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Ninth Grade Writing Standards Standards 9 W 1 1 …
apa bibliographies Cite your work in four easy steps! Fast and free citation generator. APA 6th ed. • MLA 8th ed. • Chicago 16th ed. To create a citation, select your source above in Step 1 or watch this video tutorial. You have no saved citations in this bibliography . Copy the information below in thesis practice 9th grade, your paper according to the Guide on the right. Use your own page numbers. In-text citations are required when you use someone else's ideas, theories or research in your paper. Examples: (choose depending if author and/or date is mentioned in essay contest, text) The bones were very fragile (Cole, 2011, p. Thesis 9th Grade! 13). Cole (2011) found that The bones were very fragile (p. 33).
In 2011, Cole found that The bones were very fragile (p. 33). The bones broke easily because they were porous (Cole, 2011). Cole (2011) discovered that the bones broke easily. In 2011, Cole found that the locke an essay concerning human to the reader bones were easily broken (p. 33).
Note: APA style encourages the inclusion of page numbers for paraphrases, but it is not mandatory. Include page or paragraph numbers if it will help reader find the information.) No authors : Use the title in place of author. Shorten title if needed. Use double quotation marks for title of an article, a chapter, or a web page. Use italics for title of practice 9th grade, a periodical, a book, a brochure or a report. the observations found (Arctic Voyage, 2014) the book Vitamin Discoveries (2013) Two or more authors : Within the text use the word and . If the writing authors' names are within parentheses use the thesis practice symbol. Cole and how to a persuasive essay fourth grade Dough (1998) argued . . if they were left to their own devices.(Cole Dough, 1998) Three to five authors : Include all authors' last names the first time the citation is thesis statement 9th grade used. Vocabulary Writing! If you use the same citation again within the practice 9th grade same paragraph, use only the abigail essay crucible first last name followed by thesis statement practice 9th grade 'et al'. If you used the citation again omit the year. First time: Cole, Dough and Ferris (1998) explained. Second time: Cole et al. (1998) proved . Third time: Cole et al. demonstrated.
Six or more authors: Include only the last name of the first author followed by et al. (Wasserstein et al., 2010) Spell out the name in full the essay contest first time and abbreviate subsequent times only if abbreviation is statement practice 9th grade well known. Dissertation! First time: American Psychological Association (1998) explained. Second time: APA (1998) proved . When quoting always provide author, year and specific page citation or paragraph number for nonpaginated material. If the quotation is less than 40 words incorporate it into 9th grade, the text and enclose the quotation with quotation marks. Cite the source immediately after the close of the quotation marks. Vocabulary! If the authors are named in thesis statement, the text, they do not have to how to a persuasive essay grade be used in the citation. In fact, a neurosis is thesis practice characterized by abigail essay crucible anxiety (Kristen Warb, 2012, p. 157). A neurosis is characterized by anxiety, according to thesis statement 9th grade Kristen and Warb's (2012, p. 157) longitudinal study. If the quotation is over 40 words, you must indent the elijah report entire quotation and start the quotation on a new line. Thesis Statement! No quotation marks are required.
Cite the quoted source after the final punctuation mark. Alberta is occasionally divided into two regions, Northern Alberta and services Southern Alberta. The majority of Alberta's population is statement 9th grade located in large urban cities, mostly located in the South. Alberta is Canada's most populous Province of all three Canadian prairie provinces. Edmonton is the Capital of Alberta. (Hern, 1996, p. 22)
APA style encourages the inclusion of page numbers, but it is services canada not mandatory. Include page or paragraph numbers if it will help reader find the information. If the document does not contain page numbers, include paragraph numbers. If neither is available omit page and paragraph numbers. Do not count paragraph numbers. Thesis 9th Grade! When paraphrasing from multiple sources, include all authors name in parentheses in john locke human understanding to the, alphabetical order.
In-text citations are called parenthetical references in MLA. Thesis Practice 9th Grade! This involves placing information about the source in parentheses after a quote or a paraphrase. The information in the parenthetical references must match the corresponding information in the list of works cited. The purpose of parenthetical references is to indicate to readers not only what works you used, but what you used from essay contest, each source and where in the source you found the material. This can be done by 9th grade inserting a parenthetical reference in your text at the spot where you have used the source's ideas or words. Services Canada! You should keep parenthetical references as brief and as few as clarity and accuracy permit. Author's last name followed by the page number referenced in work. These are placed in parentheses at end of sentence before period.
The Soviets were surrounded by enemies (Waters 119). If author's name is in text only use the page number, it is not necessary to repeat the author's name. Waters argues that the Soviets were surrounded by thesis practice enemies (119). Authors – Identification of source. Group or corporate authors : use full name of concerning epistle to the reader, group or a shortened form. (Natl. Research Council 15) Do not use abbreviations such as ed. or trans. No author : use a few words of the title. (The evolving internet) Two authors : Use last name of both, no comma. Statement Practice 9th Grade! (Black and Mondoux 123) Three authors : (Eddison, Zhu, and Lalonde) More than three authors : Give all the last names or just the first and et al. for john locke concerning human understanding epistle reader the rest (Becker et al. 13) (Becker, Lafontaine, Robins, Given, and Rush 13) If your work cited page contains multiple references by the same author, include the statement author's last name and a full or shortened title of their work and the page number. (Feder, The Birth of a Nation 124) Location of passage within source. give relevant page number if available give volume and page number in a multivolume work if citing entire work omit page numbers for electronic works use paragraph numbers or other reference number (Louis par. 20) film, television, broadcasts cannot be cited by canada numbers.
Placement of parenthetical reference in text. You should generally put the thesis practice parenthetical reference at the end of a sentence and as close as possible to the material referred to. The parenthetical reference goes before the punctuation mark. How To Write A Persuasive Fourth Grade! Cole found that The bones were very fragile (33-34). If the quotation is over 4 lines, you must indent the practice 9th grade whole quotation and start the quotation on a new line. No quotation marks are required. Notice the placement of the period is before the brackets for vocabulary long quotations. Alberta is occasionally divided into two regions, Northern Alberta and Southern Alberta.
The majority of Alberta's population is located in thesis statement practice, large urban cities, mostly located in abigail essay crucible, the South. Alberta is Canada's most populous Province of practice 9th grade, all three Canadian prairie provinces. Edmonton is the Capital of Alberta. (Herick 22) In Chicago style, footnotes or endnotes are used to reference pieces of work in the text. To cite from for essay writing, a source a superscript number is placed after a quote or a paraphrase. Citation numbers should appear in sequential order. Each number then corresponds to a citation, a footnote or to an endnote. Endnotes must appear on an endnotes page.
The page should be titled Notes (centered at top). This page should appear immediately before the bibliography page. Thesis Practice 9th Grade! Footnotes must appear at the bottom of the page that they are referred to. Cole found that The bones were very fragile (33-34). 1. Each superscript then refers to a numbered citation in the footnotes or endnotes. Contest! The first time the in-text reference is cited you must include, author's first name, author's last name, title, place of publication, publisher name, year and referenced pages. e.g. 1. James Smith, The first and thesis statement practice 9th grade last war , (New York, Hamilton, 2003), 2. How To Write A Persuasive Essay! If the citation has already been cited it may be shortened to author's last name, shortened title, and page referenced number. e.g. 2. Smith, The first , 220-221. If the thesis 9th grade citation has been referenced immediately prior, the essay note may be shortened even further to thesis ibid with the page number. e.g. For each author-date citation in the text, there must be a corresponding entry in the reference list under the same name and date.
An author-date citation in running text or at the end of a block quotation consists of the last (family) name of the author, followed by the year of publication of the work in question. In this context, author may refer not only to one or more authors or an institution but also to one or more editors, translators, or compilers. No punctuation appears between author and date. Abbreviations such as ed. or trans. are omitted. (Schuman and of buxton Scott 1987) When a specific page, section, equation, or other division of the work is cited, it follows the date, preceded by a comma. When a volume as a whole is referred to, without a page number, vol. is used. For volume plus page, only a colon is statement practice needed. The n in the Fischer and Siple example below indicates note (see 14.164).
The last example shows how one might cite a section of a work that contains no page or section numbers or other numerical signposts—the case for some electronic documents (see 15.8). (LaFree 2010, 413, 417–18) (Johnson 1979, sec. How To Write A Persuasive Fourth Grade! 24) Fowler and thesis practice 9th grade Hoyle 1965, eq. 87) (Garcia 1987, vol. 2) (Garcia 1987, 2:345) (Barnes 1998, 2:354–55, 3:29) (Fischer and Siple 1990, 212n3) (Hellman 1998, under The Battleground) The following features have been recently added to Citefast: Edit and abigail crucible delete citations Copy and paste functionality Citations will be saved for 24 hours A short wizard to guide you through the statement practice site the first time you use it Updated interface for locke an essay understanding inputting citation information Ability to create In-text citations In-text guide for APA, MLA and Chicago citations Export your bibliography to Word Add editor and chapter information to bibliography for book More tool tips to make entering data easier. Thank you to all those who emailed us with their suggestions for improvements. Sign up for a free account and keep your citations! (Otherwise after four days of inactivity your citations will be deleted.) Want to keep your citations for longer and access them from other computers? Already have an account?
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Writing a Thesis Statement 9th - 12th …
How to Write a Great Business Plan. Every seasoned investor knows that detailed financial projections for a new company are an act of practice 9th grade, imagination. Nevertheless, most business plans pour far too much ink on the numbers–and far too little on the information that really matters. Why? William Sahlman suggests that a great business plan is one that focuses on a series of essay, questions. These questions relate to the four factors critical to the success of every new venture: the people, the opportunity, the context, and the possibilities for both risk and reward. The questions about people revolve around three issues: What do they know? Whom do they know? and How well are they known?
As for opportunity, the plan should focus on two questions: Is the market for the venture’s product or service large or rapidly growing (or preferably both)? and Is the industry structurally attractive? Then, in addition to demonstrating an understanding of the context in which their venture will operate, entrepreneurs should make clear how they will respond when that context inevitably changes. Finally, the statement practice, plan should look unflinchingly at the risks the new venture faces, giving would-be backers a realistic idea of what magnitude of reward they can expect and when they can expect it. A great business plan is not easy to compose, Sahlman acknowledges, largely because most entrepreneurs are wild-eyed optimists. But one that asks the right questions is a powerful tool.
A better deal, not to mention a better shot at vocabulary for essay writing, success, awaits entrepreneurs who use it. Few areas of statement practice, business attract as much attention as new ventures, and few aspects of new-venture creation attract as much attention as the abigail essay crucible, business plan. Statement Practice. Countless books and articles in the popular press dissect the topic. A growing number of annual business-plan contests are springing up across the United States and, increasingly, in other countries. Both graduate and undergraduate schools devote entire courses to the subject. Indeed, judging by all the hoopla surrounding business plans, you would think that the canada, only things standing between a would-be entrepreneur and thesis statement practice, spectacular success are glossy five-color charts, a bundle of meticulous-looking spreadsheets, and a decade of month-by-month financial projections.
Nothing could be further from the truth. In my experience with hundreds of entrepreneurial startups, business plans rank no higher than 2—on a scale from essay, 1 to 10—as a predictor of a new venture’s success. And sometimes, in fact, the more elaborately crafted the document, the more likely the venture is to, well, flop, for lack of thesis statement, a more euphemistic word. What’s wrong with most business plans? The answer is relatively straightforward. Most waste too much ink on numbers and devote too little to the information that really matters to intelligent investors. As every seasoned investor knows, financial projections for a new company—especially detailed, month-by-month projections that stretch out for more than a year—are an act of imagination. An entrepreneurial venture faces far too many unknowns to predict revenues, let alone profits.
Moreover, few if any entrepreneurs correctly anticipate how much capital and time will be required to accomplish their objectives. Elijah Book. Typically, they are wildly optimistic, padding their projections. Thesis Practice. Investors know about the padding effect and therefore discount the figures in business plans. These maneuvers create a vicious circle of dissertation services canada, inaccuracy that benefits no one. Don’t misunderstand me: business plans should include some numbers. But those numbers should appear mainly in the form of a business model that shows the entrepreneurial team has thought through the thesis 9th grade, key drivers of the venture’s success or failure. In manufacturing, such a driver might be the yield on a production process; in magazine publishing, the fourth grade, anticipated renewal rate; or in software, the impact of using various distribution channels. The model should also address the break-even issue: At what level of sales does the business begin to make a profit? And even more important, When does cash flow turn positive?
Without a doubt, these questions deserve a few pages in any business plan. Near the back. What goes at the front? What information does a good business plan contain? If you want to 9th grade speak the language of investors—and also make sure you have asked yourself the right questions before setting out on dissertation, the most daunting journey of a businessperson’s career—I recommend basing your business plan on statement, the framework that follows. Oregon. It does not provide the kind of “winning” formula touted by thesis statement practice, some current how-to books and software programs for entrepreneurs.
Nor is essay it a guide to brain surgery. Rather, the framework systematically assesses the thesis statement practice 9th grade, four interdependent factors critical to every new venture: The People. The men and women starting and running the venture, as well as the for essay writing, outside parties providing key services or important resources for it, such as its lawyers, accountants, and thesis statement, suppliers. The Opportunity. A profile of the business itself—what it will sell and to john human understanding whom, whether the business can grow and how fast, what its economics are, who and what stand in the way of success. The Context.
The big picture—the regulatory environment, interest rates, demographic trends, inflation, and the like—basically, factors that inevitably change but cannot be controlled by the entrepreneur. Risk and Reward. An assessment of everything that can go wrong and right, and a discussion of how the entrepreneurial team can respond. Business Plans: For Entrepreneurs Only? The accompanying article talks mainly about business plans in a familiar context, as a tool for entrepreneurs. But quite often, start-ups are launched within established companies. Do those new ventures require business plans? And if they do, should they be different from the plans entrepreneurs put together? The answer to the first question is an emphatic yes; the answer to the second, an equally emphatic no.
All new ventures—whether they are funded by venture capitalists or, as is the case with intrapreneurial businesses, by shareholders—need to pass the same acid tests. After all, the marketplace does not differentiate between products or services based on who is pouring money into them behind the scenes. The fact is, intrapreneurial ventures need every bit as much analysis as entrepreneurial ones do, yet they rarely receive it. Instead, inside big companies, new businesses get proposed in the form of capital-budgeting requests. These faceless documents are subject to detailed financial scrutiny and a consensus-building process, as the project wends its way through the chain of command, what I call the thesis, “neutron bomb” model of project governance.
However, in the history of grade, such proposals, a plan never has been submitted that did not promise returns in excess of corporate hurdle rates. It is only after the new business is launched that these numbers explode at the organization’s front door. That problem could be avoided in large part if intrapreneurial ventures followed the thesis statement practice, guidelines set out in the accompanying article. Services Canada. For instance, business plans for such a venture should begin with the résumés of all the people involved. What has the team done in the past that would suggest it would be successful in the future, and thesis practice, so on? In addition, the new venture’s product or service should be fully analyzed in essay crucible terms of its opportunity and context. Statement 9th Grade. Going through the process forces a kind of discipline that identifies weaknesses and elijah of buxton report, strengths early on thesis statement practice 9th grade, and helps managers address both.
It also helps enormously if such discipline continues after the intrapreneurial venture lifts off. When professional venture capitalists invest in new companies, they track performance as a matter of course. But in large companies, scrutiny of dissertation canada, a new venture is often inconsistent. That shouldn’t or needn’t be the case. Thesis Statement Practice 9th Grade. A business plan helps managers ask such questions as: How is the abigail essay crucible, new venture doing relative to projections? What decisions has the thesis practice, team made in response to abigail crucible new information? Have changes in the context made additional funding necessary? How could the team have predicted those changes? Such questions not only keep a new venture running smoothly but also help an organization learn from its mistakes and triumphs. Many successful companies have been built with the help of venture capitalists.
Many of the thesis 9th grade, underlying opportunities could have been exploited by large companies. Why weren’t they? Perhaps useful lessons can be learned by studying the world of independent ventures, one lesson being: Write a great business plan. The assumption behind the framework is that great businesses have attributes that are easy to identify but hard to assemble. They have an experienced, energetic managerial team from the top to the bottom. The team’s members have skills and experiences directly relevant to dissertation the opportunity they are pursuing.
Ideally, they will have worked successfully together in the past. The opportunity has an attractive, sustainable business model; it is possible to create a competitive edge and defend it. Practice 9th Grade. Many options exist for expanding the scale and scope of the business, and these options are unique to fourth the enterprise and its team. Value can be extracted from the business in a number of ways either through a positive harvest event—a sale—or by statement practice, scaling down or liquidating. The context is favorable with respect to canada both the thesis statement 9th grade, regulatory and vocabulary, the macro-economic environments. Risk is understood, and the team has considered ways to statement practice mitigate the impact of difficult events. Contest Oregon. In short, great businesses have the four parts of the framework completely covered.
If only reality were so neat. When I receive a business plan, I always read the résumé section first. Not because the people part of the new venture is the 9th grade, most important, but because without the right team, none of the other parts really matters. I read the résumés of the venture’s team with a list of how to write fourth grade, questions in practice 9th grade mind. (See the insert “Who Are These People, Anyway?”) All these questions get at the same three issues about the venture’s team members: What do they know? Whom do they know? and essay contest, How well are they known? Fourteen “Personal” Questions Every Business Plan Should Answer. Where are the founders from? Where have they been educated? Where have they worked—and for whom? What have they accomplished—professionally and personally—in the past?
What is their reputation within the thesis 9th grade, business community? What experience do they have that is directly relevant to the opportunity they are pursuing? What skills, abilities, and knowledge do they have? How realistic are they about the venture’s chances for success and the tribulations it will face? Who else needs to be on the team? Are they prepared to recruit high-quality people?
How will they respond to adversity? Do they have the mettle to make the inevitable hard choices that have to be made? How committed are they to this venture? What are their motivations? What and whom they know are matters of insight and how to write a persuasive essay grade, experience. How familiar are the team members with industry players and statement practice 9th grade, dynamics? Investors, not surprisingly, value managers who have been around the block a few times. A business plan should candidly describe each team member’s knowledge of the new venture’s type of vocabulary for essay, product or service; its production processes; and thesis statement practice, the market itself, from essay contest oregon, competitors to customers. Practice. It also helps to indicate whether the team members have worked together before. Not played—as in roomed together in of buxton book report college—but worked . Investors also look favorably on a team that is known because the thesis statement, real world often prefers not to deal with start-ups. They’re too unpredictable.
That changes, however, when the new company is run by people well known to suppliers, customers, and employees. Their enterprise may be brand new, but they aren’t. The surprise element of working with a start-up is somewhat ameliorated. Finally, the people part of book report, a business plan should receive special care because, simply stated, that’s where most intelligent investors focus their attention. A typical professional venture-capital firm receives approximately 2,000 business plans per year. These plans are filled with tantalizing ideas for new products and services that will change the world and reap billions in the process—or so they say. Thesis Statement. But the oregon, fact is, most venture capitalists believe that ideas are a dime a dozen: only execution skills count. As Arthur Rock, a venture capital legend associated with the formation of such companies as Apple, Intel, and thesis practice 9th grade, Teledyne, states, “I invest in people, not ideas.” Rock also has said, “If you can find good people, if they’re wrong about the product, they’ll make a switch, so what good is it to understand the product that they’re talking about in the first place?” Business plan writers should keep this admonition in dissertation canada mind as they craft their proposal.
Talk about the people—exhaustively. And if there is thesis statement practice 9th grade nothing solid about their experience and abilities to herald, then the entrepreneurial team should think again about launching the venture. When it comes to the opportunity itself, a good business plan begins by focusing on two questions: Is the total market for the venture’s product or service large, rapidly growing, or both? Is the industry now, or can it become, structurally attractive? Entrepreneurs and john an essay understanding reader, investors look for large or rapidly growing markets mainly because it is often easier to obtain a share of a growing market than to thesis practice 9th grade fight with entrenched competitors for how to essay fourth, a share of a mature or stagnant market. Smart investors, in fact, try hard to identify high-growth-potential markets early in their evolution: that’s where the big payoffs are.
And, indeed, many will not invest in statement practice 9th grade a company that cannot reach a significant scale (that is, $ 50 million in annual revenues) within five years. HBR Guide to Building Your Business Case Ebook + Tools. As for attractiveness, investors are obviously looking for markets that actually allow businesses to make some money. Contest Oregon. But that’s not the no-brainer it seems. In the late 1970s, the computer disk-drive business looked very attractive. The technology was new and exciting. Dozens of thesis statement practice 9th grade, companies jumped into the fray, aided by an army of professional investors. Canada. Twenty years later, however, the thesis practice 9th grade, thrill is gone for managers and investors alike. Disk drive companies must design products to meet the perceived needs of original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and end users. Selling a product to OEMs is complicated. The customers are large relative to most of their suppliers.
There are lots of competitors, each with similar high-quality offerings. Moreover, product life cycles are short and abigail essay, ongoing technology investments high. The industry is subject to major shifts in technology and customer needs. Intense rivalry leads to lower prices and, hence, lower margins. In short, the disk drive industry is simply not set up to thesis statement make people a lot of money; it’s a structural disaster area. The information services industry, by contrast, is paradise. Companies such as Bloomberg Financial Markets and First Call Corporation, which provide data to how to a persuasive essay grade the financial world, have virtually every competitive advantage on their side. First, they can assemble or create proprietary content—content that, by practice, the way, is locke an essay understanding to the like life’s blood to thousands of money managers and stock analysts around the world.
And although it is thesis practice often expensive to develop the service and to acquire initial customers, once up and running, these companies can deliver content to customers very cheaply. Also, customers pay in advance of receiving the service, which makes cash flow very handsome, indeed. In short, the structure of the information services industry is essay crucible beyond attractive: it’s gorgeous. The profit margins of Bloomberg and First Call put the disk drive business to shame. The Opportunity of thesis statement, a Lifetime—or Is It? Nine Questions About the Business Every Business Plan Should Answer. Who is the new venture’s customer? How does the customer make decisions about buying this product or service? To what degree is the product or service a compelling purchase for the customer? How will the product or service be priced? How will the book, venture reach all the identified customer segments?
How much does it cost (in time and resources) to acquire a customer? How much does it cost to produce and deliver the product or service? How much does it cost to support a customer? How easy is thesis statement it to retain a customer? Thus, the elijah of buxton book, first step for entrepreneurs is to make sure they are entering an industry that is large and/or growing, and one that’s structurally attractive.
The second step is to make sure their business plan rigorously describes how this is the case. And if it isn’t the thesis statement, case, their business plan needs to specify how the elijah of buxton book, venture will still manage to make enough of a profit that investors (or potential employees or suppliers, for that matter) will want to participate. Once it examines the new venture’s industry, a business plan must describe in thesis practice 9th grade detail how the company will build and launch its product or service into the marketplace. Again, a series of questions should guide the discussion. (See the insert “The Opportunity of a Lifetime—or Is It?”) Often the answers to these questions reveal a fatal flaw in the business. I’ve seen entrepreneurs with a “great” product discover, for example, that it’s simply too costly to find customers who can and book, will buy what they are selling. Economically viable access to customers is the key to business, yet many entrepreneurs take the 9th grade, Field of dissertation services, Dreams approach to this notion: build it, and they will come. That strategy works in the movies but is not very sensible in the real world.
It is not always easy to answer questions about the likely consumer response to statement new products or services. The market is elijah of buxton book report as fickle as it is unpredictable. (Who would have guessed that plug-in room deodorizers would sell?) One entrepreneur I know proposed to introduce an electronic news-clipping service. He made his pitch to a prospective venture-capital investor who rejected the plan, stating, “I just don’t think the dogs will eat the dog food.” Later, when the thesis statement 9th grade, entrepreneur’s company went public, he sent the venture capitalist an anonymous package containing an empty can of abigail crucible, dog food and a copy of his prospectus. If it were easy to statement 9th grade predict what people will buy, there wouldn’t be any opportunities. The market is as fickle as it is unpredictable. Who would have guessed that plug-in room deodorizers would sell? Similarly, it is tough to guess how much people will pay for something, but a business plan must address that topic. Sometimes, the dogs will eat the dog food, but only at a price less than cost. Investors always look for opportunities for value pricing—that is, markets in which the costs to produce the product are low, but consumers will still pay a lot for dissertation, it. No one is dying to thesis statement invest in a company when margins are skinny.
Still, there is write money to thesis practice be made in inexpensive products and john an essay concerning human understanding epistle reader, services—even in commodities. A business plan must demonstrate that careful consideration has been given to the new venture’s pricing scheme. The list of questions about the new venture’s opportunity focuses on the direct revenues and the costs of thesis 9th grade, producing and marketing a product. That’s fine, as far as it goes. A sensible proposal, however, also involves assessing the business model from a perspective that takes into account the investment required—that is, the balance sheet side of the essay crucible, equation. The following questions should also be addressed so that investors can understand the statement practice 9th grade, cash flow implications of pursuing an opportunity: When does the business have to vocabulary for essay buy resources, such as supplies, raw materials, and people? When does the business have to pay for them? How long does it take to acquire a customer? How long before the thesis statement practice 9th grade, customer sends the business a check?
How much capital equipment is required to support a dollar of understanding, sales? Investors, of thesis practice, course, are looking for businesses in abigail essay which management can buy low, sell high, collect early, and pay late. The business plan needs to thesis statement practice 9th grade spell out how close to that ideal the new venture is expected to fourth grade come. Even if the answer is “not very”—and it usually is—at least the statement practice, truth is out there to discuss. The opportunity section of a business plan must also bring a few other issues to the surface. First, it must demonstrate and analyze how an opportunity can grow—in other words, how the new venture can expand its range of products or services, customer base, or geographic scope. Often, companies are able to create virtual pipelines that support the economically viable creation of report, new revenue streams.
In the publishing business, for example, Inc. magazine has expanded its product line to thesis practice 9th grade include seminars, books, and videos about essay, entrepreneurship. Similarly, building on the success of its personal-finance software program Quicken, Intuit now sells software for electronic banking, small-business accounting, and tax preparation, as well as personal-printing supplies and practice, on-line information services—to name just a few of its highly profitable ancillary spin-offs. Now, lots of business plans runneth over on the subject of the new venture’s potential for growth and expansion. Elijah Report. But they should likewise runneth over in explaining how they won’t fall into thesis statement 9th grade some common opportunity traps. One of those has already been mentioned: industries that are at report, their core structurally unattractive. But there are others. The world of invention, for example, is statement practice fraught with danger. A Persuasive. Over the past 15 years, I have seen scores of statement, individuals who have devised a better mousetrap—newfangled creations from how to write a persuasive essay fourth, inflatable pillows for use on airplanes to automated car-parking systems.
Few of these idea-driven companies have really taken off, however. I’m not entirely sure why. Sometimes, the practice, inventor refuses to spend the money required by or share the rewards sufficiently with the business side of the company. Other times, inventors become so preoccupied with their inventions they forget the vocabulary for essay, customer. Whatever the reason, better-mousetrap businesses have an uncanny way of malfunctioning. Another opportunity trap that business plans—and entrepreneurs in general—need to pay attention to is the tricky business of arbitrage. Basically, arbitrage ventures are created to take advantage of some pricing disparity in the marketplace. Statement Practice. MCI Communications Corporation, for instance, was formed to offer long-distance service at a lower price than ATT.
Some of the industry consolidations going on today reflect a different kind of arbitrage—the ability to buy small businesses at a wholesale price, roll them up together into a larger package, and take them public at a retail price, all without necessarily adding value in the process. Whatever the reason, better-mousetrap businesses have an a persuasive, uncanny way of malfunctioning. Taking advantage of arbitrage opportunities is a viable and thesis statement practice, potentially profitable way to enter a business. In the final analysis, however, all arbitrage opportunities evaporate. It is not a question of whether, only when.
The trick in these businesses is to use the arbitrage profits to build a more enduring business model, and business plans must explain how and when that will occur. As for competition, it probably goes without saying that all business plans should carefully and thoroughly cover this territory, yet some don’t. That is a glaring omission. For starters, every business plan should answer the following questions about the competition: Who are the new venture’s current competitors? What resources do they control? What are their strengths and weaknesses? How will they respond to the new venture’s decision to enter the report, business?
How can the new venture respond to thesis statement practice 9th grade its competitors’ response? Who else might be able to observe and crucible, exploit the same opportunity? Are there ways to co-opt potential or actual competitors by forming alliances? Business is thesis practice like chess: to be successful, you must anticipate several moves in locke concerning human to the advance. A business plan that describes an statement practice, insuperable lead or a proprietary market position is by definition written by human understanding epistle to the reader, naïve people. That goes not just for the competition section of the thesis, business plan but for the entire discussion of the opportunity. Writing. All opportunities have promise; all have vulnerabilities. Thesis Practice. A good business plan doesn’t whitewash the latter. Rather, it proves that the entrepreneurial team knows the good, the bad, and the ugly that the venture faces ahead. Opportunities exist in abigail essay crucible a context. At one level is the macroeconomic environment, including the level of economic activity, inflation, exchange rates, and interest rates.
At another level are the wide range of government rules and regulations that affect the opportunity and how resources are marshaled to exploit it. Statement Practice. Examples extend from tax policy to the rules about raising capital for a private or public company. And at yet another level are factors like technology that define the limits of what a business or its competitors can accomplish. Context often has a tremendous impact on every aspect of the entrepreneurial process, from identification of opportunity to harvest. In some cases, changes in essay contest some contextual factor create opportunity. More than 100 new companies were formed when the airline industry was deregulated in the late 1970s.
The context for financing was also favorable, enabling new entrants like People Express to go to the public market for thesis statement, capital even before starting operations. Conversely, there are times when the context makes it hard to start new enterprises. The recession of the early 1990s combined with a difficult financing environment for new companies: venture capital disbursements were low, as was the amount of abigail essay, capital raised in the public markets. (Paradoxically, those relatively tight conditions, which made it harder for statement practice, new entrants to get going, were associated with very high investment returns later in the 1990s, as capital markets heated up.) Sometimes, a shift in context turns an unattractive business into john human understanding epistle to the reader an attractive one, and vice versa. Consider the thesis practice, case of a packaging company some years ago that was performing so poorly it was about to be put on the block. Then came the services canada, Tylenol-tampering incident, resulting in multiple deaths. The packaging company happened to have an efficient mechanism for installing tamper-proof seals, and in a matter of weeks its financial performance could have been called spectacular.
Conversely, U.S. tax reforms enacted in 1986 created havoc for companies in the real estate business, eliminating almost every positive incentive to invest. Many previously successful operations went out of business soon after the new rules were put in place. Every business plan should contain certain pieces of evidence related to context. First, the entrepreneurs should show a heightened awareness of the new venture’s context and how it helps or hinders their specific proposal. Second, and statement practice, more important, they should demonstrate that they know the venture’s context will inevitably change and describe how those changes might affect the business. Further, the business plan should spell out what management can (and will) do in the event the context grows unfavorable. Finally, the business plan should explain the ways (if any) in which management can affect context in a positive way. For example, management might be able to have an abigail crucible, impact on regulations or on industry standards through lobbying efforts. The concept that context is thesis statement practice fluid leads directly to the fourth leg of the framework I propose: a discussion of risk and how to manage it. How To Write A Persuasive Fourth. I’ve come to think of a good business plan as a snapshot of an statement, event in the future.
That’s quite a feat to begin with—taking a picture of the unknown. But the best business plans go beyond that; they are like movies of the future. They show the people, the opportunity, and vocabulary for essay, the context from multiple angles. Statement Practice 9th Grade. They offer a plausible, coherent story of what lies ahead. Writing. They unfold possibilities of statement, action and reaction. Good business plans, in other words, discuss people, opportunity, and context as a moving target. Vocabulary For Essay. All three factors (and the relationship among them) are likely to change over time as a company evolves from statement practice 9th grade, start-up to ongoing enterprise.
Therefore, any business plan worth the time it takes to write or read needs to focus attention on the dynamic aspects of the entrepreneurial process. When it comes to the matter of risk and reward in a new venture, a business plan benefits enormously from the inclusion of two graphs. Abigail Crucible. Perhaps graphs is the wrong word; these are really just schematic pictures that illustrate the most likely relationship between risk and reward, that is, the relationship between the opportunity and its economics. High finance they are not, but I have found both of these pictures say more to investors than a hundred pages of statement practice, charts and prose. The first picture depicts the vocabulary, amount of money needed to launch the 9th grade, new venture, time to positive cash flow, and writing, the expected magnitude of the payoff. This image helps the statement 9th grade, investor understand the depth and duration of of buxton book, negative cash flow, as well as the relationship between the investment and the possible return. The ideal, needless to say, is to have cash flow early and often. But most investors are intrigued by 9th grade, the picture even when the cash outflow is locke an essay human to the reader high and long—as long as the cash inflow is more so. Of course, since the thesis 9th grade, world of new ventures is populated by wild-eyed optimists, you might expect the dissertation services canada, picture to display a shallower hole and a steeper reward slope than it should. It usually does. But to thesis be honest, even that kind of picture belongs in the business plan because it is a fair warning to services canada investors that the new venture’s team is completely out of touch with reality and should be avoided at thesis statement, all costs.
The second picture complements the first. It shows investors the range of contest oregon, possible returns and the likelihood of thesis, achieving them. The following example shows investors that there is a 15 % chance they would have been better off using their money as wall-paper. The flat section reveals that there is a negligible chance of losing only a small amount of money; companies either fail big or create enough value to achieve a positive return. The hump in the middle suggests that there is a significant chance of earning between 15 % and 45 % in the same time period. And finally, there is a small chance that the initial outlay of vocabulary, cash will spawn a 200 % internal rate of return, which might have occurred if you had happened to invest in practice 9th grade Microsoft when it was a private company. Basically, this picture helps investors determine what class of investment the business plan is presenting. Is the new venture drilling for North Sea oil—highly risky with potentially big payoffs—or is of buxton book report it digging development wells in Texas, which happens to be less of a geological gamble and probably less lucrative, too? This image answers that kind of statement, question. It’s then up to the investors to decide how much risk they want to live with against how to write essay grade, what kind of odds.
Again, the people who write business plans might be inclined to skew the statement, picture to make it look as if the abigail, probability of a significant return is downright huge and thesis 9th grade, the possibility of loss is negligible. And, again, I would say therein lies the john locke an essay concerning human understanding reader, picture’s beauty. What it claims, checked against the investor’s sense of reality and experience, should serve as a simple pictorial caveat emptor. Of course, the future is hard to predict. Still, it is possible to thesis statement 9th grade give potential investors a sense of the kind and class of essay, risk and reward they are assuming with a new venture.
All it takes is a pencil and two simple drawings. (See the insert “Visualizing Risk and Reward.”) But even with these drawings, risk is, well, risky. In reality, there are no immutable distributions of outcomes. It is ultimately the responsibility of management to thesis statement change the distribution, to increase the likelihood and consequences of success, and to decrease the dissertation, likelihood and implications of thesis 9th grade, problems. One of the great myths about entrepreneurs is john an essay concerning human understanding epistle reader that they are risk seekers. All sane people want to avoid risk. As Harvard Business School professor (and venture capitalist) Howard Stevenson says, true entrepreneurs want to capture all the reward and give all the risk to thesis practice others. Elijah Of Buxton. The best business is a post office box to which people send cashier’s checks. Thesis Practice. Yet risk is unavoidable. So what does that mean for a business plan? It means that the plan must unflinchingly confront the risks ahead—in terms of elijah of buxton report, people, opportunity, and context. What happens if one of the new venture’s leaders leaves?
What happens if a competitor responds with more ferocity than expected? What happens if there is practice a revolution in Namibia, the source of a key raw material? What will management actually do ? Those are hard questions for an entrepreneur to pose, especially when seeking capital. But a better deal awaits those who do pose them and then provide solid answers. A new venture, for example, might be highly leveraged and therefore very sensitive to interest rates. Its business plan would benefit enormously by stating that management intends to essay hedge its exposure through the financial-futures market by purchasing a contract that does well when interest rates go up. That is the equivalent of offering investors insurance. (It also makes sense for the business itself.)
Finally, one important area in the realm of risk/reward management relates to harvesting. Thesis Statement. Venture capitalists often ask if a company is “IPOable,” by which they mean, Can the company be taken public at some point in the future? Some businesses are inherently difficult to take public because doing so would reveal information that might harm its competitive position (for example, it would reveal profitability, thereby encouraging entry or angering customers or suppliers). Some ventures are not companies, but rather products—they are not sustainable as independent businesses. One of the greatest myths about entrepreneurs is that they are risk seekers. All sane people want to avoid risk. Therefore, the business plan should talk candidly about the end of the abigail crucible, process. Statement. How will the investor eventually get money out of the business, assuming it is successful, even if only marginally so? When professionals invest, they particularly like companies with a wide range of how to essay fourth, exit options.
They like companies that work hard to thesis practice 9th grade preserve and enhance those options along the way, companies that don’t, for example, unthinkingly form alliances with big corporations that could someday actually buy them. Investors feel a lot better about risk if the abigail crucible, venture’s endgame is discussed up front. There is an old saying, “If you don’t know where you are going, any road will get you there.” In crafting sensible entrepreneurial strategies, just the opposite is true: you had better know where you might end up and thesis statement practice, have a map for crucible, getting there. A business plan should be the place where that map is drawn, for, as every traveler knows, a journey is a lot less risky when you have directions. Once a business plan is written, of thesis statement practice 9th grade, course, the goal is to land a deal. That is a topic for another article in itself, but I will add a few words here. When I talk to young (and old) entrepreneurs looking to how to essay fourth finance their ventures, they obsess about the valuation and terms of the deal they will receive. Their explicit goal seems to be to minimize the dilution they will suffer in raising capital. Implicitly, they are also looking for investors who will remain as passive as a tree while they go about statement 9th grade, building their business. On the food chain of a persuasive fourth grade, investors, it seems, doctors and dentists are best and venture capitalists are worst because of the degree to which the latter group demands control and a large share of the returns. That notion—like the idea that excruciatingly detailed financial projections are useful—is nonsense.
From whom you raise capital is often more important than the terms. Thesis Statement 9th Grade. New ventures are inherently risky, as I’ve noted; what can go wrong will. When that happens, unsophisticated investors panic, get angry, and services canada, often refuse to advance the company more money. Thesis Practice. Sophisticated investors, by contrast, roll up their sleeves and help the company solve its problems. Often, they’ve had lots of experience saving sinking ships. They are typically process literate. They understand how to craft a sensible business strategy and a strong tactical plan. They know how to recruit, compensate, and motivate team members.
They are also familiar with the Byzantine ins and outs of going public—an event most entrepreneurs face but once in a lifetime. This kind of know-how is worth the money needed to buy it. There is an old expression directly relevant to entrepreneurial finance: “Too clever by half.” Often, deal makers get very creative, crafting all sorts of services, payoff and option schemes. Statement. That usually backfires. Writing. My experience has proven again and again that sensible deals have the following six characteristics: They do not blow apart if actual differs slightly from plan. They do not provide perverse incentives that will cause one or both parties to behave destructively. They are written on a pile of papers no greater than one-quarter inch thick.
But even these six simple rules miss an important point. A deal should not be a static thing, a one-shot document that negotiates the disposition of a lump sum. Instead, it is incumbent upon entrepreneurs, before they go searching for thesis practice, funding, to vocabulary think about thesis practice 9th grade, capital acquisition as a dynamic process—to figure out how much money they will need and when they will need it. How is that accomplished? The trick is for the entrepreneurial team to treat the of buxton, new venture as a series of experiments. Before launching the whole show, launch a little piece of it.
Convene a focus group to test the product, build a prototype and watch it perform, conduct a regional or local rollout of a service. Such an exercise reveals the true economics of the business and thesis statement, can help enormously in determining how much money the new venture actually requires and in what stages. Entrepreneurs should raise enough, and investors should invest enough, capital to fund each major experiment. Vocabulary Writing. Experiments, of course, can feel expensive and thesis statement practice, risky. But I’ve seen them prevent disasters and help create successes.
I consider it a prerequisite of putting together a winning deal. Among the vocabulary, many sins committed by business plan writers is arrogance. 9th Grade. In today’s economy, few ideas are truly proprietary. Moreover, there has never been a time in an essay human reader recorded history when the supply of capital did not outrace the supply of opportunity. The true half-life of statement, opportunity is decreasing with the passage of time. A business plan must not be an albatross that hangs around the john locke an essay concerning human understanding epistle to the, neck of the entrepreneurial team, dragging it into thesis practice 9th grade oblivion. Instead, a business plan must be a call for action, one that recognizes management’s responsibility to fix what is broken proactively and in real time. Risk is inevitable, avoiding risk impossible. Risk management is the key, always tilting the venture in favor of elijah of buxton book report, reward and away from risk.
A plan must demonstrate mastery of the entire entrepreneurial process, from identification of opportunity to harvest. It is not a way to separate unsuspecting investors from their money by hiding the fatal flaw. For in the final analysis, the only one being fooled is the entrepreneur. We live today in thesis 9th grade the golden age of entrepreneurship. Although Fortune 500 companies have shed 5 million jobs in the past 20 years, the overall economy has added almost 30 million.
Many of those jobs were created by entrepreneurial ventures, such as Cisco Systems, Genentech, and Microsoft. Each of those companies started with a business plan. Is that why they succeeded? There is no knowing for sure. But there is little doubt that crafting a business plan so that it thoroughly and candidly addresses the ingredients of success—people, opportunity, context, and the risk/reward picture—is vitally important.
In the absence of abigail essay, a crystal ball, in fact, a business plan built of the right information and analysis can only be called indispensable. William A. Sahlman is the Dimitri V. D’Arbeloff-MBA Class of 1955 Professor of Business Administration at the Harvard Business School.
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Thesis statement practice 9th grade | …
10 tips for statement 9th grade leading your team to writing, peak performance. If you manage knowledge workers and IT project managers, you need to develop a special brand of leadership that challenges employees, allows them to make creative contributions, and fosters their ability to solve problems independently. Thesis Statement 9th Grade? TechRepublic executive editor Jason Hiner examines various ways you can put these goals into practice and vocabulary writing, guide your team toward achieving its maximum potential. Thesis Statement? By Jason Hiner | May 1, 2007, 12:00 AM PST. This article is also available as a PDF download. If you want to succeed as a leader, you can only services canada do it by setting up your team members to succeed.
Here are a few fundamental leadership tips for managing your team to thesis statement 9th grade, peak performance. Keep in mind that these tips are aimed at leaders who manage knowledge workers and project managers in IT. The equation can be a little different if you are managing people in a strict production environment, although many of the principles may still apply. #1: Focus on results and productivity and of buxton book, not the practice time clock. When you manage salaried knowledge workers, you should almost never have rigid clock-in/clock-out times unless there is a coverage issue in relation to serving customers (e.g., maintaining adequate help desk coverage during call hours). Instead, set clear goals that you know should take your employees about 40 hours/week to accomplish.
Require that they show up on time for writing important meetings and are available during the thesis statement team's general working hours. How To Fourth? Provide them with the tools to statement 9th grade, access their work remotely, when needed. Then let them manage their own time. This sends the message that you trust your employees. John Locke An Essay Human Epistle Reader? If you've got people you don't trust, that's another issue. Manage them up until you do trust them or manage them out to their next opportunity. #2: Align people with the statement practice stuff they are good at. Make sure you have the right people in the right seats.
This is especially true if you take over the management of a team that is vocabulary, already in place. Take stock of all the talents you have on thesis statement, the team and reshuffle the deck if it means that your team has a better chance of success. Don't keep someone in a job role just because they've been doing it for long time if you truly think their talents are better suited and could make a bigger contribution in another role. Employees might be reluctant to move in john an essay human understanding epistle a case like this, so you may need to thesis statement practice, work hard to convince them that the change is in their best interest, as well as the best interest of the dissertation services company. #3: Align people with the projects they are passionate about. Another part of practice 9th grade, getting people in the right seats is finding what your employees are genuinely passionate about and seeing if they are ways to align them with job roles that let them channel some of how to write fourth grade, that passion. Occasionally, that can mean putting someone in practice 9th grade an area where they don't have much experience. Essay Contest Oregon? But if their previous work history makes you think they can succeed in thesis statement practice that role, it's usually worth it because their passion will fuel a strong desire to elijah of buxton report, learn and grow. Once they're up to speed, that passion can become a strong driver of innovation and growth. Statement Practice? #4: Put your best performers on writing, your biggest opportunities. Thesis 9th Grade? When you have a big opportunity that could propel your organization forward, you need to step back and think about who is the best person to lead the charge. In addition to finding someone who has the report talent for the work involved or who has a passion for the subject matter, you need to look at who has a track record of statement, success.
Big opportunities come around only once in a while, and they can be lost. So even if it means taking someone off something important, you should always put your best performers on your biggest opportunities. #5: Find the balance between aggressive and dissertation, realistic goals. Create a culture of statement practice 9th grade, performance by setting aggressive goals and holding your employees accountable for regularly reporting on their progress. However, the contest oregon goals can't be so aggressive that your employees quickly fall behind and feel like they can never realistically achieve them. Otherwise, they will quit stretching to reach the goals. That means that you have to regularly re-evaluate the thesis goals (at least on essay, a quarterly basis) to decide whether they need to be scaled down or scaled up. #6: Trust your people — and let them know it. Knowledge workers typically have jobs that require creative solutions and decision-making. They need to stay sharp mentally to achieve top performance. Practice 9th Grade? The onus is on management to create an write essay fourth atmosphere that fosters and encourages that kind of creativity. One of the best things you can do is to let your employees know that you trust them and thesis 9th grade, that you have faith in their ability to do the job, solve the problem, and/or meet the deadline.
If you don't trust them, again, you need to manage them up or manage them out. #7: Avoid blame (a.k.a. Of Buxton Report? throwing people under the bus) In any business (or organizational enterprise), there are going to be times when you fail, and there will be things that simply don't pan out the thesis practice way you had hoped. Do a post-mortem (even if it's informal) to figure out what went wrong and learn from it. If there were egregious errors made by individuals, deal with them privately. If necessary, let the person know your expectations for how this should be handled in vocabulary writing the future. Don't publicly blame individuals — either directly or indirectly — in meetings or team e-mails. If you do, you risk creating an atmosphere in thesis statement 9th grade which people are so afraid to make mistakes that they don't spend enough time doing the proactive and creative work necessary to avoid future problems — or more important, to essay contest oregon, drive new innovations. #8: Foster innovation by thesis practice 9th grade killing projects the right way. Another important part of fostering innovation is elijah report, knowing how to kill projects effectively and gracefully. There are times when failed initiatives will expose the statement practice 9th grade weaknesses of certain employees, but there are plenty of times when you have good employees working on projects that simply don't pan out. Figuring out the difference between those two scenarios is part of becoming a good manager.
If it's a good person on a bad project, the person who was running the project isn't any less talented because the project didn't materialize. So make sure you use the project as a learning experience and reassign the how to write person to something new without excessive hand-wringing. Otherwise, you will make your employees overly risk-averse, and they will be reluctant to jump into the next big project or to practice, make bold moves when managing the project. That type of write grade, atmosphere can quickly stifle progress. #9: Don't provide all the answers — make your employees think.
You are the manager. You are the leader. That does not mean that you have a monopoly on all of the good ideas. If your employees are hesitant to make decisions without asking your opinion first, you haven't properly empowered them. If your employees aren't making enough of their own decisions, you should change your tactics. When they present you with information and ask what to do about a situation, push the statement practice 9th grade ball back into their court and ask them, What do you think?
They might be surprised at abigail, first, but after you do that several times, they'll start thinking it through before they come to you so that they're fully prepared to discuss the matter and make a recommendation. That's a good thing, because they're usually closer to the customer and more familiar with the details of the work. You need their opinions. And you need them to make some of their own decisions. #10: Build consensus by statement practice 9th grade letting people know why One of your key responsibilities in management is communicating about new initiatives and strategy changes. The worst thing you can do is surprise your staff members with a fully formed idea about a new way to do something that will drastically alter their day-to-day work. When you spring it on them, people will naturally be defensive and skeptical. Whenever possible, give people an vocabulary for essay informal heads-up that a change is coming and let them know some of the reasoning involved. They will be glad you kept them in the loop. Statement 9th Grade? If they don't agree with the reasoning, they can express their dissent.
They might even bring up a caveat or a gotcha that should be considered before the final plan is solidified. An even better course of action is to have a brainstorming session with your team when you are still formulating a new idea or strategy change, so you can gather their ideas and feedback. You may sometimes have to spring something on your team, but make sure that you limit those occasions. Of Buxton Report? Even then, take the time to let them know the reasoning behind the decision. Jason Hiner is the practice 9th grade executive editor of TechRepublic. He manages the TechRepublic editorial department and writes the blog Tech Sanity Check. He previously worked as an contest information systems manager in thesis 9th grade the health care industry.
We deliver the how to write a persuasive top business tech news stories about the companies, the people, and the products revolutionizing the planet. Our editors highlight the TechRepublic articles, galleries, and videos that you absolutely cannot miss to stay current on the latest IT news, innovations, and tips.
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Favourite Essay: Thesis Statement …
Free Essays on thesis statement practice 9th grade My Favourite Tv Programs. TV and Radio There are many mediums for information, entertainment and communication purposes. Such as internet, TV , radio, newspapers, magazines and others. Contest Oregon! In this individual talk I’m going to discuss two of thesis practice them. That is- TV and Radio. John An Essay Concerning Human Understanding! First I’m going to 9th grade start with TV . The TV is one invention. watching your favourite movie by sometimes absolutely ridiculous commercials? Precisely, yes, almost everyone has experienced this at least ONCE in their lifetime. Elijah Of Buxton Book! It all started in the early 1940's, when the first short TV commercial was ever invented, then finally aired on the TV screen.
Was it. How the Hashatg trend changes TV and Film Marketing in the media Landscape. coffee machine in the office used to be the place where people gathered to talk about the practice TV shows they had watched the night before. Canada! Nowadays watching television isn’t just about thesis statement practice enjoying your favourite program on the sofa. 95% of the public social conversation around Film and Television happens on Twitter. Negative Influence of TV Programmes. 2015 Essay 3 How Young Children are Influenced by Negative TV Program Television is one of the most prevalent media influences in children’s lives. It becomes the important part of her or his everyday life.
Television provides various programs , which are very attractive to watch, not only for adults. understand why my niece who is essay contest oregon, only 6 years old always watches TV almost all the statement practice 9th grade time. How To A Persuasive Grade! I also don’t know when she became addicted to watching television. Actually, I think maybe she likes watching TV because she might have nothing to do. It could also be her grandma who always offers to turn on the TV for thesis, her. Why Reality Tv Is Good for elijah of buxton, Us (Essay) The Paradox of Reality TV A comment on the article: “Television: Why Reality TV Is Good For Us” For the last decade, reality TV has become increasingly popular. Not just popular, as in thesis statement practice 9th grade, commonly well accepted and generally appreciated, but amazingly popular – a cultural revolution. Contest Oregon! The article “Television. The Influential Mass Media Industry. common person in the city usually wakes up checks the TV news or newspapers, goes to work, makes a few phone calls, eat with their family when possible and statement makes his decisions based on the information that he has either from their company workers, news, TV , friends, family, financial reports, etc.
We have. Program Review For this program review I listened to how to write a persuasive essay a podcast on www.econtalk.org. Thesis 9th Grade! The podcast was called “Deaton on for essay Health, Wealth, and Poverty.” I listened to it online, at thesis statement practice 9th grade, my house, on November 18th. I choose this topic because it was an hour long program about the standard of essay crucible living, helping poorer. TV or Not TV: Is It Even a Question?
Dylan Lee 11/28/2007 Bob Ellis TV or Not TV : Is It Even a Question? After completing my first week of college in August of 2007, one thing had become clear to thesis me: I really do not like teenagers. Nothing about them. Their lifestyles, the way they dress, the way they trash dorms, their goals. Favourite Character in Macbeth and Why? The play I have chosen is Macbeth by john locke concerning understanding to the reader, William Shakespeare. Thesis Practice 9th Grade! From reading act one; my favourite character is that of Macbeth himself. I chose this character as he is so complex and appears to essay oregon have several facets to his personality. In some scenes he is shown as a brave warrior steeped in honour and statement practice 9th grade many. Knowledge management.
My Reflection. knowledge they had, they are actually protecting themselves from getting sacked. Imagine that the knowledge is a personal weapon and if I were to share my weapon with others, this will result in the risk of me being sacked as other users had the same weapon same me plus their own personal weapon which lead. ?Describe a toy One special toy that I remember getting was a Lego car. It was a birthday present from my parents. I can't remember exactly how old I was, but I was probably about 10 or 11. The special thing about this car was that I had to build it myself out of services hundreds of pieces of Lego.
The pieces. My favourite film Every day films of different kinds are shown on TV : touching melodramas, entertaining comedies, frightening horror, exciting action films, unforgettable thrillers, true- to- life historical films, educational documentaries. They are so various that can suit different tastes. Some films. ?Hi.
My name is Jack Groetzinger, and I'm going to be talking about how to thesis statement 9th grade recruit a co-founder and a team for your startup. I am going to essay give a first give of a quick overview of what we're going to talk about. We are going to start out by talking about the sorts of focus you might be looking for your. Advantages and Disadvantages of Watching Tv and Advertisements. message to every household all over the world.
According to the 2002 Van Dusseldorp Partners, ?°There is 19% increase in amount of people watching TV .?±(Europemedia). People receive knowledge much easier at home. Thesis Statement 9th Grade! Television gives a very convenient way to connect to the outside, even if people live. encounter the law of diminishing returns. Consider the NBC program “Fear Factor.” The show requires contestants to “compete” in vocabulary for essay writing, outrageous stunts that are either dangerous, nauseating or—what producers surely regard as the ideal scenario for “must-see TV ”—both. Practice 9th Grade! Among the features at the show’s web site are. holidaying abroad. There are many destinations with exquisite panoramas in the world. Out of those Switzerland is the most preferred destination. In my opinion, Switzerland is the best travel destination because of the natural beauties, diverse cultures and food.
First of all, Switzerland is the best. (where my dad is from) before leaving for the airport to essay contest oregon come back home. I was wearing a long-sleeved top with a cat on statement practice 9th grade it and black pants. I was also sporting a dopey looking front fringe (I had it all through primary school -.-). They weren’t exactly my favourite type of elijah of buxton book clothing; my favourite top at. Flyhigh Marketing Commuication Plan. used to thesis practice pass our message across, as Baines et el 2008 suggested. In this communication plan fly will be using five major communication tools. They are TV commercial, Magazines, Web advertising, sales promotions and how to write grade Outdoor Advertising.
With the increase in UK online users which has grown to 43.8%(internet. LTCA March 13, 2013 Reality TV . Statement Practice 9th Grade! There are so many different genres of reality TV . Reality TV is a genre of television programs that presents purportedly unscripted dramatic or humorous situations that require no scripts and usually no celebrities. Services! Reality TV is the new wave in television media. pleasure do you get from watching a group of people show you their so-called real lives that are actually completely fake and exaggerated? In recent years, TV channels have discovered that “reality” shows are extremely profitable, resulting in a tidal wave of these shows.
Some reality shows become very popular. early 1990’s. Statement Practice 9th Grade! Reality TV is the newest television genre but not the dissertation services canada weakest by far. After MTV launched the hit show Real World it was clear that realty TV is here to stay. Today reality television is bigger than ever any time of the day you can be sure that some sort of reality program is being aired on. The Influence of Tv Proram Fot the Student. effect * Learn by watching tv * Good tv program can change students mind * Improve students imagination The negative effect * Make the practice students lazy to study * How to control the students tv program sisters and brothers, thank you for the time given to me. My name is feri E. Nenotek, you. forget they have a life. People are becoming lazier day by of buxton book, day in performing everyday task, its due to 9th grade human intelligence upto some extent as per my opinion. You must be wondering why did I bring human intelligence into the picture.
Additional drawbacks Additional drawbacks of addiction to. My favourite subject School students have to study many subjects in school. They include English, Bahasa Malaysia, Science, Mathematics and so on. Everyone has his or her own favourite subject. Same thing goes to john locke concerning understanding epistle to the reader me. Thesis Practice! I also have my own favourite subject. Contest! I like Engish very much. ?Factors Responsible For Popularity Of Reality Tv Show Media Essay The recent onslaught of new reality programmes on general entertainment channels has once again brought this genre of programming into the limelight. Reality TV is not a new genre here; it has just become more popular (and controversial).
?Dasia Floyd ENG 111 Mrs. Practice! Chicosky 3 April 2014 Reality TV Society is so addicted to essay contest reality television that it has become an issue. People are not aware of the dangers that reality television can inflict on the human mind and because of this people are becoming socially unproductive. According. The Psychological Effects from Improper Television Programs. The psychological effects from improper television programs A large proportion of teenagers who commit a crime express that they are fond of thesis statement practice watching certain television programs that containing improper content in it. Today's television programs are filled in john locke understanding epistle to the, variously violent and statement 9th grade erotical scenes. Jacquelyn Desrosiers October 9, 2008 AP English III Period F Reality TV Programs Since the creation of the television, scripted shows have been the most broadcasted programs on the screen.
These programs had the highest view ratings and were broadcasted throughout the country the elijah report most. Pride and Prejudice When I heard that we were planning to thesis statement practice 9th grade watch the video of Pride of Prejudice, I groaned and let a big sigh come out of my mouth. Everyone strongly inspired me that the movie itself is far better than the vocabulary for essay book. Statement! Still, I wasn??t satisfied, but the book report teacher compelled me to watch. reasons and statement 9th grade effects as follows; The first question that come in to john locke concerning to the our mind is thesis 9th grade, why tv programms ,films, shows and promos use so much violence.It’s not so difficult to services canada answer it.Violonce is thesis, used in many ways in tv programms as a hook to draw viwers into the programms.For instance viwers see violence. people were looking to vocabulary for essay writing go after the practice video game world for dissertation, making violence seem fun.
B. Program and commercial regulations are strict, and our TVs make it easy for us to thesis 9th grade see age restrictions on our programs and to even put blocks on channels that we feel are necessary but our advertisements are a. ? My Neighbors Of the eight hundred million different types of people on this planet, I think some of the most interesting people fall into the “neighbors” category. Abigail! Some of thesis practice us have pretty interesting neighbors. And there are others who may not even know what their neighbors look like. Unfortunately. Soap operas Soap operas are amongst TV’s most popular programs , with their own magazines and of buxton book award ceremonies. Practice 9th Grade! The name ‘soap opera’ occurred because the original sponsors of the program genre were soap manufacturers, and they are dramatic, like an abigail crucible, opera. Soap operas are aimed at women, and are.
TV Makes You Smarter Everyday people watch some level of television. Whether it is the thesis statement practice news, sports, a movie or a reality show, it is a pastime that people look forward to and/or come to rely on in their daily routine. There are some programs that have a lot of violence and perhaps should be watched. Tv Has Bad Effects on essay Children: Agree or Disagree. we are in a marvelous age.
Nowadays, TV as a product of technology has turned to an integral part of our lives. Practice! This issue that “ TV has bad effects on vocabulary for essay writing children “is a controversial one and can be approached from different angles due to its complexity; but in 9th grade, my opinion, a closer examination reveals that. Topics for creative writing in English. and others Let me introduce myself. My sister/brother My father's/mother's job My best friend People I like Problems of young people What I think about fashion My strangest dream Who can be a hero? Would you do any voluntary activity? My world My home town Which do you prefer - city life. My Fav Writer Sofea Arisya Muhammad Shaifuddin.
SPEECH: MY FAVOURITE WRITER My favourite writer is our first National Laureate Kamaludin Muhammad or more popularly known as Keris Mas. Allow me to book report share a bit about the background of my favourite writer, Keris Mas. He was born on statement practice 9th grade 10 June 1922, in Kampung Ketari, Bentong Pahang. He had his early. a predetermined goal to fulfill my objective. Of Buxton Book! 4. I am a person who is positive about every aspect of thesis practice life. 5. I can also describe myself as ’’Strength is elijah of buxton, life but weakness is death . ’’ [pic] Tell in your own words: During my free time I like to be with my family somewhere outside the city. My Family and Other Animals Review. My Family and thesis statement 9th grade other Animals is a good book, it's full of fanciness and enjoyment, and tales of a persuasive fourth grade a life in a past period that has an indescribable magic. My Family and thesis statement 9th grade other Animals tells the tale of how to essay fourth grade Durrell's rather relaxing childhood on thesis statement practice the Greek island of Corfu.
One day the boring English skies are. Television, my little secret to relaxation. John Locke Human Understanding Epistle! Whenever I need to take a break from my work or studying, all I need to do is switch the television on and just zone out for thesis statement practice 9th grade, a little while. Then I’ll be recharged and ready to finish off all my work or continuing to study. I usually only watch movies or my regular. TV or no TV ? That is the vocabulary question. Bess TV is an important issue for us, because over three quarters of British teenagers have a TV in their bedroom (pretty antisocial if you ask me!), and they watch TV for an average of 14 hours a week. In the USA, it’s over 20 hours a week. In my research. ?Katlyn Cummings Callahan 2 June 2014 How TV Can Effect Children Positively Introduction: I decided to thesis statement 9th grade see if television, which is notorious for vocabulary for essay, having negative effects on children's education and attitudes, could have any positive effects.
Surprisingly, there is a fair amount of studies that. Term Paper About Tv Series 'Community' in the thesis 9th grade EFLC? 4.2 Why using “Community” in the EFLC? 5. List of dissertation services sources 1. Introducing “Community” My term paper is about a TV series called ‘Community’. 9th Grade! The series is broadcasted on NBC since 2009 and is very popular in the United States and also in other parts of.
Tiffany Ball English 1111 Evaluation Children Watching Television I know majority of people realize children spending all their time watching TV is not good for them. Some consider it a good thing so they have a “babysitter” or think it is good because of educational purposes. Abigail Essay Crucible! There are many different. Your school is organising a ceremony for your favourite English teacher who is retiring. You have been asked to give a farewell speech. 9th Grade! Use notes below about writing your teacher to write your speech. Your school is organising a ceremony for your favourite English teacher who is retiring.
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benefits? In my opinion the advertisement does get the point across. The city is vocabulary, trying to increase awareness to properly recycle electronic waste. The advertisement shows two men chuck and Vince dressed in orange jumpsuits want your old electronics as bad as the gold jewelry hawkers seen on TV . They'll. My recollections at the Parish of statement practice St Paul’s Petaling Jaya My association with St Paul’s started when I came to Petaling Jaya in June 1973 as a young student pursuing my university education at an essay concerning human to the reader, the University of statement practice 9th grade Malaya. We I arrived in report, this big place from thesis statement my hometown of Penang, I had a sense of homesickness. Bibliography ebooksdownloadrace.blogspot.in 1 Introduction LEARNING HOW TO LEARN Some years ago I watched an event that was to services canada change my life. Creighton Carvello, a psychiatric nurse from Middlesbrough in the northeast of England, memorised the order of statement practice 9th grade a pack of playing cards in just. level have written essays in this language. The basic English essays for the primary level will comprise of how to essay fourth writing an essay on my best friend or my favourite book or my favourite animal and other similar topics. However as one moves from the primary level to the middle level and thesis practice 9th grade then onto the high school.
The television ( TV ) is part and parcel of many households. Writing! Therefore, watching television is a culture of today’s modern society. It is a favourite past-time of many people, cutting across the culture, creed, gender and age. I must admit that I too enjoy “sitting glued” to 9th grade the TV as mum often laments. What Enabled Me to Become an a-Level Historian. What has enabled me to become an AS level historian? There have been many aspects in my life which have been contributing factors to how to becoming an AS level historian. History has been my favourite subject for as long as I can remember; since I was young I have loved to learn about ancient cities and. Analysing TV : Fictions and Entertainments – Television Autobiography I am aware that one of the main themes of this course is critical self-reflection about TV watching; considering my own relationship with TV viewing and how it has changed over time as well as what my attitudes towards TV are, I can. Alcoholism and how it Affected Me I was 4 years old when I realized my mother was an alcoholic. I can remember walking home from school with my older brother just hoping she was not passed out already.
I never knew how it affected me until now. Alcoholism is a family disease and most people. ?When you turn on the TV what do you see? Adverts after adverts of charities such as Macmillan asking viewers to donate money to help out practice their organisation for essay contest oregon, families. Thesis Practice 9th Grade! But you never really think that money could help your family, do you?
It was early in the morning, well when I say early I mean. ? A very good morning to my lecturer, Ms Sri Wahyuni Mohamed Kham and my fellow classmates. I am Agnes from how to write a persuasive DAN 134 . Thesis Statement 9th Grade! My topic today is My favourite teacher. Generally a teacher is judged as good or bad according to the student temperament . But a teacher must have some basic qualities. Will My Mba Degree Help Advance My Career? Will My MBA Degree Help Advance My Career? University of Phoenix Online: Management MGT/521 August 11, 2008 Abstract A Master in Business Administration (MBA) degree is an invaluable tool and necessary to achieve a high level executive position.
Earning my MBA is about more than education; it. requirement that which is related to mobility . After we got the job, I started to investigate , where I want to john an essay concerning human reader write this paper. Thesis Statement Practice! I followed as part of my training specialization Conceptualizing last year. Part of john locke an essay concerning human understanding this course was that we had to statement practice hold a seminar. For this seminar , I made a research question.