline neither very flammable nor have chlorine. Structure Harvard. So it is not expected to have ozone depleting potential. HCFC-123 (CF 3 CHCl 2 ) is another replacement for gender role CFC. It contains chlorine, but has only essay rewriting program about one tenth ozone depleting potential of CFC—11 (CFCl 3 ), largely due to its relatively short tropospheric life time. Halons, the bromine analogues of CFCs have widely been used in fire extinguishers because of the following important reasons: (a) Their high density, due to which they settle over and smother a fire at ground level.
(b) Bromine atom terminates the radical chain reactions which propagate the combustion process. Methyl bromide, used as soil fumigant, is also a potent ozone depleting substance. In fact, chemicals containing bromine are much more reactive than the chlorine analogues in terms of depletion of ozone. Because of gender role outline this, ODP values for bromine compounds are very high. For example, ODP values of the letter graduate assistantship, halons bromochlorodifluoromethane, CF 2 ClBr (H-1211), bromotrifluoromethane, CF 3 Br (H-1301) and dibromotetrafluoroethane, CBrF 2 CBrF 2 (H-2402) are 3.0, 10.0 and 6.0 respectively. Essay # 4. Antarctic and Arctic Ozone Hole Formation: The ozone hole is actually an area of thinner normal ozone. Temperature is a key factor in ozone loss, along with chlorine and essay outline, bromine chemicals. In 2001, the Antarctic ozone hole reached a maximum size of more than 26.5 million sq.km – larger than the entire area of North America, including the US, Canada and Mexico combined. Cover Letter. In the year 2000, it briefly approached 11.30 million sq. km.
In 2002, ozone hole over role essay outline, Antarctica was not only much smaller than what it was in rewriting program, 2000 and role essay outline, 2001, but it has split into two. It was measured at resume 15.6 million sq. km. In September 2002, a figure well below the more than 24 million sq. km spread seen consecutively during the last six years. The hole’s total column ozone was measured below 220 dobson units. Ozone depletion is an annual phenomenon over role essay, the South Pole during August and September when coldest temperatures are prevalent.
Thin clouds form in writing entry requirements, these cold conditions and chemical reactions on cloud particles help chlorine and bromine gases to rapidly destroy ozone. By early October, temperatures typically start to role essay, warm and the ozone layer starts to recover. The size and the duration of the hole depend on natural year to year variability of han and technology atmospheric conditions. In the Antarctic (and Arctic) conditions exist where spring time ozone depleting events may occur, resulting in a major loss of ozone over a relatively short time. The conditions include a complex combination of climate factors as well as accumulation of reservoir species which react vigorously to bring about a major loss of role essay ozone, especially at the onset of the first day light of the polar spring. During the long dark winter in the Antarctic, a stream of air is drawn towards the South Pole, creating a giant vortex because of intense cold and the Earth’s rotation.
The area within the vortex acts like a self-contained chemical reactor in program, which unique chemical processes take place. For one thing, inside the reactor, stratospheric clouds form because of exceptionally low temperatures which exist in the absence of light. The clouds are classified into two types: (a) The polar stratospheric clouds (PSC) are formed at about 193 K and consist of about 1 µm diameter particles of gender role HNO 3 and H 2 O in graduate assistantship, the ratio of 1: 3. (b) The polar stratospheric clouds, which are formed when the essay, temperature decreases to 187 K. These clouds are made up of relatively pure particles of water-ice upto 10 µm in size. Resume. The accumulated gases— reservoir chlorine and nitrogen containing species (mainly hydrochloric acid, hypochlorous acid and chlorine nitrate) are also present in role essay, the vortex. During the winter, these species take part in heterogeneous reaction on the surface of PSCs and consequently release chlorine molecules and HOCl: The relatively stable situation remains until after the onset of sunlight. At that time solar radiation provides energy for the photolysis of chlorine and HOCl to produce the chlorine radical species.
The chlorine radicals so formed are then available for cover graduate ozone depletion by catalytic cycles or according to following reactions: Depletion of ozone occurs rapidly so that even in some days, ozone levels decrease dramatically to half or even less of their winter value. This situation persists until the air temperature rises, causing the vortex to gender, break up and the PSCs to disappear. Han And Technology Dbq Essay. This occurs in role, mid to late spring, when chlorine radicals again become tied up by the formation of hydrochloric acid and chlorine nitrate, and han and, the ozone begins to recover to pre-hole levels. In the Arctic atmosphere, as a result of the eruption of Mt Pinatubo in the Philippines during 1991, sulphate was found to be present at role essay outline higher concentrations than usual. Stratospheric sulphate is usually in phd thesis, the form of an aerosol and outline, acts as a catalyst for the removal of N 2 O 5 by forming nitric acid. This reaction is a means by which NO x species are removed from the polar stratosphere, thus eliminating one of the species which is associated with holding cycles that tie up chlorine monoxide radicals (• CIO + • NO 2 + M > ClONO 2 + M). As a result, higher concentrations of cover graduate reactive chlorine species are present, thus leading to more rapid ozone depletion. Gender Outline. In addition, this reaction could occur to a large extent throughout the stratosphere (not just at essay the poles), decrease of the worldwide ozone concentration.
Essay # 5. Effects of Ozone Layer Depletion: Even minor problems of ozone depletion can have major effects. Every time even a small amount of the ozone layer is lost, more ultraviolet light from the sun can reach the gender essay, Earth. Every time 1% of the ozone layer is depleted, 2% more UV-B is able to reach the surface of the planet. UV-B increase is han and roman dbq essay one of the most harmful consequences of ozone depletion because it can cause skin cancer. The increased cancer levels caused by exposure to gender role outline, this ultraviolet light could be enormous. The EPA estimates that 60 million Americans born by the year 2075 will get skin cancer because of ozone depletion. About one million of these people will die. In addition to program, cancer, some research shows that a decreased ozone layer will increase rates of malaria and other infectious diseases. According to the EPA, 17 million more cases of cataracts can also be expected.
The environment will also be negatively affected by ozone depletion. The life cycles of plants will change, disrupting the food chain. Gender Role Outline. Effects on animals will also be severe, and are very difficult to foresee. Oceans will be hit hard as well. The most basic microscopic organisms such as plankton may not be able to entry, survive. If that happened, it would mean that all of the gender role, other animals that are above plankton in the food chain would also die out. Other ecosystems such as forests and deserts will also be harmed. The planet’s climate could also be affected by depletion of the ozone layer. Wind patterns could change, resulting in climatic changes throughout the world. Essay # 6. Solution to Ozone Layer Depletion : The discovery of the uea creative writing requirements, ozone depletion problem came as a great surprise. Now, action must be taken to gender role outline, ensure that the ozone layer is not destroyed.
Because CFCs are so widespread and used in such a great variety of products, limiting their use is uea creative hard. Also, since many products already contain components that use CFCs, it would be difficult if not impossible to eliminate those CFCs already in gender essay, existence. The CFC problem may be hard to solve because there are already great quantities of CFCs in the environment. CFCs would remain in the stratosphere for technology dbq essay another 100 years even if none were ever produced again. Despite the difficulties, international action has been taken to limit CFCs.
In the Montreal Protocol, 30 nations worldwide agreed to reduce usage of CFCs and encouraged other countries to do so as well. However, many environmentalists felt the treaty did “too little, too late”, as the Natural Resources Defense Council put it. The treaty asked for CFC makers to only eliminate half of their CFC production, making some people feel it was inadequate. By the year 2000, the US and twelve nations in Europe have agreed to gender essay outline, ban all use and production of CFCs. Red Lambda. This will be highly significant, because these countries produce three quarters of the CFCs in the world. Many other countries have signed treaties and written laws restricting the use of CFCs.
Companies are finding substitutes for CFCs, and people in general are becoming more aware of the dangers of ozone depletion.