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Black faith and public talk : critical essays on James H. Cone's Black theology and cover, black power. Please choose whether or not you want other users to be able to see on your profile that this library is a favorite of yours. Keep this favorite library private. Finding libraries that hold this item. History Essay 2007? Black faith and prophetic faith communities. Black theology on theological education / Dwight N. Of Research Paper? Hopkins ; Racism and the church : an definition inquiry into the contradictions between experience, doctrine, and cover page paper, theological theory / Jamie T. Phelps ; Black leadership, faith, and the struggle for freedom / Manning Marable ; Black theology and the parish ministry / J. Alfred Smith, Sr. ; An underground theology / Jeremiah A. Tone Definition? Wright, Jr. -- Black faith and women. Of Research? Searching for nietzsche papers, a paradise in a world of theme parks / Emilie M. Townes ; Servanthood revisited : womanist explorations of servanthood theology / Jacquelyn Grant ; Disrupted/disruptive movements : black theology and black power 1969/1999 / Renee Leslie Hill ; Reimagining public discourse / Rebecca S. Chopp -- Black faith and the Third World.
Liberation theology and African women's theologies / Rosemary Radford Ruether ; Emancipatory Christianity / Linda E. Thomas ; Black Latin American theology : a new way to sense, to feel, and to speak of God / Silvia Regina de Lima Silva -- Black faith, James H. Cone, and the future of cover page of research black theology. Race and civil society : a democratic conversation / Jean Bethke Elshtain and digital paper in observational research, Christopher Beem ; Comparing the public theologies of James H. Cone and Martin Luther King, Jr. / Peter J. Paris ; Black theology at the turn of the century : some unmet needs and challenges / Gayraud S. Wilmore ; Looking back, going forward : black theology as public theology / James H. Of Research Paper? Cone. Black Faith and Public Talk is another important step in pen and research, the maturation of black theology as an of research academic and ecclesiastical enterprise. --Lewis V. Baldwin, Vanderbilt University This volume continues Cone's challenge to the appalling silence of American religion and term papers, theology on the problems of racism and injustice. Cover Page? Hopkins demonstrates the relevance of black theology to shopping, public discourse as well as black theology's intersection with numerous intellectual traditions that exhibit a similar interest in the fulfillment of human being. --Frederick L. Cover Paper? Ware, Assistant Professor of Theology, Howard University School of Divinity Read more. You may have already requested this item. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway. schema:about ; # Race relations--Religious aspects--Christianity. schema:about ; # Black power--Aspect religieux--Christianisme. schema:about ; # Race relations--Religious aspects--Christianity. schema:about ; # Black power--Religious aspects--Christianity. schema:about ; # Black power--Religious aspects--Christianity. schema:about ; # Relations raciales--Aspect religieux--Christianisme. schema:description Black faith and religious themes. Black theology and human identity / Cornel West ; The black church and tone essay definition, religious freedom / Stephen L. Cover Of Research? Carter ; African American thought : the discovery of fragments / David Tracy -- Black faith and prophetic faith communities. Black theology on theological education / Dwight N. Practices Research? Hopkins ; Racism and the church : an inquiry into the contradictions between experience, doctrine, and theological theory / Jamie T. Phelps ; Black leadership, faith, and cover page, the struggle for freedom / Manning Marable ; Black theology and the parish ministry / J. Alfred Smith, Sr. ; An underground theology / Jeremiah A. Wright, Jr. -- Black faith and history free 2007, women.
Searching for a paradise in page of research paper, a world of theme parks / Emilie M. Townes ; Servanthood revisited : womanist explorations of servanthood theology / Jacquelyn Grant ; Disrupted/disruptive movements : black theology and black power 1969/1999 / Renee Leslie Hill ; Reimagining public discourse / Rebecca S. Chopp -- Black faith and the Third World. Liberation theology and African women's theologies / Rosemary Radford Ruether ; Emancipatory Christianity / Linda E. Thomas ; Black Latin American theology : a new way to sense, to ap world response 2007, feel, and to speak of God / Silvia Regina de Lima Silva -- Black faith, James H. Cone, and the future of black theology. Race and civil society : a democratic conversation / Jean Bethke Elshtain and Christopher Beem ; Comparing the public theologies of James H. Cone and Martin Luther King, Jr. Of Research? / Peter J. Paris ; Black theology at the turn of the century : some unmet needs and challenges / Gayraud S. Wilmore ; Looking back, going forward : black theology as public theology / James H. Cone. Case Study? @en ; schema:name Black faith and public talk : critical essays on page paper, James H. Cone's Black theology and black power @en ; schema:name Black power--Aspect religieux--Christianisme @fr ; schema:name Black power--Religious aspects--Christianity @en ; schema:name Relations raciales--Aspect religieux--Christianisme @fr ; schema:name Race relations--Religious aspects--Christianity @en ; schema:hasPart ; # Race relations--Religious aspects--Christianity. Tone Essay Definition? schema:name Race relations--Religious aspects--Christianity @en ; schema:name Black power--Religious aspects--Christianity @en ; schema:about ; # Black faith and public talk : critical essays on James H. Cone's Black theology and black power. schema:itemReviewed ; # Black faith and public talk : critical essays on James H. Cover Paper? Cone's Black theology and walmart case harvard, black power. schema:reviewBody When James H. Cone wrote Black Theology and Black Power, he signaled to cover page, the world that the American black faith tradition would no longer recognize the confines of the church walls as the pen and practices, extent of its purview in cover page of research, society. Cone liberated the free response essay, gospel of Christ from cover page paper, its institutionalized forms, unhinging it from oppressive and racist power structures in essay on online shopping, American society and releasing it to do its work in the public sphere. Black Faith and Public Talk continues Cone's theme of power in cover of research, the public realm and examines the economic, political, cultural, gender, and theological implications of essay on online shopping black faith and black theology.--BOOK JACKET. ; WorldCat is the world's largest library catalog, helping you find library materials online. Learn more #8250;#8250; Please sign in to WorldCat.
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Seminar: What Causes Gender Inequality? - A Working Syllabus - SOC-UA 937 – Spring 2017. Robert Max Jackson. In this course we will investigate what causes inequality between women and men . How does it arise, why does it take different forms, why does it vary in degree across societies, what are the components that add up to cover page, gender inequality, how do various institutions and practices contribute to study harvard, it, and cover of research, how does it change? The course will emphasize the history of gender inequality in the United States.
While we focus on short shopping gender inequality, we will also seek to understand social causation more generally. We will explore the diverse ways social causation works and how we can identify the causes behind important social phenomena. click on a topic to go to that section. click on a topic to go to that section. Description – Scope, Organization, and page of research paper, Access: The Scope of the Topics and Materials. We know a lot about gender inequality – its history, how people experience it in their lives, the ways it varies in intensity and form across time and place, the beliefs that make it seem natural, and much more. The outpouring of rhetoric research and commentary on page of research gender inequality over the past half century has been extraordinary. Unfortunately, despite all this, our understanding of what causes gender inequality remains troubled.
Both ordinary people and experts (such as scholars) commonly fluctuate between simplistic explanations that founder under close scrutiny and throwing up their hands in frustration over rhetoric stereotype what can seem an enigma beyond human comprehension. Here we will seek to page of research, surmount this dilemma. Ap World Free. We will explore diverse facets of gender inequality and varied ideas about what causes might be decisive. We will also look carefully at the ways we can identify and verify the causes of social phenomena. Through these efforts we will aim both to enhance our understanding of what produces gender inequality and to improve our general ability to do causal social analyses effectively. The class organization and page of research, goals. In this class, each week's work will be organized around an analytical task, as well as a set of tone essay readings. Rather than focusing on discussion of the of research paper, readings, the analytical tasks involve attempting a causal analysis of some aspect of gender inequality related to the week's issue, building on the materials we read (in brief papers of a couple pages). The approach in this class seeks to develop analytical skills as well as understandings of the relevant literature by case harvard, stressing doing actual analyses of gender inequality. (Note: this class does not have an exam nor a final paper.)
All class meetings are organized as discussions. Part of our class discussions will be on the common readings and of research, part on students' efforts to explore the analytical tasks each week. We will adjust the time devoted to these two goals according to practices in observational research, our experiences over the class. Page Of Research Paper. Every week, students will initiate discussions on readings and papers. To make this work, each week's papers will be exchanged (electronically) with enough lead time that we can all read all the papers prior to the class meetings. Each topic below includes – beside the common readings – three other subsections. Practices In Observational. These are: an analytical task , recommended readings , and related readings . Page Paper. The analytical task is the writing assignment for the week. Everyone should read the common readings while doing the walmart, analytical task (and be prepared to discuss them). In each of these papers – always brief papers – students will try out page of research, causal ideas related to the week's topic.
Recommended and related readings are optional materials useful for essay rhetoric stereotype, those who want to page, dig deeper into a topic. To simplify navigating through the syllabus, these subsections are hidden until the viewer clicks on nietzsche term the subsection heading, then they will appear. Most of cover paper our readings will be articles available for downloading. The links will appear in the online version of the course syllabus. Excerpts from Down So Long . . Ap World Free Response Essay 2007. .: The Puzzling Persistence of Gender Inequality (book manuscript by RMJ not yet published) will similarly be available for cover page of research paper, downloading from the class web site. (As we will read selections from Jackson's book Destined for short essay shopping, Equality [Harvard U Press] throughout the course, you might want to cover paper, buy it or borrow it.) Any student unfamiliar with the study of gender, can (and probably should) pick up the nietzsche, basics from a standard textbook in the area – I recommend Michael Kimmel's Gendered Society (which I use in my basic general undergraduate class on gender, so used copies should be easy to find). For further relevant sources, my reading lists/syllabi for two graduate courses might be valuable.
The one most directly related is cover What Causes Gender Inequality: Analytical Foundations ; a more general class, What Causes Inequality: Analytical Foundations , may provide materials for broader questions about pen and practices in observational research different kinds of inequalities and how to think about gender inequality in relationship to them. A note on the hidden material below : Each section of this guide includes – beside the common readings – three subsections, one for an analytical task , one for recommended readings , and one for related readings . To simplify navigating through the course guide, only the headings for these subsections are initially visible. The contents of all these subsections are hidden (so that the beginning appearance of the page is similar to a standard syllabus) until the viewer clicks on a subsection heading, then its contents will appear. While this organization is helpful for negotiating the page most of the time, it can become an obstacle if we want to search the page (for example, for cover paper, a particular article) as searches will ignore the hidden material (that is, if you search a page you are viewing in term, an internet browser, the search will only examine what is shown on the page at that time). To overcome this limitation, you can open all the hidden sections to page, show everything on the page by clicking the § symbol at the top of the page. (To restore the page to the normal condensed view, simply reload the walmart case study, page which will collapse all the hidden sections to their usual look). The table of cover page of research paper contents at the top of this page will aid speedy navigation to on online, any topic, which is particularly helpful if you reveal all the paper, hidden material. I. Ap World Response Essay 2007. Introduction.
What do we mean by page of research paper, gender inequality? To analyze the causes of free essay 2007 gender inequality, we need to know what we mean by gender inequality. How can we conceive of and talk about gender inequality in ways that are general enough to page paper, apply across the range of relevant phenomena, consistent enough to minimize conceptual ambiguities, and precise enough to essay rhetoric stereotype, be analytically effective? Gender inequality has been extraordinarily diverse and wide spread. Women and men are unequal in every conceivable way in endless circumstances, both immediate and enduring, by both objective criteria and subjective experience. So, what counts as gender inequality? Can we characterize it in ways that let us confidently and cover, impartially assess when there is study harvard more or less of it? No task for the introductory meeting. Janet Saltzman Chafetz Feminist Theory and Sociology: Underutilized Contributions for Mainstream Theory Annual Review of Sociology , Vol. 23, (1997), pp. 97-120; or Janet Saltzman Chafetz The Varieties of cover Gender Theory in Sociology Handbook of the Sociology of tone Gender , 1999, p3-23, 21 Rachel A. Rosenfeld.
What Do We Learn about Difference from the Scholarship on Gender? Social Forces , Vol. 81, No. 1 (Sep., 2002), pp. Page. 1-24 Destined for Equality : Egalitarian Impulse. II. Causality - What are causes, mechanisms, and the like? We casually refer to causes and effects in normal interactions all the nietzsche term papers, time.
We all conduct our lives – choosing actions, making decisions, trying to cover page paper, influence others – based on theories about term papers why and page paper, how things happen in the world. From the early stages of childhood we attribute causes, building a vision of the social (and physical) world that makes it understandable. Every action, every choice about tone what to do, is cover of research paper based on our anticipation of its effects, our understandings of term consequences. Analytical and scientific reasoning has a similar form, but requires that we approach causation more systematically and self-consciously. The general analytical problem . In this and other societies, women and men commonly dress differently. Prepare a causal analysis that seeks to explain why women and men dress differently . Paper. Our analytical task this week is to attempt a simple causal analysis of a gender difference that is obvious but not often questioned - the way we dress. Term. The purpose of this exercise is to get us thinking about causality. To the degree that we can, we want to try to think of of research paper different kinds of papers causes based on of research varied ways of framing the tone essay definition, causal question.
Realistically, one could easily write a book about all the possible ways of interpreting this causal question and answering it. We are just trying to develop some sensible insights in a couple pages. Of Research Paper. Thinking Tools . The starting point of most causal analyses is stereotype a comparison. When we start with the general question what causes X? we turn it into possible comparisons to cover page paper, produce an answer. Examples of such questions might be why do people in group A do X more than those in group B?, why does X occur more often in summer than winter?, or why does the rate at which people do X go up and down with the business cycle? The underlying idea is simple but powerful. If we are trying to explain some phenomenon, X, then we need to identify variations in the likelihood of X or the rate of term papers X, and look for potential causes that (1) vary across the cover of research, relevant circumstances in a way that could explain X and (2) that we can connect to the outcomes for X in some way. For example, with the gender distinctive clothing question, some ways to better specify the question and look at it through comparisons are: What causes individual conformity to the cultural pattern? What induces women and term, men to conform to the expectations for dressing differently?
Whenever we observe a consistent pattern of social behavior, some common conditions or processes must be inducing people to act in a similar way. Cover Page Of Research. Figuring out what encourages conformity and discourages deviance allows us to provide a causal explanation. Short Essay. Think about what happens to people who do not conform to cover page, the expectations about male and short shopping, female appropriate clothing. And, just as important, ask why it is that people punish nonconformists. Here the basic comparison is between people who conform and cover page of research, those who do not, or between the reactions of people to conformity and nonconformity. Essay Rhetoric. What causes differences in dress codes across cultures? What circumstances could exist across societies that consistently produce gender differences in modes of dress? The clothing characteristic of each sex varies greatly across societies (and time). Clothing differs between primitive cultures and modern ones, between warm and cold climates, and between different parts of the of research, world. But seemingly everywhere men and women dress differently. How can we explain this pattern?
Here the primary comparison is between cultures that have different clothing. Why do the expectations about clothing differences vary by context ? Why are gender differences in dress greater in some circumstances than in others? For example, both women and men may wear similar coveralls in a factory, but women and men generally wear dramatically different clothing to formal dances. Our efforts to find causes behind any phenomena are improved by looking at variations. If male and female clothing is just a little different in some contexts but greatly different in others, we can usefully focus on pen and what might produce this variance in page paper, gender differences. Here the ap world free, primary comparison is between contexts with greater differences in the expected clothing and contexts with lesser differences. Thinking Tools 2 . While considering how to explain the differences in the ways women and men dress, it can also be helpful to think through ways that this pattern could be considered an example of a larger pattern.
The explanation for the broader pattern may be different or easier to develop. For example: The gender differences in apparel (and appearance adjustment more generally) could be considered as one example of apparel differences that find groups defined by age, ethnicity, or region dressing differently. That is to say, it is not only women and men who consistently dress differently. Different ways of cover paper dressing also distinguish other groups. Digital Pen And Paper In Observational. If we think about those other groups, does it give us insights into explaining the difference between women's and men's clothing? The gender differences in dress could be considered as one example of of research a wider range of behavioral differences between women and men such as rules of proper decorum, speech patterns, or displays of term papers sexuality.
That is, we can point to cover, other presentational differences between women and men. If we think about the range of these presentational differences, do they suggest ideas that might help explain differences in ap world essay 2007, apparel? Wikipedia. Cover Page Of Research Paper. Causality Richard Hamming, You and Your Research, Bell Communications Research Colloquium Seminar (7 March 1986) Andrew Abbott. The Causal Devolution. Sociological Methods Research November 1998 27: 148-181.
Ernest Nagel. 1960. Determinism in History. Philosophy and stereotype, Phenomenological Research 20:3:291-317. Lieberson, Stanley; Modeling Social Processes: Some Lessons from Sports Sociological Forum , 12.
March 1997:11-35. III. How is page of research gender inequality symbolized and essay on online shopping, reproduced in everyday life? To start our investigation of the causes of cover page of research paper gender inequality, we will consider how people experience and act out gender in their day to day lives. We want to think about the most basic questions.
Why and when do women and men act differently? Why and nietzsche term, when do people respond differently to women than men? How do all these private individual actions when taken together over time influence the understanding of gender in a culture and gender inequality? The general analytical problem . Using a typical setting where women and men meet, assess how Ridgeway's framing approach helps explain the role of gender in these interactions and where it might fall short. For this task, we choose some familiar (to us) setting or type of interaction where women and men typically engage each other. For example, this could be a workplace, a bar, interactions between buyers and sellers, or parties. We use this as our source of empirical data and of research, focus our argument on essay definition explaining gender interactions there. First, we need to read Ridgeway's argument carefully. Then we try to apply her argument to page, the setting we have chosen. We want to assess how much we believe people's actions (in the context we chose) fit the expectations we can derive from her argument and when they might not.
As we work on walmart our analyses, we are evaluating Ridgeway's approach as a tool. The right tool allows us to construct a better edifice with less effort; the cover of research paper, wrong tool does not. Thinking tools . The remaining notes for this analytical task look at some analytical steps that allow us to think through this problem effectively. Systematic steps in definition, the analysis . Doing this kind of thought experiment, we want our thinking to be as systematic as possible. For all systematic causal analyses, we want to consider how the phenomenon being examined varies in regular or predictable ways across conditions, settings, types of people, places, or the like. Then, we ask what conditions or events typically precede or occur along with the outcomes that could plausibly influence those outcomes. For example, first, we simply consider possible differences between men's and women's actions.
Then we consider how their actions might differ between opposite-sex and same-sex encounters. We can broaden the range of the examples we use to of research, think about these differences by considering other characteristics that might affect interactions, such as the age or race of the people, whether the walmart study harvard, interaction is cover page cordial or unfriendly, how well the people know each other, and so on. We want to ask ourselves if the gender aspect of the interaction will be influenced by these other circumstances that seem relevant to interactions. For example, does gender influence cordial interactions differently from the ways it influences confrontations in our setting? If we believe the answer is yes, then we consider how and why. Analogously, we want to think about the ways that people's goals in gendered interactions vary in these kinds of circumstances, and how these goals influence their actions. Nietzsche Term Papers. For example, in the same setting, a person seeking sex will commonly act differently than someone trying to curry favor or sell a product. Of Research. When we apply a systematic logic to the analysis, we usually do not want to write about all the possibilities we think about. Instead, we use the ones that we find telling.
But we will not identify those telling possibilities unless we systematically work through all the pen and paper practices, relevant possible influences. Gender context . We can take the analysis of interactions another step by considering how the influence of gender on these interactions is potentially affected by conditions like: the presence or absence of onlookers (i.e., the relative privacy of the interaction) or the gender distribution of page of research other people present (i.e., mostly male, mostly female, or mixed) Conformity . Whenever we try to explain patterns like this, we want to consider the exceptions. When will people violate the nietzsche, implications of page paper gender expectations and tone, what follows when they do? Are there circumstances that make it more likely people will depart from conventional behavior? Violations of norms or common expectations are valuable for cover, causal analyses because cracks in the veneer of essay social order can reveal its structure and cover page, dynamics. Bring it together . After working through the steps above, we try to assess when Ridgeway's approach does a good job explaining how gender influences behavior in tone essay, our chosen setting, and when her approach seems to fall short. Do we see ways that her approach neglects or misunderstands important causes influencing the gender character of paper behavior in the context we examine? Our central goal here is to explain how and why gender organizes interactions in our chosen example. We are not attempting a general evaluation of essay Ridgeway's ideas, but a focused assessment of their effectiveness in the setting we have selected to try them out.
Erving Goffman, The Arrangement between the Sexes Theory and Society, Vol. Paper. 4, No. 3 (Autumn, 1977), pp. 301-331 Deniz Kandiyoti, Bargaining with Patriarchy. Gender and Society , Vol. 2, No. 3 (Sep 1988), pp. 274-290 Cecilia L. Ridgeway, Framed Before We Know It: How Gender Shapes Social Relations. Gender Society 2009 23:145-160 Candace West and Don H. Zimmerman Doing Gender Gender Society 1987 1: 125-151. Cecilia Ridgeway.
Framed by Gender . History Essay 2007. Oxford: 2011. Of Research. . IV. Why have women apparently occupied a subordinate position in all societies? And how does explaining the origins of gender inequality relate to explaining the persistence of gender inequality? Although some scholars may question if women have been subordinate in all societies, all agree that men have been dominant in most societies although the degree of dominance varies greatly. This raises the very tricky question, how do we explain the prevalence of male dominance? This exceedingly elusive question continues to elude any answer that will evoke a consensus. Analytical Task Alternative 1: An analytical critique . As most of us lack the substantive knowledge needed to develop even simple analyses of gender inequality's possible origins, we will explore the causal possibilities by responding to the arguments of people who are knowledgeable. Please read the essay rhetoric, Basics of Causal Descriptions on a separate page for some simple, beginning ideas about describing a causal analysis. Isolate what you believe are the most important causal arguments in the common readings . Give a critical assessment of their different approaches . In doing this, try to cover paper, pay attention to what it is that makes you find the walmart case study harvard, causal arguments more or less persuasive.
The recommended and related readings provide a range of material that you can look at as you need to deepen and sharpen your arguments. It can be helpful to look back at the material from cover page, Topic II, especially Gerring's list of criteria for causal arguments. Analytical Task Alternative 2: A hypothetical scenario . When we cannot hope to tone definition, research a social phenomenon with empirical observations, we can sometimes gain some traction by trying to think through hypothetical possibilities. Here is an of research, example. Assume that sometime in history free response, the near future we launch a rocket into space with a crew of 1,000. This crew is page of research paper evenly divided between women and men, the women and men have similar credentials and accomplishments, and the two sexes are about walmart study harvard equally represented at each level of authority. The crew members' cultural understandings are similar to of research paper, those of college students today. History Free Response 2007. This ship reaches a far away planet much like earth but lacking intelligent life.
Unfortunately, the ship's engines have become unstable and the crew must abandon it. So they must start life on this new planet. Cover Of Research. While they possess much advanced knowledge, they have no technology. They must start from scratch, producing food, organizing themselves into a community, pairing off to reproduce, slowly building toward some kind of technological development over generations. [Note: If the nietzsche, distant planet scenario seems unnerving, we could have the cover page of research paper, same effect by dropping a 1,000 people on a remote island that is isolated as a social experiment.] Under these conditions, what are the alternative possibilities for women's status? What might decide which alternative occurs?
Sapolsky, Robert. Testosterone rules Discover . Chicago: Mar 1997. Vol. 18, Iss. 3; p. 44 Wood, W., Eagly, A. H. (2002). Nietzsche. A Cross-Cultural Analysis Of The Behavior Of Women And Men: Implications For The Origins Of Sex Differences. Psychological Bulletin, 128, 699-727.
Evolutionary Psychology and similar approaches : The debates over evolutionary psychology - in cover paper, general and as applied to gender inequality - are very important but often difficult to short essay shopping, follow and assess. Here are some starting points for learning the basics. Buller's supplies a sophisticated overview and critique of the most influential paradigm in page paper, evolutionary psychology (while supportive of the more general venture), Downes and Walter present guided views of the field, and tone essay, other pieces provide further commentaries and some studies that explore key issues facing this approach. Downes, Stephen M., Evolutionary Psychology, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2014 Edition) Sven Walter, Evolutionary Psychology, The Internet Encyclopedia of cover of research paper Philosophy 2009 Bolger, Diane. Introduction. Short Essay Shopping. In A Companion to of research, Gender Prehistory , edited by Diane Bolger, 1-19. Tone Essay Definition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley Sons, Inc, 2012. [doi:10.1002/9781118294291.ch0] Buller, David J. Evolutionary Psychology: A Critique. In Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology , edited by page of research paper, Elliott Sober. Cambridge, MA: A Bradford Book, 2006. Tone Essay Definition. [also, compare David Buller. A Guided Tour of Evolutionary Psychology (In A Field Guide to the Philosophy of paper Mind . Eds.
Marco Nani and Massimo Marraffa. An official electronic publication of the short essay on online, Department of Philosophy of page of research University of Rome 2000.) Also by Buller see: Evolutionary Psychology: The Emperor's New Paradigm, Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (2005): 277-283 and for ap world essay, a full treatment his book Adapting Minds: Evolutionary Psychology and the Persistent Quest for Human Nature . Cambridge, MA: MIT Press/Bradford Books, 2005.] Fausto-Sterling, Anne. Beyond Difference: A Biologist's Perspective. Journal of Social Issues 53, no. 2 (2010): 233-58. [doi:10.1111/j.1540-4560.1997.tb02442.x] Goodman, Madeleine J., P. Bion Griffin, Agnes A. Estioko-Griffin, and John S. Grove. The Compatibility of cover page paper Hunting and Mothering among the Agta Hunter-Gatherers of the Philippines. Rhetoric Stereotype. Sex Roles 12, no. 11-12 (1985): 1199-209. [doi:10.1007/bf00287829] Rigby, Nichole, and Rob J. Cover Page Of Research Paper. Kulathinal. Genetic Architecture of Sexual Dimorphism in Humans.
Journal of Cellular Physiology 230, no. 10 (Oct 2015): 2304-10. [doi:10.1002/jcp.24979] Stulp, Gert, and Louise Barrett. Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Height Variation. Biological Reviews 91, no. 1 (Feb 2016): 206-34. [doi:10.1111/brv.12165] Joseph Henrich. A cultural species: How culture drove human evolution Psychological Science Agenda . Ap World History Response 2007. Science Brief.
2009 Rosemary L. Hopcroft. Gender Inequality in Interaction – An Evolutionary Account. Social Forces 87.4 (2009): 1845-1871. Randall Collins. A Conflict Theory of Sexual Stratification. Social Problems , Vol. 19, No.
1 (Summer, 1971), pp. 3-21 Rae Blumberg. A General Theory of page of research Gender Stratification. Sociological Theory 2 (1984): 23-101. Rae Blumberg.
Extending Lenski's Schema to Hold Up Both Halves of the Sky.aˆ?A Theory-Guided Way of Conceptualizing Agrarian Societies that Illuminates a Puzzle about term papers Gender Stratification Sociological Theory 22:2 (June 2004):278-291 Matthew H. McIntyre, Carolyn Pope Edwards. The Early Development of Gender Differences Annual Review of Anthropology , Vol. 38 (2009): 83-97 Laurie Wermuth and Miriam Ma'at-Ka-Re Monges. Page Of Research. Gender Stratification: A Structural Model for Examining Case Examples of Women in Less-Developed Countries. Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies 23.1 (2002) 1-22 Randall Collins, Janet Saltzman Chafetz, Rae Lesser Blumberg, Scott Coltrane, Jonathan H. Turner Toward an Integrated Theory of Gender Stratification Sociological Perspectives , Vol.
36, No. 3 (Autumn, 1993), pp. 185-216 Janet Saltzman Chafetz Gendered Power and harvard, Privilege: Taking Lenski One Step Further Sociological Theory, Vol. 22, No. 2, Religion, Stratification, and Evolution in Human Societies: Essays in Honor of Gerhard E. Lenski (Jun., 2004), pp. 269-277 Joan N. Huber. Comparative Gender Stratification. Of Research. Handbook of the Sociology of Gender , 1999, p65-80 Maurice Godelier, The Origins of ap world response 2007 Male Domination New Left Review , May-June 1981, pp. 3-17 William Tulio Divale, Marvin Harris.
Population, Warfare, and the Male Supremacist Complex. American Anthropologist , New Series, Vol. 78, No. Paper. 3 (Sep., 1976), pp. 521-538 [See also: William Divale, Marvin Harris, Donald T. Williams. On the Misuse of Statistics: A Reply to harvard, Hirschfeld et al. American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. Of Research Paper. 80, No.
2 (Jun., 1978), pp. 379-386; William Divale, Marvin Harris. The Male Supremacist Complex: Discovery of rhetoric a Cultural Invention American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 80, No. 3 (Sep., 1978), pp. 668-671 C C Mukhopadhyay, and P J Higgins. Anthropological Studies of cover of research Women's Status Revisited: 1977-1987.
Annual Review of Anthropology Vol. 17 (1988): 461-495 Naomi Quinn. Anthropological Studies on Women's Status. Annual Review of Anthropology Vol. 6 (1977): 181-225 Chris Hann. Reproduction and tone essay definition, Inheritance: Goody Revisited. Annual Review of Anthropology , Vol. 37 (2008): 145-158. V. What determines men's and women's roles and positions within families? Family and kinship are potentially relevant to cover page of research paper, gender inequality in varied ways and a lot of work had pursued such issues. Probably the two most important general issues involve the ways that women and men are unequal within families and definition, the ways that family organization both contributes to and is influenced by page paper, gender inequality beyond the family institution.
We will just touch the digital paper research, surface of page these issues this week. The general analytical problem . We want to provide an integrated analytical overview of the principal causal arguments about gender inequality and family organization that appear in the common readings. Each of the readings has various causal arguments about ap world history family organization, some directly about gender inequality, some relevant to gender inequality but not directly exploring it. Some of the cover, causal questions may receive different causal analyses by these authors. Sometimes two or more authors may use a similar causal approach to explain different causal problems. Our goal is to sort this out. Our overviews should be organized around the causal arguments, not a series of rhetoric stereotype summaries of what each author wrote (see Thinking Tools). Thinking tools . Cover Of Research Paper. We want to use one of the following two possible ways to organize the causal assessment (unless one of tone essay definition us has a better way). The first organizes around what is to be explained, the second around the of research, causes. First approach . We start by identifying the principal causal problems addressed by the group of essay papers. That is, we figure out cover, what they suggest needs to be explained.
Then, we organize these causal problems in a sensible order (including consideration of some problems potentially being secondary or sub-problems of history response essay others). Under each causal problem, we summarize and assess all the page of research paper, relevant explanations found in the readings. Second approach . We start by identifying the principal causal frameworks used in the papers. That is, we figure out short on online, what they suggest are the conditions or processes that have the most important influence over the outcomes. Of Research. Then, we organize these causal frameworks in a sensible order, taking into account which are entirely different and nietzsche term, which might be variations of a similar theme, and which are competing versus complementary. For each of these, after summarizing the causal logic of the framework, we show how it has been used by these authors, describing the range of outcomes the framework is supposed to determine and how it has such effects. Cover Of Research. Note that regardless which way we organize our analysis of history essay 2007 competing causal arguments, it can be valuable to think about not only what is considered by the authors being examine, but also which theoretical questions and which causal frameworks seem relevant but absent.
Please reread the Basics of Causal Descriptions on of research paper the starting point for study harvard, describing a causal analysis. Bringing it together . In short, our aim is to produce a critical overview of the principal causal arguments concerning the family and gender inequality, starting with the ideas present in the common readings for this week. To do this effectively, we need to page, identify all the relevant causal arguments, deduce the logical structure of each causal argument and determine how to present that clearly (even if the original source is essay rhetoric inconsistent or ambiguous), detect how the causal arguments (from different sources) relate to each other and present them in a way that makes those relations clear, and, where possible, summarize the important analytical strengths and weaknesses of each argument (or facet to cover page of research paper, an argument). (We should start with the understanding that this kind of analytical overview is rather easy to do poorly and very demanding to do well and digital pen and paper, thoroughly. At this stage we are not aspiring to a professional job but hoping to achieve a reasonable, if basic, analysis.) Destined for Equality : Institutional Individualism: Individualistic Family 157-169 Coltrane, Scott.
1989. Household Labor and of research, the Routine Production of essay rhetoric Gender. Social Problems 3 Stephanie Coontz. The Historical Transformation of Marriage, Journal of Marriage and Family , Volume 66, Issue 4 (p 974-979) November 2004. Beth Anne Shelton, Daphne John.
The Division of Household Labor. Annual Review of page of research paper Sociology , Vol. 22, (1996), pp. 299-322 Andrew J. Cherlin, The Deinstitutionalization of American Marriage Journal of nietzsche papers Marriage and of research, Family , Volume 66, Issue 4 (p 848-861) November 2004. Kathleen Gerson. Moral Dilemmas, Moral Strategies, and the Transformation of Gender: Lessons from Two Generations of Work and Family Change Gender Society . Vol. 16 No. 1, February 2002 8-28 Sara B. Tone. Raley, Marybeth J. Mattingly, Suzanne M. Bianchi. How Dual Are Dual-Income Couples?
Documenting Change From 1970 to 2001. Journal of page Marriage and Family 68:1 (2006), 11-28 Davis, S. N., T. Greenstein and J. G. Marks, Effects of Union Type and Division of Household Labor, Journal of Family Issues 28 (2007):1247-72. [doi: 10.1177/0192513X07300968] Scott Coltrane. Father-Child Relationships and the Status of Women: A Cross-Cultural Study. American Journal of Sociology, 93 (1988): 1060-1095. Joann Vanek. Time Spent in Housework.
Scientific American 231 (Nov 1974):116-120. Valerie Kincade Oppenheimer. The Sociology of Women's Economic Role in the Family. American Sociological Review , Vol. 42, No. 3 (Jun., 1977), pp. 387-406 Kathleen Gerson. (2004) 'Understanding work and family through a gender lens', Community, Work Family , 7: 2, 163 - 178 Rodrigo R. Essay Rhetoric. Soares, Bruno L. S. FalcA?A?o. The Demographic Transition and of research paper, the Sexual Division of Labor. The Journal of Political Economy , Vol.
116, No. 6 (Dec., 2008), pp. 1058-1104 Pennington, Suzanne(2009) 'Bisexuals Doing Gender in Romantic Relationships', Journal of Bisexuality , 9:1, 33-69 Veronica Tichenor. Short Essay Shopping. Maintaining Men's Dominance: Negotiating Identity and Power When She Earns More. Page. Sex Roles 53:3-4, (2005): 191-205 Becker, G. S., Human Capital, Effort, and the Sexual Division of Labor, Journal of Labor Economics 3(1) (1985):33-58. [ VI. Essay Rhetoric. What is the role of sex differences in the functioning and perpetuation of gender inequality?
Attempts to explain gender inequality at all levels are haunted by of research paper, essentialism . Essentialist arguments impute distinctive attributes to women and men and attribute the social differences between women's and men's activities, opportunities, statuses, and roles to these distinct attributes. Even theoretical analyses of gender inequality that expressly reject the possibility of ap world response essay consequential, inherent sex differences, commonly build their explanations of inequality on gender differences. To complicate matters, essentialist arguments proclaiming superior attributes for women exist alongside of the arguments proclaiming women inferior. Moreover, while for some, essentialism always means a difference based in biology or genetics, for others it includes cultural differences that are embodied in women and men. The general analytical problem . To investigate how essentialist arguments work, we will examine how different kinds of essentialist arguments might be applied to explain some aspect of gender inequality, in contrast to a non-essentialist argument. We aim to see both the attraction of essentialist arguments and the possibilities for of research, alternatives. Select one form or facet of gender inequality that you will try to explain for this task.
This instance or aspect of gender inequality should be sufficiently important, widespread, and enduring or recurring to merit thoughtful theory and explanation. It should also be narrow or specific enough that the goal of explaining it is plausible. For example, the facet might be that wives commonly defer to husbands. For the selected type or aspect of gender inequality, you will suggest five alternative explanations, each one representing a different approach to explaining such social phenomena. The explanations should be succinct but clear. Short. They should also be plausible to the extent that a reasonable person might make such an argument.
Plausible does not mean true, of course. Rather, we are trying to imagine an argument that would seem plausible to people who are advocates for each of the perspectives. Page. The five types of tone essay explanation . Attempt to paper, devise the best explanations you can for the relevant facet of inequality from each of the following perspectives. Explanations may be categorized in definition, many ways. The five perspectives defined here are meant to engage different responses to the problem of essentialism. Direct biological - Devise an explanation claiming that some biological difference between the of research, sexes produces the history essay 2007, relevant aspect of inequality by making women and men act differently. Page Paper. For example, an argument might be that men are stronger than women so men dominate women as a simple result of superior strength. (More complex biological explanations might be derived from evolutionary psychology.) This type of explanation is usually purely essentialist. Research. Note that this type of explanation can be divided further into those relying on real biological differences and those imputing fictional biological differences. Let us stress biological differences that are at least potentially real here, leaving the fictitious ones for page paper, below.
Indirect biological - Formulate an explanation claiming some biological difference does not directly produce the inequality, but the biological difference has important effects or implications of rhetoric some sort, and paper, those effects that make likely or unavoidable the digital practices research, emergence or persistence of the selected aspect of gender inequality. For example, someone might argue that women's child bearing makes them anxious about the welfare of their children, and that anxiety makes them feel weak and in want of a protector, leading them to defer to husbands. Or, others might suggest that women's biologically induced child rearing orientation encourages both women and cover page of research, men to make men responsible for warfare, and that men's resulting skill at essay, combat, their possession of page weapons, and men's organization around mutual defense leaves wives typically in walmart case study harvard, their husbands' control. The key for this type of explanation is that the relevant biological differences do not directly cause the gender inequality being explained, but have effects on social behavior and social organization that lead to gender inequality. These types of explanations have essentialist origins in of research, a biological difference, but the explanation as a whole may invoke mediating causal influences that reduce the essay rhetoric, essentialist quality, sometimes greatly.
Non-biological sex difference - Suggest how some socially constructed difference between women and men – one that is neither biological nor a direct result of paper biological differences – initiates or preserves the aspect of gender inequality being explained. Nietzsche Term Papers. This will usually be an enduring individual characteristic (a difference that people carry with them, not a difference in paper, their circumstances). For example, one might claim that women are fearful and dependent because of ap world free response essay 2007 socialization processes (that have no biological basis), and cover of research, this psychological condition induces wives to defer to their husbands. Or, one might argue that childhood sports available only to boys result in a higher competitive drive that accounts for adult men's greater success in business. This type of rhetoric explanation claims a real difference exists between women and men (in the society or social context where the inequality being explained occurs; the paper, relevant sex difference need not exist in digital paper research, all or any other society or social context), but this difference is a social construction. This type of explanation often becomes redundantly circular: each aspect of cover of research inequality exists as a result of inequality, and that overall inequality is essay constituted by the various aspects.
Fictitious sex difference - An imputed sex difference that does not really exist is claimed to play a significant role in producing the selected facet of gender inequality. For example, someone might suggest that although women have no better capacity for child rearing, people commonly assume they do because women bear children, and that this false expectation produces a division of labor and power favoring men. This type of explanation focuses on the consequences of beliefs, relying on the observation that beliefs can organize behavior even if they are false beliefs. While such fictitious differences are commonly assumed to be biological, they need not be. Causes independent of sex differentiation - A causal process that does not involve any difference between the sexes is argued to produce the inequality being considered. For example, some might argue that for families to fulfill their social functions effectively, they need one spouse/parent to cover, perform the critical emotional actions needed and the other spouse/parent to perform the practical and leadership actions (this is essentially a well-know idea of ap world free 2007 Talcott Parsons). This role differentiation can then result in spouse inequality, as an cover page of research, indirect and unintended consequence. This category includes highly diverse explanations, the definition, one critical similarity among them being that they do not rely on a sex difference in cover page of research, their central causal argument. It may be worth noting that one reason explanations based on sex differences (including all the preceding perspectives) are more common is that formulating a plausible analysis that forgoes the mechanism of digital pen and paper practices in observational research sex differences is often a hard task. (Note, in this task we are aiming to produce explanations that those advocating each of the above types of explanation would think are reasonable. Cover Page. It is case often hardest to conceive good explanations from the points of view we find unconvincing or unappealing, but the capacity to page, do this is a valuable skill.) Bringing it together . The point of this exercise is to examine how it is possible to devise a range of alternative causal explanations of gender inequality stressing some mechanism of sex differences, while developing alternative theories that do not rely on sex differences is rather hard. The difference arguments run the full range from practices research, being directly and fully biological to relying on non-biological or fictitious differences in indirect ways.
The arguments that exclude not only biology but all dependence on sex differences commonly derive from another theoretical approach, such as functionalism or conflict theories. The challenge with these approaches is not only to make the immediate causal process eschew differences, but to avoid relying on sex differences one or two steps earlier in the causal chain. Uri Gneezy, Kenneth L. Leonard, And John A. List. Gender Differences in Competition: Evidence From a Matrilineal and page of research paper, a Patriarchal Society. Econometrica, Vol. 77, No. 5 (September, 2009), 1637-1664 Review : Section II Common Readings above and the DeLamater and Hyde piece from free response 2007, Section VI. Douglas Schrock, Michael Schwalbe. Men, Masculinity, and Manhood Acts. Cover Of Research Paper. Annual Review of Sociology , Vol.
35: 277-295 (August 2009). [doi: 10.1146/annurev-soc-070308-115933] Janis S. Bohan. Regarding gender: Essentialism, Constructionism, and Feminist Psychology. Psychology of Women Quarterly , Mar 93, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p5-22 Matthew H. McIntyre, Carolyn Pope Edwards. The Early Development of Gender Differences. Annual Review of Anthropology , Vol. 38: 83-97 (October 2009) Wood, W., Eagly, A. H. (2002). A Cross-Cultural Analysis Of The Behavior Of Women And Men: Implications For The Origins Of Sex Differences.
Psychological Bulletin, 128, 699-727. [doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.128.5.699] Nancy Chodorow. Oedipal Asymmetries and Heterosexual Knots. Social Problems , Vol. 23, No. 4, Feminist Perspectives: The Sociological Challenge (Apr., 1976), pp. 454-468. Eagly, A. H., Wood, W. (1999). The Origins Of Sex Differences In Human Behavior: Evolved Dispositions Versus Social Roles. Nietzsche Term. American Psychologist, 54, 408-423.
Valian, V. (1999). The Cognitive Bases Of Gender Bias. Brooklyn Law Review, 65, 1037-1061. Clopton, Nancy A.; Sorell, Gwendolyn T. Gender differences in moral reasoning. . Psychology of Women Quarterly, Mar93, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p85 [doi: 10.1111/j.1471-6402.1993.tb00678.x] Pamela L. Geller. Identity and page of research paper, Difference: Complicating Gender in Archaeology. Annual Review of Anthropology , Vol. 38: 65-81 (October 2009) [doi: 10.1146/annurev-anthro-091908-164414] Barbara J. Risman, Intimate Relationships from a Microstructural Perspective: Mothering Men.
Gender and walmart harvard, Society 1:1 (March 1987). Cover Paper. Nancy Chodorow. Mothering, Object-Relations, and the Female Oedipal Configuration. Feminist Studies , Vol. 4, No. 1 (Feb., 1978), pp. 137-158 [jstor: 3177630] Timothy J. Biblarz Judith Stacey. How Does the Gender of essay Parents Matter? Journal of Marriage and cover of research, Family 72:1 (2010):3-22 [doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2009.00678.x] Adrienne Rich. 1980. Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence.
Signs: Journal of stereotype Women in Culture and Society 5 (4): 631-660 Judith Butler. Performative Acts and Gender Constitution: An Essay in Phenomenology and Feminist Theory. Paper. Theatre Journal , Vol. 40, No. 4 (Dec., 1988), pp. 519-531. Nussbaum, M. C. The Professor Of Parody [J. Essay Stereotype. Butler]. Page. The New Republic v. 220 no. Free Essay 2007. 8 (February 22 1999) p. 37-45. Timothy V. Kaufman-Osborn.
Fashionable Subjects: On Judith Butler and the Causal Idioms of Postmodern Feminist Theory. Political Research Quarterly , Vol. 50, No. 3 (Sep., 1997), pp. 649-674 Veronica Vasterling. Paper. Butler's Sophisticated Constructivism: A Critical Assessment. Hypatia , Vol. 14, No. Tone Essay Definition. 3 (Summer, 1999), pp. 17-38 Barbara F. Reskin. Including Mechanisms in Our Models of Ascriptive Inequality.
American Sociological Review, Vol. 68, No. 1 (Feb., 2003), pp. 1-21. VII. Page. What is the role of on online shopping sexuality? Sexuality has been evoked in multiple ways in the study of gender inequality. Some have considered it as a possible motivating cause for inequality, others have explored how gender inequality can mold the experience and practice of sexuality, and others have tried to theoretically incorporate sexuality as a peculiar tension between women and men that mediates both the cover, causes and effects of case harvard gender inequality. Essentially, everyone recognizes sexuality is page critically important to gender inequality, but we lack agreement or clarity on how it matters. The general analytical problem . Focusing on heterosexual behavior, it appears that men seek to have sex with women much more than women seek to history essay, have it with men, relative both to how often they have sex and of research, with how many partners . Our central task this week is to propose causal accounts that plausibly explain this. Give a brief account of possible explanations from the following perspectives.
In each case, describe a plausible approach (accepting the assumptions of the perspective), then assess its strengths and weaknesses. Evolutionary Psychology - Trying to explain this phenomenon (well, part of it) has been a highlight of the work that evolutionary psychologists have done on gender differences. Provide an appropriate brief explanation of this sort, identify the fundamental assumptions it requires. Also, consider the evidence and what might be important shortcomings. Indirect biological - Formulate an explanation claiming some biological difference does not directly produce the inequality, but the biological difference has important effects or implications of some sort, and those effects that make likely or unavoidable the emergence and persistence of this sexuality difference. Also, consider under what social conditions this sexual difference should be larger or smaller, assuming that this explanation is correct. A Fictional Difference - Try to explain how this purported difference in sexuality might not be real.
This includes explaining why the fictional belief in this difference would arise and become prevalent. Walmart Case Study. Secondary effect of gender inequality - Consider how this difference can arise as a result of page of research gender inequality. Essay Stereotype. Examine what social conditions must be true for this causal sequence to occur. A different approach - What plausible explanation can you provide that does not fit into the above categories? Can you provide reasoning or evidence to show that one of the explanations is better than the others?
Bringing it together . In short, our aim is to page paper, construct and assess alternative basic causal arguments seeking to understand a widely accepted difference in the sexuality of women and men. Digital Pen And Paper. In each case, try to be clear about the page paper, logic of the causal argument. In each case, provide a logical description of the mechanisms that link the causes to digital paper, the outcomes. Of Research. Alternative Analytical Task [ignore] The general analytical problem . Our central task this week is to propose a causal account that plausibly explains the relationship between one aspect of sexuality and gender inequality. Everyone who analyzes gender inequality considers sexuality important, but they have highly varied ideas about what matters and why. This disagreement suggests that the underlying problems are difficult. We cannot hope to case study harvard, solve them in this brief effort.
So, our aim is to propose a simple and reasonable account of some part of the relationship between inequality and sexuality. Cover Of Research. We are not trying to develop a full, professional analysis. Essay Definition. We also want to consider how our proposed accounts agree with, differ from, or challenge the existing scholarly arguments. Again, our goal here is limited. The aim is to give a reasonable first sense of how the proposed account fits (or does not fit). Thinking tools As suggested above, we can use any aspect of paper sexuality that seems interesting.
However, it may help if the walmart case harvard, selected facet of sexuality: has a relationship to gender inequality that at least some writers think is page of research paper important. Which way it is important is wide open. The role of the chosen sexuality characteristic relative to nietzsche papers, gender inequality may be cause, effect, catalyst, or whatever else seems causally relevant. allows discussion of relevant ideas from at least three scholarly works. These may be part of the common readings, any of the other readings recommended here, or another legitimate source. Cover Page Paper. This doesn't mean that the texts must directly discuss the specific relationship we write about, but that they include ideas or arguments which we can apply or to nietzsche papers, which we can respond. A basic approach to cover, the task presentation might have the following three parts: First, we lay out the causal, explanatory problem. What are the outcomes, patterns, processes, or relationships that we would like to explain by identifying reasonable causes?
And why is paper practices research this important enough to merit attention? (The latter part may seem self-evident, but we still want to describe why we think explaining the phenomenon is important.) Second, we provide the page of research paper, causal analysis. We want to essay, be as complete as possible within reasonable space limits. Cover Page. And, we want to be clear, simple, and stereotype, direct. Third, we try to show how our proposed causal analysis relates to the existing literature. For our purposes, we can limit ourselves to cover of research paper, considering a couple theories or perspectives that would support or compliment our approach and a couple that would be likely to question our proposed causal analysis. (In a professional effort, we would need to consider every important relevant argument.) These may come from the common readings or any other relevant scholarship. Research. When discussing those who might disagree, we want to cover of research paper, be as specific as possible about what criticism we would expect from each of these opponents and how we might respond. Bringing it together . History Essay. In short, our aim is to construct a basic causal argument seeking to understand how some aspect of sexuality is related to gender inequality, and to assess how that causal argument relates to the existing literature (as represented in our readings). Zaylia, Jessica Leigh(2009) 'Toward a Newer Theory of Sexuality: Terms, Titles, and page paper, the Bitter Taste of Bisexuality', Journal of Bisexuality , 9 (2): 109 - 123. Crawford, M., et. al., Sexual Double Standards: A Review and Methodological Critique of Two Decades of Research. Short On Online Shopping. The Journal of Sex Research v. 40 no.
1 (February 2003) p. Cover Page Of Research. 13-26 Dennis D. Waskul, Phillip Vannini, Desiree Wiesen. Walmart Case Study. Women and Their Clitoris: Personal Discovery, Signification, and Use. Cover. Symbolic Interaction May 2007, Vol. 30, No. 2: 151-174 Breanne Fahs. Compulsory Bisexuality?: The Challenges of Modern Sexual Fluidity. Essay Definition. Journal of Bisexuality , Volume 9, Issue 3 4 July 2009 , pages 431-449 John A. Cover Page. Miller, Joan Acker, Kate Barry, Miriam M. Johnson and Lois A. West. Comments on MacKinnon's 'Feminism, Marxism, Method, and the State'. Signs , Vol. 10, No. Tone Definition. 1 (Autumn, 1984), pp.
168-184; [jstor: 3174252; and Catharine A. Page. MacKinnon, Reply to short on online shopping, Miller, Acker and Barry, Johnson, West, and Gardiner. Signs , Vol. 10, No. Cover Of Research. 1 (Autumn, 1984), pp. 184-188 [jstor: 3174253] Steven Epstein.
An Incitement to Discourse: Sociology and the History of Sexuality . Sociological Forum , Vol. 18, No. 3 (Sep., 2003), pp. 485-502. Nicole Constable. The Commodification of Intimacy: Marriage, Sex, and Reproductive Labor. Annual Review of Anthropology , Vol. 38: 49-64 (2009) Impett, E. A., Peplau, L. A. (2003). Sexual Compliance: Gender, Motivational, And Relationship Perspectives.
Journal of Sex Research, 40(1), 87-100 [doi: 10.1080/00224490309552169] Ronald Weitzer. Tone Essay. Sociology of Sex Work. Annual Review of Sociology , Vol. 35: 213-234 (2009) Pennington, Suzanne(2009) 'Bisexuals Doing Gender in Romantic Relationships', Journal of cover page paper Bisexuality, 9: 1, 33-69 Lisa Duggan From Instincts to Politics: Writing the History of Sexuality in the U.S. The Journal of Sex Research , Vol.
27, No. 1, Feminist Perspectives on Sexuality. Part 1 (Feb., 1990), pp. 95-109 Michael W. Wiederman. The Truth Must Be in short essay on online, Here Somewhere: Examining the Gender Discrepancy in Self-Reported Lifetime Number of Sex Partners. The Journal of cover page of research paper Sex Research, Vol. 34, No. 4 (1997), pp. 375-386 Norman R. Brown, Robert C. Nietzsche Papers. Sinclair. Estimating Number of page of research Lifetime Sexual Partners: Men and Women Do It Differently.
The Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 36, No. 3 (Aug., 1999), pp. 292-297 John Levi Martin, Matt George. Theories of Sexual Stratification: Toward an Analytics of the Sexual Field and a Theory of Sexual Capital. Nietzsche Papers. Sociological Theory, Vol. 24, No. 2 (Jun., 2006), pp. 107-132 Judith Treas, Deirdre Giesen.
Sexual Infidelity among Married and Cohabiting Americans. Journal of Marriage and the Family, Vol. 62, No. 1 (Feb., 2000), pp. 48-60 Blow, Adrian J.; Hartnett, Kelley. Infidelity In Committed Relationships II: A Substantive Review . Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, Volume 31, Issue 2, (2005): 217-33. Lever, J., Frederick, D., Peplau, L. A. (2006).
Does Size Matter? Men's And Women's Views On Penis Size Across The Life Span. Psychology of Men and Masculinity, 7(3), 129-143. VIII. What is the page of research paper, role of violence and intimidation in the relationships between men and women? Most theoretical approaches to short on online shopping, gender inequality suggest that violence between women and men plays a role in sustaining inequality; some also point toward violence as an initial cause. A recurring issue concerns the page, degree to essay, which violence is an expression or result of cover of research gender inequality or, alternatively, is walmart harvard a cause of inequality. The separate roles of of research paper rape, harassment, and domestic violence, and essay definition, their relationships to each other are another critical question. Much research and argument has also been focused on the question of of research women's aggressive impulses and nietzsche, actions. Analytical Task : Try to cover, develop a reasonable explanation for why women do not engage in sexual harassment or sexual violence at rates similar to those of men.
Here, our strategy is to reverse the usual way people approach the problem of gender violence, aiming to explain the (suppressed) rates for in observational, women rather than the page paper, (elevated) rates for men. In addition to the reading materials, consider carefully the rhetoric, pointers below in the sections on Thinking Tools and of research, Well Formed Causal Arguments In short , taking into account the nietzsche term papers, pointers below and the ideas in the materials we have read up to this point, you want to develop a reasonable explanation why women do not engage in harassment or violence toward men at page of research paper, the rates that men do toward women. Thinking Tools: ( click to open ) To pursue this task, we need to consider what we mean by violence or aggression. When people refer to the patterns of violence between women and nietzsche term papers, men (in modern societies), they are usually referring to cover page of research paper, several kinds of aggressive behavior, particularly: (1) sexual violence (especially rape), (2) sexual harassment, and (3) intimate partner violence (which includes wife battering). These three categories implicitly distinguish patterns of essay aggression based on several criteria: (1) the degree to which the aggressive acts involve sexuality, (2) the paper, severity of the aggressive acts, and (3) the existing relationship between the relevant men and women. In simple terms, the aggressive actions in these three categories have two obvious potential relationships with gender inequality: (1) inequality produces them, and (2) they reinforce gender inequality. These actions are especially linked to inequality by the ways they contribute to women’s fears and sense of physical vulnerability. Pen And Paper. That fear is crucial. For it is the prospect of cover of research possible violence that induces women to restrict their behavior, to seek male protectors, and to heed men’s wishes. The fear of violence is commonly a more prevalent and history free response 2007, effective mechanism of control than the of research, experience of short essay shopping violence. Note, however, that we cannot assume that sexual violence would not exist in the absence of gender inequality (although we might wish to examine this as a hypothesis).
We know, for paper, example, that partner violence occurs in gay male and lesbian couples at papers, rates comparable to those of of research paper heterosexual couples. Tone Essay. To put it differently, we have good evidence for inferring that gender inequality is a contributory cause for sexual violence, but not for the claim that it is page paper a necessary cause. Similarly, we must be wary of simply assuming that sexual violence leads to gender inequality. To simplify our task, we will set aside the question of intimate partner violence and walmart case study, focus on the other two kinds mentioned above, sexual violence and sexual harassment. Page Of Research Paper. So, our goal is to explain why women, seemingly, indulge less often in sexual violence and harassment toward men than the tone essay definition, reverse . We can also note that one analytical starting point to explaining such differences would be to decompose the possible causes into two possible types that raise different causal questions: Women and men may resort to violence and harassment at different rates under comparable circumstances. This would lead us ask what conditions, expectations, or the like cause women and men to act differently. Women and men may face the cover of research, conditions that induce or allow violence and harassment at different rates.
This would lead us to ask how and why women and essay rhetoric, men find themselves at of research paper, different rates in circumstances that promote aggression toward the other sex. [Both men and women vary greatly, so we must decide if we will abstract away all that variation (and thus talk of short essay on online men or women in the most generic or abstract possible manner) or if we feel that some variations (e.g. wealth or age) require consideration for cover page paper, the analysis. Remember that you can restrict the scope of your analysis.] Try to approach the problem of defining potential causes as systematically as you can. For example, consider a list of potential determinants that might reasonably include beliefs, resources, opportunities, the anticipated consequences of alternative actions. Another way to look at it is the old detective's script: motives, means, opportunity. The key here is to essay, avoid randomly attaching yourself to page, one or two possible causes, just because they happen to be what you first think about. You want to think seriously about what you might have neglected. It is nietzsche term often useful to start this kind of analytic reasoning concretely, concentrating on circumstances we know best. We think about the kinds of people we know best, either through personal experience or from studying them. We ask ourselves why the women in these circumstances or groups do not engage in sexual harassment or sexual violence toward men as much as do men toward women. If we can gain an page of research, explanatory foothold in these familiar circumstances, we have a starting point for developing a more general explanation.
Also, try to introduce appropriate connections between the argument(s) you present and the readings. Consider not only the common readings from this week, but also past readings and optional ones from this week that seem particularly relevant. The causal arguments should try to conform to the standards for a good causal argument that we have read about and discussed. Among other things this means: The causal analysis should clearly state what is being explained. The analysis should describe the social mechanisms linking causes to paper practices in observational, effects. It should show what happens in the world that produces the outcomes, what kinds of people or organizations behave in manner, what circumstances arise that induce the relevant behavior, and so forth. This may be abstract at the level of the page paper, causal model.
The analysis should consider why the decisive causes exist and term, take the of research, form that they do. Term. That is, the causal analysis should push back at of research, least one step past the case study harvard, causes being invoked to ask what causes them. A strong analysis will consider what alternative causal arguments could be made (i.e., how the causal processes could be different from what you describe) and show what evidence or logic favors the cover page of research paper, argument you have presented. A thorough causal analysis will recognize that other causal models might be considered plausible, and try to compare the causal model being promoted to walmart study harvard, the alternatives. The analysis should consider the generalizability of the the arguments presented. It should consider to cover of research paper, what periods, places, types of societies, parts of society, kinds of social relationships or interactions do the arguments apply? Most will find it difficult to do all of the rhetoric stereotype, above effectively, so consider these to be suggestions about what would be ideal, then apply your judgment about page of research paper allocating your time and effort. Try to rhetoric, develop a clear causal analysis of the cover paper, role played in ap world free response, gender inequality by a fear of violence.
This analysis should include a causal explanation why fear of (gender related) violence exists within a system of gender inequality. While thinking through how to explain this fear, you might consider comparisons or circumstances under which these fears vary, including Women's fears vs. men's fears The circumstances under which women experience greater fear and of research paper, those where they feel safe Differences in the amount of fear typical amongst groups or categories of women according to their age, affluence, location, companions, or any other relevant social condition Differences in the distribution of fear across societies distinguished by such conditions as forms of case economic and political organization, degree of development, prevailing religious or cultural institutions and cover paper, the like This analysis should also include a causal explanation of the consequences for gender inequality of the distribution of fears of violence. In what ways do fears of violence influence the behavior of women or the relationships between women and men? Consider how such fears may affect various kinds of women under various circumstances. But remember to return to aggregate effects – it is the impact of these fears on the pattern of women's experiences and behavior that affects gender inequality writ large. Avoid the tone essay definition, analytic temptation to argue as if equality might imply an absence of discord and aggression. Cover. Realistically, equality between two groups by itself only leads us to expect that acts of aggression will occur with equal frequency and effect between members of the two groups. Removing inequality as a source of discord should reduce one kind of frustration that motivates aggression. Other sources of discord still exist, however, and some forms of aggression that could be suppressed by inequality might even rise. Archer, J. (2002).
Sex Differences In Physically Aggressive Acts Between Heterosexual Partners: A Metaanalytic Review. Aggression Violent Behavior, 7(4), 313-351. [doi: 10.1016/S1359-1789(01)00061-1] Saguy, Abigail C. Study Harvard. Employment Discrimination or Sexual Violence?: Defining Sexual Harassment in cover page of research paper, American and French Law. Law Society Review. Short Essay On Online Shopping. 34:4 (2000):1091-1128. also see Saguy, Abigail C. What is Sexual Harassment? From Capitol Hill to the Sorbonne, Thomas Jefferson Law Review , 27:45, (2005):45-56. Manuel Eisner. Long-Term Historical Trends in Violent Crime.
Crime and page, Justice , Vol. 30, (2003), pp. 83-142 Malcolm M. Feeley, Deborah L. Little. The Vanishing Female: The Decline of walmart case study Women in paper, the Criminal Process, 1687-1912. Law Society Review , Vol. 25, No. 4 (1991), pp. 719-758 Quinn, Beth A. Sexual Harassment and papers, Masculinity: The Power and of research, Meaning of 'Girl Watching.' Gender Society , vol. 16, no.
3, pp. 386-402, June 2002 Rachel Bridges Whaley, The Paradoxical Relationship between Gender Inequality and Rape: Toward a Refined Theory. Study Harvard. Gender Society , vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 531-555, Aug 2001 [doi: 10.1177/089124301015004003] Murray A. Page. Straus. 2008. Dominance and symmetry in partner violence by short on online shopping, male and female university students in 32 nations. Children and Youth Services Review 30(3):252-275.
Wood, W., Eagly, A. H. (2002). A cross-cultural analysis of the behavior of women and page of research paper, men: Implications for the origins of sex differences. Psychological Bulletin, 128, 699-727. Case Study Harvard. [note: also recommended for previous section] Sarah K. Of Research Paper. Murnen, Carrie Wright, and ap world response 2007, Gretchen Kaluzny. Of Research Paper. If 'Boys Will Be Boys,' Then Girls Will Be Victims? A Meta-Analytic Review of the Research That Relates Masculine Ideology to term papers, Sexual Aggression. Sex Roles Volume 46, Numbers 11-12 / June, 2002 Peggy Reeves Sanday. Rape-Prone Versus Rape-Free Campus Cultures.
Violence Against Women, Vol. 2, No. 2, 191-208 (1996) [doi: 10.1177/1077801296002002006] Quinn, Beth A. Cover. Sexual Harassment and Masculinity: The Power and free essay 2007, Meaning of paper 'Girl Watching.' Gender Society , vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 386-402, June 2002. Linda Gordon. Family Violence, Feminism, and Social Control. Feminist Studies, Vol. 12, No.
3 (Autumn, 1986), pp. 453-478 Christopher Uggen Amy Blackstone. Sexual Harrasment as a Gendered Expression of Power. Essay Rhetoric. American Sociological Review , Volume 69, Number 1, (February 2004): 64-92 Sandy Welsh. Gender And Sexual Harassment. Annual Review of Sociology 25 (1999): 169-190 Lee Ellis and Charles Beattie. The Feminist Explanation for Rape: An Empirical Test. T he Journal of Sex Research , Vol. 19, No.
1 (Feb., 1983), pp. Of Research Paper. 74-93 Kimberly Martin, Lynne M. Pen And In Observational Research. Vieraitis and Sarah Britto. Gender Equality and Women's Absolute Status: A Test of the Feminist Models of Rape. Violence Against Women . 12 (4) 2006: 321-339 Gwen Hunnicutt. Varieties of Patriarchy and page of research paper, Violence Against Women Resurrecting Patriarchy as a Theoretical Tool.
Violence Against Women . Rhetoric Stereotype. 15 (5) 2009: 553 - 573 [doi: 10.1177/1077801208331246] Tom W. Cover Paper. Smith. The Polls: Gender and Attitudes Toward Violence. Essay. The Public Opinion Quarterly, Vol. 48, No. Page Of Research Paper. 1 (Spring, 1984), pp. 384-396 [jstor: 2748632] Richard C. Walmart Case. Eichenberg.
Gender Differences In Public Attitudes Toward The Use Of Force By The United States, 1990-2003. International Security 28.1 (2003) 110-141 Jon Hurwitz and Shannon Smithey, Gender Differences on Crime and Punishment. Paper. Political Research Quarterly, Vol. 51, No. 1 (Mar., 1998), pp. 89-115 Joan B. Kelly Michael P. Johnson. Differentiation Among Types Of Intimate Partner Violence: Research Update And Implications For Interventions. Family Court Review, Volume 46, Issue 3, 2008 (p 476-499) [doi: 10.1111/j.1744-1617.2008.00215.x] Richard B. Felson, Alison C. Cares.
Gender and the Seriousness of harvard Assaults on Intimate Partners and Other Victims. Journal of Marriage and Family, Volume 67, Issue 5 (2005):1182-1195 Murray A. Of Research. Straus and Ignacio Luis Ramirez. 2007. Gender Symmetry In Prevalence, Severity, And Chronicity Of Physical Aggression Against Dating Partners By University Students In Mexico And USA. Aggressive Behavior 33:281-290. [doi: 10.1002/ab.20199] Russell P. Dobash and R. Emerson Dobash. Women's Violence to Men in Intimate Relationships. The British Journal of Criminology 44 (2004): 324-349 [doi: 10.1093/bjc/azh026] IX. How has the economy influenced men's and essay, women's positions in society? Analyses of gender inequality attribute great importance to the economy.
Gender inequality appears everywhere embedded in economic inequality, in the sense that a critical aspect of gender inequality involves unequal access to economic resources and positions. Page Paper. This relationship becomes clearer in more advanced societies where economic organization has become institutionally differentiated from kinship and short essay on online, political organization. Sometimes this unequal economic access is understood as an expression of gender inequality, sometimes a cause of page of research gender inequality, sometimes a result. Many analyses consider it all three. Analytical Task 1: Develop a causal analysis of economic inequality between women and men that accounts for two empirical observations, one being the earnings inequality between the sexes by the gender composition of major occupational categories, the other being the changing likelihood that wives will earn more than their husbands. The data to be explained can be found in three tables (click to short shopping, see). Use the tabs at the bottom to switch between tables. The first table shows the 2012 earnings gap in cover page paper, the 20 occupational categories that have the digital pen and practices, largest number of females. These have been sorted by cover of research paper, the proportion female. The numbers in dark red show the earnings gap where women also account for two-thirds or more of the those in the occupational category.
The second table shows the same kind of data as the first, but is for the 20 occupational categories that have the largest number of walmart study harvard males. Cover Page. It is otherwise the same as the first table, except the dark red numbers are for occupational categories where two-thirds or more of the short essay shopping, workers are male. The third table shows the changing proportion of married couples where the wife earns more than the husband over the 25 years up to 2011. Preliminary to developing an analysis, the first task is, of course, to interpret what the data in the tables tell us about economic inequality between women and men. It is recommended that you focus on the dark red numbers of all the tables. Of Research. The first two tables are meant to be interpreted as one.
The main task is to develop a background analysis of gender inequality in the economy, as it exists today and how it has changed over the past several decades. This may lead you to considering longer term changes to explain conditions during this period. You might think of yourself as writing a textbook or preparing a background paper on gender inequality in the economy, where these tables are the data that is being presented. Your goal is to offer an understanding of these tables. One way to think about this is in terms of what we don't see in the tables. Why aren't women and men distributed equally across these occupational categories? Why are women's earnings lower? Why do the difference between women's and men's earning vary across the occupational categories? Why has the proportion of wives earning more than their husbands gone up? What are the digital paper, implications of the earnings differentials by occupational categories? What are the implications of the data on wives' earnings?
How can we reconcile the data on wives' earnings with the data on occupational earnings differences? In short, we are aiming at a brief explanation of women's vs. men's economic participation today and over cover page time that shows why we find data looking like this. Analytical Task 2 [ignore Fall 13] Identify three of the most important, primary, explanatory problems that need solution to understand the relationship between the economy and gender inequality . Each way that some aspect of gender inequality influences economic organization implies a causal problem. Similarly, in the reverse, each way that economic organization influences some aspect of gender inequality implies a causal problem.
For example, women used to have no access to most high-status positions in the American economy and are now still under represented in them. Term Papers. In either direction we might consider the intensity or degree of gender inequality, rather than some aspect of gender inequality, as that which influences or is influenced by economic organization. For each observation or claim about economic inequality between women and men, we can ask why? or how? For example, why are women under represented among those at the top of large economic enterprises? or how does women's relative absence from positions great economic power influence the cover of research, persistence of paper in observational research gender inequality? Which explanatory problems are primary is a theoretical (and empirical) judgment. A primary causal process is cover page of research paper one without which the relationship between the economy and gender inequality would look and work differently . Note that you are identifying three that you believe are among those that are primary, not the three most important. For each of the three selected, primary, explanatory problems, do the following: State clearly what is the explanatory problem and why it is a primary or important one . Stereotype. Think carefully about what makes some causal processes more important than others when we are trying to understand a social phenomenon (her the relationship between gender inequality and economic organization). Select one of the page of research paper, three explanatory problems you have identified for deeper consideration. For that problem: Briefly describe what stand out as the possible causal processes that could account for the relationship or condition that is the focus of the explanatory problem. For example, what might be the causal processes that account for few women being in positions of high economic power? These are the competing or alternative explanations for the problem.
These may include the digital practices, causes or explanations explicitly suggested in the literature concerning the problem, or explanations derived from applying a more general theoretical orientation (e.g., a Marxist or a functionalist approach), or any additional possibilities you work out in another way. Describe a research possibility that could seek to cover page of research paper, resolve one (or more) of these causal problems. You have identified competing, causal explanations for each of the explanatory problems. History 2007. For one of these, consider how we might hope to learn which causal explanation is more valid by cover of research, doing relevant research. To do this, we usually want to think about the circumstances under which the ap world history essay, competing theories suggest that something in the world should look or work differently. To summarize, the analytical task involves (1) identifying three primary, explanatory problems relating gender inequality and economic organization, providing a careful description for page of research paper, each of those explanatory problems, stating why it is important, (2) for response 2007, one explanatory problem, exploring competing explanations that could solve the problem, and describing a research design that could, hypothetically, discover which explanation is better. Francine D. Cover. Blau. Trends in the Well-Being of American Women, 1970-1995. Journal of Economic Literature , Vol.
36, No. On Online. 1 (Mar., 1998), pp. 112-165 Francine D. Blau and Lawrence M. Kahn. The Gender Pay Gap: Have Women Gone as Far as They Can? Academy of Management Perspectives 21 (February 2007): 7-23. [Reduced version of chapter in Declining Significance of Gender] Barbara F. Reskin, Including Mechanisms in Our Models of Ascriptive Inequality: 2002 Presidential Address, American Sociological Review , Vol. 68, No.
1 (Feb., 2003), pp. 1-21 Michelle J Budig. Page Of Research Paper. Male Advantage And The Gender Composition Of Jobs: Who Rides The Glass Escalator? Social Problems . Practices In Observational Research. May 2002. Vol. 49, Iss. 2; p. 258 Elizabeth H. Gorman and Julie A. Cover. Kmec. Hierarchical Rank and Women's Organizational Mobility: Glass Ceilings in Corporate Law Firms. American Journal of Sociology Volume 114 Number 5 (March 2009): 1428-74 [doi: pdf/10.1086/595950] Christine E. Bose, Philip L. Bereano and Mary Malloy. Household Technology and the Social Construction of Housework. Technology and rhetoric, Culture , Vol.
25, No. 1 (Jan., 1984), pp. 53-82 Maria Charles. Deciphering Sex Segregation: Vertical and Horizontal Inequalities in Ten National Labor Markets. Acta Sociologica , Vol. 46, No. 4 (Dec., 2003), pp. Of Research Paper. 267-287 Shelley J. Correll, Stephen Benard, In Paik. Rhetoric Stereotype. Getting a Job: Is There a Motherhood Penalty?
American Journal of Sociology , Vol. 112, No. 5 (Mar., 2007), pp. 1297-1338 Louise Marie Roth. Page Paper. Women on Wall Street: Despite Diversity Measures, Wall Street Remains Vulnerable to Sex Discrimination Charges.
Academy of Management Perspectives , Feb 2007, Vol. 21 [doi: 10.5465/AMP.2007.24286162] Judge, Timothy A.; Livingston, Beth A. Is The Gap More Than Gender? A Longitudinal Analysis Of Gender, Gender Role Orientation, And Earnings. Journal of Applied Psychology . Vol 93(5), Sep 2008, 994-1012. Claudia Goldin.
The Changing Economic Role of Women: A Quantitative Approach. Journal of Interdisciplinary History , Vol. 13, No. 4, The Measure of American History (Spring, 1983), pp. 707-733 [jstor: 203887] Claudia Goldin. The Quiet Revolution That Transformed Women's Employment, Education, and Family. The American Economic Review , Vol. 96, No.
2 (May, 2006), pp. 1-21 Valerie Kincade Oppenheimer. Demographic Influence on Female Employment and the Status of Women. American Journal of Sociology , Vol. 78, No. 4, Changing Women in a Changing Society (Jan., 1973), pp.
946-961; see also Valerie K. Oppenheimer. The Interaction of Demand and Supply and its Effect on the Female Labour Force in the United States. Essay Shopping. Population Studies , Vol. 21, No. 3 (Nov., 1967), pp. 239-259 England, Paula, Paul Allison, and Yuxiao Wu. Does Feminization Lower Wages, Do Declines in Wages Cause Feminization, and cover of research, How Can We Tell From Longitudinal Data? Social Science Research 36(3) (2007): 1237-56. [doi: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2006.08.003] Trond Petersen, Vemund Snartland, Eva M. Meyersson Milgrom. Are female workers less productive than male workers? Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 25(1) (2007): 13-37. Claudia Goldin, Lawrence F. Katz, Ilyana Kuziemko.
The Homecoming of American College Women: The Reversal of the walmart harvard, College Gender Gap. The Journal of Economic Perspectives , Vol. 20, No. 4 (Fall, 2006), pp. 133-156 Jerry A. Jacobs. Cover Page Of Research. Gender Inequality and Higher Education. Annual Review of Sociology, Vol.
22 (1996): 153-185 [doi: 10.1146/annurev.soc.22.1.153] Claudia Buchmann, Thomas A. DiPrete, Anne McDaniel. Gender Inequalities in Education. Annual Review of tone essay Sociology , Vol. 34 (2008): 319-337 [doi: 10.1146/annurev.soc.34.040507.134719] England, Paula and page, Su Li. Desegregation Stalled: The Changing Gender Composition of College Majors, 1971-2002. Gender Society 20(5) (2006):657-677.
M. Evertsson, P. Digital Paper In Observational. England, I. Of Research. Mooi-Reci, J. Hermsen, J. de Bruijn, D. Cotter. Is Gender Inequality Greater at Lower or Higher Educational Levels? Common Patterns in the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United States. Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State Society 16(2):210-241 (2009) [doi: 10.1093/sp/jxp008] Eagly, A. H., Johannesen-Schmidt, M. Nietzsche Term. C., van Engen, M. L. (2003). Cover Page Paper. Transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire leadership styles: A meta-analysis comparing women and practices, men. Cover Page Of Research Paper. Psychological Bulletin, 129(4), 569-591. Eckel, Catherine; de Oliveira, Angela C. M.; Grossman, Philip J. Gender and Negotiation in the Small: Are Women (Perceived to nietzsche papers, Be) More Cooperative than Men?
Negotiation Journal , Volume 24, Issue 4, 2008: 429 [doi: 10.1111/j.1571-9979.2008.00196.x] ; Kolb, Deborah M. Too Bad for the Women or Does It Have to Be? Gender and cover page of research, Negotiation Research over the Past Twenty-Five Years. Negotiation Journal , Volume 25, Issue 4, 2009: 515 ; Bowles, Hannah Riley; McGinn, Kathleen L. Rhetoric Stereotype. Gender in Job Negotiations: A Two-Level Game. Cover. Negotiation Journal , Volume 24, Issue 4, 2008: 393 [doi: 10.1111/j.1571-9979.2008.00194.x] Sue Bowden, Avner Offer. Definition. Household Appliances and the Use of Time: The United States and Britain Since the 1920s. The Economic History Review , New Series, Vol. 47, No. 4 (Nov., 1994), pp.
725-748 Graciela Chichilnisky. The Gender Gap. Page Of Research. Review of Development Economics , Volume 12, Issue 4 (p 828-844) [gender gap as a Nash equilibrium – not for nietzsche term papers, the economically faint of heart] Justin Wolfers. Diagnosing Discrimination: Stock Returns and cover page paper, Ceo Gender Journal of the harvard, European Economic Association , Vol. Cover Of Research Paper. 4, No. 2/3, Papers and Proceedings of the short essay shopping, Twentieth Annual Congress of the European Economic Association (Apr. - May, 2006), pp. 531-541 Francine D. Of Research. Blau and Lawrence M. Kahn. The Gender Pay Gap, The Economists' Voice (June 2007). [doi: 10.2202/1553-3832.1190] Claudia Goldin.
The Long Road to the Fast Track: Career and Family. The Annals Of The American Academy Of Political And Social Science . Rhetoric. 2004 596 (2004): 20-35. [doi: 10.1177/0002716204267959] Claudia D. Goldin. The Role of World War II in the Rise of Women's Employment. The American Economic Review , Vol. 81, No. 4 (Sep., 1991), pp. 741-756 Michael Bittman, Paula England, Liana Sayer, Nancy Folbre, and George Matheson. When Does Gender Trump Money?: Bargaining and Time in Household Work. American Journal of Sociology 109 (2003):186-214. X. What role does ideology play in determining the relations between men and page of research, women? Ideology is near the center of almost all efforts to explain gender inequalities.
People's conceptions of masculinity and essay definition, femininity, ideas concerning the fairness of differential treatment or expectations of women and men, internalized schema that evoke different judgments of women's and men's actions, rules about proper male and female behavior applied to children – all these and more concern the influence of ideology on of research paper gender identities, differential treatment of women and ap world history response, men, and the organization and persistence of gender inequality. Conversely, each ideological belief that symbolizes, legitimates, invokes, guides, induces, or helps sustain gender inequality is itself a product of gender inequality. To untangle these complex causal interdependencies, we must always attend carefully to two kinds of distinctions. First, we must consistently recognize differences in levels of social organization, including, among others, societal structures and culture, organizations, social networks, social processes, and individual actors. While it is tempting to treat ideological beliefs as diffuse entities unconnected to identifiable people, organizations, or structures, the analytical results are poor. Second, we must consistently distinguish between contemporaneous causes (e.g., the ways that internalized schema can influence interactions) and asynchronous or historical causes (e.g., the ways that changes in cover page paper, domestic production induce different ideas about women's place). Essay Definition. Causal arguments about ideology consider it as both an cover page, effect of gender inequality and a cause of gender inequality, although it is ideology's potential role as a contributing cause that stands out walmart case study, as more theoretically important.
The general analytical problem . The aim of this week's task is to explore the relationship between beliefs – ideology – and some example of inequality. Page Of Research Paper. We want to consider how causality can work in both directions, as inequality influences what people believe and ideology influences how people act. To begin, choose one aspect or component of gender inequality. Short. This could be some aspect of the direct relationships between women and men, or it might be some difference in the opportunities available to women. Examples include the way that women overall select less prestigious fields of of research study than men in college, that higher education used to be restricted for women, that women are objects of sex trafficking, that male professional sports have much higher status, or the different kinds of restaurants that use male vs. female waiters. You might try to be a bit creative. It can be helpful to focus your discussion using a concrete instance of that type of inequality with which you are familiar. Contents of the analysis . The goal is to work through the various ways that ideas and expectations are involved in the causal processes surrounding gender inequality using the on online, chosen example to cover, do this at a more concrete level. The purpose of the digital pen and paper practices research, task specification that follows is to help you to be systematic about this. Paper. Use this schematic outline as a starting point. 1 Clearly describe the aspect or component of gender inequality you are using. ( click to open ) As always, remember to give the basic characteristics and principal patterns of the inequality as you understand it.
Among other possibilities, this will normally include: (1) describe what is nietzsche term papers unequal; (2) describe what this inequality looks like, how it is cover page paper experienced, or how it has its impact in social life; (3) assess how the tone, distribution appears or is manifest in the world, how we would recognize the differences between more or less of it, and how it is currently distributed). The goal is to page, ensure the reader (and you) clearly understand what makes up or defines the inequality you are focused on, and what specific examples of that inequality you will use in your analysis. While identifying the nietzsche, relevant beliefs is obviously crucial, it can also be difficult. The range of potentially relevant beliefs may be very large, so we have to exercise judgment about which are most important It may help to of research, distinguish beliefs that motivate the practice of this aspect of free essay 2007 gender inequality from those that legitimate it. Usually both are present, and they may be difficult to distinguish, but thinking through the difference can be very helpful as the implications of the two kinds are quite different. It is crucial to page, consider the study, actions and ideas of cover paper both men and women . They commonly will share some relevant beliefs and diverge about others. Particularly in conflicts over inequality, we expect some critical beliefs also to be in opposition. Digital Paper Practices Research. Consider also whether different beliefs motivate or legitimate this type of inequality in cover page of research, different times, places, or circumstances.
That is, you want to decide what characteristics of the tone, beliefs connected to this inequality are fairly consistent across various concrete instances of this type of inequality and what sort of beliefs differ across instances. For example, the beliefs that motivated male resistance to cover page, women entering male occupations may have varied by the status of the occupation and by the time period women began to pen and paper practices research, enter. Consider how much people agree about the important beliefs. When is the consensus high or low, what causes it to be high or low, and what difference does the degree of agreement make? In particular, do people dispute some aspects of the cover paper, beliefs relevant to this type of inequality, such that the dispute affects the inequality or informs us about term papers it? Remember, that a belief exists does not mean that all people hold it, even less does it ensure they will act in conformity to it.
The greater the cover page of research, disagreement about a belief within a group or category of essay actors, the less that it can produce consistent patterns of actions (although this may not diminish its appeal as a justification). Beliefs have a variety of other variable characteristics that can be important to page of research, analyzing their significance. For example, a belief can be narrow and focused or broad and general, varying from the context or issue specific belief to the general principal. A belief can be so salient and closely held that people refer to it all the time or so insignificant and loosely held that it plays a role only when forced to the forefront. Consider the social significance or function of the gender inequality related beliefs. We can try to nietzsche, judge the effects of beliefs by comparing how people would behave if beliefs were different, using either real or hypothetical alternatives.
Although beliefs exist only by being held by individuals, we generally want to cover, think of beliefs as cultural phenomena. The beliefs that concern us are those preserved and imposed by tone essay, cultures or acquired as the common effect of shared or parallel experiences. People are prone to all kinds of idiosyncratic beliefs, but only shared beliefs have social effect. At the individual level, we ask how or when people holding a belief act differently than those who believe otherwise. Of Research Paper. At the definition, social level, we ask how the presence of those beliefs in a group or circumstance has social consequences -- such as influencing the structure of organizations, the prevailing legal system, or direction of historical changes. What kind of effect and how much effect we attribute to of research paper, a belief will depend in part on walmart harvard what we choose as the of research paper, alternate beliefs for free response essay, comparison. Of Research Paper. Reasonable alternatives might include: beliefs observed to exist in short essay, more egalitarian (or more unequal) circumstances, reversal of beliefs about page paper women and men (such as believing women are better at math - often implausible in case, reality, but potentially clarifying as an imaginary experiment), the absence of any such beliefs (that is, people have no expectations about something, such as whether men or women will be more nurturing), or the presence of some reasonable hypothetical alternative beliefs.
As usual, we want to give some thought to both women and men - considering how each sex is page paper affected, considering beliefs about both sexes, and considering what each sex believes. Typically, we expect to find women and men share many beliefs, but are sharply divided on others. We also want to consider how the effects of the beliefs might vary depending on the context or other mediating influences. We also want to remember that beliefs can affect people in a wide range of ways. Beliefs can affect judgments, motives, aspirations, quality of experience, and so forth. Again, the point is not to free, include everything.
Instead, we want to recognize that deciding what is cover page of research important is an analytical judgment; it should not simply be to talk about whatever we happened to think about digital pen and paper research first. We are trying to figure out what beliefs really make a difference to the strength, durability, or form of gender inequality. Thus, for the example of cover page of research paper inequality being examined, we are in part trying to explain how beliefs or ideas might arise as a result of the presence of the on online shopping, inequality that they legitimate and motivate. This is our central goal, and it is difficult. We can also ask if those beliefs could have arisen for some reason independent of gender inequality (we expect this to be rare, but important where found). It can help to do a hypothetical experiment.
Consider an cover of research paper, imaginary circumstance (which might have a real historical counterpart) where the relevant aspect of gender inequality did not exist, nor did the harvard, related beliefs – then at cover, some point in time this type of gender inequality came into pen and, existence. Then try to think through how ideas would change as a result of the page paper, emergence of this facet of gender inequality. Consider what issues might arise if this type of inequality came to exist, but the beliefs still did not, and how might the response to such issues lead to new beliefs. Think about both women and men trying to make sense of the unequal circumstances, and history response, trying to cover page paper, mold the perception of reality and justice to fit their circumstances. Short Essay On Online. To make the analysis more concrete, see if you can provide evidence or observations about cover page of research paper real circumstances where this type of inequality is minimal (different cultures, different historical periods, different parts of society).
Assess how the beliefs under minimal inequality compare to those where it is high. Tone Essay. It is page paper a good idea to consider under what conditions, if any, would the beliefs associated with a facet of gender inequality exist without the presence of this facet of gender inequality. That is, could similar or analogous beliefs appear with different kinds of inequality or under conditions of little inequality. The first possibility is pen and practices critical, because it suggests beliefs due to the presence of inequality per se, not dependent on the type of inequality. The second possibility suggests the prospect of beliefs hijacked from conditions distinct from inequality, then converted to some service to reinforce or challenge inequality. It may also be worthwhile to imagine what would happen if the beliefs existed in the absence of inequality in the relevant aspect of gender.
Would they be enough to nudge toward inequality or would they tend to dissipate? It is also a good idea to page, consider how people acquire the ap world response essay 2007, relevant beliefs. Are they part of general cultural expectations, are the transferred in specific contexts, or do people generate them from page of research, experience rather than learning them from others? How people acquire beliefs can give us valuable insights into their significance. Finally, ask what happens if some people question or reject the walmart, beliefs? This question applies to both women and men. The mechanisms to cover of research, ensure acceptance and conformity are crucial to the preservation and effectiveness of beliefs. XII. How have women's and walmart case study, men's actions obstructed or furthered change, taking into cover page, account the changing institutional context? Both women and men have acted in every possible way towards gender inequality.
What we want to understand are the circumstances in which they predictably act in ways that either reinforce or erode inequality. People's actions are complex results of their interests, ideologies, circumstances, opportunities, and stereotype, constraints. While theories of gender inequality invoke all kinds of page of research paper abstract causal processes, in real life inequality is sustained and changed by the actions of nietzsche women and cover paper, men. The actions of ordinary people become effective mainly when they act similarly (because they face similar circumstances with similar outlooks); sometimes their actions also become coordinated through organization. Essay. The actions of powerful people are more consequential than those of ordinary people when they command or influence organizational actions or provoke emulation by followers. Even unique political actions may have great effect by altering laws, policies, or the balance of power, although even in cover of research paper, these cases the study, institutionalization of changes generally depends on dispersed acceptance; in cover page paper, the economic realm, even organizational actions typically become effective only when multiple organizations pursue parallel policies (governmental controls over an economy would be an exception).
The goal of essay rhetoric stereotype this task is to examine why some of men's actions worked against gender inequality while others sustained it, and similarly why women's actions also included ones that challenged gender inequality and others that reinforced it. We want to compare the cover of research paper, causes, motives, and effects of these typical actions. Action here means a pattern of behavior associated with some category of people, e.g. the tendency to take or not take advantage of educational opportunities by women of some type in some period. The relevant actions are those that were one typical result either of being either in certain enduring categories of women or men (for example, single women with higher education) or in certain recurring circumstances (for example, married women whose husbands lost their jobs for long periods). Walmart Case Harvard. The category could include all women or all men.
To say that actions reinforce gender inequality means that they either bolster the stability of gender inequality or help to make it more severe; alternatively, if those actions became rare and were not replaced by alternative actions with similar effects, then either the degree of gender inequality experienced by some people would decline or the persistence of cover page paper gender inequality would become more problematic. (by the identified group in the identified conditions) Analogously, to say that actions challenge gender inequality means that those actions, if taken by enough people, result in reducing the amount of gender inequality or they erode the stability of gender inequality making it more vulnerable to future challenges. Essay Rhetoric Stereotype. To consider the range of possibilities, in this task we select six patterns of behavior or kinds of actions. Choose one type of action by women that challenged gender inequality and one that reinforced it. Similarly, for ordinary men , select one kind of action that worked against gender inequality and one that helped sustain it. Finally, do the same for men with power . For each of the six selected types of actions, do the following: Identify what kind of women or men were likely to of research, perform this action and under what circumstances. Describe the action, including an assessment of its effects on gender inequality. This may include consideration of reasons why its effects might vary (e.g., the number acting might have to surpass a threshold before there are widespread effects, the ap world history response essay, effects might be contingent on other conditions, the effects might happen after a delay, and so on). Of Research Paper. Try to specify the reasons why this type of action occurred.
These reasons include the motives of the people, their understandings of why they were pursuing this behavior or strategy. The reasons also include the ap world essay 2007, social and cover of research, cultural conditions that induce the actions and make them seem necessary, sensible, and just. The reasons may also include triggering events. To summarize: Pick six kinds of behavior that have made a difference to short on online, the persistence of gender inequality, one reinforcing and one challenging for each of the cover page paper, three categories: women, ordinary men, powerful men. Then explore each of these six types of behavior, considering their causes, the motives as the people involved experienced them (which is not the nietzsche term, same as their causes), and their effects. Lynne Haney. Homeboys, Babies, Men in Suits: The State and the Reproduction of Male Dominance. American Sociological Review , Vol. 61, No.
5 (Oct., 1996), pp. Cover Of Research Paper. 759-778 Deniz Kandiyoti, Bargaining with Patriarchy. Gender and Society , Vol. 2, No. 3 (Sep., 1988), pp. 274-290 Noah P. Tone Essay. Mark, Lynn Smith-Lovin, and page of research, Cecilia L. Ap World History Free Response 2007. Ridgeway. Why Do Nominal Characteristics Acquire Status Value? A Minimal Explanation for Status Construction. AJS Volume 115 Number 3 (November 2009): 832-62 . [doi: pdf/10.1086/606142] Kirsten Dellinger. Masculinities in of research, Safe and Embattled Organizations: Accounting for Pornographic and tone definition, Feminist Magazines.
Gender Society , vol. 18, no. 5, pp. Cover Page Of Research Paper. 545-566, Oct 2004. Ann-Dorte Christensen and practices research, JA?A?rgen Elm Larsen. Gender, Class, and Family: Men and cover page, Gender Equality in a Danish Context. Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State Society 2008 15(1):53-78 . . Linda Thompson, Alexis J. Pen And Paper Practices Research. Walker. Gender in paper, Families: Women and Men in Marriage, Work, and Parenthood.
Journal of Marriage and the Family , Vol. 51, No. 4 (Nov., 1989), pp. 845-871 [jstor: 353201] XII. How have political processes and structures sustained men's and women's relative status? [original version with alternate task readings] As structure and as actor, the state has been unavoidably central to ongoing practice of gender inequality, to its persistence, and to changes in the form and amount of gender inequality. States or governments have power. Through the on online, military and police, a state can enforce conformity to cover page of research, its rules, repel and punish challenges from the scale of individual acts to collective rebellions, and by threat, implicit or explicit, deter rebellions from appearing. Through the law, regulations, and bureaucratic policies, a state can define what constitutes acceptable or legitimate behavior at all levels of social organization. Through economic policies of taxation, expenditures, and essay 2007, redistributions (such as welfare policies or agricultural supports), a state influences the relative economic status of different groups.
By acting differently toward groups with regard to cover page of research paper, any of these aspects of government power, a state can create, reinforce, or exacerbate social inequalities. Analogously, a state can, in theory, obstruct, destabilize, or diminish social inequality by using its power in ways that are inconsistent with social inequalities. States determine, influence, legitimize, and sanction rights and free 2007, opportunities; they may do so in more or less egalitarian ways. When significant, enduring, social inequality exists, those privileged by that form of inequality will normally have more influence over the state than do those disadvantaged by cover page of research paper, the inequality, and the overall effect of state policies will reinforce the exercise and persistence of the papers, inequality. Page Of Research Paper. A fundamental problem for pen and paper practices research, all state theories is who or what decides state policies and cover, actions.
To some degree, those in stereotype, the state (elected, appointed, hired, or appropriated) make decisions based on their interests and outlooks as members of the state apparatus. Cover Of Research. To some degree, state actors respond to digital pen and practices in observational, the influence of power brokers outside the state, such as the economically powerful. In either case, when making policy or strategic planning decisions, those influencing state actions are in part responding to what they perceive will be the responses of all actors in the nation affected by those decisions.
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Top 10 Details to Include on a Nursing Resume. As healthcare recruiters, we reviewed thousands of nursing resumes. Unfortunately, the vast majority of them were missing multiple details that were important to paper the Nurse Managers and case study Nurse Supervisors who were largely responsible for making the of research paper hiring decisions. Digital Paper In Observational. Moreover, missing these critical details can ultimately lead to a lower ranking within the Applicant Tracking Systems so prevalent in today’s hiring process. Cover Of Research. We hope the digital pen and paper practices research information provided here will help you create an amazing resume!
First, it’s important to have an idea of how the hiring process typically works in order to of research paper thoroughly understand the importance of these critical details. When a job opens up to the general public, the healthcare employer can sometimes receive hundreds of resumes. Rhetoric. In some cases, the resumes are electronically ranked by Applicant Tracking Systems that award higher rankings for resumes that include the critical skills and experiences sought for the job. In any case, staffing office representatives, mostly recruiters, will review the page of research rankings and resumes and pass along the “best” candidates to the hiring managers. It’s important to note that being the “best” often means having a resume with all the essay rhetoric stereotype critical details. If the information isn’t there, then the resume stands a far greater chance of being removed from the process. It’s important to note that missing these details is not the nurse’s fault. Unfortunately, the cover page paper vast majority of digital paper in observational research, informational resources pertaining to resumes is cover page of research very general in nature. General resources are useful only for people with very general careers like “Sales”. Tone. These resources are mostly useless for nurses. Meanwhile, many resources specifically related to page nurse resumes offer insufficient detail.
Moreover, healthcare employers do a terrible job at essay stereotype conveying what they’re looking for in their job descriptions, so candidates have no clue what to page of research paper include in their resumes. Skimming the list below may leave the impression that everything on it is obvious. However, reading the details provided for each item will most likely uncover items which are missing from your nursing resume . What to Include on Your Nursing Resume. There are literally thousands of potential professional affiliations for nurses. Term Papers. In most cases, employers want to cover page of research paper know if you belong to any. For example, if you belong to the American Association of Critical Care Nurses or the ap world response Emergency Nurses Association, then most employers would like to know this. Cover Page Of Research Paper. Include the following information: Affiliation name Your date of admission Offices held Brief description of your role or reason you chose this group over others.
9. Honors/Awards/Special Assignments: As with every other resume, a nurse’s resume should include any honors and awards they’ve received. Examples include honors and awards from school, work, volunteer work, professional affiliations, and nietzsche term even social clubs. Nurses should also include any special assignments they were given at work. Did you ever take charge duty? Did you do any scheduling or mentoring? You may choose to place these items under their own heading. Paper. However, this isn’t necessary. You can also add them where applicable throughout the rest of walmart case study harvard, your resume. 8. Specific Nursing Education Details:
Including the degree you earned (ADN, ASN, BSN, MSN, etc.) is a must. Not including it increases the chances that your resume will be removed from consideration. This is because the information is cover page of research paper often required for paper practices in observational the resume to move through the process and it isn’t easily attainable by the staffing office. So, they’ll often pass on page paper a resume that doesn’t include the information in favor one that does. Provide at least the following information about your education: Name of school Degree earned Beginning date Completion date City, and State. You might also consider adding a description that includes achievements, awards, scholarly organizations and ap world free essay 2007 activities, or your GPA if it was really high. Of course, scholastic achievements are more important the earlier you are in your career, so keep that in cover page, mind when crafting the digital pen and practices in observational education section of your resume. Finally, you may also wish to include details on page paper any continuing education units you’ve taken within the last 2 years. Bonus: Are you bilingual?
If so, be sure to include it on your resume! According to walmart study a recent study from Wanted Analytics, “bilingual” was the second most commonly required skill listed on cover page of research paper nursing job advertisements. 7. Nursing License and Certification Details: It is highly recommended that you include the nietzsche following for your licenses: License type (LPN, RN, NP, CRNA, etc.) Licensing State/Body Name on license if different from cover page paper name on resume License expiration date License number If the practices license is part of the Nurse Licensure Compact, then state it clearly. Many people argue that a nursing license number should not be included on a resume as a matter of privacy. However, nursing license numbers are a matter of public record. They can be easily obtained from each state’s Board of Nursing using the standard information included on your resume.
Providing the license number simply makes the recruiter’s job easier. And in a competitive job market, that could make all the difference in cover paper, the world. When it comes to certifications, it is highly recommended that you include the following for every certification you hold: Certification name (BLS, ACLS, PALS, TNCC, etc.) Certifying body (AHA, etc) Expiration date, or date acquired if it has no official expiration date. Unlike most professions, nursing is conducted round-the-clock. Therefore, it’s best to convey the shifts you’re willing to nietzsche work on your nursing resume.
Are you open to working 8, 10, and/or 12 hour shifts? Are you open to working Days, Mids, PMs, and/or Nocs? You should include this information even if you’re applying for a specific job with a specific shift. You never know if the employer has another opening that is unadvertised which you maybe qualified for. Cover Page. Moreover, resumes aren’t always submitted to specific job advertisements. In fact, many sources indicate that 80% of tone essay definition, all jobs are filled through networking. Including your availability is very helpful for general job inquiries. In addition, you should indicate your willingness to relocate when applicable. Of Research Paper. These statements regarding availability can be given their own heading, but it’s best to history essay 2007 simply add them to your Professional Summary. The healthcare industry is page going electronic. Tone Essay Definition. Paper charting will soon be a way of the past.
It’s imperative to list any and all Electronic Health Record (EHR) and Electronic Medical Record (EMR) experience you have. According to a recent study by page of research, Wanted Analytics, “Electronic Medical Record” was the most commonly required skill for nurses listed in nursing job advertisements. “Epic Software” and “Meditech”, popular EMR software packages, were also on nietzsche term the list. Of course, billing codes are a big part of EMRs. And both ICD10 and ICD 9 are among the most commonly listed skills in job advertisements. So if your scope of page paper, practice deals with this in any way, then be sure to add these to your resume. You may also want to include any other computer experience you have just in digital, case it may be of value to the employer, or to at least demonstrate that you have computer skills if you lack experience with EHRs and EMRs. Signifying the type of facility you worked in tells the potential employer a ton about cover page of research paper, your experience with very few words. You should know the essay exact designation of all the facilities you worked with and cover page of research if you don’t, now is the digital pen and paper time to find out. Short term acute care?
Long Term Care? Long Term Acute Care? Senior Nursing Facility? In addition, if you worked at a Trauma Hospital, then you should include this on your resume along with the trauma designation (1, 2, 3, etc). If you worked at a teaching hospital, then you should include this information. Such information can be included under the specific job description in your resume’s Work History section, or in your resume’s Summary. Paper. For example, if the job listing you’re applying for lists trauma hospital experience as necessary or desired, then it’s a good idea to identify your trauma experience in the resume Summary to make it stand out. Include the number of total beds at the facilities you worked at, as well as the number of walmart case study harvard, beds in the specific units on which you worked. Cover Of Research. Just like the facility type, providing the number of essay on online shopping, beds tells the cover page paper potential employer a ton about your experience with very few words.
We regularly saw resumes that listed things like “3 West” as the unit. Unfortunately, only people who work at that facility know what that means. Instead, include the type of unit (MS, TELE, ICU, CVICU, ER, LD, etc) in order to essay rhetoric stereotype convey the message. We can’t stress enough how important this is. Also include your caseload. What was the page nurse to patient ratio in rhetoric stereotype, this unit, and how much support was there in the form of LPNs, CNAs, or MAs? Include any other unit specific details as well.
Did the unit take trauma patients? Did the unit routinely deal with overflow from other units? If so, what types of of research paper, patients were seen from overflow? 1. Essay Shopping. Specific Details/Duties and cover page of research Accomplishments Regarding Your Nursing Experience: Up to this point, the focus has been on practices incidental, although very important, details. But what about the meat of your resume, the job descriptions and experiences that make up the bulk of your resume? When it comes to cover paper this, nurses are in the precarious position of balancing duties with accomplishments.
You see, the current standard recommendation for resumes is to make them accomplishment driven. The idea is that you should provide specific accomplishments, as opposed to duties, that illustrate how your work translated into quantifiable and definition tangible results for your current and previous employers. Advocates of this approach advise against listing duties on your resume. However, healthcare employers need to know that you have experience with the highly technical duties that are integral to the job you’re applying for. At the same time, they too want to of research know about your accomplishments. Therefore, it’s important to include details about the specific day-to-day duties you performed. However, at the same time, you don’t want to fall into the trap of creating a “duties-driven resume”. Managing this challenge represents a key difference between nursing resumes and general resumes.
Before we continue, it’s best to address the 800 pound gorilla in this conversation. Nurses sometimes have hundreds of duties and responsibilities. How do you choose which ones to list because you certainly can’t list them all? We hate to say it, but including things like, “Provided patient care” is a complete waste of space. Ap World History Essay 2007. It’s simply too general. Our experience indicates that many nurses believe that nursing is very similar no matter where you go which may be the reason that such general statements are so often included in nursing resumes. In reality, the differences are stark between various facilities. For example, the Step-Down Unit at one hospital may not work with Swan-Ganz Catheters while the SDU in another hospital may. With that in mind, here are some general themes to cover page of research consider when determining the types of duties to include on essay stereotype your resume. This list is not comprehensive, but it should help you understand the level of specificity that we’re talking about: Did you start IVs?
Did you administer medications? Which medications? What type of patients did you care for? Renal? Cardiovascular? Neuro? Ortho? Rehab? What was the age range of the patient population you cared for? What specific equipment do you have experience with?
Did you read strips? Work with vents? Trachs? Balloon pumps? Swan-Ganz? da Vinci Surgical System? Which industry-wide protocols, processes and procedures are you experienced with? For example, AIDET is page among the most commonly listed requirements in nursing job advertisements. Rhetoric Stereotype. There are many similar protocols, processes and procedures throughout the industry, so be sure to make note of page of research, those that were used by your previous employers. Now, we’re still in the tough spot of determining exactly which skills and duties to include on the resume. First, start by including any duties specifically mentioned in the job description that you have experience with. Next, do some research on rhetoric stereotype the employer in question to find specific details that may help you decide which duties might be important to list.
Use the page paper company website, news, and digital pen and practices in observational research any professional connections you have in paper, an effort to determine the types of patients, processes and procedures common to the specific employer in question. Once you have the duties narrowed down, there are a couple of essay stereotype, ways to convey them on your nursing resume. Cover Page Paper. First, you can incorporate the duties into nietzsche term papers your “accomplishment statements”. Cover. We discuss this approach below. Second, you can simply list out the duties. While this is less preferred, it is pen and paper sometimes not possible to accomplish any other way. Your summary is a good place for this. For example, you might include the following in cover page paper, your resume summary if you’re applying for a position in the CVICU: Proficient with starting IVs, Intra-aortic balloon pumps, 12-Lead Placements, 12-Lead Interpretation, AICD Insertion, Beta Blockers, Argotroban, Atropine and free essay 2007 other cardiovascular medications.
Bonus: Given the large number of skills and duties nurses are responsible for, you may consider utilizing a “Skills Checklist” during your job search. Skills Checklists are self assessment tools commonly used throughout the healthcare industry. BluePipes provides members with free access to over 100 comprehensive skills checklists that can be completed, saved and downloaded as PDF documents. You can view a sample here. They’re a great way to page paper convey your skills to potential employers. Digital Pen And Research. You might consider uploading them along with your resume when applying for jobs or you can bring them to your job interviews. Considerations for Accomplishments. Now that we’ve covered duties, let’s take a look at accomplishments. First, you can try to frame duties inside “accomplishment statements” in order to knock them both out at the same time. In other words, offer an explanation about of research, how you achieved results while performing your duties. Again, this isn’t always possible, but here are some considerations:
Did you receive recognition or awards from term papers your previous/current employer? Did your previous/current employer receive recognition or rewards? How did performing your duties contribute to cover page of research that? When framing accomplishments, it’s also useful to know how your previous and current employers quantified their success as an organization. For example, patient satisfaction is typically tracked with programs like HCAHPS or Press Ganey. Did your employer experience improvements with such indicators? How did performing your duties influence that? Next, it’s important to understand how your current and former employers measured your individual performance as this is very helpful when framing accomplishments. Nearly every healthcare employer conducts employee evaluations. Evaluations typically offer both qualitative and essay rhetoric stereotype quantitative information that can be leveraged when framing accomplishment statements.
Again, you may choose to list specific duties you’re proficient with separate from page your accomplishments. Or, you may choose to frame the essay shopping duties within your accomplishment statements. Or you may choose a combination of the page paper two approaches. In any case, it’s important to provide both job-specific duties and accomplishments on your nursing resume. Bonus: Healthcare is very diverse. Many hiring managers would also like to know what other skill sets you have outside of your primary area of expertise.
Did you float to history free response essay 2007 the ER or LD units when needed? If so, then you may want to cover provide some reference to paper practices research the skills and accomplishments you achieved in these areas. General perspective on nursing resumes. This may seem like a ton of information to incorporate into paper a standard resume. However, nursing is not a standard profession and concerns over resume length are becoming antiquated with the advent of shopping, Applicant Tracking Systems. Moreover, the push to page force nursing and healthcare resumes to conform to the standard format that serves general professionals, like salespeople, is a disservice to both healthcare professionals and employers. Healthcare professionals often miss opportunities to highlight skills and experience that are highly sought after. As a result, healthcare employers often miss out on short essay on online shopping perfect candidates.
This push toward generalized conformity is even prevalent on the most popular job boards, like Monster and CareerBuilder, and professional networking services like LinkedIn. Nurses and cover paper other healthcare professionals are better served by industry specific professional networking services like BluePipes. For example, BluePipes provides nurses with a profile builder capable of recording healthcare specific career details as well as the ability to print the profile to PDF as a resume formatted specifically for healthcare professionals. So it’s like a cloud based resume service. It also offers several other tools that help nurses manage their careers more effectively and efficiently.
As always, your feedback is greatly appreciated. Please let us know what you think by posting a comment! 16 Tips To Prepare Your Nursing Resume For Applicant Tracking Systems We’ve spoken to countless nurses and other healthcare professionals who. How to Write the Best Nursing Cover Letter A well crafted nursing cover letter can be just as. Nursing Resume Objective or Summary?
Nurses often wonder if they should include an objective or. I am wondering how to list my experience as a maternal-child float RN of 2+ years. I worked 4 different units, all quite different, ranging from walmart harvard mom baby, to page paper peds, peds ed/uc, and nicu. Short Essay On Online Shopping. How do i go about page, addressing those different areas and responsibilities and skills, when they all fell under 1 position? Thank you for the information, its very helpful. This site is in observational research of so much help to me. thank you, and it is also free. Cover Of Research. Its amazing, I just can’t appreciate it enough. I was wondering, i am a one year experience nurse at digital practices in observational research a step down ICU (PCU), I am now looking for a job in cover, an ICU. The locations and digital paper practices research facility i am looking at cover page paper have nothing for experience nurses, but have a lot of positions for new nurses that want to work in ICU. Ap World History Response. I just want to apply to the new nurse position and i really don’t mind the pay.
Now my question is, should i just use my new grad resume with my clinical experience or i should update my resume with my one year experience and apply although the of research position is for new grads. please i will really appreciate any advise. thanks you. How can I include my Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC on my resume. Can I include it on my credentials area on top of my resume – following my name and degree? I ask because the ANCC instructs to do so on their website. Tone. I’ll be honest it’s somewhat confusing though, at least to me. I plan to include my Medsurg certification in certification section of my resume where BLS and RN licensure are, etc. I just wanted it to stand out and pop so to speak – as to not have to read on to notice it. On ANCC site, on a “How to Display Your Credentials” page they instruct you to include RN- BC (Registered Nurse-Board Certified). Was hoping you could clarify or add something else. Great web site … thanks. Thanks for the inquiry, Jesse, and my sincerest apologies for cover page of research the delay!
Your Medical-Surgical Certification from ANCC is considered a “National Certification” and should be listed after your name at the top of your resume and in the Licenses and Certifications section of essay shopping, your resume. Cover Page. The order for listing credential after your name is: Highest Degree Earned State License National Certification Nationally Recognized Honors and Awards. I hope this helps! I have been working out of the acute care setting in public health nursing for 7 years.
I have heard over and over that because I have been out of the rhetoric acute care setting for so long that I don’t qualify for a lot of the positions that I have applied for. Admittedly, I have not used many nursing skills for the last 7 years, except for giving immunizations and occasionally drawing blood. I have gotten very weary and cover page of research paper feel like I will not be able to ap world history free essay find another job, and I am really not happy with my current job. I am unsure of how to make my resume “pop” and have prospective employers want to give me a chance. I am not looking to get back into areas that are highly skilled, but I would not mind getting back into acute care. Any ideas. Kurt, I am an RN at a VA hospital in cardiac telemetry. One of the biggest hurdles to applying at any VA facility is the fact that USA Jobs is a digital screening tool as much as it is an online application portal. Matching as many keywords in the functional statements for cover paper your desired role in your application can be the difference between getting an short on online, interview and being passed over. Of Research Paper. Hope this helps!
In your article you talked about whether or not your previous/current employer received recognition or rewards. I’m working on applying for a position that is open for an orthopedic nurse after quitting my previous orthopedic nurse job. The hospital that I previously worked received recognition for their total joint replacement program. I was wondering if this would be something that is good to nietzsche papers include as part of my resume, considering I was a part of the unit during that time for the hospital’s certification/recognition. Page. If so, how would you go about short essay on online shopping, including that in without making it seem just a random fact listed and make it more as an accomplishment for myself also since I was a part of that unit/team during that time. Thanks for the inquiry, Jessica. Yes, this is definitely something you can include on your resume. If you feel that you’re not able to page paper expand in a way that adequately describes your role in the achievement, then you may want to expand in on online, your cover letter. On your resume, you might want to couple this team achievement with one of your own that demonstrates you were a key contributor.
For example, you might have received an individual award or a high employee evaluation score. Cover Paper. You may also want to include this in your summary as opposed to the job description to history free essay 2007 make it stand out a little more. I hope this helps! I am an experienced OR nurse who has performed in just about of research, every surgery setting from Open heart to Ophthalmology, outpatient as well as pre-op admitting and recovery In the nietzsche term past I have managed a surgery department at a busy hospital and also ran a surgery center. Page Of Research. I have been fortunate to have been able to free essay 2007 take off time to stay home and cover page of research paper be with my children. That being said, I am worried about the years off and short blank space on my resume. How would you go about filling in cover of research, the gap? I have volunteered in multiple areas at their schools, from essay on online shopping organizing an Emergency Preparedness fair, fundraisers and teaching Compression Only CPR. My license and continuing CEU’s have always rained current. Cover Of Research Paper. Do you think this will make it difficult for me as I try entering the walmart study job setting?
I appreciate any suggestions you might have. Thanks for the inquiry. There is no steadfast rule on how to handle this situation, but there are two fundamental approaches to consider. First, you can consider a “Functional Resume.” Functional resumes are resumes that focus on skills instead of experiences. In your case, you would focus on all of your OR experience. You might have a small section to list your previous employers. or you may even choose to leave it out entirely. There are many examples of Functional Resumes available on the internet. Second, you could use a traditional chronological resume. Cover Page Of Research Paper. In this case, you would list your experience raising the kids as one of the entries in your chronological work history. You could include details on the experiences mentioned in your comment on this blog post.
Again, there is no right or wrong way. Case. Each has its advantages and of research disadvantages. To answer your question, yes, this situation is always a bit of case, challenge. However, experienced nurses are in high demand at paper the moment, so you should be fine. Also, I’m personally inclined to recommend the chronological format. The main advantage of Functional Resumes in this particular case is to draw attention to your skills and away from the gap in recent experience. However, employers are going to find the term papers gap no matter what. Cover Page Paper. So, I think it’s best to embrace it. With the free essay 2007 chronological resume, you can still include all the applicable skills. I hope this helps! I have worked in home health and corrections for cover page of research about 5 years now.
I have done a lot of basic nursing ranging from blood draws, interpreting labs, starting IVs, wound care, peritoneal dialysis, picc line care (including using clot busters) and removal. IV anti biotics, med passes small and large including mental health medication passes. I have responded to chest pain calls, shortness of walmart case study harvard, breath, hangings, falls, knife wounds, self inflicted wounds, and unresponsive patients. I have worked in of research paper, a corrections hospital with acute and long term patients as well as hospice patients, but it isn’t seen as ER work even though it seems from talking to other nurses that that isn’t so far different than those working in essay definition, a hospital ER.. Trying to format my resume to make my experience fit into what the Veterans Administration would want/be attracted to.. I am a soon to be retiring Military Nurse and will be transitioning to the civilian workforce. How important are listing awards? I have numerous military awards based on my work ethics and performance on the job, but I am afraid that the page paper general public is not going to have any idea what they are or mean. Also, any good tips on history free essay 2007 turning military missions into civilian language?
Thanks for cover page paper your service!! I think it’s a great idea to add the awards to ap world history free response essay your resume. Cover Of Research Paper. You could do one of two things. Simply list them out by their official name. There’s a good chance that the reviewer will search for the award on the internet and find it. Or, you could add a very brief description of the award in parentheses. For example: X Award (earned for valor in case, action). Either way, if you have a lot of awards, then you may want to include only the highest ranking awards. If you choose to list many of them, then put them in columns or in page of research, a continuous stream separated by commas to save space. Conveying your military experience in short essay, civilian language can be challenging if you did not work in cover page of research, a military hospital. My apologies, but I lack the technical expertise to history free response 2007 provide detailed recommendations.
That said, I’d recommend reviewing the job descriptions for the jobs you’re applying for use them to guide your efforts whenever possible. I hope this helps and cover of research paper thanks again! I have a position working in a “float pool” (we call it the Mobile Unit). The unit is split into ap world free essay two different tracks, med/surg (HV general acuity patients; ortho/urology/gen/gyn surgery; neuro/ENT; Onc [recent unit merge means I don’t float here anymore]; gen med; adult psych; child/adolescent psych; Postpartum (moms and babies); inpatient rehab) and critical care track (Onc/Med/Surg IMCU; ICU; HV high acuity patients; ER; Neonatal ICU). How do I discuss bed numbers for cover page paper each unit and descriptions that highlight any specific training I have had to play into each patient population? It seems like there’s no way for me to cover all of case, this detail without leaving a lot out or getting too wordy. I also accepted a critical care position, but have not transitioned yet. Cover Of Research Paper. My husband just got a job out of state, so we have to relocate, as much as I love my current employer. This is essay on online a great question; thanks for posting it here!
You’re right, you’re probably not going to be able to convey the broad spectrum of your experience without getting too wordy for your nursing resume. So, you’ll need to offer some general details as well as some specific details. When it comes to cover page paper specifics, it’s best to nietzsche papers tailor your resume to the specific job you’re applying for. Page Paper. Find out what they’re looking for and be sure to convey that you have the skill set, or convey relevant details about your experience. I believe this is the most important consideration for your resume. When it comes to generalizations, you could offer a description similar to the one you’ve provided here. For example: I worked on a Mobile Unit, or Float Pool, caring for Med/Surg patients 50% of the time and ICU patients 50% of the time. Short Essay Shopping. The Med/Surg patients included Postpartum, PSYCH, general Med/Surg, and paper Neuro/ENT.
The ICU patients included ER, NICU and general ICU. Unit sizes varied from case study 5 beds up to 25 beds. You might also try utilizing skills checklists to convey your experience, especially if you make it to the interview stage. Cover Paper. Also, many applicant tracking systems allow applicants to upload documents, so you might be able to upload skills checklists there. Ap World History Response Essay. You can complete and save skills checklists on BluePipes and utilize them at your convenience. I hope this information helps! My husband was an ICU nurse for cover page of research paper 5 years (18 months of that he was an ICU travel nurse) but took 2.5 years off to work in essay stereotype, another field. He’s now applying for nursing positions as we prepare to move.
Should he address the clinical gap in his resume? With just his last RN job listed, it looks like he last worked in 2013 though he’s been employed as a youth minister since then. Cover. How should he handle this? Yes, you should address the gap in the resume. Short Shopping. It’s fairly common for hospitals to require the last 7 years of work history to be included on their job applications. A large percentage of the hospitals I worked with had similar requirements for resumes. Cover Page Of Research. Unfortunately, the essay rhetoric stereotype default assumptions when it comes to employment gaps are all negative. Do your best to tie the experience into nursing. I believe most career advisers would recommend the same. Cover Page. I hope this information helps!
I am applying for RN jobs, but am still waiting to essay take my boards (will take them within the next 1-2 months). How should I address this on of research my resume? You may want to add an excerpt under Licenses and ap world response essay 2007 Certifications or your Summary (or wherever appropriate) that provides the date you’re scheduled to take the exam. For example: RN: Scheduled for NCLEX on July 9, 2015. I hope this helps! Thank you! I think that’s what i’ll do. For a new graduate of of research paper, a second-degree BSN program, would you recommend including GPA (3.9) on a resume? Thanks for the question, Emily! Yes, I recommend adding a great GPA to your nursing resume. Case Study. We discuss this in our blog post on new grad resumes and in cover page, our blog blog post on rhetoric stereotype job search tips nurses should avoid.
Many people argue that your GPA doesn’t matter. They say that all that matters is that you’re licensed. If that were the case, then no details about you as a person, your work ethic, or achievements would matter either. And we know that’s not true. Cover Paper. It is HIGHLY unlikely that your resume is essay stereotype passed over because you included your high GPA. Meanwhile, many hospitals and hiring managers love to cover page of research see it, and assign value to essay definition it. Page Of Research Paper. So yes, by all means, add it. I hope this helps!
Great work, by the way! I am wondering if I should include phone numbers for my previous employers? If yes, which number should I use – the general number, the unit, or HR? Also, some of my employment history goes back many years and the identifying information(number of beds, etc.) has changed. Essay Stereotype. I do not have the correct information from when I worked there. How should I list this information? Is there a good way to find current identifying information for a hospital?
Thanks in page of research paper, advance for your response. Thanks for term papers posting these great questions! First, there are no set rules for nursing resumes, so you’ll find some disagreement on almost every resume recommendation. That said, the cover page of research paper general rule is that you should not include the contact telephone numbers for rhetoric your previous employers on your resume. In fact, you don’t need to include the of research complete address either. The city and state will suffice for walmart case study your resume. On a side not, chances are that you’ll be applying for most jobs on the company’s website through an applicant tracking system. These online applications may allow you to enter the telephone numbers and addresses for your former employers.
In this case, I always recommend adding every last bit of information you can to your online applications. Again though, that’s separate from your resume. On a another side note: If you are applying for travel nursing jobs, then you should include the telephone numbers and the supervisor names for your previous jobs. In order to cover page find current information for stereotype your former employers, you can use a website like The American Hospital Directory. They have a free hospital profile lookup tool. Cover Of Research Paper. I recommend using the “advanced search” for ap world response essay best results. Please note that the links to these pages are underlined in blue. Here you will find the current contact information, number of beds, teaching hospital status, trauma status, etc. If you are unable to locate the page of research paper information here or if your former employers are not hospitals, then you can simply try a google search for them or try the Medicare.gov site.
If your former employer does business with Medicare, then they should be in the database with current information…assuming they want to get paid :-). Now, about your older work history. Nietzsche Term. Many resume experts recommend including only the last 10 years of work history on cover page of research your resume. However, that assumes that your prior experience may no longer be applicable to your current job search. Others argue that you shouldn’t include more than 10 years of case study, work history because you don’t want to date yourself.
They’re concerned about “ageism” in the hiring process. These same people recommend not to include the dates you attended college. Ultimately, it’s up to you to include this information, I just wanted to provide some considerations. I hope this information helps. Please let me know if there are further questions! Help!
I have over cover page 22 years of clinical experience including ICU, hemodialysis, and outpatient surgery ctr (pre and pacu), and for case study harvard the last 6 years (in addition to the 22 years) I’ve been reading electronic charts to extract data and support level of care (I’m told this is utilization review by a friend but we never called it that in work). Now Ive been laid off (it was a large comp layoff). I’m trying to get into QA, UR, pre cert or case managment. I was told I have a solid resume but I’ve gotten 3 calls in page of research paper, 3 months, I blew the nietzsche term papers first interview and cover page the next 2, they said they wanted CM experience. What do I need to do to get into these fields? Any suggestions? We’re sorry to hear about your current situation! It’s always difficult to break into an entirely new field. However, it sounds as though you have some experience to build on. Typically, Case Management and Utilization Review require InterQual experience. If you have experience with that system, then be sure to include it on your resume.
Otherwise, see if you can obtain some training in it. Nietzsche Term. Check with local and state agencies to cover page paper see if there are any offerings for people in your situation. Also, review the specific details of each job opening and tailor your resume to include the key requirements where applicable. Check to see if there is a local association that you can network with like the Case Management Society of America for example. Ask anyone you speak with if a Case Management Certification would improve your chances, perhaps even call the people you’ve interviewed with previously to essay definition see what they say. If so, look into cover of research paper certification. We hope this information helps! I have been reading through some of papers, this thread and was wondering if you do any resume/cover letter revisions? I can tell you put a lot of useful/productive feedback into your responses and would value your opinion if you were to review a copy of cover page paper, mine!
P.S. When you mention Computer Experience in the article above, do you suggest adding these details under each individual job (under work experience/history) the comp. experience applies to or under a separate section such as the tone essay one you have listed as Comp. Page Of Research Paper. Experience? Thank you for essay on online shopping all your time and effort! Thanks for reaching out!
My sincerest apologies, but I do not do resume/cover letter revisions. Thanks so much for your interest though. As for the computer experience, you can add it with any of the methods you described. The important thing is of research that it’s there. The resume builder on BluePipes.com lists computer experience under a separate heading. We do this as way to ensure that members recognize and record it and digital pen and paper practices research perspective employers and recruiters are able to easily locate the details on page paper the members’ profiles and resumes. Given that EMR experience is becoming such a prevalent requirement, it’s good to have it easily accessible on your resume. Paper Research. However, it’s also good to add these details under each individual job when creating your own resume. It may not be as easy to cover page of research locate, but it takes up less space, avoids redundancy, and paper practices in observational research still presents the page of research paper information. We hope this information helps! I am currently an RN with 4 years solid experience in a 16 bed transitional care unit.
Now I’m trying to on online move to page paper a more challenging position. Prior to immigrating to America I was a medical doctor for 9 years in ER. Would it be wise to mention that experience? …maybe describing my duties and medical college? I work in ap world history essay, a program that enrolls military medic and corpsman and gives credit for cover of research their military experience towards an intensive BSN-RN program. My question is what should the graduates highlight on their resumes? Many have extensive trauma and nursing care experience. Suggestions? Hi! I have a question / concern.
I just finished my 2nd year of nursing and on a med Surg unit. Walmart Case Harvard. I have been asked to apply to an ICU position and I need to page of research update my resume. I don’t know what to include. Prior to nursing, I was a surgical tech for 16+ years and active duty for 10 years. I really enjoyed your blog and will refer to term papers it when updating my resume!
We’re glad to hear the cover of research information was useful. Congratulations on being asked to apply for an ICU position. That’s a good sign! #128578; Sounds like you have a lot of great experience to include on ap world history free essay 2007 your resume. We recommend focusing most attention on your recent experience in MedSurg as it is the most applicable to the ICU role you’ll be applying for. However, you can also include brief descriptions of your surgical tech and active duty experience as they are certainly desirable experiences. Relate all your work history descriptions to the ICU position. To do so, find out as much as possible about the of research paper job and the unit. We hope this helps!! Oh MY! I’m sooOOO grateful to have found your blog page!
I was about to do my sister a grave disservice –as you’ve mentioned. Indeed, the day of the one page crammer is ap world free response essay passe’. Especially with the paper value of the keyword in digital research, electronic filing. Thanks so very much; you may have saved my Sis’s resume from becoming fodder for the shredder. [[shudder]] We’re glad to hear the page information is useful.
To be clear, 1 page resumes are still useful, particularly for job fairs or any other instance where the resume will be given directly to an individual. Tone. However, in cover paper, most cases, people are attaching their resume in ap world response essay, an Applicant Tracking System. In this case, it’s still good to be brief and choose your words wisely. Don’t be overly verbose and don’t “keyword stuff.” However, you also shouldn’t be worried about of research, a 2-3 page resume if your background requires it. Be sure to tailor the resume’s wording to the job posting where applicable based on essay your background. We hope this helps!
Thank you for this article! I realized that my resume was not up to par by reading this. I had many generalized statements, which I have replaced with information on what I really did on the day to day. I recently worked at a hospital for 4 months and resigned due to cover paper it not being a good fit. It was a cardiac surgery step down unit, so it gave me experience with tele that I have not had in my 5 years as a nurse. Should I include it on my resume?
You’re welcome! We’re glad to hear you found the information useful. This is a tough question. I assume you’re asking because you’re concerned that the short employment duration might raise some questions in history free 2007, the minds of potential employers. That’s a valid concern. On the flip side, you did gain some valuable experience that would be great to add to of research your nursing resume. There is another issue to consider. Nietzsche Term. Hospitals often have strict policies requiring that healthcare professionals provide them with every last bit of the page healthcare professional’s employment history. Omitting a previous job on your employment application could be grounds for digital dismissal depending on how they have their clauses worded. Of course, this depends on page of research paper their ability to verify the omitted employment.
This may not necessarily affect you during the candidate review process when your resume is typically the tone essay document they’re working off of. However, if you land a job offer, then they’ll eventually require an cover page of research, application to completed. Essay Rhetoric. If you choose to add the cover page of research paper omitted job at that point, then you’ll have some explaining to do. Utltimatly, the decision is yours. If you choose to add the employment to your resume, then you may want to offer a brief explanation of why you left in your cover letter.
It’s all about the study story you tell. We hope this helps. This is all great information but I do have a question. I am a recent BSN grad and licensed RN trying to land my first job. Would you recommend including my preceptorship under clinical experience or as work experience?
I have seen it both ways in examples online. Thanks, Kristin. We’re glad to hear this information on was useful. You’re correct, you’ll find preceptorship experience displayed both ways…under clinical and work experience. To further confuse the issue, some people believe that clinical experience and work experience are one and the same while others believe they are two different things entirely. We view the preceptorship as something akin to cover a highly advanced internship. For all intents and essay purposes, it is work experience. However, it doesn’t constitute a traditional employment relationship.
Therefore, feel free to include it under either category on your resume, but be sure to clearly indicate that it’s your preceptorship. On a side note, we cannot stress enough the importance of professional networking when landing your first job. Cover Of Research. 70%-80% of all jobs are obtained through networking. While your resume is important, networking is the key…especially for new grads. We hope this information helps. Best of walmart case study harvard, luck!!
Great info – I could have used that for my last job application! Do you have any tips / strategies to prepare for cover paper job interviews? I am finding these horribly stressful and walmart harvard hard to get my point across even when I know I’d be really good at the job I’m applying for. Thanks, Heidi! We don’t have any blog posts regarding interviews yet.
Thanks for the suggestion. We’ll explore the topic soon. Thank you! This is cover of research very informative. Do you have any sample resume and application letter? We’re glad to hear the information is useful, Meth! Yes, you can view our sample nursing resume which you can create for free as a member of BluePipes. You can view our recommendations on essay on online shopping writing a nursing cover letter. Of Research. We hope this helps! I LOVE this information! Thank you.
Here’s my question. I have had several careers, all with different education components, dating back to the mid 1980’s. How far back should I go? None relate to my current field (new nursing graduate). Ap World. It’s been a long time since I’ve actually developed a resume and things have changed…Plus, this career doesn’t match those careers….
Is it appropriate to cover page paper ask a nursing instructor to nietzsche papers be a reference? Are references included now-a-days? Many, many thanks! We’re glad to hear the cover of research paper information is helpful!! Congratulations on your recent graduation from nursing school! Yes, it’s a great idea to ask an digital pen and practices, instructor to be a reference. Unfortunately, your questions regarding what to cover page paper include on your resume aren’t so cut and dry. I think it’s fair to say that the vast majority of career consultants would say you shouldn’t put references on a resume.
However, if you could get a redeeming quote from essay rhetoric stereotype a strong reference, like an instructor, to put in your resume summary, then it could be an eye catcher. You’re right, things have changed! We recommend reviewing our article on optimizing your resume for applicant tracking systems. Paper. However, one thing is nietzsche term papers as true today as it ever has been…networking is the single best approach to landing a job. We discuss the cover importance in on online, our article with recommendations for New Grad RNs. It’s tough to recommend that you leave off your past education. I’d say it would be good to cover add any College level education as well as healthcare related education. We hope this helps!! Best of luck! Excellent information! Nursing is a second career for essay rhetoric stereotype me and cover of research paper trying to put together a winning nursing resume has been a challenge.
You are right on the money….the resume I had for my corporate career doesn’t translate well into the healthcare field. I am currently looking for a new position and realized what I had on my resume wasn’t going to work. I was destined to be one of those that got lost in response, the system. The tips you provided have been so helpful. I feel confident that I am submitting a resume that will get me noticed. Thank you again for of research providing such valuable information. Congratulations on essay rhetoric your new career path! We’re so glad you found this information useful.
We wish you the best of luck in your job search. Cover Of Research Paper. We hope you’ll consider joining BluePipes.com where you can create a resume, access skills checklists for free, and tone build your healthcare professional network. Please excuse my shameless sales pitch #128578; Please let us know if we can help with any questions. I have read this post with great interest. Due to a job opportunity for my husband, we moved from KS to PA in 2012. Even securing an interview has been daunting! I have gotten some feedback from cover of research ‘ recruiters’ in a large hospital in Pittsburgh, which was to be sure to apply to essay stereotype the job requirements, which interestingly were two pages long. How is that possible? The other problem I suspect I have is the fact I have more than 20 years as a registered nurse.
It seems the practice of the of research paper three major ‘players’ in this area, is to lay off their experienced nurses, in ap world response 2007, favor of hiring new grads and those with ‘ at least a year experience’. I did secure an interview which ended favorably; just short of a job offer. Cover Of Research Paper. The next step at this particular hospital required by the nurse recruiter, was to list ALL OF MY EXPERIENCE. I have been in essay, nursing since 1974! LPN in 1977 and page BSN in 1989. When she responded to my email outlining all this information, which took me more than 2 hours to nietzsche term complete, was ‘we want to make certain we give you recognition for page paper all the years you have been a nurse. AND, that was the last I heard from study harvard them.
I contend she realized I would have to cover of research paper start at the upper end of compensation for my experience. Do you know of anyone who may be advocating for the ‘older nurse?’ Never thought I would use those words to describe myself… I am so much more than my age. Walmart Case Study. I am effective, reliable, comprehensive in my assessments, professional role model and delightful as a team member. Please give me some feedback relating to these concerns. I am ready to consult with the department of labor regarding this ‘alleged practice’ to decrease costs per fte.I think it’s a shame! really good information here! I was updating my resume as I was reading your tips – will definitely share with friends and cover page paper collegues.
Thank you so much! Hello, This was very thorough advice. I’ve yet to figure how to be concise yet detailed with these tips in mind. I have almost 2 years experience in In-Patient Psychiatry and SNF just because those were the tone definition two jobs I landed. However, I always wanted to do LD or NICU. I did my preceptorship in 2011 in LD. How can I use my experience and make it appealing for LD again? We’re glad to hear that you found the information useful!
You can view the page of research paper BluePipes sample resume to definition get an idea for cover page formatting yours. Rhetoric Stereotype. Please bear in mind that our site generates a PDF document and of research you could get more compact results with a word processor like Microsoft Word. Also, you might be interested in digital practices in observational research, reading our post on resume length. You can find creative ways to translate your Psych and SNF experience to cover page paper NICU and nietzsche papers L#038;D. However, you most likely won’t be able to address the unique technical skills required for cover these units.
You could look for volunteer opportunities working with pregnant women and newborns in your community. While it’s always tough to find time to volunteer, you’ll be doing a great service for your community and getting some relevant experience to add to walmart your resume. Thank you for this very interesting article. I have been an RN for 9 years; 4 years at the bedside and 5 years in a hospital-based surgical practice doing outpatient, telehealth and some inpatient care. I would like to transition back to the bedside but feel that my lack of direct patient care over paper the last 5 years may be hamstringing me. How can I turn this perceived negative into a positive and at least get through the front door of the interview process? You’re welcome, we hope you found the article useful. Digital In Observational Research. Yours is cover page of research a legitimate challenge that many nurses share. With respect to your resume, you should focus on demonstrating how your recent experience translates to bedside nursing. While we’re not familiar with your specific scenario, we’re certain that there are aspects of your experience with outpatient, telehealth and inpatient care that translate to bedside nursing.
Carefully review the job duties and essay stereotype qualifications of page paper, bedside nurses, and not just those found in the job descriptions of online job postings, to get ideas for framing your recent experience in a way that applies to essay definition bedside nursing. Next, focus on writing an excellent nursing cover letter in page of research, which you present yourself as a solution to the problems facing the employer in question. Of course, you’re still going to ap world history response essay have some difficulties ranking highly in the applicant tracking system due to the lack of cover of research, recent bedside experience. Therefore, networking is a must. Nearly 40% of all new-hires are the history response essay result of employee referral. With 9 years of experience, you’re bound to have some connections and now is the time to leverage them. We realize this type of job searching can feel unorthodox, but its success rate is page of research too good to tone essay neglect it.
Use professional networking sites like BluePipes and LinkedIn to page of research paper enhance your networking efforts. Finally, we’ve spoken to essay rhetoric many nurses who tout the benefits of refresher courses for cover page of research paper bedside nursing. While we aren’t familiar with such courses, the fact that many nurses recommend them is an indication that they should be further researched as a potential tool when facing your challenge. Digital Pen And. We hope this information helps…and Good Luck!! i have a question regarding applying to nursing positions. I am a new grad RN and have several nursing job applications that have been under review for cover page paper over a month. Last week I became certified in ACLS and was wondering how to go about informing the hospitals that I am waiting to hear back from digital pen and paper research that I am newly certified in this skill, since it is not on my resume that they have on file (that I originally sent in). Congratulations on your recent achievements! This is cover page of research paper a great question. You may be able to log in to the hospitals’ applicant tracking systems (the online system you most likely used to apply) and update your resume and/or profile. Either way, you may also want to give them a call, ask for the staffing office and nietzsche term papers pose this question to the representative you speak with.
We find that hospitals are quite responsive to candidate inquiries relative to other employers. We hope these recommendations help, and we’d love to hear back about page of research paper, what actions you take and how they work out. Good luck! I completely disagree that availability should be included on the resume. When a nurse applies for a position it is usually clear what hours that he/she is applying to work. I actually think it’s a bit juvenile to put availability on your resume. What I do think that many nurses omit is a well-crafted cover letter to accompany their resume.
The additional touch of a thoughtful and appropriate cover-letter can help give you an short, edge over other applicants who omit this step. Cover Paper. I found some good details on cover letters for nurses here: http://bit.ly/1dDy8If . Thanks for the feedback, Brittney. Including availability on a nursing resume is important for many reasons. First, the nietzsche term job applied for isn’t the only job available, and most jobs are never advertised so candidates will never really know about all of the available jobs with a particular employer. Cover Of Research. Second, job specs don’t always display every last pertinent detail. Tone Essay. With respect to availability, this can mean that a job advertised for day shifts might in-fact be for mid shifts, or pm shifts. This happens frequently when the page of research job board technology limits the employer’s ability to accurately display the shifts.
Third, job specs often change on the back-end and are never updated on the front-end. So a job that’s advertised for days may have changed to nights without being updated on the job board. Fourth, due to the proliferation of short, applicant tracking systems, resumes are added to a searchable database these days. So resumes are searchable for future job openings. Finally, recruiters will almost always contact the candidate with the most attributes in common with any given job description. Page. So in all of the scenarios described above, a recruiter will be more prone to contact the candidate with matching availability assuming all else is equal. Finally, it’s true that nursing resumes should always be tailored for rhetoric a specific job description when a specific job is of research paper being applied for. However, a plurality of jobs are filled via networking and referrals. In such cases, it’s rare that a specific job is being applied for.
Instead, a candidate passes their resume along to rhetoric a contact who has connections with the employer in question. The resume is reviewed for potential matches with available jobs and the candidate is paper contacted. Again, availability is one detail that recruiters and hiring managers are looking for. Lastly, we agree that cover letters are important and related to short shopping this topic. Cover Of Research. However, they necessitate their own discussion and definition we plan on addressing this in a future blog post. This is page paper great information! As a new graduate RN with no prior experience in the healthcare field what would you recommend? I have over 4 years in retail but I’m not sure if this would make much of a difference for recruiters. Any help is greatly appreciated, thanks!
Hi there! Wow this information is great! Although I’m still an short essay, undergraduate, I find this site very helpful for tips to cover page keep in mind when applying for a job! I just had a concern that may affect my decision within the Nursing field… For a while, I was thinking of minoring in something in addition to Nursing that I can apply to the work field. I know that computer knowledge is walmart a great booster for a resume, but I wanted to cover page of research paper know if there were any other skills hospitals are looking for in their RNs?
Thank you again for the detailed explanations! Thanks, Michele! We’re glad you found the information useful! Yes, computer knowledge is a great booster for the resume. Walmart Case Study Harvard. You can look into Health Care Informatics as an option for page paper a minor or additional coursework. You may also consider Healthcare Management or Administration, Nutritional Sciences, Biology, Sign Language, or Spanish. In fact, Spanish is a huge selling point these days. As a side note: make the absolute most of tone, your preceptorship.
Be at your best and page paper use the opportunity to network with everyone you can. We hope this information helps!! Please let us know if you have any other questions. This is short essay great information! Thank you! I am wondering though, as a RN with 1 year of experience in the CVICU, trying to cover page of research move, with most places wanting more experience than that for hire, how should I market myself? I have done all of these critical care elements, but just not a ton of it. Term Papers. Before nursing school, I was a critical care telemetry tech for 3 years and cover of research a hospital pharmacy tech of 3 years as well as a SNE(student nurse extern) during school. Because it is not nursing, but healthcare related, should I include it in my resume? It seems juvenile but pertinent to add some experience. Thanks!
We’re happy to hear you found the information helpful, Dashia! You pose an excellent question regarding the inclusion of tone essay, non-RN healthcare experience on your resume. Page. There isn’t a steadfast rule, unfortunately, and you’re going to find that some people will say yes and some people will say no. I fall in the yes camp and practices believe you should include all healthcare related experience on cover page paper your resume for several reasons. Case Harvard. First, it demonstrates progression within the general field of healthcare. Second, it conveys additional experience within the field that other candidates may not have. Third, in many cases (and certainly in your case) the experience is cover page related to the jobs you’re applying for. Fourth, it may help you stand out from other candidates with otherwise similar experience. Short Essay On Online Shopping. Fifth, unbeknownst to many candidates, many hospitals require your last 7 to 10 years of page paper, work history regardless of whether or not it was healthcare related.
While this requirement doesn’t factor into essay their candidate selection process, they will certainly collect the information at cover of research some point during the hiring process. Finally, it may help your resume rank higher in applicant tracking systems. I hope this information helps! This information is very helpfull. Hi.
I obtained an MD degree overseas before I even started getting licensed here as RN. I was told it would not help or matter anymore if I include that in my resume. What would you suggest? Hey Liza, I hope all is well. I recommend including your overseas education.
I agree that it most likely will not influence the initial resume screening process. However, it could have influence later in the process. You may not want to make it a significant part of your resume, but I think including it is papers better than not. It certainly enhances your personal story. Do you have an cover page of research paper, example resume? Hey Michaele, My apologies for the delay. We’ve been busy transferring our blog to tone this new domain.
We do not have an example nurse resume that we’re able to publish to the blog at this time. However, we will work on getting one up soon. Also, I recommend becoming a member on BluePipes where your professional profile will allow you to record the top 10 details recommended for of research paper nursing resumes in this article. You can then print your BluePipes profile as a resume. Thanks so much!! This clarifies a lot for me. I am a new LPN attempting to short essay shopping start my career in cover of research paper, a new state and have read a lot of advice on Nurses.com that is wrong. I’ll take the advice of a recruiter over rhetoric general opinions anytime.
Most on the other sites were saying NEVER to include your license # details until you actually get a job offer. Then I just applied to of research paper one that specifically asked that I provide that info as well as any certifications on rhetoric my resume in order to page paper be considered. I was hesitant since all the threads warn of protecting it at nietzsche papers all cost due to identity theft? I’m glad you clarified this and some other points. I do have one question that is not addressed in your article. If you are continuing your education to receive your BSN or MSN for example would mentioning that on of research your resume make a candidate more desirable to paper potential employers or would you leave that off? Hey Aimee, I’m glad to hear that you’ve found the information useful. Great question!! I think it’s a great idea to add your education in progress to your resume. I recommend including an estimated completion date and cover paper perhaps even the tone essay definition number of units completed to date. There are several reasons adding your education in cover page paper, progress could be beneficial.
First, it could result in a higher ranking by the Applicant Tracking System. Second, it shows that you’re interested in advancing your knowledge and your career. Third, it demonstrates your own personal motivation. As for the identity theft claims: Your license number is a matter of public record already. Anybody can go to your state board of nursing and search by name to short essay on online verify your state license, which includes the license number. So, even letting someone know your name, that you’re a registered nurse, and the state you’re licensed in provides the means to easily obtain your license number. Providing it on of research paper your resume simply allows the human resources rep to skip this step. Which increases the chance that your resume will be passed up the chain. And remember, you’re attaching your resume in secure Applicant Tracking Systems, many of which also ask for tone your Social Security Number and Date of Birth (although some states prohibit employers from asking for SSN on job applications). I recently completed my ADN, passed the NCLEX, and now I am working on my resume. I already have a BA and MSW, which I will include on cover page my resume, but I am wondering how I can state that I intend to pursue a BSN, although have not yet applied and don’t have credits towards the term papers degree.
Thanks for your advice. Congratulations on page of research your recent achievements! You pose a great question regarding RN resumes, one for which there is no steadfast answer. My belief is short on online shopping that it wouldn’t be appropriate to include the information in the Education section of your resume because you haven’t yet been accepted to a BSN program. However, you could certainly add it there once accepted to a program. Until then, you could make brief mention of this information in your nursing resume summary. We hope you find this response useful. Please feel free to post any follow-up or additional questions you may have. Good luck!! I have an additional question regarding previous education that I haven’t seen asked by anyone.
I’m an cover page of research paper, older new grad. I recently had someone look at response 2007 one of my resumes and give me her input. She deleted all but my nursing education (Associates Degree). In some ways I think it’s not a bad idea since the cover previous education dates me if I include the essay rhetoric years I attended (which I don’t but suppose that omission might make HR wonder). On the other hand, I attended highly regarded universities for undergrad and cover grad studies, not to mention it shows I have a Bachelors even though it’s not in the sciences. Rhetoric. It seems like the RN to BSN courses are more human and social science courses, rather than science courses, however, and of research paper that is the majority of digital pen and paper research, my BA.
OK… That’s some background info, now I’ll get to the point #128578; I know that resumes should cover only the last 10 years of page of research, employment history. Do you think this ‘rule’ also applies to education? Should I leave it to discuss in an interview (as recommended by case study harvard, the person who revised my resume)? I’m feeling very conflicted about this. The new resume doesn’t feel like me, my degrees can be related to the psycho-social aspect of nursing, and of research paper when you fill in digital paper practices in observational research, the online application portion they ask for all education (although you usually have to cover page paper add on education). Tone Essay. I would greatly appreciate your insight and recommendation. My sincerest apologies for the delay. Congratulations on your recent graduation! This is a tough situation.
Both sides of the argument have merit. Moreover, there really aren’t any steadfast rules about resumes…only staunch opinions. To me, your nursing resume and cover letter are all about telling your story in a way that convinces the cover page of research paper reader you’re the right person for ap world history free essay 2007 the job while providing them with the details they need. Personally, I’d keep the education details on the resume, and use a brief portion of the cover letter to tie that education into the story about page of research, you being the best candidate for the job in nietzsche papers, question. Given the of research information you’ve provided about your previous education, it sounds as though you have a great opportunity to research do just that. Again, there is page of research paper no right or wrong answer here. You may even try it both ways. Some readers will appreciate it one way and other will appreciate it another. However, I’m of the belief that all education is valuable.
I hope this information helps. We’d love to hear back about history response essay, how it all works out!!
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Free Essays on Integrity In The Army. ARMY CORE VALUES LDRSHIP is the page paper acronym which stands for: Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity and Personal Courage LOYALTY: Bear true faith and allegiance to the US Constitution, the digital research Army , your unit, and other soldiers. Be loyal to the nation and cover page of research paper, its heritage. Loyalty is a two-way. States Army we are taught to tone essay live by the Seven Army Values. They are broken down to us in the acronym ‘LDRSHIP’ which is short for cover page of research paper Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity and short on online shopping, Personal Courage. We are all taught these 7 Army values repeatedly from day one in the United States Army . First. Responsibility and Integrity Military duties, responsibilities and of research, integrity is important to the Army . Walmart Study Harvard? An NCO duties includes taking care of his or her Soldiers and accomplishing the mission. A Soldier’s duty includes obeying orders. Duty and cover, Responsibility is part of the definition Army values for a.
Many people know what the words Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity , and Personal Courage mean. But how often do you see someone actually live up to them? Soldiers learn these values in detail during Basic Combat Training (BCT), from then on they live them every day in everything. Army values: These are put forth as guidelines. Page? Guidelines as to what a soldier in the United States Army should utilize to keep in good order and conduct while serving their Army . Not utilizing these values could put you at risk, at risk of acting in a way that is unbecoming of a soldier in the United.
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Observe higher headquarters' priorities. Work within the system without manipulating it for personal gain. LIVING THE ARMY VALUES It Means You Live Up To A Higher Standard Many people know what the words Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity , and Personal Courage mean. But how often do you see someone actually live up to them? Soldiers learn these values in detail during Basic.
Accountability and nietzsche term, Army Values Accountability is essential to the army to keep up and maintain where personnel are and if everything is ok with them. The U.S. army values states that’s soldiers that are accountable for their actions. Being accountable means being dependable and arriving to work and. will be mentioning some of the page Army Values to give an understanding on nietzsche term papers, how being and not being at the appointed place of duty can effect yourself, fellow soldiers, chain of command, the page of research paper mission and pen and practices in observational, tasks at hand. Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, and Integrity will be the army values I have chosen to paper use. those around us and we will be respected. This is certainly true not only in everyday life but within our military as well. Case Study Harvard? Respect is page part of the Army Values that define us as soldiers and how we should act as professionals fighting for the rights and privileges of our country members. We should always. ? Many people know what the words Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity , and Personal Courage mean.
But you don't see how much these words can affect people's lives as much as they do a soldier's life. As a soldier, I learned these values during basic combat training, and pen and paper practices in observational, have since. There is an old saying among army leaders, “Take care of your people, and they’ll take care of you.” The reasons are to start, because of the Army Values, the NCO creed, and basic morals. The Army Values: loyalty, duty, RESPECT, selfless service, honor, integrity , and personal courage. Page Of Research? These are. The Army Standards The Army Standards Jimmie Leigh Simmons Dr. Tina M. Lamb Business Ethics 301 Abstract The Army is nothing like any other military worldwide. They set themselves apart from all other militaries.
The standards are held to a higher level than most. I enjoy being in the Army. standards by essay definition, which one should act based on values. Values are core beliefs such as duty, honor, and integrity that motivate attitudes and cover page paper, actions. Not all values are ethical values for example integrity is; happiness is not. Ethical values relate to what is right and wrong and thus take precedence over. Integrity Integrity is a concept of actions, values, methods, measures, principles, expectations and outcomes. Integrity is regarded as the quality of having an intuitive sense of honesty and truthfulness in regard to the motivations for one's actions. (1) Do what is right, legally and morally. Integrity. Why Following Orders in the Army Is Important. they have set for the mission.
When soldiers don’t follow the essay definition orders, the objectives are hurt and the chances of winning the war. When you’re in page of research paper, the army you need to stop and think if it will harm you or your battle buddies. When a soldier doesn’t follow orders while in combat zone it makes the mission. Respect and Integrity in short essay on online, the Military. Respect and integrity , what really do those mean? I could look up those words in the Oxford English Dictionary or Websters, or Dictionary.com and give a scientific, perscise and exact answer to these words. Page? And while that tells you what they mean, does that really give their meaning.
Well by Dictionary. Seven Army Values in the Acronym ‘Ldrship’ In the US army we are taught to live by the 7 army values. Tone? They are broken down to cover of research us in the acronym ‘LDRSHIP’. Loyalty “Bear true faith and allegiance to the U.S. constitution, the Army , and other soldiers.” Duty “Fulfill your obligations.” Respect “Treat people as they should be treated.” . Core Army Values negative views on the issue.
Another army value which is essay next is respect. In the army value definition for respect is to treat others the cover of research paper way you would be treated. Premium Seven Army Values In The Acronym ‘Ldrship’ moral standing. These 7 Army Values. ? Integrity means being true to ourselves and being honest, upright, and decent in our dealings with others. Our conduct speaks for us, more than words ever could. It becomes the basis for both reputation and self-respect. Developing integrity requires internal honesty, because we can’t be honest with. Throughout the history of the Army soldiers have always lived by a set of core values. Today those values exist in digital paper practices research, the form of the Army’s Seven Core Values.
These values guide a soldier’s life and their career path. If you fail to live according to these values your career as a soldier will not last. MILITARY BEARING, DISCIPLINE AND RESPECT The United States Army is structured on several values and principles that it upholds, among these are military bearing, discipline and respect. These principles represents what the cover page organization strongly believes in and governs the most basic customs and ap world free response, courtesies. in Webster’s dictionary as, “obligatory tasks, conduct, service or functions that arise from ones position”. It is one of the primary values in cover of research, the Army today. Duty is the reason why we get up every day and prepare to defend the United States of America with our lives. This is why it is short essay very important. What is cover page paper integrity ? How is integrity used in our daily lives? What can happen if integrity in an individual is lost?
Why is integrity very important? Before I am even able to answer these questions I must first define the word integrity . Then I will explain it in real world examples. Next I will define. Accountability and Professionalism. States of America's ARMY DMI's ESSAY September 5, 2008 Outline Intro, Definition of Essay, I. Infraction II. Essay? The affect it has on my unit and myself II. The importance of accountability in the army III. The importance of page of research paper, professionalism in the army IV. The 7 Army Core Values BACKFGROUND . Many people know what the words Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity , and Personal Courage mean.
But how often do you see someone actually live up to digital paper practices them? Soldiers learn these values in paper, detail during Basic Combat TRAINING (BCT), from then on they live them every day in essay, everything. where they work. If a soldier continues to of research be late, then that soldier could face the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ), which is covered under Army Regulation 27-10. Soldiers have to be alert and aware of their surroundings. If information is walmart harvard put out to a soldier, it is the cover paper soldier’s individual. Dalton Peters LOYALTY Loyalty is the faithful actions to a person, unit, or Army . It is the thread that binds our actions together and causes us to support each other, our superiors, our family, and our country.
Supporting a superior or a program even though it is being openly criticized by peers. Integrity and Personal Opinions About the digital pen and paper in observational Army Work Practices. you so please do not be afraid to approach me with any issue you may have, I cannot help a problem if I don't know the page problem exists. Short? Integrity isn't just an Army value, it's a very important life skill as well. If there is one thing I can't stand it's a liar, work related or not. In our field theres. The Seven Army Vaues and Wha They Mean to Me. WHY THE SEVEN ARMY VALUES ARE IMPORTAN TO THE ARMY AND THIS ORGANIZATION.
The seven army values means alot to the army and this organization because it helps build team work. Each army value has a differant meaning to the army and to the organization. The first value is paper loyalty and ap world free 2007, it is a. group of cover page of research paper, men but one man. The writer of the article simply refers to him simply as Rowan. Andrew Summers Rowan was a Colonel in study harvard, the United States Army . A class of 1881 West Point graduate served proudly until his retirement in 1909. Of Research? When asked to carry a message to short essay General Garcia, he never questioned. States Military under the guidelines of Army Regulation 600-20. Cover Page Of Research? This regulation prescribes the policies and responsibilities of command, which include the Well-being of the force, military discipline, and conduct, the Army Equal Opportunity Program, and the Army Sexual Assault Victim Program. Duty is. Accountability and the Army Values.
?16 October 2011 The Army Values, how they tie together, and how they relate to walmart study accountability. Page? LDRSHIP is an acronym that simplifies all that an nietzsche term, Army soldier stands for. LDRSHIP is short for Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity , and cover of research paper, Personal Courage. Each of these is a value. Army Values Loyalty | Duty | Respect | Selfless service | Honor | Integrity | Personal courage “ Army Values” is not merely a phrase for ap world history free response essay 2007 how members of the Army should act; they are who we are. We emulate the seven Army Values because they are the standard for behavior, not only in the Army , but in. ? Army Values Integrity Integrity is one of the most talked about and cover page of research, most abused of the Seven Army Values. First we must define integrity it is doing the right thing consistently.
That means that we must do the legally and morally correct thing every time. Just because something is hard or unpleasant. Professionalism in the United States Army. ?Professionalism in the United States Army Professionalism is defined as the conduct or qualities that characterize a professional person. Professionalism in on online shopping, the United States Army is different from any other career.
It is involved in every part of the United States Army . Cover Of Research Paper? No matter where you are, at work. ? ARMY VALUES Going through basic training, we are preached and taught all about the army values. They are important because they are character traits that help develop and maintain discipline. These values and the resulting discipline, cause soldiers to history free essay do the right thing and continue doing the right. The first time I considered joining the Army was shortly after September 11, 2001. That was the page paper first time it became spotlessly clear to me that every individual and every organization is responsible to God, not on nietzsche term, the basis of paper, their capacity, but their potential. Only America could be the ap world history “world’s policeman. Loyalty. Loyalty to the Army is to bear true faith and allegiance to the United States Constitution, the Army , your unit and other soldiers. Loyalty is cover of research one of the most important Army Values.
It is crucial to the success of essay, each team, squad, platoon and company. Everyone must always remain loyal to everyone. The Doctrine 2015 Army Study Guide Mission Command Center of Excellence, Doctrine 2015 http://usacac.army.mil/cac2/MCCOE/Doctrine2015Tables.asp Doctrine 2015 is transforming the Army's doctrinal base to deliver doctrine - clear, concise, current and accessible - to the point of need. This process. Honesty and Integrity in the Military. tell you something about what is non-existent in the military: honesty and integrity . In all of my experiences being enlisted, (only being three years) every single time I was being honest or I tried practicing my integrity , in of research paper, situations that required it, I had gotten screwed over! Whether the pen and practices research punishment. What is integrity ? How is integrity used in our daily lives?
What can happen if integrity in an individual is lost? Why is integrity very important? Before I am even able to answer these questions I must first define the word integrity . Cover Page Of Research? Then I will explain it in real world examples. Next I will define. positive word. The Army holds a strong set of core values. Pen And Practices Research? Each soldier is also required to instill that same set of cover paper, values and beliefs.
The Seven Core Army Values define what being a soldier is about. These values include Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity , and Personal Courage. INTEGRITY AN ESSAY BY SPC WINSTON Integrity …the state of being unimpaired a steadfast adherence to case study harvard a Strict or ethical code. The quality of being whole, undivided, Completeness. This is the page of research paper book definition but what does it actually mean And how does it correlate with our everyday life in. How Chewing Gum Violates the shopping Seven Army Values.
of getting counseled for such an act, PFC Smith showed that he violated and demonstrated The Seven Army Values: Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity , and Personal Courage. The Army value that PFC Smith mainly violated was RESPECT. Gum chewing is cover page of research paper prohibited and is punishable under. Behavior and Communication in the U.S. Army. Behavior and Communication Paper For my first paper I chose to walmart write about the US Army . The reason I chose the US Army for my topic is because I have a brother in cover of research paper, the Army that is being deployed to Iraq in the next couple of short, months. Therefore, I thought this would be a very educational topic to cover of research research. THE SEVEN ARMY VALUES In the US army we are taught to live by the 7 army values. Digital Pen And Paper Practices In Observational Research? They are broken down to us in the acronym ‘LDRSHIP’. Loyalty “Bear true faith and allegiance to the U.S. constitution, the Army , and other soldiers.” Duty “Fulfill your obligations.” Respect “Treat people as they should. why i want to be an officer in the army.
Dear Captain , The United States Army is one of the main factors that allows America to be a free and democratic country. The Army defends, protects, and honors the United States of America. Ever since I was a young boy, I saw greatness in the United States Army and hoped to one day be a part of page paper, it. ?U.S ARMY ETHICS Ethics are standards that are based on value that uphold professionalism through beliefs such as duty, honor and integrity that drives actions and walmart, attitudes (Fluker, 2009). Cover Of Research Paper? Ethical values ultimately relate and tone essay, are in regards to what is cover page of research right and wrong. This brings about the aspect of. Integrity - Taking Responsibility for One's Qwn Actions.
Integrity Taking Responsibility for ones own Actions Integrity is ap world a multi-side term where we try to cover of research bring together various overlapping qualities. Practices? Integrity can be viewed as integrating various parts into a harmonious whole, intact and uncorrupted. Integrity can also be viewed as one who is holding. Army Values In the US army we are taught to live by the 7- army values. They are broken down to us in the acronym ‘LDRSHIP’ (pronounced as leadership). Loyalty “Bear true faith and allegiance to the U.S. constitution, the Army , and other soldiers.” Duty “Fulfill your obligations.” Respect. What is the importance of respect in the army ? What is the meaning of respect?
What does respect have to do with anything and of research, how can you be successful without it? Well in recent turning of events I have come to walmart harvard find out that it has a very big role in the military lifestyle. I mean in almost every aspect. HIP PFC POZARZYCKI Being in the United States Army , we are taught not only how to balance work and play, family mode, and paper, career mode, soldier and civilian mode, but also many other things about response 2007, life, and the way you should act. Cover Page Of Research? Like the way we are taught to always hold. Military Professionalism Professionals in the United States Army stand apart from others engaged in particular careers in in observational, the civilian world.While many vocations contain some of the page of research characteristics of professional, a lot of careers do not include all of the elements necessary to essay on online distinguish. Integrity and Responsibility: Two Serious Things to page paper Have in the Army. Integrity and responsibility are to be considered two very serious things to have in the army . While integrity is one of the seven army values, responsibility is also looked on study, heavily being in the army . Integrity is defined as to be honest or truthful. I failed to have integrity while not being honest. Headphones or earpieces (including hands-free/wireless and non-wireless electronic devices such as a Bluetooth device) are not authorized while wearing any.
Army uniform, unless it is page a component piece of military equipment (for example, the headset for a mine detector or a VIC3-style communications headset).
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Liberal Democrat Party Essay Sample. Ladies and Gentlemen, welcome, and thank you for coming. I am insert name here, producer of the Liberal Democrat Party’s election broadcast. I am here tonight to present to you the video, and describe the paper, different techniques used within the broadcast. I will also explain why I used them, and why I think it makes the nietzsche, broadcast more appealing to the viewers, and ultimately encourage them to vote for page paper, the Liberal Democrats. Nietzsche Term! I am; after all, here to answer your questions, so please, do feel free to cover page of research, ask me anything you like at any point during my presentation. On Online! (Plays tape to audience)
Okay! Firstly, I would like to start by talking about the different types of lighting used. We used a range of different techniques in order to give the viewer different impressions on certain things. For instance, top lighting was used in many scenes. We felt this necessary in order to give a realistic effect. Even at the very beginning, with Charles Kennedy introducing himself, you may have noticed we used extra top lighting and a few filler lights to give the of research, impression of a bright pleasant day- something which may lead the viewer to definition, associate a bright and positive future with the Liberal Democrats. Also, in the classroom, we have used strong top lights, which draw attention to the considerable amount of children in the room. Page! The lighting in the room creates harsh and sharp shapes. This helps emphasise the fact that Labour have caused classrooms to be so crowded. Walmart Case Study! But then, when 10 pupils have been cut out cover page, from the front desks, you may notice the subtle change in the lighting. We used a couple of filler lights here, and nietzsche term papers the room becomes softer and page lighter to give the room a happier and brighter look.
This makes the new, emptier room seem a lot more appealing, how all classrooms would be, under the power of the Liberal Democrats. We also used the advantage of harsh lighting at points in which the problems of the Labour Party were being outlined. Tone Definition! For example, in the scene with the cover paper, commuter Jill Whitehead, harsh spotlights are used inside the train. It’s extremely dull – but bright enough to see, and the spotlights highlight the fed up looks on history response 2007, everyone’s faces. Cover Page! Overall, leaving a negative impression toward the Labour Party’s current rule. In the scenes in which we outlined the problems of University students, we used natural lights within the University. Although, when we compared the Scottish Student against the English student, we used lights a little less bright. Also using a little backlighting, as we explain how Scottish Student’s needn’t pay tuition fees. Definition! The lighting given to the English student is dimmer, as we show something unfair, leaving a negative impression upon the Labour Party. Then, at the end, with the celebration, we use exaggerated top lighting and filler lights, to give the all-round effect of a brighter future with the Liberal Democrats. That just about covers lighting, are there any questions before I go any further? (Waits) Ok then.
Secondly, I would like to explain to you the use of colour given in the broadcast. We take advantage of playing on the subconscious of the viewers, subliminally using colours of the various parties. For instance, as Charles Kennedy introduces himself, only cover page your mind’s eye may have noticed the large yellow wall in the background. This technique causes your mind to acknowledge the fact that he is rhetoric stereotype, talking about the Liberal Democrats, while the party colour painted on the wall helps associate the two. He speaks of how things would be better with the Liberal Democrats. This technique is used again in the classroom scene, when Frankie Fawcett’s father is page, speaking, with a yellow wall in the background.
In contrast, the use of party colours can be used to history free response, create a negative impression. When you see Charles Kennedy talking about page of research paper how bad the train service is, you will see him wearing a blue tie. Pen And Paper Practices Research! Blue being the colour of the Conservative party, suggesting that things haven’t changed even since the Conservatives were replaced. Page Paper! But then he speaks of how the Lib Dems can improve the on online, situation, just as a yellow train goes by. Their super-imposed graphics used throughout the broadcast are also yellow. Some colours used in the broadcast help portray the mood of the situation.
For example, near the beginning of the broadcast, in page paper the classroom, the white painted walls maybe reflect the ap world history, innocence of the children, however this may also symbolise hope – hope that if the page of research paper, Liberal Democrats win the election, the class sizes will ultimately reduce. Furthermore, the red colour of the short on online shopping, chairs and cover page paper books inside the essay rhetoric, classroom may signify the cause of the cover of research, large class sizes to be Labour’s fault, although it may stand for the anger towards the situation – emphasising negativity towards the current ruling of short essay on online Labour. We use drab colours in the station scene that involves the commuter, to show how dull and depressing the cover of research paper, process of commuting is. If you look carefully at the shots inside the train, you may notice a blue train rushing past. Even the colour of the clothes worn by commuters may suggest their emotion – red, their anger toward the rhetoric, problem of the rail service. During the scenes involving the University Students, the Student Union Cards are red, emphasising the negativity towards the fact that English students must pay tuition fees. And then, finishing off with lots of yellow- using the page, party colour to reflect the bright future and celebration. Moving on from colour, I will now explain the walmart case study, different uses of sound. Firstly, I thought it was interesting to find, that research shows that most people find the Scottish accent to paper, be trust worthier, compared to term papers, harsher accents such as Liverpudlian. So it was convenient to have Charles Kennedy speaking at regular intervals in the broadcast.
We also managed, when it came to non-diegetic speakers, to balance the ratio of male and female speakers. This was used to avoid sexist impressions and also suggesting both genders show concern towards politics. Concerning the page, music used, we felt that we had to make a careful choice as to which music to use. With the music at the opening, we tried to make it sound universal- we want this broadcast to appeal to everyone, so we avoided using over-trendy typed music, nor did we opt for using old fashioned music that would deter the younger generation from watching. Essay Rhetoric! We used bright and cover page paper cheery music for the opening, as the short shopping, music sets the mood. The music at the end shared a similar style, although we included relevant lyrics ‘I’ve made up my mind’.
In the opening sequence, we used diegetic sound, as we could see and hear Charles Kennedy talking. Cover Page Of Research! He uses a clear, bold assertive tone of voice, thus attracting the full attention of the viewer. We could also hear everyday sounds in the background- the children laughing and short essay shopping playing – using parallel sound as Kennedy describes how schools can be better with the Liberal Democrats. Within the classroom, everyday sound is included again, with the scraping of chairs and other typical classroom sounds. When Frankie Fawcett’s Father begins to paper, speak, we use diegetic sound once again. Seeing the face of the speaker makes it more personal, and short on online shopping easier for the viewer to empathise, after seeing how ordinary people can be affected. In the page of research paper, sequence concerning the commuter, we emphasised the awful ordeal of using the rail service by using exaggerated parallel sound. This sound device helps show the viewers how the Labour Party is affecting ordinary, everyday people.
The everyday sounds inside the train appeared louder, and there was loud prominent coughing that further outlines the terrible, cramped conditions. We used a few sound bridges, which helped smoothen the in observational research, link between two scenes. We felt it unnecessary to use techniques such as contrapuntal sound, as it might have confused the viewers in such a straightforward broadcast. Before I move onto the next section, are there any questions? Okay. Page Paper! Now onto camera shots. A number of different techniques were used during the broadcast to outline certain aspects and messages put out to the viewers. When there was a speaker on screen, we tended to use more mid shots, which feel friendlier, as we thought that maybe close up shots might have given the ap world free response, impression that you’ve no option but to listen to this person.
But by using mid-shots, you can see the speaker as well as seeing what is going on in the background. Cover Page Paper! Charles Kennedy introduces himself whilst in mid shot, and we can relate to paper in observational research, what he’s saying by seeing the school children in long shot. In the page paper, classroom scene, we use a crane shot, and angle it to further aid the viewers to understand just how crowded the classrooms are. When Kennedy outlines the ap world history free 2007, problem with the rail service, we included a long shot of the of research, train, and also included Kennedy himself, in digital paper in observational research a mid shot. In the commuter’s sequence, doing an extreme close up on the watch creates an emphasis on cover page paper, the late time keeping of the trains. Whilst the essay, commuters are inside the train, we used close-ups, to create the feeling of extreme cramped conditions. You will have noticed the shaking of the camera, suggesting the cover page, train journey to be bumpy and uncomfortable. You may have noticed that we didn’t use tracking shots, as we wanted to concentrate on the inside of the train.
During the University Student sequence, we did a long shot of the two students, and then zoomed in on each one. On the papers, red student union card, you can see a close up of each of the students’ faces. This makes it easier to see their expressions and feelings towards the situation of whether or not they have to pay tuition fees. At the end, we used a range of different shots to show the celebrations. Of Research Paper! We used panning shots to show just how many people were joining in on the celebration. Short Essay! Also, using tilt shots to cover of research paper, follow the movement of the balloons and fireworks helps develop the celebratory mood. I would now like to move on to which editing techniques we used and why. Firstly, editing is the way in which shots are joined together, and you may have noticed that the majority of our editing techniques involved straight cuts.
This was to keep areas of the broadcast clean and simple, and to minimise confusion. For example, we used a straight cut from the tone essay, point in which Charles Kennedy introduced himself, to the point that showed the school children sat in the classroom. We thought this was a good choice of editing as the cover, two scenes were related and the straight cut keeps things simple. A dissolve shot may not have been appropriate here, as the viewers may view the next scene as one of a different subject. We took full advantage of nietzsche jump cuts within the train. This gives the viewer a clear idea of the discomfort of the journey and the fact that commuting with trains under the Labour government is quite bad. We tended to use jump cuts in areas that portrayed the of research, bad aspects of the Labour rule. We avoided using editing techniques such as dissolve as it was only stereotype a 5 minute broadcast and cover paper we thought that using this technique would consume too much time, and also be quite confusing as there wasn’t really a relevant place for nietzsche term papers, one anyway. Other techniques such as wipe cut we found inappropriate for the broadcast, although there was a point in cover of research which we used a fade out to black, which signalled a change in subject. If there are no questions, (pause) I should now like to move onto the special effects we used within the essay shopping, broadcast. We used a range of different techniques.
Even at the beginning, we did a triple shot that included three different mini screens showing all the different people being affected by cover page of research, the government. This gives the stereotype, viewers the idea that everyone is affected by the ruling of the government. And then, at the end, three smaller screens are shown to give the viewer a clear idea of how big the celebration is. We also used the technique of cover of research superimposition. For example, within the classroom we superimposed Frankie Fawcett’s Father’s face onto free response essay the scene of the classroom. We thought this to cover page of research paper, be a good use of walmart special effects as it gave a more personal effect, seeing the cover, concerned Father speaking, as well as seeing his daughter in the cramped classroom. It may also give the effect to the viewers that this is affecting everyone, everyday people. We again used superimposition in papers the scene that superimposed the university students’ faces onto the student union cards. Also we used special effects to cover, illustrate statistics; numbers and figures associated with, for example, the number of children Labour has in each classroom, compared with the number the Lib Dems will cut class sizes to. You may have noticed that this sort of special effect using graphics was used quite frequently when it came to comparing Labours rule with the possible Lib Dem rule.
One example was when we were illustrating the problem with tuition fees. The statistics were displayed on the screen as bright yellow computerised graphics, whilst the image of the page of a book was shown in the background, which gave relevance to the fact that it relates to education. Moving on term, from graphics, we used certain effects to give an emphasised impression. For example, in the scene with the school pupils, we cut out about 10 of the pupils to show how the Lib Dems will reduce the class sizes. But to emphasise the feeling of space, you may have noticed that the effect is greater when we take the pupils out from the front of the classroom. Finally, I would like to talk about the mise en scene, that is, basically, the things such as setting, props, costume and makeup and facial expressions. Inside the classroom full of school pupils, we made sure that they looked hard at work, you may have noticed them talking quietly, sitting with their backs straight. We also made sure that the desks were full of school equipment, to cover page, give the room a further emphasised effect of busy-ness.
Also the rhetoric stereotype, viewers will sympathise for the pupils as they look like they are really trying to cover paper, cope with the cramped conditions, and still trying to work as hard as they can. Nietzsche! The fact that Charles Kennedy and Mr.Fawcett are seen wearing suits makes clear that this is a serious matter. In the sequence involving the commuter, we told Jill not to of research, wear smart clothes, and you may have noticed her hair flying all over the place and her make up after the journey was pale and bare, giving her a look of ill health. She never smiled during her commute, and she curled her lip whilst getting off the train. We made sure that it was a dull day in order to parallel the somewhat dull commute. In the scene involving the university students, you may have noticed that the students were sat there, talking quietly, drinking water. This would give the term, idea that the students are sensible (not drinking beer and bouncing off the walls!) and consequently deserve the right not to pay tuition fees. And then finally, we see lots of happy body language during the celebrations, clapping and waving. Now, that just about concludes my explanation about the broadcast. Page Of Research Paper! Are there any questions before I bid you all farewell? (Answers questions)
Okay then! Thank you very much for coming ladies and gentlemen, it has been my pleasure to be able to work with such a broadcast, and essay I wish you all the best for the upcoming election. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Liberal Democrat Party. essay editing for page of research paper, only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for digital paper practices in observational research, Liberal Democrat Party. The rise of the Labour Party and the fall of the Liberal Party were just made out of a single fatal mistake: Herbert Henry Asquith’s pride of letting the Labours… Transiting Liberal Hong Kong to Liberal Absolutistic China. Colonization is an aspect that affected many countries in the past.
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