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German Antisemitism Perpetuating the Final Solution. The German war atrocities committed during World War II towards the European Jewish community is a part of write a poem history that has taken many different viewpoints by many historians. Since the end of the War, many historians have begun a study of history referred to as historical revisionism. In accordance to revisionism, many of these historians have claimed that the Holocaust had never occurred, aiming to clear the German Nazis from any guilt. It is difficult to imagine that the holocaust had never occurred when over six million Europeans vanished from their homes and towns.
What other reason would there be for the disappearance of a large part of the European population? Throughout the tess tragic essay, years, there have been many controversies surrounding the occurrence of the Holocaust. Revisionists have questioned the areas concerning the existence of the gas chambers in the concentration camps, the credibility of survivor's testimonies, the actual number of hwo to a poem Jewish deaths, and the Nuremberg and other Nazi trials. These areas are where revisionists tend to center their focus of Holocaust Denial. One of the main arguments presented by the Holocaust Deniers focuses on the fact that there was never a document that laid out a master plan for Jewish annihilation.
On the oregon, contrary, there did exist an hwo to a poem ideology held by many Germans and Nazis calling for a Final Solution to the Jewish Question. It may have never been an writing now short implied documentation, but it is the write, culmination of antisemitism of both Europe and homework help math of Germany itself. The center theme looked at in this writing deals with the antisemetic ideologies of Europe and Germany throughout history. Arguably, the evolution of antisemitism to eliminationistantisemitism, and the ideology of the hwo to write a poem, mass destruction of European Jewry, is most definitely the tragic heroine essay, source of the hwo to write a poem, Jewish Holocaust. Essay About Gmo. The antisemitism was so strong in Germany, and with emergence of Adolf Hitler as the political leader, antisemitism grew even stronger. It is this idea that the Holocaust cannot be denied, the unique form antisemitism that many of the Germans and Nazis shared led to the elimination of Jews. It has been historically argued that antisemitism has been a part of European history form many centuries.
Christian Europeans were afraid of the fact that the European Jewish population was emerging greatly, evidently seen in the secularization of the Jewish people and also of political nationalism in the nineteenth century. Hwo To Write. In relation to this focus, Germany at this time reflected what was occurring throughout Europe. Many Germans began to see the Jewish problem that they perceived to be facing. Math. The power of the Jews was growing in Europe, beginning to frighten the non-Jews of Germany. They were beginning to write feel that the creative now short, Jews were becoming a powerful part of the hwo to write, German population. They needed to death of a salesman questions counter that power, hence the hwo to, beginnings of the slow extermination of the Jews, economic antisemitism fueled political antisemitism which was particularly virulent towards the end of the nineteenth century (Seidel page 24). There began to spring up laws that deprived the essay about gmo, German Jews of their rights as citizens. The appointment of Adolf Hitler as Chancellor of write a poem Germany by the President of Germany, Paul von Hindenberg, was the first step to the elimination of Jews.
Hitler was very much against the influence that the Jews had brought into Germany. As soon as Hitler took office he began a solution to death salesman coursework questions the Jewish problem. His antisemetic background had led him to order the German Jews to be forced to expropriate from German society, be further separated from the non-Jews through ghettoization, be victims of the mobile killing operations; like the Einsatzgrüppen, deported from their homelands; and finally being victims of extermination (Seidel page 28). These vehicles of eliminating the Jewish problem stems from antisemitism. The deniers claim that the purpose of the German campaign against a poem, the Jews, was to essay oregon eliminated the powerful Jewish economic, political, and cultural influence within Germany, and latterly, with increasing emphasis to promote the total emigration of the Jewish population from hwo to a poem Germany (anonymous page ). Essay. The deniers argue that there were no plans to eliminate any part of the Jewish population, but rather just to move them away from the hwo to a poem, German state to create an Aryan community. Many deniers believe that extermination could have never occurred because the only aim was to eliminate their influence on the German society because they felt that this particular influence was the death salesman coursework, source of Germany's problems.
It is difficult to hwo to a poem try to essay about gmo comprehend thus type of argument, when it has been documented that antisemitism was not a secret. The Nazis early persecution, between 1933 and 1939, was conducted openly, and was fully reported in German and foreign newspapers. There are also the published texts of hwo to Nazi laws and decrees, legal and creative writing now short story ideas business records, as well as books, magazines, leaflets and films disseminated by the Nazis that proves persecution(Seidel page 35). The National Socialist State set up the machinery to murder the hwo to a poem, Jews, the machinery was thesource of years of antisemitism growing in Germany. The aim of Holocaust Revisionism is to restore the image and credibility of Adolf Hitler's ideology and essay about gmo the reputation of the write a poem, Nazis. Many of the Holocaust Revisionist or deniers have all somewhat carried or maintained the following criteria when writing about Holocaust Denial.
They claim that there was never any form of genocide, more importantly, the gas chambers never existed. The six million Jews reported to have been killed by the Nazis is too large of a number according to the deniers. Essay About Gmo. They also claim that the Holocaust was pure propaganda invented by the Jews themselves, to a poem gain a financial profit in their favor. These are the sorts of claims that deniers or Holocaust Revisionist use to try to discredit the existence of the t. r. bock proton, Holocaust; and the annihilation of an entire race. Many of the revisionist argue these claims by either questioning the accuracy of already existing sources regarding the Holocaust, or they plan out an alternative theory to counter the existing theories. A Poem. An example of how deniers question the existence of the Holocaust is seen when The Diary of Anne Frank is used to justify the existence of the Holocaust. Many deniers feel as though the use of Anne Frank's diary as a away to prove the Holocaust was not a hoax becomes very dangerous for the aim of their work.
They believe that since many people see Anne Frank as to be a young girl, readers tend to homework help math percentages believe the atrocities that she and her family had to write a poem endure. The deniers then begin to argue that the diary itself was a hoax or it was completely made up after the war. Among the deniers who believe this theory to be correct are Arthur Butz and David Irving. They both believe that it was impossiblefor Anne Frank to have written the diary while living in the secret annex. This is writing now short, just a sampling of the way deniers try to prove that the Holocaust never occurred. The deniers begin to hwo to put the blame on someone else. They blame the American, the Russians, the essay contest oregon, British , and the French to have committed worst atrocities then the Germans during the war. A Poem. They argue that if the bock exchange, implications were not put on the Germans before the war there would not have been the false accusations that the hwo to write a poem, Jews were murdered by the Germans. The whole idea of the Holocaust as being a hoax stems from the argument that the Germans perceived the Jews to be different from the t. r. proton, rest of Germany. In the German's opinion the Jews only brought problems into the state.
They believed that the hwo to, Jews need to be interned in order for the influence to be halted within Germany and eventually across Europe and the world. There has never been even the slightest conclusive proof for such a campaign of promiscuous slaughter on the part of proton exchange Germany, and, in the meantime, all reliable evidence continues to suggest with increasing volume and hwo to impact that this genocide legend is contest, a deliberate and brazen falsification ( The Myth of the Six Million, page 32 ). This is a poem, a denier's argument that tries to suggest that the Holocaust had never occurred. To make their argument stronger, they also claim that the Holocaust is t. r., a false accusation because there was never a master plan to annihilate the Jewish population of Germany and write a poem Europe. According to the anonymous author of The Myth of the Six Million, the internment of European Jews, like that of the Japanese in the United States and essay oregon Canada, was carried out for security reasons ( The Myth of the Six Million page 104),claiming that the Jews were a threat to the national security of Germany. The purpose of the German campaign against the Jews was to eliminate the powerful Jewish economic, political, and cultural influence within Germany, and latterly, with increasing emphasis, to promote the total emigration of the Jewish population from hwo to Germany ( The Myth of the Six Miliion page 7). The author argues that this was the only reason for the ghettoization, expropriation, deportation, and the issuance of anti-Jewish legislation. The author of The Myth of the Six Million offers the help math percentages, following, It can be stated in summary that German policy toward the Jews prior to World War II consisted mainly of legislative pressure, and of a few public occasions of a poem violence in essay contest oregon, which, however, no Jews were actually killed.
No doubt some Jewish lives were lost in German Concentration Camps prior to World War II, but certainly there was no deliberate policy of killing Jews as such, and the proportion of a poem Jews affected was far smaller than that of death salesman coursework questions Germans subjected to similar treatment ( The Myth of the hwo to write, Six Million page 104). These seems to be the denial they propose for essay oregon, the treatment of a poem Jews during World War II; and why part of the Jewish population had disappeared by the end of World War II. Antisemitism has faced the German Jews long before the appointment of Adolf Hitler to the office of Chancellor in Germany during the Weimar Republic. The antisemitic feeling carried by many Germans has long existed in the history of the German Nation. It is somewhat true that the argument presented by the Holocaust deniers claiming that the only elimination plan set by homework help, the Germans towards the Jews was simply to deadened the influence the Jewish race hadimplemented in Germany society. According to Lucy S. Dawidowicz in the book, The War Against the Jews , states that German Nationalism along with the a poem, racist, antisemetic ideology of contest oregon many members of the German State is proof enough that the hwo to write, Holocaust did happen. The ideology and actions that led to Anti-Jewish legislation, expropriation, ghettoization, deportation, mobile killing operations, and finally extermination originates from the antisemetic background imbedded in percentages, German political and social society.
German antisemitism can be traced back to the days of Martin Luther when he wrote, Know Christian, that next to the devil thou hast no enemy more cruel, more venomous and violent than a true Jew (Dawidowicz page 23). Words like this exemplified how strong German antisemitism would grow. The antisemitism that haunted many Jews prior to World War II was a combination between Christian antisemitism with German Nationalism. These two forms of antisemitic ideologies grew into the eliminationist antisemitism carried out by Hitler and the Nazis towards the latter part of World War II. German Nationalism grew out of military defeat. Since the Napoleonic Wars left the German State fragmented, many Germans felt a lack of identity. They were stripped of everything which could give them a sense of nationalism or nationhood. They basically had no power both politically and economically. They were in need of finding a source where the German state had some substanance with the rest of Europe. They began to turn back to the time of The Enlightenment to find answers and to find some source of unity. The Enlightenment Era is significant because it was the cornerstone inmarking the origins of German antisemitism.
During the write, Enlightenment, many Jews began to seek their emancipation and rights. This was due to the French influence that spread across the German State, the French began to story ideas give the Jews political rights. Then in 1812, the German government was reluctant to grant the Jews German citizenship and political rights, but they succumbed to the pressure. This is where the idea that Jews became a problem to the German State. The non-Jews of Germany felt strongly that the nation state needed to be protected, in order for that to occur, many Germans felt that the Jews did not have a place within the German Volk. Hwo To. They justified that argument in the following, The Jews by oregon, definition are an outsider in the 'Christian' state, and should remain an outsider in the Volkist conception of the state (Dawidowicz page 28). Many Germans felt that the Jews were too much concerned with their own communities; and that they had no concern over the German State at all. This is where the hostility towards the Jews began to perpetuate.
The hostility towards the Jews and the antisemitic treatment they received can be broken down into individual phases. These phases are what led to hwo to the Holocaust. The phases can be laid out in the following: phase one being the anti-Jewish legislation drafted to help math mute the hwo to, Jews from German society. The second phase are the actions that the special military units assigned by the Nazis to essay about gmo kill Jews before they entered the Concentration Camps. The third and hwo to write final phase would be the extermination or liquidation of the Jews.
All three phases are deeply rooted from the antisemetic ideology within Germany. Anti-Jewish legislation was the antithesis to the destruction of the Jewishcommunity of Germany. The anti-Jewish legislation was an antisemtic method to tess as a tragic heroine essay rid Germany of the Jewish problem. In Hitler's rational, he saw the anti-Jewish legislation that he and the Nazis promulgated, as a 'legal' solution to the Jewish problem. Hwo To Write. Throughout the tess tragic essay, reign of the Nazis in Germany, there were over four hundred anti-Jewish forms of legislation that eventually helped in the destruction of the a poem, Jews. The laws effected the livelihood of homework many Jews throughout Germany. Hwo To A Poem. The laws were antisemetic in the sense that they were drafted and initiated directly to the Jewish people only. The first anti-Jewish legislation passed was entitled, Law for as a heroine, the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service. This legislation called for hwo to, the, elimination from t. r. bock proton civil service of Jews and political opponents of the Nazi Regime (Dawidowicz page 58). Further, it called for all non-Aryans in hwo to a poem, a civil service position to step down from their positions. Accompanying the Civil service Law was a law that forbade Jews from practicing law and medicine in German Society.
Within days of the first anti-Jewish legislation being passed by the Third Reich government, there were a number of other forms of antisemetic legislation effecting the Jews. The Jews' attendance in educational systems were limited, Jewish academics were barred from teaching at Universities, German periodicals run by Jews were heavily watched, and even Jews were forbidden to be a part of cultural and entertainment enterprises. The most compelling of antisemetic, anti-Jewish legislation was the passing of the Nuremberg Laws, these laws legitimated racist antisemitism and turned the 'purity of German blood' into a legal category (Dawidowicz page 63). This was a law passed by the Third Reich that promulgated a method in which to stop thegrowth of the Jewish influence within Germany. The law called for the elimination of marriage and extramarital relations between Germans and Jews. It was important to keep the t. r. dissertation proton exchange, racial purity within Germany. The idea of racial purity significant because it stems back to the German ideology that led to the strong antisemetic society. The main component that led to the Modern German Antisemetic ideology was the idea of nationalism.
Nationalism and the yearning to find German unity can be seen exemplified through laws like that of the Nuremberg Laws, with the a poem, underlying meaning of help racial superiority over the Jews. The anti-Jewish laws were proving to be successful in hwo to write, eliminating the Jewish influence in the minds of essay oregon Hitler and the Nazis. As Dawidowicz points out the Jews were being, excluded from public life, government, culture, and the professions. The laws passed were successful in the disenfranchisement of the Jews in Germany. It can even go as far as a foreshadowing of what other extremes Hitler and the Nazis were to follow with after the hwo to a poem, anti-Jewish legislations.
Hitler was even known to say the following about the laws he helped to pass, [the anti-Jewish policy] was an attempt to regulate by law a problem that, in the event of repeated failure, would have to be transferred by law to the National Socialist Party for final solution (Dawidowicz page 69). Implying of course that the Jewish Problem was through a final solution, a means of extermination. Evident because after the Nuremberg Laws were passed, there was not any other forms of anti-Jewish legislation passed, but rather the bock dissertation, Nazi SS began to write a poem implement their antisemetic actions across Germany along with the other assigned killing groups. The second phase of antisemitic methodology that lead to t. r. bock dissertation proton the Holocaust wasthe actions committed by the SS. Evidently, the hwo to, SS role was, an expression of Hitler's will and as the central executing aim in the Final Solution of the Jewish Question. It is difficult to imagine that the SS Units had no antisemetic ideas while carrying out their duties when it was not unusual for creative now short ideas, them to hear messages like the following, The Jew is a parasite. Wherever he flourishes, the people die. Elimination of the Jews from our community is to be regarded as an emergency defense measure (Dawidowicz page 70). The SS simply wanted to wage war on their own enemy, the Jewry. They were so drowned in write, their own antisemitism that the true mission of their position within the Third Reich was lost. Homework Help Math Percentages. Initially, the SS Units were to protect the Führer, top party leaders, and party meetings.
Eventually, the SS units were to become part of a way to formulate ideas that would provide for a Final Solution. Since the SS was considered to be the elite group of hwo to military men, their ideas towards the Final Solution was important to the ideas that Hitler held himself. The third and final phase that led to the Holocaust and which was deeply rooted in the antisemetic ideology was the idea of extermination of the Jews. The extermination process began by the internment of the Jews by the Germans into bock dissertation proton exchange the work camps or Concentration Camps. The annihilation of the Jews was the culmination of the antisemitic goals set forth by the Nazis and Hitler. Since antisemitism was a part of everyday life in Germany it is not surprising the final phase in dealing with the a poem, elimination of Jews was through annihilation. It is probably best summed up in the following, Hitler had initiated many of the programs and his own antisemitic background helped to perpetuate the notion ofthe Final Solution. According to Dawidowicz, hatred of the Jews was Hitler's central and most compelling belief and that it dominated his thoughts and his actions all his life. That obsession led him, very early in life, to latch to the mad notion that the 'solution to the Jewish problem' could be achieved only by radical means, literally by 'eliminating', that is, murdering, the Jews.
It became his fixed ideas, one to which he remained steadfast all his life. Hitler's own ideology, the history of antisemitism, and the antisemetic views shared by many of the Germans, especially the Nazis, was what led to the Holocaust. The rise of antisemitism in Germany cam about because of the yearning to creative writing find unity within the state, many Germans felt as though the Jews, being a non-Aryan race, were a problem to the security and well-being of Germany. The Jews became grouped together as the hwo to, Jewish Problem. Salesman Coursework. The Holocaust Deniers claim that the only campaign against a poem, the Jews was a campaign to end their influence; economic, political, and cultural, on German society.
Again, according to the author of The Myth of the Six Million, It can be stated in summary that German policy toward the Jews prior to World War II consisted mainly of legislative pressures, and of a few public occasions of violence in which, however, no Jews were actually killed. No doubt some Jewish lives were lost in German concentration camps prior to World War II, but certainly there was no deliberate policy of killing Jews as such, and the proportion of essay about gmo Jews affected was far smaller treatment (anonymous page 18). The important aspect to remember is that the cycle of destruction towards the Jews was a form of assaulting their rights, their livelihoods, and then on their lives. Their rights were taken away because of the anti-Jewish laws passed by the Third Reich. Their livelihood was taken away because of the reducible and humiliation the Jews endured by the Germans. Their lives were taken away because of the violent atrocities done onto the Jews. Hwo To Write A Poem. It was virtually a full scale assault on all Jews, All of the laws, regulations, and measures of the 1930's served to rob Jews of tess tragic heroine their livelihoods, to hwo to write a poem sink them into as a tragic heroine essay a state of hopelessness, and to isolate them from the larger society in which they had moved freely but a few years earlier. They made Jews socially dead (Dawidowicz page 138).
This assault was deeply rooted in an antisemetic ideology shared by many Germans. If the claim is that the Nazis only wanted to eliminate Jewish influence, then why were there such progroms like the Einsatzgrüppen and Einsatzkommandos, who performed mass slaughterings on Jewish lives? If the write a poem, campaign was to just stop influence on German society, then again, why was there always a deep concern to discover a final solution to the Jewish Problem. The true picture that can be laid out in this essay is the fact that the nature of antisemitism within Germany cannot be overlooked, it played an important role in shaping the final outcome of the Nazi agenda concerning the homework math, Jews. The reality is that the antisemitism that was imbedded within German society emerged into something far worse then imagined. It had evolved into eliminationist antisemitism. All means were used in order to ensure that the Nazis were on the right path towards the Final Solution. Every method used to try to eliminate the so called influence had a deep underlying meaning of hwo to a poem antisemitism. The actions done bymembers of such groups like the SS and in tess tragic, particular the Einsatzgrüppen were not being done because of fulfilling orders. Rather, they did what they were told to do because of the deep hatred they had for Jews due to their antisemetic backgrounds.
The anti-Jewish laws, the humiliation, and the atrocities committed by the Nazi SS, all led to the mass destruction of Jews. The destruction went further than what the deniers claim to have been the hwo to write, reason. If it solely was to stop the influence, the actions performed by the SS, the Einsatzgrüppen, and the Police Battalions contradict that claim. Math Percentages. These assigned military units killed Jews all across Germany and Central Europe even before they were placed in concentration camps. Were not the hwo to write, anti-Jewish legislations drafted and passed by the Nazis enough to stop the influence? The Einsatzgrüppen is a perfect example of how the antisemitic influence effected the way they treated the Jews. The Einsatzgrüppen, the tess essay, group that carried out the hwo to write, mass killing operations in the Soviet Union and Central Europe. Tragic. displayed how willing these men were to hwo to killing the Jews they encountered. They had no hesitation in homework help math, participating in their mass slaughterings because it was already part of hwo to write their everyday lives. According to Dawidowicz, The men who joined the Einsatzgrüppen, in contrast to the ordinary Wehimacht recruits, were already committed to National Socialist ideology and thoroughly involved with the notion that Jews were Bolsheviks, and as a heroine vice versa, and that the Jew-Bolshevik was the mortal enemy of the German people and the German State.
It is evident, that groups like the Einsatzgrüppen, were first of all ready willing to kill the Jews because of write their unity within the Nazi party, but it was also heightened because of thetraining they received before they set out for their mobile killing operations. Compared to the SS, the Einsatzgrüppen had a less of death of a salesman questions a connection to Hitler and the top Nazi leaders. The SS on hwo to write the other hand, worked closely with Hitler and were directed by homework math percentages, Heinrich Himmler. The name Himmler alone conjures up ideas of hate and terror. Himmler was the one responsible in shaping groups like the SS and the Einsatzgrüppen to hwo to kill on order. The mission of the SS was to protect the top Nazi leaders, especially their Führer, but the organization involved into something full scale. It was a group that had a strict selection process. It was to Hitler's orders that the percentages, SS be a group of elite men. Elite men were considered to a poem be of the highest racial quality. The SS grew rapidly and expanded just as quick.
The SS broke off into dissertation proton different divisions that carried out specific orders. The SS troops helped the Nazi agenda along by terrorizing the Jews all across Germany. On the other hand, the Einsatzgrüppen the SS members were so antisemetic that it did not matter whether or not to follow orders in hwo to write, regards to the treatment of Jews, but rather they performed what they had to as a heroine essay do because of their own hatred. The SS was also a strong component to the idea of the Final Solution. They like Hitler recognized the importance of a Final Solution to the Jews. It is evident that they were not just trying to stop the hwo to a poem, Jewish influence, but they also had ideas to eliminate all Jews, not only in Germany, but across the world. Both the SS troops and the Einsatzgrüppen contributed greatly to help math percentages the Final Solution. These groups worked outside outside their framework of low and state administration (Dawidowicz page 47). Write A Poem. They worked and carried orders on theirown recognicencse, the nature of antisemitism that each troop member carried with them led to the Final Solution.
The Final Solution being to annihilate all Jews in whatever manner possible. It can be said that the Final Solution to the Jewish question was already drafted and decided upon long before World War II had begun. Dawidowicz explains that the tess tragic heroine, Final Solution had its origins in hwo to write a poem, Hitler's mind, further through Hitler's speeches there was always the implication of a Final Solution, Rational antisemitism, however must lead to systematic legal opposition and t. r. proton exchange elimination of the special privileges, that the Jews hold, in contrast to the other aliens living among us. Its final objections must unsweighingly be the removal of the Jews altogether. Clearly, before the Nazi party took control of the German government, ideas to combat the Jewish Problem were already conceived of and voiced openly in German politics. All it took to make the Final Solution a reality was a way to put it into practice.
The appointment of Hitler to the Chancellorship and eventually making himself dictator was the first step. The next step was the implementation of laws that terrorized the Jews. The third and final step was a way to devise of write a plan to annihilate as many Jews as possible . These three parts fall right into the ideology that Hitler maintained throughout his life that he incorporated into his politics. In the antisemetic eyes of Hitler and the Nazis, the Jews were seen as an insect causing a problem on German Society. That is homework help math percentages, also what helped to advance the idea of the Final Solution, this shared ideology. Hitler had created a movement that many Germans believed deeply in before and during the war. They had no otherreason to participate in such groups like the SS, if it was not for the history of antisemitism in Germany. Generations of write a poem antisemitism had prepared the Germans to accept Hitler as their redeemer that would solve the Jewish Problem that faced Germany.
Layer upon layer of antisemitism off all kinds, Christian church teachings about Jews, Volkist antisemitism, doctrines of racial superiority, economic theories about the roles of Jews in capitalism and commerce, and a half century of political antisemitism -were joined with the solder of bock German nationalism, providing the structural foundation upon which Hitler and the National Socialist movement built (Dawidowicz page 164). There were many factors that had led to the Jewish Holocaust, but the underlying factor was the antisemetic ideology that many Germans shared. Antisemitism motivated both the hwo to write, Nazis and the Germans to perpetuate the atrocities against essay about gmo, the Jews. Hwo To Write. They assaulted the Jews, both politically and socially, without second thinking their actions. Exchange. They justified their actions through the antisemitic beliefs.
They felt strongly that the Jews were a problem to German society. Antisemitism is what led to the Final Solution against write a poem, the Jewish Problem. The Nazi solution to contest the influence that the Jews were bringing into German society, began with the anti-Jewish legislation but escalated to mass destruction of the lives of the hwo to write a poem, Jews. All was an outcome due to antisemitism, the tess as a essay, perpetuation to mass destruction happened quickly because of the rise to power of Adolf Hitler. The antisemetic ideology he carried, helped to raise the support needed to ensure thatthe extermination of Jews to a poem succeed. The deniers have claimed many things, their intent is to prove that the Holocaust never existed.
They want to restore Hitler's good name, claiming that much of the help math percentages, atrocities committed against write, the Jews were unknown to him. Their claims center around lifting the blame off the Nazis and trying to either put their blame on someone else or just completely name it as being false. It is important to essay about gmo note that the nature of antisemitism cannot be overlooked. Hwo To Write A Poem. It is what perpetuated the essay about gmo, final outcome. The history of antisemitism was the first and most important factor that led to the Holocaust. Hate was building towards the Jewish population through antisemetic means. The whole idea that the Jews were a problem to hwo to write German society is evident of the intensity of how Germans tried to rid their German State from a Jewish population. Antisemitism also led to the Germans and the Nazis in wanting to annihilate the Jews.
They justified their actions because they believed that what they were doing was the correct and only way to solve the problem they faced. Of course, their justification was laid out in a antisemetic viewpoint. Antisemitism was what transformed the homework help percentages, way Germans approached the Jewish Question. They felt strongly that the hwo to, Jews were becoming a threat to the well being of the German nation and race; and the only way to eliminate that threat was to murder that entire population. Antisemitism is what motivated and justified their actions. The antisemitism they believed in was different then what the rest of Europe followed. The German form of antisemitism was to lead directly into elimination of Jewish lives.
Antisemitism in Germany made the Holocaust happen. Dawidowicz, Lucy S. The War Against the essay contest, Jews 1933-1945. New York: Seth Press, 1986. Marrus, Michael R. Hwo To Write A Poem. The Holocaust in History. Homework Help. Hanover and London: University Press of New England, 1987. Reitlinger, Gerald.
The Final Solution. Hwo To Write A Poem. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1968. Seidel, Gill. The Holocaust Denial. Leeds, England: Beyond the Pale Collective, 1986. Simon Weisenthal Center Report. Holocaust Denial:Bigotry in the Guise of Schlorship.
Canada: Simon Weisenthal Center, 1994. The Myth of the death salesman coursework questions, Six Million. 3rd edition Torrance: The Noontide Press, 1978.
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5 Tips for a Top Essay on the New SAT. For students taking the current SAT (which will continue to be administered through January 2016), the hwo to a poem, essay is a mandatory 25-minute challenge that begins the test. Test takers must respond to a broad (and often rather lame) philosophical question (Is it true that the best things in life are free? or Is optimism less valuable than hard work?), usually paired with a less-than-helpful prompt explaining the writing task. Those who are well-prepared will have a few key recyclable examples in mind – Martin Luther King, Jr., The Great Gatsby, World War II, and tess tragic Macbeth are perennial favorites – and be ready to hwo to quickly cobble together a few paragraphs that include a succinct introduction, one body paragraph for creative writing story ideas, each of the detailed examples mentioned in the intro, and a snappy conclusion. Then they'll sprinkle some literary fairy dust on top to make their essays fly: a smattering of big words, varied punctuation, a rhetorical question perhaps to hwo to write rouse a drowsy reader, and some quotes or statistics for extra flavor. T. R. Dissertation? If they write something nice and long, students who follow these rules are pretty much guaranteed a score of at least 10 out of write, 12; that's enough to earn a perfect Writing score as long as they can also manage great scores on the multiple-choice Writing sections. Come March 2016, the game changes. A lot. At 50 minutes, the time allotted to the new SAT essay doubles the length of the old 25-minute one. Oregon? Students will be expected to a poem write more, and they’ll be given three pages of paper to use in homework contrast to the current two. Instead of being administered right at hwo to a poem, the beginning of the session, the new essay will come at the end of the 3-hour test.
And for homework percentages, the first time, writing the essay is optional, though students who are applying to selective colleges will probably need to complete it. The structure of the essay has changed dramatically, too, from persuasive to analytical. Write A Poem? Reflecting this change, students will have to do a lot more reading before they begin to write. The scoring system is also new. Instead of a 1–6 scale representing a holistic judgment, the new essay will be evaluated along three specific dimensions — Reading, Analysis, and Writing — with scores of 1–4 for each of these sub-scores. Two scorers will grade each essay, and so these six numbers (three dimensions from two readers) will be combined for a final total. These scores will not be included in the old-but-new-again 1600-point final SAT score comprising Evidence-Based Reading and Writing and Math. How colleges will use the essay score in essay contest their admissions decisions is still an open question. The reading passages may come from academic articles, literature, essays, or speeches. The question accompanying the passage, however, will always be the a poem, same: Write an essay in which you explain how the author builds her argument and essay about gmo analyze how she uses evidence, reasoning, and a poem style to writing now short story ideas support her point.
The student's task, in other words, is not to develop a case for one's own opinion on the subject at hand, but, rather to evaluate the author's writing and argument. The level of difficulty of these passages is much higher than anything the College Board has previously used on the SAT. Responding to this passage and prompt is a task best fulfilled by a skilled analytical reader and a confident and fluid writer. After you've read the College Board's sample articles and hwo to write a poem questions, read the scored essay responses carefully. Think like the SAT scorers: Begin to analyze for yourself why each essay got the three scores it did (Reading, Analysis, and Writing). Story Ideas? Focus on the higher-scoring examples and look for qualities to hwo to emulate. 2. Heroine? Understand the author’s position. When you are ready to write your first practice essay, be sure you understand the passage and the essence of the author's argument — not just the topic and your position on hwo to write it. Underline key transition words (such as, for example, furthermore, in contrast, however, etc.) and think about how they contribute to the author’s overall stance.
Underline strong phrases, powerful words, and other key points as you encounter them. Contest? Think about what the author is trying to say. What supports the main claims in the passage? Is the evidence relevant and persuasive and laid out in a clear way? Are there particularly strong or weak points in the author's argument? Does the passage leave out hwo to write a poem important information that might persuade you as a reader? Like fine carpentry, the now short ideas, construction of a great essay hinges on write thoughtful and contest thorough prep work. Make sure you are answering the actual question and not going off-course. Taking a few minutes at the beginning of the essay section to outline your response could save you precious time revising after you’ve finished drafting. Be sure to write work in of a salesman coursework questions each of these three components explicitly in your outline, too: Reference the evidence that the author uses to support her claim. Discuss the ways in which the hwo to, author uses reasoning to develop her ideas and argument.
Address the author's use of style and rhetorical devices to engage readers and convince them of the essay about gmo, points in the passage. As in days of yore, a long SAT essay is a poem, still a high-scoring one, so pack those three pages as full as you can with good stuff. If you've planned well, you will have enough to say without being redundant or resorting to story filler. If your handwriting is too big, practice writing smaller. You should work on efficiently using all the room you have. Try not to leave any space in the margins except for indentations to introduce new paragraphs.
Do not skip lines; they could be filled with your point-earning words! For a high-scoring essay, don't forget to use some rhetorical flourishes of hwo to write a poem, your own: big words, literary devices, and even statistics and quotations you’ve memorized as part of your test prep. Used judiciously, these tools can work to your advantage, just as they’ve worked to contest the advantage of the author of the passage you’ll be analyzing when you take the test. Follow this link to hwo to write a poem find more free advice on preparing for the SAT from Noodle Experts like Karen Berlin Ishii. Once you receive your scores, use the Noodle college search to see what schools fall within your range.
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Custom E-Business Strategy essay paper. The business world is a transformational field, the dynamic nature of which incorporates technology, business strategies, processes and decisions. Despite different approaches taken by business people and organizations, variables that determine the fate of a business include customers and the nature of services offered by a poem the business. Depending on diverse needs of customers, it is difficult for business people to understand appropriate strategies and processes that work towards the satisfaction of customers and benefit businesses. Creative Writing Ideas! One such situation is the tourism industry, which comprises several elements and variables that differ from one another in terms of geographical location, the nature of governments, business trends, and the capability of businesses in write a poem regard to heroine essay technology. The world has been shifting from the hwo to write a poem use of essay about gmo, traditional methods to digital methods of conducting business activities. In this case, an organization that is involved in the tourism industry looks forward to serving clients from different parts of the world with different tastes and a poem, preferences. However, depending on writing now short story the diversity of these personal needs, the hwo to tourism industry faces problems of implementing strategies that address needs of every client in its platform. As a part of embracing changes, organizations dealing with the tourism industry have been still installing technological measures to essay contest oregon maximize their reliability to customers and register a steady growth. To evaluate problems facing the tourism industry, this paper discusses needs and constraints, with which organizations are faced. E-business strategies applied to hwo to write a poem various platforms are discussed to emphasize the need for satisfaction of customers and the maximization of contest oregon, profits by organizations.
When people hear or talk about hwo to write tourism, most think in terms of foreigners visiting local resorts and tourism destinations. The notion of these people is correct, but majorities do not know benefits of tourism and tess heroine essay, underlying problems facing it. Hwo To A Poem! Since the beginning of the 21 st century, tourism has been one of the world’s leading moneymaking activities that benefit a good number of nations. This business that takes place in many countries contributes to homework GDPs of these nations. Hwo To Write! Apart from bock dissertation war-stricken nations, tourism is a worldwide business. It is estimated to write reach new heights by the end of 2010s as it gains more popularity. Tourism is an industry that incorporates various variables and types of business activities regarding the diverse nature, in which it is promoted, conducted and/or sustained. Homework Percentages! However, inspite of various stages and business levels that tourism encourages or supports, it is hwo to a poem a form of the global activity that generates revenues like other businesses. Homework Percentages! In this case, it is hwo to write important for organizations to conduct research on the diversity of tourism and the amount of contest oregon, inputs that are required to run the industry properly. As an industry, there are also many problems, challenges, and opportunities that a businessperson investing in the tourism industry will have to consider.
To simplify the need for going into details on such a broad topic, this research focuses on write tourism from an organizational perspective as opposed to the industry. Mobile devices and handheld computer platforms are technologies that the digital era presents to most current businesses. Homework Help Math Percentages! In regard to doing business, businesspersons are people, who embrace these new technologies as means of conducting businesses. On the other hand, clients use these technologies to their advantage in booking, ordering, and buying stuff over write, their service providers’ networks. E-business is an installment that comes with the homework percentages digital era, when people do not have to be physically in various places to enjoy what is offered in such areas. Concerning the importance of networks and computer-based applications, tourists can assess, judge, and select tourist destinations depending on their tastes and preferences. In the business world, it seems that tastes and preferences are not the only variables emphasized by customers. Personalized needs are issues that clients need to address in their day-to-day lives in order to get full satisfaction. However, current technological systems and architectures do not allow such personalized needs, causing partial dissatisfaction for hwo to write a poem, clients. In the world that sponsors, promotes, and develops innovations, it is tess tragic essay improper for organizations to fall short of customers’ expectations in terms of write, service provision.
Business platforms dealing with tourism are expected to deliver an all-round package to their customers to satisfy their personal needs. In this case, e-business strategy management is used as a model of tess as a essay, operation that steers and a poem, fosters the use of reliable means to satisfy clients. E-business is an ability and death questions, mechanism of information delivery and services through the virtual world. The virtual world includes computers, handheld computers, mobile phones and PDAs. The use of it is to simplify the tedious and hwo to a poem, error-prone manual execution of duties. It is easy to assess services and products included in t. r. dissertation proton tourist resorts, however, for a client to be fully satisfied, personalized services are required. The tourism industry suffers from the write a poem shortage of innovation and the implementation of quick personalized service packages. The research on the applicability of e-business has shown that the tess world has been transforming in terms of technology, but not precisely e-business.
E-commerce has been in use for some time, since many people bank and pay bills through cellular and Internet means. However, the efforts to hwo to develop a concise, reliable, fast and all-serving service package through e-business have not been in the interest of many researchers. The development of help math, a precise architectural platform has been faced with challenges, as researchers are keen on addressing issues that affect the tourism industry. On the other hand, investors have not discovered the importance of personalized service packages in a poem terms of creative ideas, embracing technology. In micro- and macroeconomics, an organization, whose major expertise is to provide a range of services, is required to conduct a product and customer research. Write! Very few organizations dealing with tourism have done this, and creative now short, therefore, they do not manage to stay focused (Rekhter, et, al. 2002). A business focus is derived from the need served by the business, and the need is encouraged by hwo to the set of objectives and writing now short story, goals of an organization. Policies are elements that encourage the organizational management to focus on objectives. The only thing that matters to investors is to make profits, while for management is to create surplus. Hwo To Write A Poem! On the part of customers , an organization providing services is t. r. bock dissertation proton supposed to evaluae customers’ money.
However, as it has been discovered by business management students of HarvardUniversity, many organizations operate hoping that customers are satisfied with services they offer (Holbrook, Reynolds, 1998). Operation models of hwo to write, these organizations use collective data to draw conclusions on the levels of customers’ satisfaction. However, the origin of the problem is that organizations do not differentiate acceptance from as a heroine essay adaptation. A tourist taking a cruise by ship to write tour tourist sights around the globe may not be satisfied with the service of that cruise ship. In comparison with what a customer looks forward to attaining, he/she takes the only cruise ship that almost offers his or her preferred services and products. Since there is an organization behind the chosen cruise ship, clients will adapt to help math percentages negative sides that they do not find relevant making management believe they are satisfied. Technology is the hwo to write a poem application of automatic assistance using machines, devices, and services that are provided in a computer-based platform.
If the world embraced technology to its full potential, less manual work would be required from workers, and clients would be served in a satisfying manner meeting their preferences. However, such potentials have not been attained, since technology is expensive and takes time to be fully implemented (Curtin, 2010). In addition, an of a questions, organization has to set a precise and reliable customer target for services it tends to hwo to write offer. Strategic management in terms of conducting business activities is important, because it aims at satisfying needs of all involved parties. With technology evolving at a lightning speed, organizations find it hard to make right decisions in terms of as a tragic, implementing changes. On the other hand, organizations are worried that technologies available at this moment will not be reliable in the future. According to Curtin (2010), “it takes less than a month for people to get used to write a poem certain technologies and less than a week for homework help, inventors to discover new ones.” E-business strategies and processes are drivers of e-commerce and important installments for business platforms. In the tourism industry, organizations provide a few services required for hwo to write a poem, e-commerce, limiting a potential of their customers and tess tragic heroine, their realization of objectives. Some of the most recognized services offered by organizations to customers include the provision of information regarding booking, available hotels, space, and payments through electronic means. Strategically, e-business should offer personalized services that allow flexibility and not adaptability, satisfaction and not compensation, and durability not fate in the line of service provision (Gorodetski, 2005).
Identification of Problems. The level of reliability of the tourism industry does not address various issues in terms of service provision. Customers would like to be free to hwo to write a poem make decisions without restrictions of any nature. Restrictions for customers are presented by the need to do one thing, while the available means do not allow or do not satisfactorily address the issue. Limitations imposed on customers, involve low levels of flexibility and an unsatisfied need to homework utilize as many services as possible. Customers, who visit various resorts, need to get as much experience as possible relative to the value of their money. Restaurants, hotels, tours, means of transportation, room attendance, and meals can be accessed through a unified technological platform and payment for such services made from a particular platform. Information provided by organizations offering these services helps customers make choices what resorts to visit. Reservations can be altered, but with the hwo to write current embrace of technology, precise and cost-effective means to contest oregon do so have not been implemented. In regard to technology, services provided by the tourism industry make very little use of the e-business platform. E-business is simply the use of electronic means to access products and services, and to do business within networks.
As a part of the e-commerce industry, e-business services do not allow customers enough flexibility in terms of satisfying their needs. Hwo To! Booking for restaurants and tour services can be done by swiping credit cards. However, the personalization of such services is impossible as packages provided by an organization are predefined and limit the freedom of a client. On the other hand, the current technology implemented by tragic essay organizations does not allow the formulation of data representing client’s views. With the lack of applications on a poem the web that allow customers to specify their needs, organization’s management feels inconvenienced when clients have to make changes on their arrival (Wang, 2010). The use of the homework percentages Internet as a means of a poem, communication and a platform for doing business has significantly improved e-business. At the same time, the over-reliance of the available Internet applications has led to laxity by organizations. Organizations design services and products that they are certain of in terms of customers’ responses.
However, services provided at the physical level do not match those provided or expected at the virtual level. In this case, the help math Internet provides clients with information in terms of ads and offers that convince customers to choose them in place of other service providers. However, as much as the Internet is a reliable source of information, very little has been done to maximize its reliability concerning providing satisfactory, precise, and highly competitive services that promote e-business. Nature of the hwo to write Tourism Industry. The nature of any business platform is defined by homework the set of variables that constitute the operation of hwo to a poem, businesses and business trends that take place. Organizations that deal with tourism services are not involved in ground operations at tourism resorts and service providers. This case makes the bock dissertation proton exchange tourism industry a dynamic one with various players serving the write a poem central entity, namely the customer. T. R. Bock Dissertation! Tourism organizations research, organize, and manage schedules for clients as well as specify destinations for them.
Most of this work is done by organizations that organize tours placing control in their hands. Customer plans and specifications are handled by organizations, while services are provided by other parties. Concerning information in write the Internet and brochures, clients are likely to change their preferences on contest oregon the ground to place orders of services that match their tastes. As a business organization, such changes are unavoidable as much of a poem, information in the Internet and adverts tend to death of a salesman be misleading at write times. The tourism industry hosts various cultures that place values in various areas of their social lives. Organizations involved in the hotel tourism industry provide services to meet different tastes of clients. A tourist resort in the coastal line of Qatar will be run by t. r. bock an organization that has some experience on the kind of hwo to write, services, which tourists seek there. In this case, outdoor activities are most likely to be numerous and billed as a part of the tour.
For those tourists, who tour for the first time, making a concise choice is a hard thing, as most of them tend to change their minds regarding better package offers, which they are presented with. Making payments or requests through catering organizations becomes a tiresome duty when done through a traditional way. Besides, making decisions on how to enjoy a vacation depends on a number of considerations: the amount it costs to be in one place in comparison with the other; opportunity costs, depending on how appealing one destination is; how much money are needed to use one package in place or on t. r. bock the top of another. Regarding information systems and a method of accessing this information, a good number of clients make uninformed decisions. For an organization dealing with such clients, blame should not be placed on clients, but rather on write an organization. Technology use in creative writing now short the business setting helps people make fast and hwo to a poem, precise decisions, which in turn save time on the tedious manual work (Books LLC, 2010).
In this case, embracing technology is a joint effort that customers should be prompted to adapt to by involved organizations. Service providers, namely credit card trackers and online product researchers, provide applications that have an ability to assist clients in death salesman coursework questions making their decisions to avoid mishaps (Baase, 2008). The Internet is the most resourceful information provider and interface, which businesspersons opt to use (Singh, 2009). The usage of the Internet depends on the needs, which one requires to a poem serve, and their level of urgency. Internet users who are not interested in finding information on the platform can subscribe to services that provide information they need. Depending on the nature of the tourism industry; traditional means, brokers, and service databases are connected to form a precise Multi-Agent Information System (MAIS). Essay About Gmo! The MAIS is a web or a network of information resources that are connected together to hwo to write a poem provide clients with information. Death Of A Coursework Questions! The importance of the MAIS is in its ability to give specific data to clients regarding their tourism needs.
However, although the MAIS is an important tool providing information to clients through the Internet, one shortcoming is eminent: the MAIS does not connect all information sources together, and different agents can form various MAISs. It complicates the customers’ duty of selection (Krishna, Madon, 2003). The Internet is simply a network or networks, and therefore, it is write a poem not regarded as a precise source of information, when it comes to searching of specific information. As an attempt to curb this Internet menace, web-based applications have been used to specify and provide precise results for customers with intentions to tour various places. Web-based applications are importat, because they use the Knowledge Query and Manipulation Language (KQML).
This language is useful, since it makes applications result-oriented, filtering less important information provided by contest various databases (Al-Qirim, 2006). Operating through the Internet service provided or local networks, web-based applications outsource information from one or a few specified databases guaranteeing relevance and hwo to write a poem, reliability of information to clients. In spite of the reliability of a web-based application and the language of programming used in writing them, the availability of these applications makes them less reliable. With various databases accessed by each application, it is hard for customers to rely on the information given by a single application (Bryman, Bell, 2007). Back in the 1960s, computers were a dream that people had not started to dream yet. In the 1970s, companies that had resources started to research and put up the first generation computers.
During the 1980, industrialization hit a mark and many businesses sprung up to help math utilize technological advances and hwo to, available markets (Saunders, et, al. 2009). During this era, the use of essay about gmo, computers to do business gained popularity giving telecommunication companies an assignment to provide services that allowed communication between these devices. With the Internet, customers cannot only perform business transactions, but also to move around with Internet capable devices in their pockets. The relevance of this historical background check on the usability of computers is to draw a basis for the revolution of the need and the usability of computer-based platforms. Multiple business applications are available and compatible with various devices. This shows that people do not need computers to contact business: it calls for awareness that customers do not need to use telecommunication services to hwo to write transact businesses. Most websites provide searching clients to enable visitors to access what they are looking for within short periods. In this sense, search applications have been developed to enable customers to downsize their search criteria by the application of essay about gmo, relevance and specified requirements.
Criteria-based applications are used as a means of creating time and space for a client to include and write, exclude relevant and irrelevant information. These criteria-based applications minimize the occurrence of contest oregon, constraints and satisfy a paradigm of Constraint Satisfaction Problem (CSP) (Singh, 2009). The conduction of hwo to write a poem, business through a virtual platform takes a number of variables that affect its efficacy. User interfaces used by customers include mobile gadgets, computers and creative now short story, other network-enabled devices. However, besides user interfaces that people choose to use in their day-to-day business activities, platforms that their devise uses determine how effective business transactions are. Services offered through the Internet depend on platforms used by browsers and the types of web-pages generated according to user interfaces on devices. Computers and mobile devices use various platforms in terms of operating systems and so do applications supported by these devices. Capabilities of operating systems support peripherals and usability applications, such as the Adobe Flash Player. Hwo To Write! Flash players are important for the execution of commands and the display of writing now short ideas, content for high definition websites. With capabilities of these applications, e-business applications support interactive user interfaces to maximize user’s experience and enhance security. The importance of hwo to write, interactive web-applications is the ability to render multiple pages within short durations and execute commands that do not prompt the user to enter multiple entries in one web-page.
The relevance of math, this architectural design is to ensure that e-business is conducted in a safe platform, and that it locks crawler programs and hwo to a poem, spyware from assessing compact data in cases of flawed security measures. In the tourism industry, e-business is a single-phased operation as commands are executed in one phase. By this, it means that multiple entries and criteria of searching assume a to-and-from type of execution. Such commands as credit card swiping, billing and creative writing now short story, booking are done through a single platform, whereby the write a poem organization behind billing conducts transaction that credits its reserves confirming to the client that transaction has been made. On a multiphase program, a credit card provider, a mobile service provider and banking systems, the client uses all responds in unison to alert that a transaction has been made. The importance of this multiphase program ensures that the client can make payments from different levels using the essay about gmo same or different means. Mobile banking and access to banking services allows clients to pay bills and settle payments by write using integrated services provided by tess as a tragic heroine essay the banking sector and the communication sector.
The multiphase program that allows the synchronization of several levels of transaction can be categorized as a Collaborative Travel Agent System (CTAS). The analysis of this technology shows that a multiphase program integrates mobile and Internet services together to provide a safe, flexible and scalable service to clients (Baase, 2008). As an e-business strategy, it does not aim to serve tourist organizations, but rather to serve clients. It is logical to hwo to a poem give clients the power of flexibility; this serves an organization in terms of attracting more transactions and creating surplus (Al-Qirim, 2006). More than ever, e-business strategies are used worldwide for all platforms and business models. Creative Writing Ideas! Business models are of various types and involved in various operations as well.
Concerning a type of models, in which e-business is used, a platform does not change in that, transactions are made and information is accessed from the Internet through various mediators. Utilities that put e-business strategies in the forefront before any other form of business model include Material Requirements Planning (MRP), Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), and write, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP). These utilities are used and applied at the organization and client levels as a part of the steps involved (Bryman Bell, 2007). Essay Contest! Material Requirement Planning is a utility that is used by both clients and hwo to a poem, organizations. It is through the exchange of t. r. bock proton, data and information from hwo to organization’s databases that the writing now short client can choose services of that organization. MRP is a platform that links communication between the client and the organization. For clients, access to data helps them make informed decisions, while at the same time an hwo to a poem, organization gathers information regarding preferences of clients. Electronic Data Interchange is a utility that allows a client, an organization, an electronic card, a bank, and a service provider to essay about gmo link up with each other depending on the nature of transactions. Depending on it, an electronic card reader sends data to a bank and funds transacted into reserves of an organization. When this happens, the organization confirms that transaction is successful.
If a client is subscribed to a mobile service provider, a part of the transaction that is important for financial needs of the client and forwarded as a copy through short message service. The EDI is a connection platform that automatically exchanges data relevant to a client from one end to another in respect to real time transactions (Wang, 2010). This utility provides a basis for the application of the MAIS and defines e-business strategy management. E-business strategy management is organizational planning, and developing a concrete and applicable approach towards handling e-business models. As a utility, the ERP organizes, plans, and sustains the development of organization-based services in terms of information, accessibility, target groups, customer responses, and performance-related data. The ERP is hwo to a poem a formulation utility that gives organizations virtual management assistance in dealing with electronic-based data. Homework Help Math Percentages! The ERP is similar to the Web Analytics program, but it does not involve tallying of hits per page, but rather transactions per certain period.
The ERP coincides with the CTAS as it combines services offered by an organization and presents them in a smooth and simple manner that an hwo to write, organization management can understand and make adjustments for customized service provision (Krishna, Madon, 2003). The relevance of the utilities discussed above to the case study and context of this research is based on the fact that they provide assistance in the management of e-business strategies applied in the case study. E-Business Strategy Management. In simple terms, management is the process of organizing, planning, developing, assessing, and implementing. Strategy management is the death of a process of organizing and planning strategies in response to hwo to a poem their applicability. E-business strategy management is simply planning or formulating strategies that affect e-business in writing now short order to maximize the potential and limit risks (Books LLC, 2010). Risks are involved in any business model and may cause a business fail to hwo to get any profit even after its management invests millions dollars to produce or promote a product. On the bock exchange other hand, even if an organization makes profits, it does not mean, it is not incurring risks: expectations of an organization to get a certain amount of money from profits may not be a practical case and may hinder plans of an organization (Baase, 2008). Management is a duty aimed at hwo to write a poem creating surplus in the production line and result in profits. An organization that does not accrue any profit is said to be operating at a loss. Loss may be directly caused, if some products are damaged and death of a coursework, not covered by the insurance company.
It may also incur indirect losses through the influence of competition: an organization may have products to sell or services to hwo to write offer and fail to make a sale. Despite the fact that it retains its products, no profit is made and tess heroine essay, operations to deal with in new financial years may fall short of a budget (Krishna, Madon, 2003). The relevance of the above point with the context of this research is that e-business strategies offer opportunities to an organization for write a poem, its benefit. Death Of A! However, in order to maintain a sustainable growth, e-business strategies are managed to avoid overlaps and the loss of focus by an organization. In the tourist industry, clients and booking fill up a supply chain. It is hwo to a poem almost ironical how the service industry can have a supply chain. A supply chain in tess tragic essay the tourist industry does not exist in the traditional business environment. However, in e-business strategies, supply chain management is a common phenomenon. Consider the fact that customers keep inquiring for vacancies and some are willing to hwo to wait until they can get a change to visit certain places.
The purpose of the supply chain would be to create a mechanism that takes requests and prompts customers, when their requests have been processed. Organizations dealing with the tourism sector are not supplied with services; they supply other business models with customers as caterers. In this case, such an organization keeps supply chain management as a dual faced activity, since it supplies other business with customers, while it is supplied with orders and queries on essay about gmo services it offers (Saunders, Lewis, and Thornhill, 2009). Considering the problem of researchers in hwo to write a poem the case study, it is clear that there is the lack of researching as dragged e-business in spite of the availability of sound technological backbone. Tactical operation alignment is a management tool for e-business strategies that deals with the operation of organizations in terms of connecting employees, employers, services and products, clients and stakeholders. Creative Writing Story! However, the relevance of this management tool to e-business is to diversify the traditional sphere of business by hastening business activities and a poem, providing overhauled versions in dimension and creative writing, definition of hwo to a poem, businesses around the world (Gorodetski, 2005).
With the usage of the Internet, Intranet, cellular networks, and other digital technology one can pay for services over the Internet, access online advertising, and get involved in bock on-line trading and write, auction deals. The importance of this management tool is to generalize the e-business strategy by tess as a essay synchronizing organizational activities with customer’s needs. Electronic business processes take a format of a multiphase program, as a number of stages and hwo to write a poem, processes are executed one after another or at the same time. From a business perspective, electronic business starts with personal assistance in creative now short story terms of finding relevant information. Information is a poem a backbone of electronic business, because customers and organizations use this information to get through to each other. Organizations use various information sources and compile them to make databases. These databases are used as personal assistants for t. r. bock proton exchange, an organization.
On the other hand, clients use information available from an organization’s database as their assistants to making informed decisions (Singh, 2009). However, some traditional means of outsourcing information are witnessed in the electronic business. A client can hire an hwo to a poem, agent to find relevant information about a specific topic, in contest oregon which he/she is interested. Agents may be personal assistants or they can be corporate if hired from an organization. The importance and the role played by personal assistants and corporate agents is to easy the work of finding information. The quicker a client is supplied with sufficient information, the quicker he or she can make decisions (Baase, 2008). Information and service resources are parties or databases that a customer can find information from and use it to make decisions.
Service resources are the third parties that are consulted to provide information or assist in finding information. Most of these resources are online service providers aiming at assisting tourists with travel planning and outsourcing of relevant information. The placement of information and service resources is in the multi-layered infrastructure of the CTAS. The multi-layered CTAS infrastructure gives a precise chronological order of events and processes that take place in typical e-business architecture. Hwo To Write! Planning is homework help math percentages a major step in the installment of the multi-layered infrastructure, as it provides the client and a poem, the system a time-sensitive chronology of events and processes. A tourist information system is t. r. bock dissertation proton provided to the client through planning, whereby stages, processes, and schedules are managed for him or her. Write A Poem! Systems are not necessarily provided by organizations that arrange and plan tourists’ service packages; they can be arranged and provided by tess as a tragic essay affiliate or hired. Concerning the processes discussed above, a multi-agent information system (MAIS) is developed to make e-business processes a pattern that allows different parties, services, and installments to work in unison to provide a flexible, fast, scalable, and intelligent information service to clients and organizations (Wang, J2010). Belief, desire, and intention (BDI) agents are computational models that monitor and update their information on environmental changes. BDI agents are proactive in hwo to write a poem achieving their goals, while adapting to new environmental changes to provide up-to-date information.
The accumulation of experience by dealing and associating themselves with previous interactions with the environment makes BDI agents flexible and goal-oriented. They act as informative systems that control customer’s choices by updating them through available channels and electronic devices that mediate databases of BDIs with customers’ interfaces (Gorodetski, 2005). Several e-business strategies are managed differently and serve different purposes. Various strategies are applied through different platforms and are meant to homework math serve specific purposes. Platforms are simply fields, in which an application, a mechanism or a strategy works best. Technology has made different platforms, through which applications work, and devices that should be used. Operating systems define a type of applications and capabilities, which can be rendered by an application in terms of flow, security, display, and user experience. With the hwo to write a poem Internet as one of the essay most resourceful interfaces, clients use it as a medium to interact with databases. Applications that enable devices to make connections are used. Hwo To! The use of applications is t. r. dissertation exchange almost adapted by all users; however, languages, in which these applications are written help e-business transactions to be relevant to the parties that use them (Rekhter, et, al. 2002).
Some technologies come in the form of programming languages. They assist in rendering and executing various duties in either computers or mobile devices. Some of these technologies include OWL, XML, HTML, UTML, HTTPS, DAML-S, KQML and write a poem, W3C. Most of them are programming languages and homework percentages, formats for orienting, rendering, presenting, and write a poem, filtering information on devices and web-pages. Some languages are connected with formats to enable smooth rendering and exchange, presentation of web-pages. Among the write most common formats and web-protocols there are HTTPS, UTML and HTML. HTTPS is a hypertext markup protocol that is used for displaying secured web-pages. The latter are pages that do not use data from various databases; they only homework percentages use data from specified databases and at times reformat other websites for hosting within a secured console.
UTML and HTML are web rendering protocols from mobile devices and computer platforms. The difference between them is in the way they render pages and the amount of write a poem, traffic loaded per page (Rekhter, et, al. 2002). The connection between the W3C, OWL and XML is that the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has adapted the Web Ontology Language through an essay contest oregon, extended Markup Language format to define web-ontologies. It means that the OWL is a useful language and the most important component among these three. The OWL describes classes, properties and a poem, their instances and logical semantics for the derivation of consequences. As a description language, the OWL manages primary e-business processes of information rendered for clients and request processing for organizations. As an MAIS approach, the KQML is a multi-agent-based kiosk that provides customers with information from the salesman Internet on specified categories of hotels, shopping centers and cinema’s.
The KQLM is a primary interface that can be integrated into applications to provide restricted search results and relevant results to hwo to influence informed decisions of clients. Its inclusion in e-business strategies helps organizations and clients maximize needs and benefit from essay about gmo e-business processes. DAML-S was designed to serve as the basis for hwo to write, presenting descriptions of inverses, unambiguous properties, unique properties, lists, restrictions, cardinalities, pair-wise disjoint lists and data types. The use and the application of DAML-S takes place in web-application as a plugin, or it is integrated to the website of an organization to formulate data according to the above tasks. As a plugin or as integrated to web-sites, DAML-S sorts out data according to math their types and renders them according to a type of platform used by clients. Write! The importance of this language is that is can be executed to go through an application or can be linked with a website to limit numbers of clicks and traffic. One shortcoming of this technology is as a tragic heroine that it favors specific types of platforms and singles out recent technologies. This technology is hwo to not a recent one.
Therefore, it is limited to information rendering rather than processing: a factor that e-business does not operate well on. Card-reader on the go. Signing up e-business is as simple as registering personal information someone a website or service provider and one is essay about gmo ready to go. This seems easy, given that everyone can spare a few minutes to fill in his/her information. Hwo To A Poem! Finding information in the Internet can be done through various means without the need to essay oregon register accounts or giving out credit-card numbers.
In this case, e-business is not established until transactions are made from one party to another. As a solution to the slow pace of hwo to a poem, payments, credit card readers should be used to analyze and authenticate barcodes. The above method seems simpler, but it requires buying of card readers. It is easy for a tourist to essay spent months in write the Caribbean Sea on a cruise ship. Bock Proton Exchange! Therefore, getting a little gadget that will ensure fast and secure transactions is not a task one cannot handle. After all, does anyone doing business over the network or the Internet have to risk his or her account numbers (Holbrook, Reynolds, 1998)? ID login mechanism. Take for write, example a couple travelling across the Atlantic to South Africa expecting to t. r. bock dissertation proton experience a bright sunlight and clear beaches. It is almost unimaginable how much these people will be looking forward to getting their vacation started.
Money for tourists is not a problem, but rather a type of transactional means and modes that are involved. A Poem! As an IT solution to the problem of imprecise and slow transactions, tourism organizations should adapt a system that delivers safe and fast services through available networks. An ID login should be a method that organizations provide their clients with to enhance a high speed of transactions. Contest Oregon! Buying books and movies on write a poem Amazon requires a tedious registration process and provision of bank or credit account numbers. In this case, a tourist visiting South Africa and using Organization X to cater for him/her does not need to register accounts that require bank or credit card numbers. Instead, by using a card reader, a client can be supplied with a unique ID login to enter the website of an organization serving him or her. In this case, any time an ID login is entered into the card reader on the go, the system is ready for transaction.
This provides the power to change, define, and control ones transactions on the part of a client (Books, 2010). The Internet, as it has been discussed earlier, is a network of networks. This means that networks that are operating at different locations are connected with others through the essay about gmo Internet making a web of a poem, networks. Organizations and online service providers are known for asking for classified information from clients in order to process transactions or to verify them. Through the Internet, according to the nature it is created, a hacker can join and leave a network anytime he/she would like. This does not entirely mean that the Internet is an unsafe place for business; it means that it can be a dangerous place. Organizations using various online services must and should use a safe hypertext transfer protocol (https).
It means that online transactions can be safe and contest oregon, secure in addition to being faster. Information Filters and Isolators. Registering personal information online is write not always successful when there are transactions to make. The social media allow people to register free profiles and manage their own privacy modules. Coursework Questions! Many people do not restrict access to their personal information and risking their identities. Hwo To! E-business registrations can be linked with the social media and controlled by e-business. This way, sensitive information, which is t. r. dissertation exchange freely accessible to the social media, can be restricted to the public; therefore, it secures identities of clients. Filtering information on the Internet is a poem a solution for the problem of identity theft.
It is through search results that wrong parties access people’s private life from a certain point (Gorodetski, 2005). Coursework Questions! Most online businesses guarantee their clients secure and safe handling of hwo to write a poem, sensitive information. However, these businesses do not investigate whether sensitive information they possess might be publicly accessible. Security is an expensive installment that many organizations struggle to pull off. However, the safer and keener an organization’s service is, the better response from customers such an organization gets (Wang, 2010). Adverts are methods, used by organizations to promote their products and services. However, from a personal perspective, have you ever noticed that many adverts start with the question, “Did You Know?” Clients make decisions according to how much they know and how they are involved in investigative activities regarding what they have not known. Among things that these customers do not know there is a fact that credit card numbers are safe in the hands of e-business organizations, only if organizations do not have unscrupulous individuals working for them. Banks are not safe either, as attendants who serve people on tess heroine essay a daily basis may steal from clients. What everyone knows is that everyone else looks forward to making as much money as he or she can. Something that some people and clients do not know is that ethics in an organization is not always observed, when it comes to the privacy of clients.
Therefore, the mechanism that is used in the ATM service can be applied through Card on the Go technology. Only in this case, fortransferring funds regarding services are provided (Curtin, 2010). To attain maximum security, safety, fast services, and flexible mechanisms, the power to control transaction variables should be placed in the hands of clients. Visa Card is one of the most recognized cards in the world and hwo to write a poem, can be used in almost every country and many organizations accept transactions paid by means of bock dissertation exchange, this card. It is easy to carry Visa across the world and even easier to lose it. To avoid the probability of losing a credit or debit card, a technology that allows the use of an hwo to write, alternative method can be a solution to this problem. Essay Oregon! In addition, most clients do not like the fact that they have to produce their cards making any type of payment. Hwo To Write! Electronic transactions are types of creative now short ideas, transactions that do not involve traditional methods of doing business. Walking to the ATM to withdraw cash is a traditional method of doing business; it is the same as walking to a bank and getting a check with solid cash. With the introduction of a barcode technology, a client will be recognized remotely by a system that links a client with a certain organization allowing hotels, tours, and other services of payment without the need to enter numerous digits. This technology can only be used by clients; and provided by an organization.
It will ensure safety, swiftness of transaction and minimal usage of paperwork or bulky gadgets (Baase, 2008). Website and Network Firewalls. HTTPS is a web protocol that integrates firewalls from the website-level and renders secure web-pages to hwo to a poem a client. Firewalls are security measures used in essay contest networks to shield them from attacks or unsafe commands. Once secured from attackers, networks that use common or varying databases can communicate with each other through secured networks.
In this case, clients, who emphasize security, will have their information secured on write a poem an e-business platform (Baase, 2008). The emphasis on tess as a tragic essay security and the rate of transaction execution do not present security as a problem or basis of hwo to, integration on an e-business platform. Active Control Plugins and Technologies. Filtering information accessed through the Internet or local networks does not depend on the ability of a client, but rather on a service provider. Organizations that deal with tourism activities are responsible for providing secure platforms that filter and shield sensitive information from the public domain. Homework Help! Security provided by firewalls can be bypassed using tiny urls and other mirror applications.
In this case, websites developed by organizations should be shielded from the public domain by the use of active control plugins and technologies. These are security measures provided by organizations to hwo to write a poem a client to access pages in order to shield suspicious behavior and searches originating from the public domain (Baase, 2008). OUTLOOK AND CONCLUSIONS. The tourism industry is death of a salesman coursework questions one of the hwo to a poem most dynamic sectors in terms of tess tragic, growth and generation of revenue. The tourism industry is run by organizations that coordinate such activities as bookings, hotel selection, tour services, and provision of hwo to a poem, information regarding various tourism destinations. Homework Math Percentages! Depending on the nature, upon which tourism industry operates, traditional methods of doing business are not efficient enough to drive the a poem future of t. r. bock proton exchange, tourism. Hwo To A Poem! On the other hand, e-business strategies have enabled people to contact businesses over the Internet, through cellular networks, and using digital gadgets. Percentages! However, minimum research has been done on how to enhance flexibility, speed, security, and scalability of e-business strategies. In this case, this research has identified various platforms responsible for hosting e-business. Some of them include:
Operating systems on hwo to a poem various devices to allow access to of a salesman coursework questions information from the Internet; Applications that allow rendering web-pages at the client level for access to hwo to write information; Devices that support various operating systems and bock dissertation proton exchange, applications acting as a medium between databases and hwo to write a poem, clients; Management platforms that organize and plan various e-business strategies to work in unison and limit the essay about gmo risk of incurring uncertainties; and Universal programs applied to systems to coordinate interconnectivity between clients and service providers. Depending on write a poem available platforms for conducting e-businesses, the as a tragic heroine essay management of strategies allows the elimination of slow transitory insecurity of networks, inflexibility by clients, non-scalable variables, and write a poem, the lack of preciseness when finding relevant information. Help Math Percentages! With a multiphase transactional interface, payments and confirmation of transactions are done in various analogous phases enabling smooth and fast transaction. Hwo To! On the other hand, information access is provided by various providers, both traditional and virtual. This architecture is known as multi-agent information systems (MAIS), and is complemented by Collaborative Travel Agent Systems (CTAS). However, the above architectures are more information- and research-oriented than flexibility- and reliability-oriented. Without the need to apply too many programmed languages, this research recommended various technologies that can solve problems outlined above. These technologies include:
Card Reader on the go: a technology that allows clients to control business transactions on bock proton exchange the go; ID login to organizations’ websites: an organization provides an a poem, ID login for homework math, accessing various services and products; Barcode transitory technology: a technology that connects transactions with parties in one scan or reading; Secured hypertext transfer protocol: an Internet-based service that renders secured web-pages that protect classified clients’ information; Active Control Plugins and Technologies: technologies that allow censorship of classified information on public domains with the ability to trace transactions attempted from unfamiliar locations.
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Introduction to the audiovisual essay: A child of two mothers. by Cristina Alvarez Lopez Adrian Martin. The audiovisual essay is not a strict genre or a delimited form – it is the name for a poem, a burgeoning field of inquiry, research, and experimentation within academia and also beyond it; the expression of critical, analytical, and theoretical work using the resources of audiovisuality – images and sounds in essay about gmo montage. The specific inflection of hwo to write a poem, a chosen name always matters. Out of the various possible candidates in coursework questions the air at present – video essay, visual essay, videographic moving image study – we choose audiovisual essay because: a. we all need to put an end to the casual ignoring of the decisive role of sound in every form of modern media; b. video (as in electronic videotape) is already an anachronistic term in hwo to write a poem the digital age and salesman has been for some time; c. essay is a word which, in the spheres of film and media (both their analysis and write a poem production), has come to carry the simultaneous connotations of intellectual research and poetic exploration – neither simply a vehicle for instrumental rationalism nor art for art’s sake. It is a word which can create its own problems (see remarks below) but, at present, remains charged and useful as a probe to of a questions identify a new energy in creation and critique. The objection is sometimes heard in hwo to write public forums: but is any of this really new?
From Joseph Cornell’s surrealist collage Rose Hobart (1936) to Jean-Luc Godard’s epic Histoire(s) du cinema (1988-1998), filmmakers and artists have long been cutting together appropriated images and sounds in order to essay about gmo make a critical point or pursue their particular politico-philosophical ‘vision’. Celebrated multimedia border-crossers including Agnes Varda, Chris Marker, Ken Jacobs, and Harun Farocki have been extending the ruminative, speculative form of the written essay into renewed, audiovisual formats since at hwo to, least the 1950s. Death Of A Questions. However, something fundamental in the contemporary situation of media has changed for a large number of actual and potential producers (including our students). First, computers offer relatively simple but highly effective technologies of digital production and (particularly relevant for the audiovisual essay) post-production. Second, the raw materials – the images and sounds of pre-existing films, television, and media items – are available to acquire and manipulate via digital channels in a way that is historically unprecedented. For close to write a poem a century experimental filmmakers sourced out-of-copyright movie trailers and black market prints and dissertation exchange literally scoured the bins and dumpsters of rejected footage in order to re-edit, re-film, and hwo to write creatively manhandle them. Film/video essayists such as Farocki and Marker invented ingenious schemes in order to access the official streams of imagery made by essay about gmo and for corporations or recorded on write a poem, security cameras. Godard, alongside hundreds of other artists worldwide in the 1980s, went the tragic essay VHS or Super-8 route, forensically taping from television broadcasts or reshooting playback off of video monitors. The audiovisual essay, in the wide range in write which we are encompassing it within NECSUS, is – to adapt the title of Massimo Bontempelli’s novella that Raul Ruiz filmed as The Comedy of Innocence (2000) – the ‘child of two mothers’.
At least two! There is the help percentages tradition of research and experimentation that comes through avant-garde film and video, particularly all that is gathered under the rubric of found footage work. The subject of this kind of audiovisual essay is not restricted to but tends at its primary level to be focused on the critique or examination of cinema itself in some respect – particular filmmakers or genres, specific movies or fragments therein, or a more theoretical aspect of the ‘cinematic machine’ in general, as a medium and as a part of cultural history. Then there is the essay-film (or film-essay), that historic breakaway from write a poem, supposedly objective documentary which stresses the elements of the personal and bock dissertation proton exchange the reflective, and which has itself spawned many sub-forms in the digital age. Where found footage pieces use little or no audiovisual material originated by the maker the hwo to write essay-film may use a great deal that is generated first-hand (very often with a small or large component of some pre-existing media archive blended into its overall mix). The range of subjects of essayistic works treated in this mode tends to be broader than in the found footage tradition; cinema and other media may function as a key reference point but usually only as part of a larger social and transpersonal ensemble under investigation. These are not intended as hard-and-fast categorical distinctions. As always, anything that is essay contest oregon, deemed by some commentator to write be a genre, type, model, template, or tradition has usually already produced ample examples of hybrid combination, anti-type, or peculiar exaggerations of the posited form.
We simply wish to flag two extreme points that can be used to essay contest oregon collate and compare the diverse works and tendencies within what is currently a vital, operative field. In the present academic climate, and in light of the resistances to and questions about the audiovisual essay that sometimes arise, a dual campaign needs to be waged, exerting pressure from a poem, two sides. First, we need to assert and death of a salesman coursework demonstrate that seemingly ‘purely’ poetic forms can carry intellectual ideas and embody practices of scholarly research. This is more a matter of fighting ingrained perceptions and assumptions (even among humanities scholars) than of changing the nature of artistic work itself – although that too has been entering a new, hybridised phase in our era of ‘PhDs through practice’ and research-driven art, as more and more practitioners abandon the write a poem once fragile and now completely crumbling economy of cultural subsidies and choose to enter the academy to pursue their lifetime of work. Second, and conversely, we need to stress the constitutively creative aspect of essayistic forms when they are forged in image and sound. The traditional academic habit of both beginning with words (in the salesman coursework form of a plan, such as a pre-written script or structured outline) and ending with words (as final justification and elucidation) is hwo to write, challenged by a great deal of work appearing under the audiovisual essay umbrella. Godard himself was probably the first to articulate this problem back in tess heroine essay the late 1970s when he explained to television commissioners that his forthcoming found footage/essay works (including Histoire(s) ) would not proceed from a pre-formulated script but be arrived at solely within the editing process itself, in order that an idea could be seen and heard in a new and more direct way. He would usually be met with the a poem initially enthusiastic but then immediately defensive response: ‘[t]he originality is that it will be visual! […] But can you tell us how it will be visual?’ We do not go so far as Godard in polemically denigrating ‘the word’ in favour of some pure audio-vision.
In fact, Godard has never entirely refused words himself, despite the provocative film title Farewell to Language . It is rather the essay contest case that in our much-vaunted age of hwo to write a poem, multimediality , intermediality , and transmediality , we should practice what we preach. All the diverse elements of media (image, sound, graphic design, text, etc.) are available for us to use in different combinations, and we stand only to gain from exploring the possibilities of death of a questions, this ‘infinite semiosis’. However, we do need to tread a little carefully with the very word ‘essay’. What is write a poem, positive and essay helpful about the term is, as we have asserted, the clear link it makes between audiovisual creativity and reflective research/scholarship. Its principal pitfall has been discerned, recently, by Volker Pantenburg at the conference Critical Theory, Film and Media: Where is Frankfurt Now? in August 2014, during a presentation titled ‘Essayism and its Discontents’. Pantenburg argued that in celebrating the potential of the essay (in whichever medium) to be digressive, reflective, subjective, and so forth, we court the risk of freezing and reifying it into a genre with fixed characteristics – a paradoxical and indeed self-defeating gesture, since it amounts to a way of regularising and codifying what is hwo to a poem, meant to be surprising, inventive, and boundary-breaking. The aspiration to see and hear anew through the invention of new forms is salutary; the enumeration of a recipe for cooking this up is less so.
As Pantenburg (alongside Hito Steyerl in 2011) reminds us, the essay came into being not only with the famous, founding reflectivity/subjectivity of oregon, Montaigne, but very shortly after with the hwo to write ‘moral instructions’ of Francis Bacon. Our commonplace experience today confirms this sometimes self-cancelling duality: while the essay-as-experiment triumphantly belongs to the tradition of Roland Barthes, Judith Williamson, Walter Benjamin, Christa Wolf, or Ross Gibson, the essay-as-business-as-usual, the conservative and normative op-ed ‘think piece’, belongs to Clive James, Peter Fuller, James Wolcott, and a thousand other high-end journalists (sad confirmation of this can be found in James’ treatment of radical essayists including Benjamin and Marker in his appalling 2007 bestseller Cultural Amnesia ). After all, the extremely schematic, rule-bound assignments that our students are taught to write are also called essays – often duly expunged of ideas, what Adrian Miles has rightly and enthusiastically inventoried as the essay’s finest propensities toward ‘disjunction, exploration, asides, rambles, excursus, and even digression’. Again, the hwo to a poem drive to practice what we academically preach stands to gain much from a concerted push into thoroughgoing audiovisualism. In this inaugural audiovisual essay section we have curated two very different works that give a sense of the possibilities currently sparking to life across the creative writing two ends of the spectrum we have sketched out. Found Found Found (2014) is a digital essay by the celebrated Dutch-Australian avant-garde film artist Dirk de Bruyn, who has recently been the subject of the documentary The House That Eye Live In (Steven McIntyre, 2014). Found Found Found might be seen to be taking as its point of write a poem, departure the type of essay about gmo, ‘personal travel diary’ which is write a poem, a hallowed tradition in t. r. avant-garde cinema – especially as associated with Jonas Mekas who, increasingly today, approaches his own very intimately shot footage as a vast archive to write revisit and re-edit. The title Found Found Found flips that of exchange, Mekas’ famous poetic film-essay Lost Lost Lost (1976) – but this fond homage/allusion is also a trenchant critique of a particular cinematic tradition, since the ‘world viewed’ by today’s audiovisual essayist has transformed itself so profoundly in the intervening four decades. Irony looms: what or who is exactly ‘found’ in de Bruyn’s piece? Mixing, as he has done for some 35 years, an immersion in media theory (Marshall McLuhan, Guy Debord, and particularly Vilem Flusser) with the free-play of abstract, structural, and poetic forms, de Bruyn produces a meditation on the type of ceaseless loss (of a sense of self, of hwo to write, geo-physical co-ordinates, and of social values) produced by a neo-capitalist world premised on international travel, social mobility, and all-pervasive communications networks. Essay About Gmo. Its ‘argument’ is channelled all at write, once through a montage of visual and sonic fragments (many recorded by his digital camera) and through the essay sensations produced by light, colour, and rhythm. As ever, de Bruyn’s audiovisual art challenges us to think dynamically in frames, pixels, and micro-seconds, relentlessly tumbling one upon the next – to be a part of the sensorial, media-saturated world as it is experienced, on the move, but also to hwo to somehow get outside of it and writing now short view the write a poem logic of its ideological power structures. Laura Lammer is a student in the Department of Theatre, Film and homework help math Media Studies at Goethe University, Frankfurt.
As a participant in our practical/theoretical class on the audiovisual essay she produced a kinetic reflection on the ‘Apocalypse Trilogy’ of U.S. A Poem. filmmaker Gregg Araki, using only short samples layered and treated within a digital editing program. Her Smells Like Armageddon Day – Dreamlike Settings and Magnified Trash (2014) bypasses an excessive dependence on text-as-instruction in tess heroine essay order to deliver its analysis through the careful arrangement, in multiple fragments and two major clusters, of the main strategies in Araki’s cinema as Lammer sees them: first, the hwo to write often garishly-coloured environments in which his characters live; second, the types of fetish-objects that he presents in eye-popping, close-up inserts. Lammer’s piece offers a clear case of something that an audiovisual essay can do which a written piece, no matter how detailed or brilliant, can scarcely touch: even the typical journalistic words I have just used (‘garish’ and ‘eye-popping’) do scant justice to death salesman coursework the design-assault of colour, tone, shape, gesture, and vocal inflection that Lammer accumulates and write a poem co-ordinates in writing now short ideas her montage. Through her work we can get closer analytically not only to what Araki’s films materially are but also to what a neo-cinephilic, subcultural taste for his type of hwo to write a poem, cinema means and feels like, especially when scored to the music she selected. Smells Like Armageddon Day renews the help percentages possibilities for thinking in and through what has too often been hastily dismissed since the mid-1980s as the hwo to write degraded ‘MTV-style’ music clip. NECSUS is far from acting alone as an academic journal in acknowledging this current ‘moment’ of the rise of the t. r. bock audiovisual essay. Clearly it is spreading in many directions at once – and this is all to the good. By tentatively circumscribing one spectrum or continuum of the field for the purposes of this section – with digital, found footage collage at one end and the film/media essay at hwo to a poem, the other – we hope to orient the thoughts and works of our contributors and readers toward those audiovisual possibilities that actively produce knowledge and ideas via the multiple paths of dissertation proton, performative, material research.
Corrigan, T. Hwo To Write A Poem. The essay film: From Montaigne, after Marker . London: Oxford University Press, 2011. Godard, J.-L. Story. Introduction to a true history of cinema and television . Montreal: Caboose, 2014. James, C. Cultural amnesia: Notes in the margin of my time . London: MacMillan, 2007. Lebow, A (ed.). The cinema of me: The self and subjectivity in hwo to first person documentary . London: Wallflower, 2012. Miles, A. ‘Materialism and Interactive Documentary: Sketch Notes’, forthcoming in Studies in Documentary Film , 2014.
Accessed via academia.edu. Rascaroli, L. Now Short Ideas. The personal camera: Subjective cinema and the essay film . London: Wallflower Press, 2009. Steyerl, H. ‘The Essay as Conformism? Some Notes on Global Image Economies’ in Der Essayfilm . Asthetik und Aktualitat , edited by S. Write A Poem. Kramer and T. Oregon. Tode. Konstanz, 2011.  See Lebow 2012, Corrigan 2011, and Rascaroli 2009, among others.  Godard 2014, p. xxxviii.  Cinema Journal and Media Commons have sponsored [in]Transition (http://mediacommons.futureofthebook.org/intransition/), which is in its third issue. One of a poem, that journal’s editors, Catherine Grant, via the REFRAME research platform of University of Sussex, has spearheaded an invaluable web resource titled The Audiovisual Essay (http://reframe.sussex.ac.uk/audiovisualessay/). The latter includes the tragic heroine proceedings of the conference Audiovisual Essay: Practice and Theory which was held in write November 2013 in Frankfurt and organised by the present authors through Goethe University. These recent events and publications build upon previous special issues of Frames (Issue 1, 2012) on t. r. dissertation exchange, ‘Film and write Moving Image Studies Re-born Digital?’ (http://framescinemajournal.com/?issue=issue) and the dossier in Filmidee (Issue 5, 2012) on homework help math percentages, ‘Pratiche del videosaggio’ (http://www.filmidee.it/archive/34/category/144/category.aspx).
We should not forget the write ongoing, vibrant focus upon audiovisual production in as a tragic essay extra-academic, cinephilic endeavours including Transit (http://cinentransit.com/), Press Play (http://blogs.indiewire.com/pressplay/) at hwo to write, Indiewire , Photogenie (http://www.photogenie.be/photogenie_blog/), the Vimeo group Audiovisualcy (https://vimeo.com/groups/audiovisualcy), and the online extras provided by homework help Sight Sound as well as movie-streaming enterprises such as MUBI (https://mubi.com/notebook), Fandor (http://www.fandor.com/keyframe/category/daily), and the ‘Tan lejos, tan cerca’ section of Filmin (https://www.filmin.es/blog/tag/Tan+lejos%2C+tan+cerca). We would like to thank the following partners for their support: The electronic version of NECSUS_European Journal of a poem, Media Studies is published in creative writing now short story ideas Open Access and is therefore free and accessible to the public. We feature PDF downloads to hwo to a poem aid referencing and there will also soon be a Print on Demand option. Please consider the environmental costs of of a salesman coursework questions, printing versus reading online.