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Biographical Sources in the Sciences -- General Works and National Sources. This guide, a revision of Library of Congress Science Tracer Bullet 88-3, offers a systematic approach to the wide variety of published biographical information on men and women of science and technology. Both historical and contemporary scientists are covered, with emphasis on Americans. Essay. While citations to many new works have been added, quite a few of the previous listings have been retained, to allow consideration of a 5 paragraph essay evolving styles in scientific biography. Among the changes adopted in this revision are the indication of illustrations, particularly portraits, and the inclusion of preliminary pagination extending to essay more than 13 pages and unnumbered as well as numbered series notes. Departing from the usual Tracer Bullet format, where one subject is essay by stalin treated per publication, Biographical Resources in the Sciences instead is being issued in three parts, General Works; Life, Earth and Physical Sciences ; and Technology and Computer Science . Each Tracer Bullet contains an introduction to the topic that includes basic works on essay biography and a general listing of subject headings. This part, TB06-7 includes General Works--Comprehensive; General Works--Limited; Bibliographies and Indexes; National Sources--United States; National and Regional Source--Selected Other Countries; Abstracting and Indexing Services; Journals; and Internet Resources. Other biographical titles in the Science Tracer Bullet series are African American Women in the Sciences and of paul Related Disciplines (TB93-4), Blacks in Science and Related Disciplines (TB89-9), and Women in the Sciences (TB90-6). On Searching for Biographical Information. In seeking biographical information about scientists, one is apt to encounter contrary difficulties, most easily described as feast or famine. Dozens of corp essay book-length biographies may be available for the great figures, such as Newton or Darwin, while little or nothing is ready to hand for less well known or obscure individuals.
A few suggestions may be in order for searchers confronted with the latter situation. Look for journal articles; nowadays, authors' affiliations are usually given, and these can provide a useful starting point. Writing Research Papers. Check membership directories of societies in the scientist's field where varying amounts of biographical information can often be found--at the peace corp essay, very least, an address. If the individual is no longer living, a death date will facilitate the search for newspaper obituaries. If only the year of death is known, an minor retrolisthesis, obituary may be found by browsing journals and/or society newsletters in the scientist's field. Peace. The organization or institution that last employed the scientist may be able to about offer advice or assistance. If the location of the person's home at the time of peace death is known, consider addressing a query to the local library. Many libraries keep clipping files devoted to noteworthy local residents, and may even be able to analysis supply addresses of surviving family members. Published genealogies and local histories can be consulted as well. If the scientist's educational background is known, examination of college and university alumni magazines may produce information; if these are not readily available, one can try contacting the institution's alumni office. Chen, Ching-chih.
Biographical sources. In Scientific and technical information sources . 2nd ed. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 1987. p. 448-464. Z7401.C48 1987 SciRR Desk Elliott, Clark A. Models of the American scientist: a look at essay, collective biography. Isis , v. 73, Mar. 1982: 77-93. This note has a twofold aim: to identify some of the chief quantitative works relating to the lives and careers of scientists in America, and to give a preliminary outline of what seem to have been the essay, chief characteristics of the scientific population at various times prior to World War II.
Hankins, Thomas L. In defense of biography: the use of biography in the history of science. History of science , v. 17, Mar. 1979: 1-16. Q125.H63, v. 17, pt. 1. References (41): p. 14-16. . history of science places peculiar demands on the biographer, and corp essay it is minor these demands that I should like to discuss in this paper. Lederberg, Joshua. Peace. Introduction: reflections on scientific biography. In The Excitement and fascination of science; reflections by essay by stalin eminent scientists . v. Corp. 3, pt. 1. Compiled by Joshua Lederberg. Palo Alto, CA, Annual Reviews, 1990. p. xvii-xxiv. illus. Q171.E98, v. 3, pt.
1. References (22): p. xxiii-xxiv. Williams, L. Pearce. The life of science and scientific lives. Physis, rivista internazionale di storia della scienza , nuova ser., v. 28, fasc. 1, 1991: 199-213. illus.
I would urge that until the biographical history of the giants is memoirs revere reasonably complete, we shall not know much of importance about the history of science. Subject headings used by corp essay the Library of Congress, under which biographical materials on scientists and essay by stalin engineers can be located in most card, book, and online catalogs, include the following: See also subdivision BIOGRAPHY under groups of peace scientists, e.g., AFRO-AMERICAN MATHEMATICIANS; AFRO-AMERICAN SCIENTISTS; WOMEN ASTRONOMERS; WOMEN SCIENTISTS; SCIENTISTS, PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED; SCIENTISTS, JEWISH; CATHOLIC SCIENTISTS; SCIENTISTS, MUSLIM. See also other countries or geographic areas, e.g., SCIENTISTS--CHINA--BIOGRAPHY; SCIENTISTS--INDIA--BIOGRAPHY; SCIENTISTS--EUROPE--BIOGRAPHY; SCIENTISTS--LATIN AMERICA--BIOGRAPHY. See also subdivision BIOGRAPHY under other scientific disciplines, e.g., AERONAUTICS; ELECTRONIC DATA PROCESSING; PHOTOGRAPHY. Note: these headings are used for essay by stalin collective biography only. See also subdivision BIO-BIBLIOGRAPHY under other scientific disciplines, e.g., GEOLOGY; MEDICINE; SCIENCE. See also other occupational subject headings, with or without geographic area subdivisions, e.g., ANATOMISTS; ASTRONOMERS; BIOCHEMISTS; BIOLOGISTS; BOTANISTS; CHEMISTS; COMPUTER ENGINEERS; CONSERVATIONISTS; EARTH SCIENTISTS; ECOLOGISTS; ENGINEERS; ENTOMOLOGISTS; GEOLOGISTS; INVENTORS; INDUSTRIALISTS; MALACOLOGISTS; MATHEMATICIANS; METEOROLOGISTS; MICROBIOLOGISTS; MINERALOGISTS; MOLECULAR BIOLOGISTS; MYCOLOGISTS; NATURALISTS; OCEANOGRAPHERS; ORNITHOLOGISTS; PALEONTOLOGISTS; PHYSICIANS; PHYSICISTS; PSYCHIATRISTS; PSYCHOLOGISTS; TECHNOLOGISTS; VETERINARIANS. See also subdivisions ANECDOTES; ANECDOTES, FACETIAE, SATIRE, ETC.; CORRESPONDENCE; CORRESPONDENCE, REMINISCENCES, ETC.; INTERVIEWS; and PORTRAITS under groups of scientists, e.g., ENGINEERS; PHYSICISTS; TECHNOLOGISTS, with or without geographic area subdivisions. Alic, Margaret.
Hypatia#8217;s heritage: a history of women in science from antiquity to the late nineteenth century. London, Women#8217;s Press, 1986. 230 p.,  p. of plates. illus., ports. Bibliography: p. 210-224. Q130.A48 1986 SciRR Asimov, Isaac.
Asimov's biographical encyclopedia of science and technology. Peace. The lives and achievements of 1510 great scientists from ancient times to the present, chronologically arranged . 2nd rev. ed. Garden City, NY, Doubleday, 1982. xxxv, 941 p.  p. of plates. Essay By Stalin. ports. Q141.A74 1982 SciRR Alphabetical list of biographical entries: p. Peace Corp Essay. xvii-xxxv. Revise My Essay. The index lists subjects, as well as the names of individuals other than those whose biographies are included in essay, the book.
A Biographical dictionary of scientists . 3rd ed. Edited by Trevor I. Williams. Assistant editor: Sonia Withers. New York, Wiley, 1982. xiv, 674 p. Q141.B528 1982 SciRR Desk A list entitled Anniversaries (p. 617-649) is a chronological arrangement of birth and death dates of writing papers scientists through 1981. The Biographical dictionary of scientists. 3rd ed.
Consultant editors, Roy Porter, Marilyn Ogilvie. Corp Essay. New York, Oxford University Press, 2000. 2 v. (1196 p.) illus., ports. Includes bibliographical references. Q141.B528 2000 SciRR Desk The Biographical dictionary of women in science: pioneering lives from ancient times to the mid-20th century . Marilyn Ogilvie and Joy Harvey, editors. New York, Routledge, 2000. 2 v. (xxxviii, 1499 p.) Includes bibliographical references. Q141.B5285 2000 SciRR Indexes of scientists by occupation, time period, and country. Research. Biographical encyclopedia of scientists . Peace. 2nd ed. Argumentative. Edited by John Daintith and others.
Bristol, Philadelphia, Institute of Physics Pub., 1994 2 v. Corp Essay. (1075 p.) illus., ports. Q141.B53 1994 SciRR Desk Includes a chronology of scientific discoveries and essay by stalin publications (p. 989-1130) and a section #8220;giving accounts of the history and work of major scientific centers#8221; (p. 1031-1037). A list of books on p. 1039-1053 is arranged by title; initial articles in any language are treated as filing words. Corp Essay. Biographical encyclopedia of argumentative scientists . Editor, Richard Olson, associate editor, Roger Smith. New York, Marshall Cavendish, c1998. 5 v. (lv, 1460 p., lxxx p.) illus. Includes bibliographical references. Q141.B532 1998 SciRR Bol#8217;shaia sovetskaia entsiklopediia.
Biograficheskii slovar#8217;deiatelei estestvoznaniia i tekhniki . Peace Corp Essay. Otv. redaktor, A. A. Zvorykin. Moskva, 1958-59. 2 v. ports. Includes bibliographic references. #8220;Spravochnaia biograficheskaia literatura#8221;: v. 2, p. 443-467. Writing A 5 Argumentative Essay. Includes lists of foreign publications with biographical information about scientists and engineers. Bunch, Bryan H. Appendix A. Obituaries: 1992-1994. In Handbook of current science and technology . Detroit, Gale, 1996. p. 761-785.
Q158.B84 1996 SciRR The Cambridge dictionary of peace scientists. 2nd ed. Memoirs Revere Essay. By David Millar and others. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2002. 428 p. illus., ports. Q141.C128 2002 MRR Biog Darmstaedter, Ludwig. Naturforscher und Erfinder; biographische Miniaturen. New York, Johnson Reprint Corp., 1966. 182 p.,  leaves of plates. illus., facsims., ports. (The Sources of science, no. 26) Reprint of a work first published in 1926 by Velhagen Klasing in Bielefeld.
Dictionary of scientific biography . Charles Coulston Gillispie, editor in chief. New York, C. Scribner#8217;s Sons, 1970-1980. 16 v. Q141.D5 SciRR Desk Vol. 15, Supplement; v. 16, Index.
Dictionary of scientific biography . Supplement II. Adams-Zwicky. Frederic L. Holmes, editor in chief. New York, C. Scribner#8217;s Sons, 1990. 2 v. Includes bibliographical references. Q141.D5 1981 SciRR Desk
The first supplement (v. Corp. 15) contains, in addition to the biographies, seven topical essays #8220;on the scientific outlook and accomplishments of certain ancient civilizations.#8221; The index volume (v. 16) includes separate listings of periodicals and for societies, as well as lists of scientists by field. The second volume (v. 18) of the corp, second supplement also includes a comprehensive index and lists of scientists by field. Gascoigne, Robert Mortimer. A chronology of the history of science, 1450-1900 . New York, Garland Pub., 1987. 585 p. (Garland reference library of the humanities, v. 714) Includes bibliographical references.
Q125.G39 1987 SciRR Contents: pt. 1. The cognitive dimension. Arrangement by subjects.-- pt. 2. Writing Conclusions. The social dimension. Arrangement by countries or regions. Sketches of #8220;the thousand most important scientists of the period#8221; are chronologically arranged in pt. 2. The index identifies these by bold entry numbers. Peace Corp. The Great scientists . Edited by essay by stalin Frank N. Magill. Danbury, CT, Grolier Education Corp., 1989. 12 v. illus., ports. Includes bibliographical references.
Q141.G767 1989 SciRR Complete contents of the set is listed in each volume. An index by areas of achievement is corp provided at the end of v. 12. Grosse Naturwissenschaftler; biographisches Lexikon mit einer Bibliographie zur Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften. Hrsg. von Fritz Krafft. 2., neubearb. Poem. und erw. Aufl. Dusseldorf, VDI, 1986.
456 p. Bibliography: p. 365-435. Q141.G85 1986 SciRR Includes a chronological list of the scientists covered in the dictionary, as well as a six-page diagram of their life span and a name index. Howard, Arthur V. Chambers's dictionary of scientists . London, W. R. Chambers, 1951. Peace. 500 columns. Includes bibliographical references. Q141.H69 1951a SciRR A six-column supplement with updates through early 1955 is laid in.
Lists of Nobel Prize winners in physics, chemistry, and medicine, 1901-54, appear on the lining papers at research papers, the end of the volume. Les Inventeurs célèbres: sciences physiques et applications. Publié sous la direction de Louis Leprince-Ringuet. Paris, L. Mazenod, 1950. 403 p.,  p. of plates. illus. (some col.), ports. (some col.) (La Galerie des hommes célèbres, v. 6) A German edition, entitled Die Berühmten Erfinder: Physiker und Ingenieure , was published in Geneva in peace corp essay, 1951 (Q141.B43). Writing Argumentative. Jöcher, Christian Gottlieb. Allgemeines Gelehrten-Lexicon. Leipzig, J. F. Gleditsch, 1750-51. 4 v. port.
Z1010.J63 MRR Biog Larousse dictionary of scientists . Editor, Hazel Muir. Edinburgh, New York, Larousse, 1994. Essay. 595 p. Includes bibliographical references. Q141.L36 1994 SciRR Provides a list of Nobel Prize winners in physics, chemistry, and physiology or medicine, 1901-93. The index lists names under narrow topics. Lenard, Philipp E. A. Great men of science; a history of scientific progress. Translated from the 2nd German ed. by H. Stafford Hatfield. With a pref. by E. N. da C. Andrade.
Freeport, NY, Books for Libraries Press, 1970. xx, 389 p.,  p. of plates. ports. (Essay index reprint series) Q141.L62 1970 SciRR Reprint of a work first published in New York by Macmillan Co. in 1933. Lexikon der Naturwissenschaftler: Astronomen, Biologen, Chemiker, Geologen, Mediziner, Physiker. Heidelberg, Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, 1996. 505 p. ports. Revise My Essay For. Bibliography: p. 440. Q141.L66 1996 SciRR Provides brief sketches of peace more than 3,000 scientists. Revise. Concepts named for scientists are described in marginal notes. Includes lists of Nobel Prize winners in physics, chemistry, and physiology or medicine, 1901-95, both chronologically in corp essay, each field and in memoirs of paul revere essay, a single alphabet by name, and a comprehensive subject index. McGraw-Hill modern scientists and engineers.
New York, McGraw-Hill, 1980. 3 v. Includes bibliographical references. Q141.M15 1980 SciRR Previous ed. Essay. published under title McGraw-Hill modern men of science (1966-68. 2 v.). The third volume provides a list of names arranged by field of specialization and an analytical index. Membership directory, Sigma XI, the Scientific Research Society . 1998. White Plains, NY, B. C. Harris Pub.
Co., 1998. xviii, 1363 p. Q11.S67a 1998 SciRR Includes a brief history of the society, answers to questions about membership, a description of the society's programs, and a listing of Nobel Prize winners who were or are members. Biographical entries are supplemented by lists of members grouped by primary area of specialization and by geographic location. There is also a separate listing of members' e-mail addresses. The New York times biographical service . v. 1 1970- v. Essay By Stalin. 32 Dec. 2001. New York, New York Times; Ann Arbor, MI, University Microfilms International. monthly. CT120.N45 MRR Biog BRS Biog Indexes cumulated annually. Cumulated indexes 1970-1990 and 1980-1990. Ceased with v. 32, no.
12 (Dec. 2001). Title, 1970-1974: New York times biographical edition. Newsmakers. 1985+ Detroit, Gale Research. ports. CT120.C663 MRR Biog BRS Biog 3 no. a year, with annual cumulation. Title, 1985-88: Contemporary newsmakers. Indexes by nationality, occupation, subject, and name in peace, the annual volumes are cumulative. Notable scientists from about poem, 1900 to the present. Updated 2nd ed. Brigham Narins, editor.
Farmington Hills, MI, Gale Group, c2001. 5 v. (xxxix, 2633 p.) ports. Includes bibliographical references. Q141.N728 2001 SciRR Desk Rev. ed of: Notable twentieth-century scientists . 1995; and Notable twentieth-century scientists. Supplement.
1998. Indexes by field of specialization, gender, nationality/ethnicity, and subject. Poggendorff, J. C. Biographisch-literarisches Handwörterbuch zur Geschichte der exakten Wissenschaften . Corp Essay. Leipzig, Barth, 1863-1904; Verlag Chemie, 1925-40. 6 v. in 11. Contents: v. Writing A 5 Paragraph. 1-2. To 1857.--v. 3. Peace Corp Essay. 1858-83.--v. 4. 1883-1904.--v.
5. Essay Poem. 1904-22.--v. 6. 1923-31. Peace Corp Essay. Poggendorff, J. C. Paragraph Essay. Biographisch-literarisches Handwörterbuch der exakten Naturwissenschaften . Peace Essay. Berlin, Akademie-Verlag, 1955+ Beginning with v. 7, the series is subdivided into two parts: v. Essay Analysis. 7a covers scientists from Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, 1932-53, and v. Peace. 7b, scientists from other countries, 1932-62. Essay By Stalin. SciRR set is corp incomplete. Conclusions Papers. Scientists: the lives and works of 150 scientists. Peggy Saari and Stephen Allison, editors. Detroit, U·X·L, 1996-2003.
7 v. illus., ports. Includes bibliographical references. Q141.S3717 1996 SciRR Vols. 4-6 edited by corp essay Marie C. Ellavich; v. 7 edited by Tanya Lee Stone. Vols. 4-7 have subtitle: Their lives and works . Vols. 4-7 each contain a cumulative index. Scienziati e tecnologi dalle origini al 1875. v. 1+ Milano, A. Mondadori, 1975+ + illus. (some col.), facsims. (some col.), ports. (some col.) Contents: v. 1. Da Abano, Pietro d' a Gibbs, Josiah Willard.-- Turkevich, John, and Ludmilla B. Turkevich. Papers. Prominent scientists of continental Europe . New York, American Elsevier, 1968.
204 p. Brief entries are alphabetically listed for each of 23 countries. Who's who in European research and development . 1995+ London, New Jersey, Bowker-Saur. Peace Corp Essay. Q141.W56 2003 SciRR Desk Who#8217;s who in essay analysis, science and engineering. Corp. 8th ed. 2005-2006. A 5 Paragraph Argumentative. Wilmette, IL, Marquis Who#8217;s Who, 2004. 2374 p. Q141.W576 SciRR Desk and Electronic format. Who's who in science in Europe: a biographical guide in science, technology, agriculture, and essay medicine . 9th ed. London, Cartermill International; New York, Stockton, 1995. 2 v. Paragraph Argumentative. (2084 p.) Q141.W59 1995 SciRR Desk A subject index (p.
2029-2084) lists names under professional fields for each of the 36 countries included. World of scientific discovery . 1994+ Detroit, Gale Research Inc. Q121.W676 SciRR Latest edition in Science Reading Room. World who's who in science; a biographical dictionary of notable scientists from antiquity to the present . Editor: Allen G. Debus. Chicago, Marquis-Who's Who, 1968. xvi, 1855 p. Bibliography: p. xi. Q141.W7 SciRR Desk Nobel Prize winners in physics, chemistry, and physiology or medicine, 1901-67, are listed on corp essay the lining papers. UXL newsmakers.
2005+ Detroit, Thomson Gale. Each annual ed. is published in multiple. Zahm, John Augustine. Woman in science; with an introductory chapter on woman's long struggle for things of the mind . About Poem. By H. J. Essay. Mozans [psued.] Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press, 1974. xvii, 452 p. Bibliography: p. 419-426. Q147.Z26 1974 SciRR Reprint, with a new introduction by essay by stalin Mildred S. Dresselhaus, of a work first published in 1913 by D. Peace. Appleton in my essay, New York. Essay. Contents: 1. Memoirs. Woman's long struggle for things of the mind.--2. Woman's capacity for scientific pursuits.--3.
Women in corp, mathematics.--4. A 5 Essay. Women in astronomy.--5. Women in physics.--6. Women in chemistry.--7. Women in the natural sciences.--8. Women in corp, medicine and surgery.--9. Women in archaeology.--10. Minor. Women as inventors.--11. Women as inspirers and collaborators in science.--12. The future of women in essay, science: summary and epilogue. Die 100 des Jahrhunderts: Naturwissenschaftler.
Reinbek bei Hamburg, Rowohlt Taschenbuch Verlag, 1994. 208 p. ports. (Rororo Handbuch) Arago, Dominique François Jean. Memoirs Of Paul Essay. Biographies of distinguished scientific men. Translated by W. H. Smyth, Baden Powell, and corp essay Robert Grant. My Essay. Freeport, NY, Books for Libraries Press, 1972. 2 v. (Essay index reprint series) Reprint of a work first published in 1859 by Ticknor and Fields in corp essay, Boston. Arago's autobiography (to 1830) is followed by memoirs of Bailly, William Herschel, Laplace, Fourier, Lazare Carnot, Malus, Fresnel, Thomas Young, and James Watt. Bailey, Brooke. Memoirs Of Paul. The remarkable lives of 100 women healers and essay scientists . Holbrook, MA, B. Adams, 1994. 208 p. (20th century women)
Includes bibliographical references. R692.B35 1994 SciRR Index by minor occupation: p. 205-208. Bass, Thomas A. Reinventing the future: conversations with the world's leading scientists. Reading, MA, Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., 1994. 249 p. ports. Bibliography: p. 245-248.
Sarah Hrdy, Luc Montagnier, James Black, Thomas Adeoye Lambo, Etienne-Emile Baulieu, Richard Dawkins, Farouk El-Baz, Bert Sakmann, Jonathan Mann, Norman Packard, and Mary-Claire King. Bildnisse zeitgenössischer Physiker Herrn Viktor von Lang zu seinem 70. Geburtstag (2. März 1908) gewidmet. Peace. [Wien? 1908] 341 ports. on 44 leaves. Biographical studies. In Despite the odds; essays on Canadian women and essay by stalin science. Edited by Marianne Gosztonyi Ainley. Montreal, Véhicule Press; U.S. distribution, University of Toronto Press, Buffalo, NY, 1990. p. 179-262. illus., ports. Bibliography: p. 419-431. Essays on Maude Abbott, Harriet Brooks, Alice Wilson, Isabella Preston, Margaret Newton, Cypra Cecilia Krieger, and Blossom Wigdor.
Biographical studies. In Uneasy careers and intimate lives: women in science, 1789-1979 . Edited by Pnina G. Abir-Am and Dorinda Outram. With a foreword by Margaret W. Rossiter. New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University Press, 1987. p. 129-280. ports. Bibliography: p. 314-354.
Essays on Maria Mitchell, Clémence Royer, Sofia Kovalevskaia, Marie Curie, Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, and Dorothy Wrinch. Brian, Denis. Genius talk: conversations with Nobel scientists and peace essay other luminaries . New York, Plenum Press, 1995. 423 p. ports. Bibliography: p. 407-413. Bridges, Thomas C., and H. Hessell Tiltman. Master minds of modern science.
London, G. G. Harrap, 1930. 278 p.,  leaves of plates. illus., ports. Cohen, Harry, and poem analysis Itzhak J. Carmin, eds. Jews in the world of science; a biographical dictionary of Jews eminent in the natural and social sciences . New York, Monde Publishers, 1956. xxiv, 264 p. Peace Corp Essay. ports. Creese, Mary R. Writing Papers. S. Ladies in the laboratory? American and British women in science, 1800-1900; a survey of their contributions to research . With contributions by Thomas M. Creese. Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 1998. 452 p. illus. Bibliography: p. 439-441. Essay. Q141.C69 1998 SciRR
Bibliography of papers by American and British women in scientific periodicals, 1800-1900: p. 371-437. Creese, Mary R. S. Ladies in the laboratory II: West European women in science, 1800-1900; a survey of their contributions to research . Minor Retrolisthesis. With contributions by Thomas M. Creese. Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 2004. 290 p. illus. Bibliography: p. 283-285. Q141.C693 2004 SciRR #8220;Bibliography of papers by West European Women (excluding the British) in scientific periodicals, 1800-1900: p. 237-274. Crowther, J. G. Scientific types . Corp. London, Barrie Rockliff, the Cresset Press, 1968. 408 p.,  leaves of plates. Memoirs Of Paul. ports.
Bibliography: p. 393-399. Contents: Individual investigators. Charles Thomson Rees Wilson. John William Strutt, Third Lord Rayleigh. Thomas Young.--Teachers. Thomas Henry Huxley. Essay. John Tyndall. Augustus De Morgan.--Scientist inventors.
James Dewar. Osborne Reynolds. Charles Babbage.--Organizers. Walter Morley Fletcher. Arthur Schuster. George Biddell Airy. Downs, Robert Bingham. Landmarks in science: Hippocrates to Carson. Littleton, CO, Libraries Unlimited, 1982. Retrolisthesis. 305 p. Peace. Bibliography: p. 291-299.
Q125.D68 1982 SciRR A survey of 74 masterworks in science from ancient to modern times and their authors. The Excitement and fascination of science . Minor. Palo Alto, CA, Annual Reviews, 1965-1995. 4 v. Includes bibliographical references. Vol. 2, with subtitle Reflections by eminent scientists, compiled by W. C. Gibson. Reprinted from the Annual review of biochemistry , the Annual review of pharmacology , the Annual review of physical chemistry , and the Annual review of physiology . Peace Corp. -Vol. 3 has subtitle Reflections by eminent scientists , compiled by Joshua Lederberg. Reprinted from the Annual review of anthropology . For. [et al.] Vol. 4, has subtitle Reflections by eminent scientists , compiled by Robert H. Haynes and William Kaufmann. Feldman, Anthony, and Peter Ford.
Scientists inventors . Update editor, Graham Yost. New York, Facts on File, 1986. 352 p. illus. (some col.), facsims. (some col.), ports. (some col.) T39.F37 1986 SciRR Sketches of more than 150 inventors and scientists are presented in chronological order. Haber, Louis. Women pioneers of peace essay science . New York, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1979. xvii, 171 p. Memoirs Of Paul Revere. ports. Bibliography: p. 159-165. Alice Hamilton, Florence Rena Sabin, Lise Meitner, Leta S. Corp Essay. Hollingworth, Rachel Fuller Brown, Gladys Anderson Emerson, Maria Goeppert Mayer, Myra Adele Logan, Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, Jane C. Wright, Rosalyn S. Yalow, and Sylvia Earle Mead.
Halacy, D. S. They gave their names to science . Retrolisthesis. New York, Putnam's Sons, 1967. 159 p.facsims., ports. Chapters are devoted to Mach, Mendel, Doppler, Geiger, Sadi Carnot, Coriolis, Mohorovicic, Van Allen, Mössbauer, and Nobel. An epilogue (p. 149-156) lists 165 scientists, including those mentioned above, along with the theories, laws, effects, objects, constants, diseases, instruments, and units of measurement to which their names have been attached. Harré, Rom, ed. Early seventeenth century scientists . Oxford, New York, Pergamon Press, 1965. 188 p.,  leaves of plates. Peace Essay. illus., ports. (The Commonwealth and international library.
Liberal studies division. Science and writing conclusions society, v. 1) Includes bibliographical references. Essays on William Gilbert, Francis Bacon, Galileo Galilei, Johannes Kepler, William Harvey, Johann van Helmont, and René Descartes. Jones, Bessie Zaban., ed. The golden age of science; thirty portraits of the giants of 19th-century science, by their scientific contemporaries. Peace Corp Essay. New York, Simon and Schuster, in cooperation with the Smithsonian Institution, 1966. xxxii, 659 p. Includes bibliographical references. Lang, Harry G., and Bonnie Meath-Lang. Deaf persons in the arts and sciences, a biographical dictionary. Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 1995. xvii, 424 p. ports. Bibliography: p. 411.
Arrangement is alphabetical, with names listed by memoirs field in an appendix. Another appendix provides brief notes on additional individuals. Late seventeenth century scientists . Editor: Donald Hutchings. Oxford, New York, Pergamon Press, 1969. 183 p. illus. (The Commonwealth and peace corp essay international library.
Education and education research) Includes bibliographical references. Includes: Robert Boyle, Marcello Malpighi, Christopher Wren, Christiaan Huygens, Robert Hooke, and Isaac Newton. Lindop, Laurie. Scientists and essay by stalin doctors. New York, Twenty-First Century Books, 1997. 128 p. ports. (some col.) (Dynamic modern women) Bibliography: p. 125-126.
Mildred Dresselhaus, Biruté Galdikas, Mae Jemison, Mary-Claire King, Mary Leakey, Rita Levi-Montalcini, Susan Love, Helen Taussig, Chien-Shiung Wu, and Rosalyn Yalow. Peace. Nobel Prize winners: an H. W. Writing Argumentative. Wilson biographical dictionary. Editor, Tyler Wasson; consultants, Gert H. Brieger and others. New York, H. Corp. W. Wilson, 1987. xxxiv, 1165 p. ports. Includes bibliographical references. AS911.N9N59 1987 SciRR Biographies of laureates through 1986 are alphabetically arranged. Retrolisthesis. A list of the winners by category and year is given on p. xiii-xix. Other introductory matter includes a biography of Alfred Nobel and an essay on the Nobel Prizes and Nobel institutions. Nobel Prize winners.
Supplement 1987-1991: an H. Corp Essay. W. Wilson biographical dictionary. Editor, Paula McGuire. New York, H. W. Wilson Co., 1992. 143 p. ports. Includes bibliographical references. AS911.N9N59 1987 Suppl. SciRR Provides lists of laureates by category and year, and by country of residence, 1901-1990, and a list of those who have died since 1986. Essay By Stalin. Nobel Prize winners. Supplement 1992-1996: an H. W. Wilson biographical dictionary . Editor, Clifford Thompson. New York, H. W. Wilson Co., 1997. 165 p. ports.
Includes bibliographical references. Corp. AS911.N9N59 1992 Suppl. SciRR Provides lists of laureates by category and year, and by paragraph argumentative country of residence, 1901-1996, and a list of those who have died since 1991. Nobel Prize winners. 1997-2001, supplement: an H. W. Peace Corp Essay. Wilson biographical dictionary. Editor, Mari Rich. New York, H. W. Retrolisthesis. Wilson, 2002. Peace Corp. xl, 155 p. illus.
Includes bibliographical references. AS911.N9N59 2002 Suppl. SciRR Provides lists of laureates by category and year, and by country of residence, 1901-2001, and a list of those who have died since 1996. Oakes, Elizabeth H. Encyclopedia of world scientists. New York, Facts on File, 2001. Essay By Stalin. 450 p. Corp. ports. Q141.O25 2001 SciRR Includes indexes of entries by field, country of memoirs revere essay birth, country of major scientific activity, and peace corp year of essay by stalin birth. Oakes, Elizabeth H. Peace Corp. International encyclopedia of women scientists. New York, Facts on File, 2002. xiv, 448 p. ports. Q141.O27 2002 SciRR Bibliography: p. 399-400. Oesper, Ralph E. The human side of scientists.
Cincinnati, University Publications, University of Cincinnati, 1975. xiv, 218 p. Poem. Bibliography: p. 211-218. Anecdotes involving 133 scientists are preceded by brief summaries of their lives and accomplishments. Olby, Robert C., ed. Early nineteenth century European scientists . Essay. Oxford, New York, Pergamon Press, 1967. 179 p. illus., ports. (The Commonwealth and international library. Liberal studies division) Includes bibliographical references. Includes: Humphry Davy, Jons Jacob Berzelius, Thomas Young, Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre and William Henry Fox Talbot, Charles Lyell, and Adolphe Quetelet.
Olby, Robert C., ed. Late eighteenth century European scientists. Oxford, New York, Pergamon Press, 1966. 209 p .,  leaves of plates. illus. (The Commonwealth and international library. Liberal studies division. Science and society, v. 2) Includes bibliographical references. Includes: Jean Lamarck, Joseph Koelreuter, Antoine Lavoisier, Henry Cavendish, Alessandro Volta, James Watt, and William Herschel. A Passion to essay by stalin know; 20 profiles in science . Allen L. Hammond, editor. New York, C. Scribner's Sons, 1984. 240 p. ports.
Bibliography: p. 225-234. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Carleton Gajdusek, Sheldon Glashow, Margaret Mead, Gerald Wasserburg, Robert Trivers, Kurt Gödel, Bernd Heinrich, Frank Oppenheimer, Michael McElroy, Barbara McClintock, Charles Darwin, Robert Wilson, Herbert Simon, James Lovelock, Birgit Zipser, John Wheeler, Tuzo Wilson, Mark Ptashne, and Albert Einstein. Corp Essay. Scientific American. Lives in science . New York, Simon and Schuster, 1957. 274 p. illus., ports. Bibliography: p. 271-274.
Galileo, Newton, Hooke, Laplace, Sir William Rowan Hamilton, G. F. Fitzgerald, Priestley, Lavoisier, Franklin, Faraday, Joseph Henry, Maxwell, Harvey, Darwin, Pavlov, Babbage, Lewis Carroll, and Ramanujan. Scientific genius and creativity; readings from Scientific American. With an introd. by Owen Gingerich. New York, W. My Essay. H. Freeman, 1987. 110 p. Peace. illus. (some col.), facsims. (some col.), maps (some col.), ports. (some col.). Bibliography: p. Writing Research Papers. 107-108. Includes essays on William Harvey, Newton, Boyle, Lavoisier, Gauss, Galois, Joseph Henry, Darwin, Wegener, and Millikan.
Simmons, John G. The scientific 100: a ranking of the most influential scientists, past and essay present. Secaucus, NJ, Carol Pub. Group, 1996. xix, 504 p. illus., ports. Bibliography: p. 487-495. Q148.S55 1996 SciRR Stille, Darlene R. Extraordinary women scientists.
Chicago, Childrens Press, 1995. 208 p. ports. Bibliography: p. 199-200. Q130.S75 1995 SciRR Biographies of essay by stalin 49 individuals and four groups: Women scientists from ancient times to the Age of peace corp Reason, A Legacy of women doctors, Women mathematicians, and Women inventors and engineers. Walsh, James Joseph. Minor Retrolisthesis. Catholic churchmen in science; sketches of the lives of Catholic ecclesiastics who were among the great founders in science Philadelphia, American Ecclesiastical Review, Dolphin Press, 1906-17. 3 v. Weisgerber, Robert A. The challenged scientists: disabilities and the triumph of excellence . New York, Praeger, 1991. 193 p. ports. Bibliography: p. 189-190. Includes profiles of eight students and 13 working professionals.
The Who's who of peace Nobel Prize winners, 1901-2000. 4th ed. Edited by Louise S. Sherby. Westport, CT, Oryx Press, 2002. xxiii, 277 p. Includes bibliographical references. Wilson, Grove.
The human side of science . . New York, Cosmopolitan Book Corp., 1929. Retrolisthesis. 397 p.,  leaves of plates. ports. Bibliography: p. Peace. 391-397. Wolpert, L., and Alison Richards. A passion for science.
Oxford, New York, Oxford University Press, 1988. 206 p. Memoirs Revere Essay. ports. Interviews with Abdus Salam, Martin Rees, Michael Berry, Christopher Zeeman, Dorothy Hodgkin, Francis Crick, Sydney Brenner, Gunther Stent, John Maynard Smith, Stephen Jay Gould, Anthony Epstein, Walter Bodmer, and Richard Gregory. Wolpert, L., and Alison Richards. Passionate minds: the inner world of corp essay scientists. A companion volume to A Passion for minor Science. Oxford, New York, Oxford University Press, 1997. 240 p. ports. Interviews with Carl Djerassi, Roald Hoffmann, Jared Diamond, Leroy Hood, David Weatherall, James Lighthill, James Lovelock, Peter Mitchell, John Cairns, Richard Lewontin, Antonio Garcia Bellido, James Black, Gerald Edelman, Michael Berridge, Elwyn Simons, Murray Gell-Mann, Sheldon Glashow, Nicole Le Douarin, Gerald Holton, Carlo Rubbia, David Pilbeam, Anne McLaren, and Avrion Mitchison. Yost, Edna.
Women of corp modern science. New York, Dodd, Mead, 1959. 176 p.,  p. of plates. ports. Writing Paragraph Argumentative Essay. Gerty Theresa Cori, Lise Meitner, Helen Sawyer Hogg, Elizabeth Shull Russell, Rachel Fuller Brown, Chien Shiung Wu, Edith Hinkley Quimby, Jocelyn Crane, Florence van Straten, Gladys Anderson Emerson, and Dorothea Rudnick. Yount, Lisa. Twentieth-century women scientists. Peace Essay. New York, Facts on File, 1996. Writing Conclusions Research. xvii, 123 p. illus., ports. (Global profiles) Includes bibliographical references.
Lise Meitner, Barbara McClintock, Rita Levi-Montalcini, E. Margaret Burbidge, Katsuko Saruhashi, Rosalind Elsie Franklin, R. Rajalakshmi, Lydia Phindile Makhubu, Biruté M. F. Galdikas, and Kutlu Aslihan Yener. American biographical index. Compiled by Laureen Baillie. 2nd cumulated and enl. ed. München, K. G. Saur, 1998. 10 v. (xxiv, 4200 p.) CT213.A64 1998 MRR and essay Electronic format.
Alternative title: Amerikanischer biographischer Index. Each entry in the index cites references to biographical sources and supplies fiche and frame numbers to the accompanying microfiche sets, entitled American biographical archive (Microfiche 90/7009 (C)) and American biographical archive, ser. II (Microfiche 97/15 (C)), which are also held in MicRR. Texts of the cited references are reproduced in the microfiche sets. Essay About Poem. Australasian biographical index . Edited and compiled by Victor Herrero Mediavilla. Corp. München, New Providence, NJ, K. G. Saur, 1996. 3 v. (xv, 1326 p.) CT2775.A87 1996 MRR and essay analysis Electronic format. Alternative title: Australasiatischer biographischer Index . Each entry in the index cites references to biographical sources and peace corp essay supplies fiche and frame numbers to the accompanying microfiche set, entitled Australasian biographical archive (Microfiche 96/154 (C)), which is also held in MicRR.
Texts of the cited references are reproduced in the microfiche set. Barr, E. Scott. An index to biographical fragments in unspecialized scientific journals . Writing A 5. University, Ala., University of Alabama Press, 1973. 294 p. This index covers about 7700 individuals, providing about 15,000 citations and about 1500 portrait locations found in seven journals. Biografische index van de Benelux.
Samengesteld door Willemena van der Meer. München, K. Peace Corp Essay. G. Saur, 1997. 4 v. (1604 p.) CT1139.B56 1997 Benelux EuRR and for Electronic format. Alternative titles: Index biographique de pays du Bénélux; Biographischer Index der Benelux-Länder. Each entry in the index cites references to biographical sources and supplies fiche and corp essay frame numbers to the accompanying microfiche set, entitled Biografisch archief van de Benelux (94/2001 (C)), which is retrolisthesis held in essay, MicRR. Writing. (2003 ed. not in LC) Biographischer Index der Antike . Peace Corp. Bearb. von Hilmar Schmuck. München, K. Of Paul. G. Saur, 2001.
3 v. (1034 p.) Alternative title: Biographical index of the classical world. Alphabetical listing of 50,821 biographies contained in the Biographisches Archiv der Antike (97/358 (P)), held in MiCRR, which consists of articles extracted from 87 titles originally published between 1820 and 1994. Contents: 1. Peace Corp. A-E--2. F-0--3. P-Z. Biography and genealogy master index; a consolidated index to more than 3,200,000 biographical sketches in over 350 current and retrospective biographical dictionaries . Essay Analysis. 2nd ed. Edited by Miranda C. Herbert and Barbara McNeil. Detroit, Gale Research Co., 1980- 2005. (Gale biographical index series, no.
1) Z5305.U5B57 1980 MRR Biog BRS Biog and Electronic format. Kept up to date by annual supplements (some in peace, more than one part), and by revise quinquennial cumulations of the essay, annual supplements: 1981-85 (5 v.), 1986-1990 (3 v.), 1991-1995 (3 v.), 1996-2000 (4 v.) Biography index; a cumulative index to biographical material in books and essay by stalin magazines . v. 1+ Jan. 1946+ New York, H. W. Wilson Co. Z5301.B5 SSRR MRR Biog BRS Biog and peace essay Electronic format. Quarterly, with cumulations--triennial, Jan.
1946-Aug. 1982; biennial, Sept. 1982-Aug. 1992; annual, Sept. 1992+. Each issue includes an index to essay by stalin professions and occupations. British biographical index. 2nd cumulated and enl. ed. Edited by David Bank and Theresa McDonald. München, K.G.
Saur, 1998. Essay. 7 v. (xxviii, 3179 p.) CT773.B75 1998 MRR and Electronic format. Alternative title: Britischer biographischer Index. Each entry in memoirs of paul, the index cites references to biographical sources and supplies fiche and frame numbers to the accompanying microfiche sets, entitled British biographical archive (86/901 (C)) and British biographical archive, ser. 2 (97/1 (C) ), which are also held in MicRR. Texts of the cited references are reproduced in the microfiche sets. Chinese biographical index . Compiled by Stephan von Minden. München, K.G. Peace Corp Essay. Saur, 2000.
3 v. (xiii, 1197 p.) CT1821.C45 2000 MRR Alternative title: Chinesischer biographischer Index. Index to the microfiche collection entitled Chinese biographical archive (97/359 (C)) also held in MicRR. Contents: 1. A-K--2. L-V--3. W-Z. Deutscher biographischer Index . 2. kumulierte und erw.
Ausg. Revise My Essay For. München, K. G. Saur, 1998. Peace Essay. 8 v. (xxiv, 4017 p.) Z5305.G3K63 1998 MRR and Electronic format. Alternative title: German biographical index . Each entry in essay by stalin, the index cites references to biographical sources and supplies fiche and peace corp frame numbers to the accompanying microfiche sets, entitled Deutsches biographisches Archiv (86/900 (C)) and Deutsches biographisches Archiv, N.F., (90/8113 (C)) which are also held in MicRR. Texts of the cited references are reproduced in for, the microfiche sets. (2004 ed. not in LC.) Herrero Mediavilla, Victor. African biographical index. München, K.G. Saur, 1999. 3 v. Essay. (xviii, 1134 p.) Z5305.A38H47 1999 MRR Bibliography: p. xiii-xviii.
Alternative titles: Index biographique Africain; Afrikanischer biographischer Index. Contents: 1. A-Gebru--2. Gecaga-Mzozoyana--3. Na Abba-Z. Index to African biographical archive (99/42), which is also held in MicRR, a microfiche reprint of 233 biographical reference works published between 1807 and 1993. (Library of Congress michrofiche set is incomplete). Herzenberg, Caroline L. Women scientists from antiquity to the present, an index; an international reference listing and biographical directory of some notable women scientists from ancient to modern times. West Cornwall, Conn., Locust Hill Press, 1986. xxxix, 200 p. Q141.H475 1986 SciRR Includes an introductory essay, Early women scientists and engineers (p. xi-xxviii).
References: bibliography and source abbreviation key: p. xxix-xxxvii. Retrolisthesis. Names of women for whom references are provided are listed alphabetically. This is followed by corp essay a section entitled Women scientists listed by field. Howsam, Leslie. Scientists since 1660; a bibliography of biographies. Aldershot, Hants, Brookfield, VT, Ashgate, 1997. 150 p. Z7401.H66 1997 SciRR Lists 1,106 book-length biographies in English for 565 men and women of science whose careers began during or after the burgeoning of modern science around 1660 . Appendices list the names of scientists by field of specialization, by names of major publishers of the biographies, and by names of any series in which the biographies were issued. Index biographique français . 2ème éd. Minor. cumulée et augm. Compilé par Tommaso Nappo. München, K. G. Saur, 1998.
7 v. (xxiii, 3310 p.) CT1003.I53 1998 MRR and Electronic format. Alternative titles: French biographical index; Franzosischer biographischer Index. Each entry in the index cites references to biographical sources and supplies fiche and frame numbers to the accompanying microfiche sets, entitled Archives biographiques françaises (90/7007 (C)) and Archives biographiques françaises, 2 sér. (97/13 (C)), which are also held in MicRR. Texts of the cited references are reproduced in the microfiche sets. (2004 ed. not in LC) Indice biográfico de España, Portugal e Iberoamérica . 3. Peace Essay. ed., corr. Essay By Stalin. y ampliada. Editado e dirigado por Victor Herrero Mediavilla.
München, New Providence, NJ, K. G. Essay. Saur, 2000. 10 v. (3586 p.) CT1345.I53 2000 MRR and Electronic format. Alternative titles: Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American biographical index; Indice biográfico de Espanha, Portugal e Ibero-América; Spanischer, Portugiesischer und Iberoamerikanischer Biographischer Index. Each entry in essay, the index cites references to corp biographical sources and supplies fiche and frame numbers to memoirs of paul revere essay the accompanying microfiche sets, entitled Archivo biográfico de España, Portugal e Iberoamérica (90/12 (C)); Archivo biográfico de España, Portugal e Iberoamérica, nueva serie (97/5); and Archivo biográfico de España, Portugal e Iberoamérica, (1960-1995) (97/6 (C)), which are also held in MicRR. Texts of the peace essay, cited references are reproduced in memoirs of paul revere, the microfiche sets. Peace Corp Essay. Indice biografico italiano. 2a ed., corr. ed ampliata.
A cura di Tommaso Nappo. München, K. G. Saur, 1997. 7 v. (xxxii, 2650 p.) CT1123.I53 1997 MRR and Electronic format. Each entry in the index cites references to biographical sources and supplies fiche and frame numbers to the accompanying microfiche sets, entitled Archivio biografico italiano (90/8108 (D)) and Archivio biografico italiano, nuova serie (96/158 (C)), which are also held in MicRR. Texts of the cited references are reproduced in the microfiche sets. (2001 ed. not in LC) Ireland, Norma Olin.
Index to scientists of the world, from ancient to modern times; biographies and portraits. Boston, Mass., F. A 5 Argumentative Essay. W. Faxon Co., 1962. xliii, 662 p. (Useful reference series, no. Peace. 90) List of collections analyzed in minor, this work and key to symbols used: p. xvii-xliii. ISIS cumulative bibliography; a bibliography of the history of science formed from peace essay, ISIS critical bibliographies 1-90, 1913-65. Edited by Magda Whitrow. Chairman of editorial committee, I. Bernard Cohen.
London, Mansell in conjunction with the History of conclusions Science Society, 1971-84. 6 v. Contents: v. 1. Personalities, A-J.--v. Essay. 2. Personalities, K-Z. Institutions.--v. 3. Subjects.--v. 4. Civilizations and periods, prehistory to Middle Ages.--v. 5. About Poem. Civilizations and periods, 15th to 19th centuries.--v. 6. Author index. ISIS cumulative bibliography, 1966-1975; a bibliography of the history of science formed from peace corp, ISIS critical bibliographies 91-100 indexing literature published from 1965 through 1974 . Edited by revise John Neu. London, Mansell in conjunction with the History of Science Society, 198085. 2v.
Z7405.H6I2 Suppl. SciRR Contents: v. 1. Personalities and institutions.--v. 2. Subjects, periods and peace corp essay civilizations. Essay Poem. ISIS cumulative bibliography, 1976-1985; a bibliography of the history of science formed from ISIS critical bibliographies 101-110 indexing literature published from 1975 through 1984. Edited by peace John Neu. Boston, G. K. Hall in conjunction with the History of Science Society, 1989. 2 v. Z7405.H6I2 Suppl. 2 SciRR Contents: v. 1. Minor. Persons and institutions.--v. 2. Subjects, periods and civilizations.
ISIS cumulative bibliography, 1986-1995; a bibliography of the history of science formed from the annual ISIS current bibliographies . Edited by corp essay John Neu. Canton, MA, Published for the History of Science Society by Science History Publications/USA, 1997. 4 v. (xxx, 1362 p.) Z7405.H6I2 Suppl. 3 SciRR Contents: v. 1. Persons, A-L.--v. 2. Persons, M-Z. Institutions.--3. Subjects. Time periods, antiquity through 18th century.--v. 4. Time periods, 19th and 20th centuries. In all likelihood, this will be the final printed cumulation of the ISIS bibliographies, since the material is now available also electronically through the essay by stalin, Research Libraries Information Network.--Editor's introduction.
Jüdischer biographischer Index . Opracowany przez Hilmar Schmuck. München, K. G. Saur, 1998. 4 v. (xiii, 1491 p.) DS115.J84 1998 MRR Alternative title: Jewish biographical index. Each entry in the index cites references to biographical sources and peace corp essay supplies fiche and revise for frame numbers to peace the accompanying microfiche set, entitled Jüdisches biographisches Archiv (97/2 (D)), which is also held in MicRR. Analysis. Texts of the cited references are reproduced in essay, the microfiche set. There is also an index listing names under occupational headings (p. 1099-1491). (2000/2005 ed. not in LC) Levy, Felice D. Obituaries on file. Essay By Stalin. New York, Facts on File, 1979. 2 v. (1010 p.) CT120.L43 MRR Biog . a compilation of the obituaries that have appeared in Facts on File from . late 1940 through 1978.
A chronology index (p. 657-760) arranges the names by date of death; the subject index (p. 761-1010) includes names of professions and occupations. The New York times obituaries index. New York, New York Times, 1970-80. 2 v. CT213.N47 SSRR MRR Biog BRS Biog Contents: v. 1. 1858-1968.--v. 2. 1969-1978. Ogilvie, Marilyn Bailey, and Kerry Lynne Meek. Women and science, an annotated bibliography . New York, Garland Pub., 1996.
556 p. (Garland reference library of social science, v. Corp. 859) Z7963.S3O35 1996 SciRR Includes indexes by field, nationality, period, persons and institutions, type of reference source, and themes. Pelletier, Paul A. Prominent scientists; an index to collective biographies. 3rd ed. New York, Neal-Schuman Publishers, 1994. A 5 Paragraph Argumentative Essay. xxxix, 353 p. Q141.P398 1994 SciRR Desk Key to books indexed: p. xi-xxxv. List of scientists by field: p. 305-353. Polski indeks biograficzny. Compiled by, Gabriele Baumgartner. München, K.G.
Saur, 1998. 4 v. (1467 p.) CT1230.P653 1998. Alternative title: Polnischer Biographischer Index; Polish biographical index. May serve as an index to the microfiche collections, entitled Polski archiwum biograficzne (94/2008 (C)) and Polski archiwum biograficzne . Suplement (98/9 (C)), held in MRR. Peace Corp. Contents: v. 1. Aaczek-Glixelli--v. 2. Glizenstein-Lasocki--v. About Poem Analysis. 3. Lason´-Pusch--v. 4. Puschko-Zyzys. (2004 ed. not in LC) Scandinavian biographical index . Edited by Laureen Baillie.
London, New Jersey, K. G. Saur, 1994. 4 v. (2432 p.) CT1243.S25 1994 Scandinavia EuRR and Electronic format. Peace Corp. Alternative title: Skandinavischer biographischer Index. Each entry in the index cites references to biographical sources and supplies fiche and frame numbers to the accompanying microfiche set, entitled Scandinavian biographical archive , (94/2000 (C)), which is held in for, MicRR. Texts of the cited references are reproduced in the microfiche set. Slocum, Robert B. Biographical dictionaries and related works, an international bibliography . 2nd ed. Detroit, Gale Research Co., 1986. 2 v. (1319 p.) Z530l.S55 1986 SciRR Contents: v. Corp. 1. Universal biography; national or area biography.--v.
2. Biography by vocation; author index, title index, subject index. See particularly, in v. 2, sections on medicine and dentistry (p. 900-929), science (p. 1006-1024), and technology and applied science (p. 1046-1059). Smith, Roger. Biographies of scientists, an annotated bibliography . Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press, 1998. 291 p. Revere Essay. (Magill bibliographies) Z7404.S64 1998 SciRR A first chapter on multidisciplinary sources is followed by eight chapters devoted to various fields such as chemistry and life sciences; collected works and individual biographies are included, as are series for young readers in two of the chapters. Peace. A list of websites is given on p. 6-7, and there are indexes of names and subjects. Writing Argumentative Essay. Stuckey, Ronald L. Peace. Index to biographical sketches and obituaries in writing paragraph, publications of the Ohio Academy of Science, 1900-1970. Ohio journal of science, v. 70, July 1970: 246-255. (The freely available Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view and print this resource.) Biographical Archives and Indexes by K. G. Saur.
Biographical archives in microfiche format by K. G. Saur which are in the collections of the the Library of Congress are listed in essay, this Tracer Bullet as note information with the printed index title; otherwise archives with no printed index are listed below. Each archive is a microfiche compilation of entries appearing in a large number of biographical reference works, including many highly specialized titles. The earliest reference work included was originally published in 1646, and the most recent in retrolisthesis, the 1990's. Corp Essay. The biographies are arranged alphabetically with various types of writing conclusions papers indexing to the content. The electronic database World Biographical Information Service provides indexing for the content of several of the biographical archives and more archives are added yearly. (For more detailed information see the entry listing for corp essay World Biographical Information Service in poem, Abstracting and Indexing Services section of corp this bibliography)./p Biographical Archives listed below are held in essay by stalin, microfiche format in the Microform Reading Room MicRR (with some exceptions): Arabisch-Islamisches Biographisches Archiv (AIBA)/Arab-Islamic Biographical Archive (1994-2002) Microfiche 97/3 (D) MicRR Archivio Biografico Italiano sino al 2001 (ABI IV)/Italienisches Biographisches Archiv bis 2001/Italian Biographical Archive to 2001 (2002-2004) Microfiche 2000/1 MicRR
Biographisches Archiv der Antike (BAA)/Biographical Archive of the peace essay, Classical World (1997-1999) Microfiche 97/358 (P) MicRR Biographisches Archiv der Sowjetunion (1917-1991) (BASU)/Biographical Archive of the Soviet Union (1917-1991) (2000-2003) Microfiche 2004/4 MicRR Ceský Biografický archív a Slovenský biografický archív (CSBA)/Tschechisches und Slowakisches Biographisches Archiv/Czech and Slovakian Biographical Archive (1992-1997) Microfiche 97/16 (C) MicRR Chinese Biographical Archive (CBA)/Chinesisches Biographisches Archiv (1996-1999) Microfiche 97/359 (C) MicRR Deutsches Biographisches Archiv 1960-1999 (DBA III)/German Biographical Archive 1960-1999 (1999-2001) Microfiche 2001/20 MicRR Deutsches Biographisches Archiv. Neue Folge bis zur Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts (DBA II)/German Biographical Archive. A Sequel up to conclusions research papers the Mid-Twentieth Century. Microfiche 90/8113 (C) MicRR Griechisches Biographisches Archiv (GBA)/Greek Biographical Archive (1998-2001) Microfiche 99/45 MicRR Indian Biographical Archive (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka) (InBA)/Indisches Biographisches Archiv (Indien, Pakistan, Bangladesch, Sri Lanka) (1997-2000) Microfiche 97/361 (C) MicRR Japanese Biographical Archive (JaBA)/Japanisches Biographisches Archiv (2000-2003) Microfiche 2004/7 MicRR Korean Biographical Archive (KBA)/Koreanisches Biographisches Archiv (2000-2004) Microfiche 2003/48 Korea Asian RR Russisches Biographisches Archiv (RBA)/Russian Biographical Archive (1997-2000) Microfiche 98/4 (C) MicRR South-East Asian Biographical Archive (SEABA)/Südostasiastisches Biographisches Archiv (1997-2000) Microfiche 98/5 (C) MicRR Südosteuropäisches Biographisches Archiv (SOBA)/South-East European Biographical Archive (1998-2004) Microfiche 98/40 (D) MicRR Türkisches Biographisches Archiv (TBA)/Turkish Biographical Archive (1999-2002) Microfiche 2000/4 MicRR Ungarisches Biographisches Archiv (UBA)/Magyar Életrajzi Archivum/Hungarian Biographical Archive (1994-1999) Microfiche 96/166 MicRR National Sources--United States. American men and women of science . 12th+ ed.; 1970+ New Providence, NJ, R. R. Bowker.
Continues American men of science , 1st-11th ed., 1906-70, also in SciRR. Most recent edition is kept at SciRR Desk. With 16th ed., call no. changed to Q141.A474. American men and women of science. Editions 1-14. Cumulative index. Compiled by Jaques Cattell Press. New York, R. R. Bowker, 1983. 847 p. Q141.A47 1983 SciRR Desk American national biography General editors, John A. Garraty, Mark C. Carnes. New York, Oxford University Press, 1999.
24 v. Includes bibliographical references. CT213.A68 1999 MRR Biog and Electronic format. Includes indexes by subject, contributor, place of birth, and occupation. Peace Corp Essay. Contents: v. 1. Aarons-Baird--v. 2. Baker-Blatch--v.
3. Blatchford-Burnet--v. 4. Burnett-Clarke, Lewis--v. 5. Clarke, Mary-DaCosta--v. 6. Dafora-Dubuclet--v. Essay About. 7. Dubuque-Fishbein--v. 8. Fishberg-Gihon--v. 9. Gilbert-Hand--v. 10. Handerson-Hofmann--v.
11. Hofstadter-Jepson--v. 12. Jeremiah-Kurtz--v. Peace Corp. 13. Kurtzman-Lovecraft--v. 14. Lovejoy-McCurdy--v. 15. McCutcheon-Moskowitz--v. Essay. 16. Mosler-Parish--v. 17. Essay. Park-Pushmataha--v. 18. Putman-Roush--v. 19. Rousseau-Simmons--v. Retrolisthesis. 20. Simms-Stratemeyer--v. 21. Stratton-Tunney--v. 22. Tunnicliff-Welk--v. 23. Wellek-Wrenn--v. 24. Wright-Zworykin. American national biography. Supplement. Editors, Paul Betz, Mark C. Corp. Carnes.
New York, Oxford University Press, 2002-2005. 2 v. Includes bibliographical references. CT213.A68 2002 MRR Biog and Electronic format. #8220;Cumulative index by occupations and realms of renown.#8221; Bailey, Martha J. American women in essay by stalin, science: 1950 to the present; a biographical dictionary. Santa Barbara, CA, ABC-CLIO, c1998.
455 p. ports. Bibliography: p. 429-431. Q141.B254 1998 SciRR Bell, Whitfield J. Patriot-improvers: biographical sketches of members of the American Philosophical Society. Philadelphia, The Society, 1997-1999. 2 v. (Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society held at Philadelphia for promoting useful knowledge, v. 226-227.) Includes bibliographical references. Q11.P612 Vol.
226, etc. SciRR v. 1. 1743-1768. -- v. 2. 1768. Carwell, Hattie. Blacks in science: astrophysicist to zoologist . Hicksville, NY, Exposition Press, 1977. 95 p.,  p. of plates. illus., ports. Bibliography: p. 93-34. Appendix: List of Black inventors and inventions: p. 75-91. Crowther, J. G. Famous American men of science. Freeport, NY, Books for Libraries Press, 1969. 414 p. Reprint of the 1937 ed.
Includes: Benjamin Franklin, Joseph Henry, Josiah Willard Gibbs, and peace corp Thomas A. Edison. Directory of experts and consultants in science and engineering. Revise For. 2nd ed. Woodbridge, CT., Research Publications, 1987. 2 v. (xxviii, 1990 p.) Contents: v. 1. Essay. Professional listings.--v. 2. Indexes. Distinguished African American scientists of the 20th century. James H. Retrolisthesis. Kessler, and others. With Sigrid Berge, portrait artist, and Alyce Neukirk, computer graphics artist.
Phoenix, AZ, Oryx Press, 1996. 382 p. ports. Q141.D535 1996 SciRR Includes a chronological listing and one arranged by research area, as well as an index of names and subjects. Elliott, Clark A. Biographical dictionary of American science; the seventeenth through the nineteenth centuries. Westport, CT., Greenwood Press, 1979. xvii, 360 p. Includes bibliographical references.
Q141.E37 SciRR Desk Intended as a retrospective companion to American Men of Science , the book provides major entries for nearly 600 scientists never included in AMS, and minor entries for corp essay some 300 others that were included. Appendices list names of the scientists by year of writing research papers birth, place of peace corp essay birth, education, occupation, and field of minor retrolisthesis science; in the last of these, an individual may be listed under more than one field. Elliott, Clark A. Biographical index to American science, the seventeenth century to essay 1920. New York, Greenwood Press, 1990. xliii, 300 p. (Bibliographies and essay by stalin indexes in American history, no. 16) Q141.E373 1990 SciRR Desk Key to biographical sources: p. xix-xliii. Index of names by scientific field: p. 261-300. An individual may be listed under more than one field. Supplements his earlier work with leads to information about some 2850 American scientists who died prior to 1921. Elliott, Clark A. Collective lives of American scientists: an introductory essay and a bibliography. In Beyond history of science; essays in honor of Robert E. Peace Corp Essay. Schofield.
Edited by Elizabeth Garber. Bethlehem, Lehigh University Press, 1990. p. 81-104. References (37): p. 88-90. Bibliography of bibliographies, indexes and collective lives of American scientists deceased before 1941: p. 90-104. Fortune. Great American scientists: America's rise to the forefront of world science.
Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall, 1961. 144 p. Essay About Poem. Presents the principal advances in each of four fields--physics, chemistry, astronomy, and biology--over the peace corp essay, last four decades and provides brief sketches of minor retrolisthesis 39 scientists (p. 119-130). Haber, Louis. Black pioneers of peace corp science and essay by stalin invention. New York, Harcourt, Brace World, 1970. 181 p. illus., facsims., ports.
Bibliography: p. 168-176. Benjamin Banneker, Norbert Rillieux, Jan Ernst Matzeliger, Elijah McCoy, Granville T. Corp. Woods, Lewis Howard Latimer, Garrett A. Memoirs Essay. Morgan, George Washington Carver, Percy Lavon Julian, Lloyd A. Hall, Ernest Everett Just, Daniel Hale Williams, Louis Tompkins Wright, and Charles Richard Drew. Harris, Jonathan. Scientists in peace corp, the shaping of America. Menlo Park, CA, Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., 1971.
142 p. illus., ports. (Specialized studies in American history series) Bibliography: p. 127-130. Cotton Mather, Benjamin Franklin, Louis Agassiz, Asa Gray, George Washington Carver, and J. Robert Oppenheimer and of paul revere essay their participation in the forefront of the battles for an enlightened society. Hayden, Robert C. 7 African American scientists. Peace Corp. Rev. and expanded ed. Writing Conclusions Research. Frederick, MD, Twenty-First Century Books, 1992. 171 p. illus., ports. (Achievers: African Americans in science and technology) Benjamin Banneker, Charles Henry Turner, Ernest E. Just, Matthew A. Henson, George Washington Carver, Percy L. Julian, and Shirley A. Jackson. Herman, Kali.
Women in particular; an index to American women. Phoenix, AZ, Oryx Press, 1984. xviii, 740 p. Peace Corp. illus. Retrolisthesis. HQ1412.H47 1984 MRR Biog Includes sections on Medicine and Life Sciences (p. 291-321) and Physics, Mathematics, and Earth Sciences (p. 379-382). Jaffe, Bernard. Men of science in America; the story of American science told through the lives and achievements of peace twenty outstanding men from earliest colonial times to the present day. Rev. Poem Analysis. ed. New York, Simon and Schuster, 1958. Corp. xli, 715p.,  p. of plates. illus., ports. Bibliography: p. 654-670. Jenkins, Edward Sidney.
To fathom more: African American scientists and inventors . With contributions by Patricia Stohr-Hunt, Exyie C. Ryder, S. Maxwell Hines. Lanham, MD, University Press of America, 1996. 399 p. Essay By Stalin. Includes bibliographical references. Q141.J46 1996 SciRR Jordan, David Starr. Leading American men of science . New York, H. Holt, 1910. 471 p.,  leaves of peace essay plates. ports. Conclusions Papers. (Biographies of leading Americans) Benjamin Thompson (Count Rumford), Alexander Wilson, John James Audubon, Benjamin Silliman, Joseph Henry, Louis Agassiz, Jeffries Wyman, Asa Gray, James Dwight Dana, Spencer Fullerton Baird, Othniel Charles Marsh, Edward Drinker Cope, Josiah Willard Gibbs, Simon Newcomb, George Brown Goode, Henry Augustus Rowland, and William Keith Brooks. Kohlstedt, Sally G. Appendix: biographical directory of the AAAS, 1848-60. In The formation of the American scientific community; the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1848-60. Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 1976. p. 267-330. The first section, Leadership, provides biographical sketches, with bibliographic references, for 337 men. The lists of members and participating nonmembers which follow indicate only years of activity in the AAAS and place of residence during all or most of peace essay that period.
Leaders in American science. Paragraph Essay. 1st-8th ed.; 1953/54-1968/69. Hattiesburg, MS., Who's Who in American Education, 1968. 681 p. National Academy of Sciences. Biographical memoirs . v.1+ 1877+ Washington, National Academy Press. ports. Includes bibliographical references. Each issue also has distinct title. LC set is essay incomplete. Noble, Iris. Contemporary women scientists of America. New York, J. Messner, 1979.
158 p. The first chapter, 20th century pioneers: seven scientists, summarizes the careers of Annie Jump Cannon, Gerty Theresa Cori, Florence Rena Sabin, Helen Brooke Taussig, Alice Hamilton, Edith Hinkley Quimby, and Rachel Carson, and is followed by essays on Margaret Mead, Joanne Simpson, Estelle Ramey, Charlotte Friend, Chien Shiung Wu, Dixie Lee Ray, Isabella Karle, Elizabeth Shull Russell, and Mildred Dresselhaus.. Oleksy, Walter G. Hispanic-American scientists . Writing Paragraph Argumentative Essay. New York, Facts on File, 1998. 120 p. (American profiles) Includes bibliographical references. Q141.O42 1998 SciRR Sammons, Vivian O. Blacks in essay, science and medicine. New York, Hemisphere Pub. Corp., 1990. 293 p. Bibliography: p. 26l-268. Q141.B58 1990 SciRR Desk Includes a list of names arranged by scientific field. Sherrow, Victoria. Great scientists.
New York, Facts on File, 1992. 148 p. illus., ports. (American profiles) Includes bibliographical references. Papers. Thomas Hunt Morgan, Albert Einstein, Robert Hutchings Goddard, Arthur Holly Compton, Linus Carl Pauling, Enrico Fermi, Robert Oppenheimer, and James Dewey Watson. Siegel, Patricia Joan, and Kay Thomas Finley. Women in the scientific search: an American bio-bibliography, 1724-1979. Corp Essay. Metuchen, NJ, Scarecrow Press, 1985. xvii, 399 p. Essay By Stalin. Z7404.S57 1985 SciRR Arrangement is by profession or occupation. Names of corp individual women are included in conclusions papers, the index. Spangenburg, Ray, and Diane Moser. African Americans in science, math, and peace invention.
New York, Facts on File, 2003. For. xviii, 254 p. illus. Includes bibliographical references. Q141.S6285 2003 SciRR Special Libraries Association. Science-Technology Division. Handbook of scientific and technical awards in the United States and Canada, 1900-1952. Peace. Edited by Margaret A. Firth. New York, Special Libraries Association, 1956. xxiv, 491 p. Includes bibliographical references. For persons receiving awards during the years 1929-52, references to published biographical information are provided to the extent possible.
Who was who in American history--science and technology. A component of Who's who in revise my essay, American history. 76 bicentennial ed. Chicago, Marquis Who's Who, 1976. Peace. 688 p. Q149.U5W5 SciRR Desk Yost, Edna. About. American women of science. Rev. ed. Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1955. Corp. xviii, 232 p. Ellen H. Richards, Annie Jump Cannon, Alice Hamilton, Florence Rena Sabin, Mary Engle Pennington, Lillian Moller Gilbreth, Libbie Henrietta Hyman, Wanda K. Farr, Hazel K. Stiebeling, Florence B. Memoirs Revere. Seibert, Katharine Burr Blodgett, and Margaret Mead. Yost, Edna. Modern Americans in science and invention.
Drawings by Margaret Ayer. New York, F. A. Stokes Co., 1941. 270 p. Peace Corp Essay. illus. Ezra Cornell, John Francis Appleby, Stephen Smith, Samuel F. Langley, John Brashear, Ambrose Swasey, William Crawford Gorgas, Harvey Washington Wiley, Elmer A. Sperry, George Washington Carver, Leo Hendrik Baekeland, Willis H. For. Carrier, Charles F. Kettering, Frederick G. Peace. Cottrell, Robert R. Williams, Vladimir K. Minor Retrolisthesis. Zworykin, and Emil Truog. Essay. Yost, Edna. Modern Americans in science and technology . Essay By Stalin. New York, Dodd, Mead, 1962. 175 p.,  p. of plates. ports. Corp Essay. (Makers of our modern world) Includes chapters on all but the first eight of the men treated in the earlier work and essay by stalin adds Enrico Fermi, Paul Allman Siple, Robert Hutchings Goddard, and John P. Hagen. Yount, Lisa. Asian-American scientists . New York, Facts on File, 1998. Essay. 112 p. (American profiles). Includes bibliographical references.
Q141.Y678 1998 SciRR Profiles twelve Asian-American scientists, including Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Paul Chung-wu Chu, and Constance Tom Noguchi. Yount, Lisa. Black scientists. New York, Facts on File, 1991. 111 p. illus., ports. (American profiles) Includes bibliographical references. Daniel Hale Williams, George Washington Carver, Ernest Everett Just, Percy Lavon Julian, Charles Richard Drew, Jane Cooke Wright, Bertram O. Fraser-Reid, and John P. Moon. Yount, Lisa. Contemporary women scientists . New York, Facts on File, 1994. xv, 124 p. illus., ports. (American profiles) Includes bibliographical references. Helen Brooke Taussig, Maria Goeppert Mayer, Grace Murray Hopper, Chien Shiung Wu, Gertrude Belle Elion, Eugenie Clark, Jewel Plummer Cobb, Vera Cooper Rubin, Candace Beebe Pert, and Flossie Wong-Staal.
National and Regional Sources -- Other Countries (Selected) Académie des sciences, (France). Index biographique de l'Academie Des science,s du 22 décembre 1666 au 1er octobre 1978. Paris, Gauthier-Villars, 1979. 513 p. Revise. Bibliography: p. 33-34. Includes chronological listings of the various categories of members, foreign associates, and correspondents during the period 1795-1976. Corp Essay. The biographical sketches indicate whether manuscripts and/or portraits can be found in the academy's archives. Arabisch-islamisches biographisches Archiv [microform]: AIBA.
München, K.G. Saur Verlag, 1995-2002. 63, 453, 44 microfiches. Alternative title: Arab-Islamic biographical archive. Reproduces a one-alphabet cumulation of the most important biographical reference works on the Arab world published between 1858 and 1993. A separate name index provides identifying information to individuals contained in the works. Australia#8217;s Nobel Laureates: adventures in innovation. Editor in chief, John Keeney. Roseville, N.S.W., ETN Communications for ABIE, 2004. 310 p. illus. (chiefly col.) Australian men and women of science, engineering and technology.
Port Melbourne, Vic., Reed Reference Australia; New Providence, NJ, R. For. R. Bowker, distributor, 1995. xxvi, 661 p. map. Q141.A78 1995 SciRR Produced in association with the peace corp, Australian Academy of Science and essay by stalin the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering. Includes an index to peace fields of specialization and an index to location, which is subdivided by discipline. Bartke, Wolfgang. Who's who in revise for, the People's Republic of China . 2nd ed. München, New York, K. Peace Corp. G. Saur, 1987. Conclusions Research Papers. 786 p. ports. DS779.28.B37 1987 MRR Biog Includes a detailed index of occupations.
The list under the heading Scientists also indicates the specialized field for each individual. The 3rd ed. (1991. 2 v.), also in MRR Biog, has no index. Beek, Leo. Dutch pioneers of peace corp science. Assen, Netherlands, Van Gorcum, 1985. 181 p. illus. (some col.), maps (some col.), ports. (some col.) Bibliography: p. 177-179. Bhatnagar laureates, 1958-91 . Compiled by Sushil Kumar and others. New Delhi, Human Resource Development Group, Council of Scientific Industrial Research, 1992. xxiii, 492 p. ports. Includes bibliographical references.
Biographies of 259 recipients of the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, awarded annually to Indian scientists under 45 years of age for minor retrolisthesis outstanding contributions in various fields. Peace Corp. Capparoni, P. Profili bio-bibliografici di medici e naturalisti celebri italiani dal sec. XV al sec. For. XVIII . Roma, Istituto naz. medico farmacologico Serono, 1928-32. 2 v. ports. Includes bibliographical references. LC copy of corp v. 1 published in 1932 con correzioni ed aggiunte. Chattopadhyay, Anjana. Revere Essay. Encyclopaedia of Indian scientists (from ancient to contemporary). New Delhi, Reliance Pub.
House, 1995. Corp Essay. 272 p. ports. Crowther, J. Essay By Stalin. G. British scientists of the nineteenth century. Peace Corp. London, K. Paul, Trench, Trubner, 1935. 332 p.,  leaves of plates. ports. Minor. Includes bibliographical references. Contents: Humphry Davy.--Michael Faraday.--James Prescott Joule.--William Thomson.--James Clerk Maxwell.
Crowther, J. G. British scientists of the twentieth century . London, Routledge K. Paul, 1952. xiv, 320 p.,  leaves of corp essay plates. ports. Includes bibliographical references. Joseph John Thomson, Ernest Rutherford, James Hopwood Jeans, Arthur Stanley Eddington, Frederick Gowland Hopkins, and William Bateson. Deutsche Forscher aus sechs Jahrhunderten; Lebensbilder von Ärzten, Naturwissenschaftlern und Technikern. Leipzig, Bibliographisches Institut, 1965. 440 p.,  p. of plates. Writing Conclusions. ports. Peace Corp. Diccionario histórico de la ciencia moderna en España . Writing Conclusions Papers. Por José M. López Piñero and others. Barcelona, Península, 1983. 2 v. (Historia, ciencia, sociedad, 180-181) Includes bibliographical references. Q141.D48 1983 SciRR There are indexes of essay names, organizations, and disciplines. The Dictionary of nineteenth-century British scientists.
General editor, Bernard Lightman. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 2004. 4 v. About Analysis. (xxxix, 2256 p.) Includes bibliographical references. Florilège des sciences en Belgique . Bruxelles, Académie royale de Belgique, Classe des sciences, 1968-80. 2 v. illus., facsims., ports. (1 col.) Includes bibliographical references. Peace Corp Essay. Contents: v. 1. Pendant de XIXe siècle et le début du XXe.--v. 2. 1920-1980. Biographies in both volumes are grouped by scientific field. The second volume includes a section on Belgian winners of the essay by stalin, Nobel Prize, as well as sections on the development of various sciences in Belgium. Fondation Francqui, Brussels. Lauréats des prix Francqui, 1934-1968.
Bruxelles, Fondation Francqui, 1969. 239 p. Corp. ports. Entries for the 35 winners are alphabetically arranged and provide brief biographical data, as well as the text of the presentation of the prize. Papers. Published also in Flemish. France. Peace. Délégation générale à la recherche scientifique et technique.
Répertoire Des scientifiques franéais. Paris, Office national Des universites et écoles françaises, 1962-67. 5 v. Includes bibliographical references. Q145.F7 Cat Ref ASCD Contents: t. 1. Mathmatiques pures.--t. 2. Mathmatiques appliques, mcanique, physique thorique.--t. Writing Papers. 3. Peace Corp. Biologie.--t. 4. Chimie.--t.
5. A 5 Argumentative Essay. Physique. Gerrits, G. C. Grote Nederlanders, bij de opbouw der natuurwetenschappen. Leiden, E. Peace Essay. J. Brill, 1948. 518 p. Writing Papers. illus., ports. Includes bibliographical references.
Hall, Alfred R. The Abbey scientists. London, R. R. Nicholson, 1966. 72 p. Peace. illus., plan, ports. (The Memorials of of paul revere essay Westminster Abbey) The 56 scientists buried or represented by memorials in the Abbey are discussed in a chronological narrative. Peace Corp. A plan shows the location of their sites, and there is a name index. Histoire des sciences en Belgique de l'antiquité à 1815. Revere. Direction scientifique, Robert Halleux and peace corp essay others. Bruxelles: Crédit Communal, 1998.
463 p. illus. (some col.) Bibliography: p. 433-446. Histoire des sciences en Belgique, 1815-2000. Direction scientifique, Robert Halleux and others. Tournai, Renaissance du livre; Brussels, Dexia, 2001. 2 v. illus. (some col.) maps (some col.) Bibliography: v 2, p. 275-294. In celebration of Canadian scientists: a decade of Killam laureates. Editors: G. Writing A 5 Paragraph Argumentative Essay. A. Kenney-Wallace, M. C. MacLeod, R. G. Stanton.
Winnipeg, Charles Babbage Research Centre, 1990. 319 p. ports. Introductory matter in English and French. Biographies of the peace corp, 25 winners are in English or French. Indian National Science Academy. Biographical memoirs of fellows of the my essay, Indian National Science Academy. v. 1+ New Delhi, 1966+ Includes bibliographical references.
Continues Biographical memoirs of fellows of the National Institute of Sciences of India. Peace Essay. Indian National Science Academy. Fellows of the Indian National Science Academy, 1935-1993 . Retrolisthesis. Biographical notes. 2nd, updated ed. New Delhi, 1994. 2 v. (1020 p.) ports. Diamond Jubilee compendium. Arrangement is alphabetical, with chronological and broad subject indices. Peace Essay. Irish innovators in science and technology. Edited by Charles Mollan, William Davis, and Brendan Finucane. Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, Enterprise Ireland, 2002. xv, 256 p. ports.
Includes bibliographical references. Knoll, Fritz, ed. Essay By Stalin. Österreichische Naturforscher, Ärzte und Techniker. Peace. Hrsg. im Auftrage der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Wien, Im Verlag der Gesellschaft für Natur und Technik, 1957. 238 p. illus., ports. Bibliography: p. 223-232. In three parts: Naturforscher, Mathematiker und Forschungsreisende, Ärzte und medizinische Forscher, and Techniker, Erfinder und Industrielle. Korotki narysy pro zhyttia i naukovu diial'nist' akademikiv ta chleniv-korespondentiv Akademiï nauk ukraïns'koï RSR.
In Istoriia Akademiï nauk Ukraïns'koï RSR. kn. 2. Kyïv, Akademiia nauk Ukraïns'koï RSR, 1967. p. 173-673. Includes bibliographical references. Kürschners deutscher Gelehrten-Kalender. Medizin, Naturwissenschaften, Technik.
17. Ausg. (1996). Berlin, New York, W. de Gruyter, 1996. Z6661.G3K87 MRR Biog SciRR Merged with Kürschners deutscher Gelehrten-Kalender. Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften, to form Kürschners deutscher Gelehrten-Kalender (18. A 5 Paragraph Argumentative Essay. Ausg. Peace. 2001+ (Z2230.K89)).
Continues in part Kürschners deutscher Gelehrten-Kalender auf das Jahr . (1. Essay Analysis. Jahrg. (1925)-16. Ausg. (1992) (Z223.K93)). Kvítek, Martin. Prukopníci vedy a techniky v Ceských zemích. Ilustrovali Ondrej Zahradnícek, Tomá#353; Rízek. Peace Essay. Praha, Fragment, 1994.
64 p. col. illus., col. ports. (Edice Odkaz) Le Gal, Étienne, and Lucien Klotz. Nos grands savants: ce que tout Français doit en connaître. Préf. de Émile Picard. Paris, Librairie Delagrave, 1926. 281 p. (Bibliothèque des chercheurs et des curieux) Bibliography: p. 280-281.
Includes a list of the scientists discussed, arranged in five general categories: (1) mathematicians and astronomers, (2) engineers and inventors, (3) physicists and writing a 5 paragraph argumentative chemists, (4) naturalists, geologists, and archaeologists, and (5) physiologists, phoneticians, physicians, and surgeons. Lindroth, Sten, ed. Swedish men of corp essay science, 1650-1950. Translated from the Swedish by Burnett Anderson. Stockholm, Swedish Institute, Almqvist Wiksell, 1952. 295 p. Bibliography: p. 292-295. List of past scientists. In 30 years' review of China's science technology, 1949-1979 . Singapore, World Scientific, 1981. p. 274-301.
Short sketches of the of paul revere essay, lives and accomplishments of 86 Chinese scientists who died during the period 1949-79. Líudi russkoi nauki; ocherki o vydaíushchikhsía deíatelíiakh estestvoznaniía i tekhniki. Corp Essay. Matematika, mekhanika, astronomiía, fizika, khimiía. Pod red. I. V. Kuznetsova. Moskva, Gos. izd-vo fiziko-matematicheskoi lit-ry, 1961. 599 p. illus., ports.
Includes bibliographical references. Mangin, Arthur. Les savants illustres de la France. Nouv. éd., entièrement refondue et augm. For. de plusieurs biographies nouvelles. Avec un appendice comprenant l'histoire abrégée de la science et des savants pendant les trois derniers siècles. Ornée de seize portraits authentiques, dessinés par M. Bocourt.
Paris, P. Ducrocq, 1865. 524 p.,  leaves of plates. ports. Mid-nineteenth-century scientists. Edited by peace corp essay John North. Oxford, New York, Pergamon Press, 1969. 190 p.,  leaves of plates. illus. (The Commonwealth and international library.
Liberal studies division. Science and society, v. 4) Essays on Charles Babbage, Charles Darwin, James Prescott Joule, Hugh Powell, James Smith and Andrew Ross, Joseph Lister, and revise for W. H. Perkin. Middleton, Edgar. M en who are shaping the future. London, J. Gifford, 1939. 238 p.,  leaves of plates. Corp. ports.
Sir William Bragg, Sir Edward Mellanby, J. B. S. Haldane, Julian Huxley, Sir Joseph Barcroft, F. L. Hopwood, F. G. Conclusions. Banting, Sir James Jeans, Sir John Orr, Sir Frank Smith, Sir Arthur Keith, Lord Rayleigh, Sir F. G. Corp. Hopkins, Sir George Simpson, John Logie Baird, A. M. Low, and Edwin John Butler. Also notes the essential contributions of the unknown soldiers of science. National scientists of the Philippines, 1978-1988 . Pasig City, Philippines, Dept. of Science and Technology, National Academy of Science and Technology, Philippines, published and exclusively distributed by Anvil Pub., 2000. Retrolisthesis. 298 p. illus. Peace Essay. Includes bibliographical references. Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna. Österreichische Naturforscher und Techniker. Wien, Im Verlag der Gesellschaft für Natur und Technik, 1951. Essay About. 216 p. illus., ports. Bibliography: p. Peace Corp. 203-209. In two parts: Naturforscher und Forschungsreisende and Techniker, Erfinder, Industrielle. Writing. See also entry under Knoll, Fritz, above. Outside the square: inspirational science and tales of extraordinary Australians.
Foreword by Hugh Morgan; introd. by Robyn Williams. Parkville, Vic., Clunies Ross Press, 1993. 76 p. illus. (some col.), ports. (some col.) Winners of the Clunies Ross National Science Technology Award. Paul Trainor, Graeme Clark, Ewen Tyler, Mike Penny, Ralph Sarich, Donald Metcalf, Ern Dawes, John Gladstones, Bob Becher, Susan Serjeantson, Graeme Jameson, and Michael Rickard. Pakistan Association of Scientists and Scientific Professions. Scientists and technologists of Pakistan, a directory . Karachi, 1966. 367 p. Corp Essay. Arrangement is by field of specialization, with a name index. Parry, Albert.
The Russian scientist . New York, Macmillan, 1973. 196 p. illus., map, Bibliography: p. 183-186. Poem. Includes chapters on Lomonosov, Lobachevskii, Mendeleev, Mechnikov, Pavlov, TSiolkovskii, and Kapitsa, and a section on the Soviet academy of sciences. Philippine men of science. Peace. A bio-bibliographical handbook of men and women in the field of science and technology. v. 4-5. Bicutan, Taguig, Metro Manila, Scientific Clearinghouse and Documentation Services Division, Science Promotion Institute, National Science and Technology Authority, 1983-85. 2 v. Each volume provides information about 50 individuals. Portraits in science. Compiled and introduced by Ann Moyal. Canberra, National Library of Australia, 1994.
203 p. ports. Bibliography: p. 200-203. Interviews with 12 Australian scientists. Profiles of African scientists . 2nd ed., rev. and expanded. Nairobi, African Academy of Sciences, 1991.
661 p. ports. Q141.P76 1991 SciRR Arrangement is by country, with name and subject indexes. Robinson, Norman H. The Royal Society catalogue of writing conclusions portraits. With biographical notes by Eric G. Forbes. London, Royal Society, 1980. 343 p. Peace Corp. ports. Revise My Essay For. (some col.) N7635.R63 1980 SciRR Portraits of 176 individuals, nearly all of them fellows or foreign members. Royal Society of London. Biographical memoirs of fellows of the Royal Society. v. 1+ 1955+ London, The Society. ports. Includes bibliographical references.
Continues the Society's Obituary notices of fellows , v. 1-9, 1932-5 (Q41.L8475). LC set of the Biographical memoirs is incomplete. Russisches biographisches Archiv [microform]. Editor, Axel Frey. München, K. G. Saur Verlag, 1997+ . 539 microfiche. Microfiche 98/4 (C) MicRR and Electronic format. Corp Essay. Alternative title: Russian biographical archive. #8220;Consists of approximately 160,000 bibliographical entries for 75,000 individuals from the earliest times to memoirs essay the end of the dynasty of the Romanovs in 1917.
Compiled from more than 150 source works published between 1827 and 1995. Schmidt, Marian. Hommes de science: 28 portraits. Paris, Hermann, 1990. Essay. 250 p. ports. A short biographical sketch appears at the end of each interview. Scientists face to face.
Edited by for István Kardos. Translated by Inez Kemenes and others. Budapest, Corvina Kiadó, 1978. Peace Essay. 400 p. Memoirs Of Paul. ports. Peace. Based on television interviews with 18 Hungarian scientists, some of whom made their careers in other countries. Small portraits are reproduced on the inside front and back covers of the volume. Scientists in the Philippines. Manila, National Science Development Board, 1975-78. 2 v. Includes bibliographical references.
Each volume contains chapters on 10 scientists, all of them deceased. Singh, Jagjit. Some eminent Indian scientists. Delhi, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Govt. of poem India, 1966. 131 p.,  p. of plates. illus., ports. H. Corp. J. Bhabha, J. C. Bose, R. C. About Poem Analysis. Bose, S. N. Bose, S. Chandrasekhar, J. B. S. Haldane, D. S. Peace Corp. Kothari, K. S. Krishnan, P. Essay By Stalin. C. Mahalanobis, C. Peace. V. Raman, S. Ramanujan, and M. N. Saha. Some nineteenth century British scientists.
Edited by R. Memoirs Essay. Harré. Oxford, New York, Pergamon Press, 1969. 259 p. Corp. illus., map port.(The Commonwealth and international library. Liberal studies division. Science and society, v. 5) Essays on Sir Charles Wyville Thomson and retrolisthesis Sir James Murray, Arthur Cayley, Sir Francis Galton, William Thomson (Lord Kelvin), Sir Norman Lockyer, Sidney Gilchrist Thomas, and Sir William Ramsay. Peace Corp. Tibenskéy, Ján. Revise For. Priekopníci vedy a techniky na Slovensku.
Bratislava, Obzor, 1986-1999. Peace Corp Essay. 3v. illus., facsims., maps, ports. Bibliography: v. 1, p. 379-414; v. 2, p. 909-966. Memoirs Of Paul Revere. Turkevich, John. Soviet men of peace essay science; academicians and corresponding members of the memoirs of paul, Academy of Sciences of the peace essay, USSR . Princeton, NJ, D. Van Nostrand Co., 1963. 441 p. Revise For. Includes bibliographical references. Who's who in corp essay, science and technology in Nigeria . 2nd ed. Edited by Adetunji Akinyotu and Adeboye Olatunji. Akure, Federal University of Technology, 1994. xxix, 655 p. Writing A 5 Argumentative. Who's who in Soviet science and technology.
Compiled by Ina Telberg. 2nd ed., rev. and peace essay enl. by Antonia Dmitriev and V. G. Telberg. New York, Telberg Book Co., 1964. 301 leave. Q127.R9W5 1964 SciRR Wiemers, Gerald, and Eberhard Fischer. Die Mitglieder von 1846 bis 1996: Sächsische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig. Berlin, Akademie Verlag, 1996.
227 p. ports. Errata slip with one portrait inserted. Portraits are accompanied by minimal biographical information--professional field and places and dates of birth and death. Zhong, Shizu. Ancient China's scientists. Hong Kong, Commercial Press, 1984. 111 p. For. illus. Q127.C5C55936 1984. Contents: Lu Ban.-- Bian Que.--Cai Lun.--Zhang Heng.--Hua Tuo.--Zu Chongzhi.--Jia Sixie.--Bi Sheng.--Shen Kuo.--Li Shizhen.--Xu Xiake. Abstracting and indexing services that index relevant journal articles and other literature of a biographical nature are listed below. Please consult a reference librarian for the location and formation of abstracting and indexing services in the Science Reading Room.
America, History and Life (1964- ) Z1236.A48, Z1236.A484, Z1236.A485, Z1236.A486, Z1236.A488 and Z1236.A487 MRR Alc and Electronic Format. Applied Science Technology Index (1913- ) Z7913.I7 SciRR and Electronic Format. Astronomy and Astrophysics Abstracts (1969- ) Bibliography and Index of Geology (1933- ) Z6031.G4 SciRRgt and Electronic Format. Bibliography of Agriculture (1942- ) Z5073.U572 SciRR and Electronic Format. Essay. Biography and Genealogy Master Index (1975- ) Z5305.U5B57 MRR Biog BRS Biog and Electronic format. Biography Index (1946- ) Z5301.B5 MRR Biog BRS Biog and Electronic format. Biological Abstracts (1926- ) QH301.B37 SciRR and Electronic Format. Chemical Abstracts (1907- ) Current Biography (1940- ) CT100.C8 BRS and Electronic Format. Current Work in the History of Medicine.
Engineering Index (1884- ) Z5851.E62 SciRR and Electronic Format. Historical Abstracts (1955- ) D299.H5, D299.H512, and D299.H513 MRR and revise for Electronic Format. Essay. Mathematical Reviews (1940- ) QA1.M76 SciRR and Electronic Format. Essay About Analysis. New York Times Index (1913- ) AI21.N44 and AI21.N45 MRR Physics Abstracts (1898- ) Q1.S3 SciRR and QC1.P46 SciRR and Electronic Format. Psychological Abstracts (1927- ) BF1.P65 and Electronic Format. Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature (1900- ) AI3.R48 BRS and Electronic Format. Essay. The electronic resources listed below may only be available at a large public or academic library. The Library of Congress has subscriptions to these resources which are available to on-site researchers at the Library of Congress. Some titles may be available exclusively in essay, electronic format, while others have components which are represented in book or microfiche formats. Consult a reference librarian for the location and format of abstracting and indexing services in the Science Reading Room. African American Biographical Database.
Includes Chadwyck-Healey's Black Biographical Dictionaries 1790-1950, obituary files, slave narrative collections, photographs, illustrations, and other sources. American National Biography. CT213.A68 1999 MRR Biog and Electronic format. Portraits of more than 17,4000 men and women from all areas and peace essay walks of life whose lives have shaped the nation. Biography Resource Center. Database of biographical information on more than 150,000 individuals from all parts of the world.
The information is memoirs of paul taken from peace, standard biographical resources, many of which are also available in print format in the Library. Chambers Reference Online. CT103.C4 MRR Biog and Electronic format. Contains Chambers Biographical Dictionary (1997 ed. with amendments) Elektronische Allgemeine deutsche Biographie (E-ADB and E-NDB) is a database for argumentative German biographies. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. DA28.O95 2004 MRR Biog and Electronic format. An illustrated collection of 50,000 specially written biographies of the men and women who shaped Britain's past.
Proquest Historical Newspapers. World Biographical Information System. Current component indexes and archives include the following, with more added yearly: American Biographical Archive (ABA Series I and II); Biographical Archive (ABEP Series I and II); Biographical Archive of the Benelux Countries/Archives biographiques des pays du Benelux (BAB I); British Biographical Archive (BBA Series I and II); Archives biographiques françaises /French Biographical Archive (ABF Series I and II); Deutsches biographisches Archiv /German Biographical Archive (DBA Series I and essay II); Archivio biografico italiano/Italian Biographical Archive (ABI Series I and II); Russisches biographisches Archiv/Russian Biographical Archive (RBA); Scandinavian Biographical Archive (SBA I); and Archivo biográfico de España, Portugal e Iberoamérica/Spanish, Portuguese and Latin-American Archive (ABEP Series I and II). Component sources include Debrett's Peerage and essay by stalin Baronetage, Debrett's People of corp Today, Macmillan Dictionary of Women's Biography, Penguin Biographical Dictionary of Women, Who's Who 2003, Who's Who in Ancient Egypt, Who's Who in retrolisthesis, Christianity, Who's Who in Gay and Lesbian History, and Who's Who in The Roman World. Journals that often contain biographical articles on scientists, or bibliographic listings of relevant books and articles, include: Most of the resources listed below provide bibliographies or list links to related sites from their web sites. It is also possible to find sites using a search engine, such as Alta Vista, Google, or Yahoo to locate additional sites. Suggested terms for searching include: Internet Resources and Biographical Sources, Scientists and Biographical Sources, Scientists and peace Biography and Bibliography, or the names of individual subject specialties and the term biography, or the names of individual scientists. Biographies PolySearch Engine. Poem. Biography resources: finding information on the famous, infamous, and obscure.
CRL News , January 2002, Vol. 63, no. 1. Peace Corp. BUBL Link Catalogue of Internet Resources: Scientists. QD21.B67 1997 and Electronic format. Dictionary of research Australian Biography. Contains 1030 biographies of Australians, or people closely connected to Australia, who died before the end of 1942.
Components include Australian Medical Pioneers Index (AMPI), Bright Sparcs, and OzLife: Australian Biography Index. Dictionary of Canadian Biography. F1005.D49 MRR Biog and Electronic format. The electronic database provides access to the 14 volumes of Dictionary of Canadian Biography already in print and to a selection of Canadian biographies from peace corp, unprinted volumes. Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. CT2882.D53, CT2882.D53217 MRR Biog and Electronic format. Contains over 3,000 biographies of deceased New Zealanders who have 'made their mark' on the country. Revise. The electronic database includes the collected biographies originally published in the printed Dictionary of New Zealand Biography (CT2882.D53) series between 1990 and 2000, and in the parallel Maori-language series, Nga Tangata Taumata Rau (CT2882.D53217).
Updated occasionally. Distinguished Women of Past and Present. Links to biographies of women in all fields of endeavor. Eric Weisstein#8217;s World of peace Science. Contains searchable full-text encyclopedias of astronomy, chemistry, mathematics, scientific biography, and physics. The Faces of Science: African Americans in the Sciences. Photographs, short biographies, and bibliographical sources on African American scientists. Galileo Project: Catalog of the essay by stalin, Scientific Community in the 16th and 17th Centuries. Peace. More than 600 biographies of members of the scientific community during the 16th and 17th centuries with 20 searchable fields.
Internet Public Library: Biographies. Library of Congress, Science Reference. Selected Internet Resources: Biography. MacTutor History of essay by stalin Mathematics Archive: Indexes of Biographies of essay Mathematicians. Short biographies, some with photographs and references. NASA Astronaut Biographies. Includes photographs and personal data. Links to biographies of astronaut candidates, cosmonauts, and payload specialists. New York Public Library: Research Guides: Biographical Sources: Selected Internet Sites.
Nobel Prize Internet Archive. Writing Research Papers. Biographies of Nobel Prize winners, with links to other sites containing information. Obituary Daily Times. An index of corp essay published obituaries from across the world. SACNAS Biography Project.
Photographs, biographies, and some video of Chicano/Latino and Native American scientists, compiled by the Society for the Advancement of essay Chicanos and Native Americans in Science. School Science Directory: Science Biography Resources. Smithsonian Institution: Selected Bibliography on African American Inventors. WWW Virtual Library for the History of Science, Technology Medicine: Biographical Sources. Links to a variety of biographical sources covering virtually all scientific disciplines.
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1. PIE CHART This pie chart shows Mark’s monthly budget. The highest designation of his budget will go to his foods with 45% . of his total allowance. Next is for lodging with 30% followed by the projects and fare which will have 10%. A 5 Paragraph Argumentative Essay! The least designation for peace corp essay his budget will be for his savings which has 5% only. 2. BAR GRAPH The bar graph shows the yearly tourist count for the provinces of region V. the province of Albay got the highest number of tourist with 450 000. It is followed by the. Bar chart , Bicol Region , Camarines Sur 686 Words | 4 Pages. is a partial listing of essay poem another sample chart of accounts. Note that each account is assigned a three-digit number followed by the . account name. The first digit of the number signifies if it is an asset, liability, etc.
For example, if the first digit is a 1 it is an asset, if the first digit is peace corp a 3 it is a revenue account, etc. The company decided to include a column to indicate whether a debit or credit will increase the amount in the account. This sample chart of memoirs revere essay accounts also includes a column. Accounting software , Accounts payable , Accounts receivable 1100 Words | 7 Pages. Project Stat.
Math 5389 Graph Analysis# 1Spring , 2012Noemi Bores | Identifying Misleading Graphs Graphs are . pictorial representations of numbers. Peace Corp Essay! Therefore, at the least, we should expect that the representation of the numbers be proportional to the numbers themselves. Argumentative Essay! Unfortunately, this is not always the peace corp, case. In some cases this occurs because the graph designer wants to give the impression of better performance than is actually the case. In other cases, the essay about poem, designer might not have any. Analytic geometry , Cartesian coordinate system , Chart 928 Words | 3 Pages. Sample Chart/Graph Statistical Information Paper. Doreen Carranza HCS/438 Biman Ghosh Sample of Chart or Graph Assignment 1/21/2013 . Health Care Spending Demographics U.S. Corp! households spent, on average, a total of $2,976 on health insurance, medical services, drugs, and medical supplies in 2008.
Hispanic, Black or African American, and Asian households spent less—and White households spent somewhat more–than the average. These averages are calculated with data collected from all types of households; that is. Bar chart , Chart , Health 424 Words | 2 Pages. Standard. Here it is a dimension such as the writing research papers, contents of a jar of fruit jam, the size of peace corp essay a pair of shoes etc.
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Pie charts take data that is categorized and shows percentages or individuals that can be placed into. Bar chart , Chart , Histogram 524 Words | 2 Pages. an Italian economist credited with establishing the Pareto Principle. Pareto charts provide facts and insights necessary for setting . priorities. Pareto charts assist teams to focus on the smaller number of the causes of problems in order to poem analysis, aid in decision making. Essay! Pareto charts organize and display information. They are a form of vertical bar chart . Essay! Attributes are discussed. Suggestions on when to use a Pareto chart are made. Pareto analysis is one way to determine major causes of particular. Bar chart , Chart , Decision making 1490 Words | 5 Pages.
Pie Charts An important part of decision making is having a clear understanding of the information used to base decisions from. . Charts can be valuable when a need to corp essay, represent numerical data would benefit communicating information visually. Some of the most important aspects of a good chart are to writing, select the right type of essay chart (or graph ) that can best characterize the data, also, to keep the design simple in order for an audience to easily understand the information. A 5 Paragraph Essay! One of the most popular types. 2006 albums , Bar chart , Chart 993 Words | 3 Pages. Calculating Sample Size Types of Samples Subjective or Convenience Sample - Has some possibility of bias - . Cannot usually say it is representative - Selection made by corp ease of collection Simple Random Sample - No subjective bias - Equal chance of selection; e.g., select the fifth chart seen on every third day - Can usually be backed to say it is representative Systematic Sample - Is a random sample - Equal chance of selection due to methodology; e.g., computer-generated list of . Arithmetic mean , Estimator , Mathematics 1735 Words | 7 Pages. PROBLEMS 2. Control charts for writing a 5 X and R are to be established on a certain dimension part, measured in millimeters. Data were collected in . Peace! subgroup sizes of retrolisthesis 6 and are given below. Determine the trial central line and control limits. Assume assignable causes and revise the central line and limits. |SUBGROUP NUMBER |Xbar |R |SUBGROUP NUMBER |Xbar |R | | |20.35 |0.34 . 3 , 4 , Central line 933 Words | 6 Pages. LAB # 1 Graph Matching Principles of Physics I Laboratory Breanna Wilhite Introduction In this lab motion will be represented by . graphs that plots distance and velocity vs. time.
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Board , Board game , Boarding 740 Words | 3 Pages. Pie Chart - Data Visualization for Businesses. Pie Chart Data Visualization for Businesses A picture is corp essay worth a thousand words. The ability to graphically represent your business data . gives you the power to make informed business decisions quickly. (Microsoft.com, 2002) This representation must be visually appealing and easy to understand. By keeping it simple, it allows the broadest number of users to interpret the data, gain insights as to its meaning and facilitate communication on the data ultimately to solve the company?¦s problem. Data. Bar chart , Chart , Circle 920 Words | 3 Pages. INTRODUCTION Gozinto Chart named after an Italian mathematician Professor Zepartzat Gozinto is from the word ‘goes into’ is used to provide . overall microview of how materials and subassemblies are united to essay about, form finished products. It is often called Assembly chart (Shim and essay Siegel, 1999) In other words, it is a pictorial representation of a product that shows how the elements required to build a product fit together.
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1 2 1. Evidence in numbers Example: Script 1 Lines 10-12 Improved: • In the second chart , most of the people interviewed thought a fine was the penalty. Nearly 69% of all adults. Mobile phone , Penalty 853 Words | 5 Pages. Using Ado Md and Office Web Components to Generate Thin Client Charts and Pivottables from Olap Cubes. Using ADO MD and Office Web Components to Generate Thin Client Charts and PivotTables from OLAP Cubes When faced with a problem of browser . incompatibility for embedded components, most programmers are eager to roll up their sleeves and begin implementing server side components with similar functionality. This article is an effort to describe a way of processing the essay, Chart and PivotTable Components on the server side to present a thin client interface for OLAP cubes. I will discuss techniques that. ADO.NET , Microsoft , Microsoft Analysis Services 1733 Words | 5 Pages. Ielts Vocabulary to Describe Charts and Graphs. vocabulary to describe charts and graphs in essay analysis Part 1 of the Academic Writing test A1. Lesson Plan 1. Warmer: In pairs the . students answer the following questions: “What type of music do you like?” “How do you buy and listen to corp, music?” “How are your choices in music different to your parents or people of other generations?” Timing 3 mins 2. Give out revise my essay, A2.
Classroom Handout 1 to each student. Focus the peace corp, students on the graph . In pairs or small groups, the students discuss the graph and revere any general. Adjective , Adverb , Noun 1673 Words | 13 Pages. Statistics: Charts, Graphs, Plots, and Problems. 2014-02-04 Chapter 2 Learning Objectives (LOs) LO 2.1: Summarize qualitative data by forming frequency distributions. LO 2.2: Construct and interpret . pie charts and bar charts . Peace Corp Essay! LO 2.3: Summarize quantitative data by forming frequency distributions. LO 2.4: Construct and my essay for interpret histograms, polygons, and ogives.
LO 2.5: Construct and corp interpret a stem-and-leaf diagram. LO 2.6: Construct and interpret a scatterplot. McGraw-Hill/Irwin 2-2 House Prices in revise for Southern California ? . Bar chart , Data analysis , Frequency 1253 Words | 23 Pages. of Homework 3). Corp Essay! Give reasons for your answer which might include calculations and/or graphs . Answer: Reasoning/Work: 3: Using normal . probability paper, determine (judgment) the normality of the distribution of the following data: 2.566, 2.565, 2.545, 2.551, 2.550, 2.564, 2.542, 2.561, 2.532, 2.565, 2.569, 2.552, 2.558, 2.562, 2.552, 2.575, 2.547, 2.545, 2.559, 2.558, 2.552, 2.563 Use the probability graph paper in Course Documents. You may print it, then plot the points by of paul essay hand, then scan.
Graph paper , Normal distribution , Plot 278 Words | 4 Pages. ?Examples of Indirect Characterization Sample Chart Character The Squire___ . (Line numbers in parentheses) Type of Indirect Characterization Concrete Detail (What clues to the character does the text contain) Commentary (What can you infer from the concrete detail) Speech (Stated, reported, or implied) No specific details of essay anything he said Thoughts (Stated, reported, or implied) . Character , Fiction , Human height 361 Words | 2 Pages. Perpetrator's Relationship to Victim Chart. Victim Chart The scope of writing research this discussion will discover what type of sample chart , which is the perpetrator's . relationship to corp, victims in a rape situation. The first item discussed is essay by stalin identifying what type of chart was used for the information given. The second item discussed is this the best way to corp essay, display the data. Writing Research! Finally, the last discussion is on what type of graph or chart would the author use to present this data and why. Peace Corp Essay! The type of chart found on the Internet is a pie chart , which shows.
Abuse , Bar chart , Chart 461 Words | 2 Pages. How to Make Graphs Using Microsoft Excel 2011. How to poem analysis, Make Really Nice Graphs Using Microsoft Excel 2011 Data Entry: Enter your data into peace essay Excel in conclusions column form such as the following: . Peace! Horizontal Variable Name x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 Uncertainties ?x1 ?x2 ?x3 ?x4 ?x5 ?x6 Vertical Variable Name y1 y2 y3 y4 y5 y6 Uncertainties ?y1 ?y2 ?y3 ?y4 ?y5 ?y6 For example, if you are measuring the length of a spring under the application of a force, the my essay, table might look like this: Position (m) ?Position (m) 0.595 0.612 0.631 0.649 0.667 0.686 0.001 0.001 0. Analytic geometry , Data set , Error 2437 Words | 7 Pages. A flowchart (also spelled flow- chart and flow chart ) is essay a schematic representation of an algorithm or a process. A flowchart . is one of the revise my essay for, seven basic tools of quality control, which also includes the histogram, Pareto chart , check sheet, control chart , cause-and-effect diagram, and scatter diagram (see Quality Management Glossary). Essay! They are commonly used in business/economic presentations to help the audience visualize the content better, or to find flaws in the process.
Alternatively, one can. Algorithm , Computer programming , Control flow 1253 Words | 5 Pages. Sample APA Annotated Bibliography With Instructions APA means American Psychological Association and memoirs revere often refers to peace, the style of . documentation adopted by memoirs revere that professional group, a style that features the date of publication more prominently than other forms of documentation. See the Hodges’ Harbrace Handbook (pp. 652-679***) and the PowerPoint presentation on peace, APA under the writing a 5 argumentative essay, Research Writing Resources in the Web Resources section of the ENC 1135 on-line syllabus for details. Since. AIDS , Annotation , Bibliography 1145 Words | 3 Pages.
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Name: ____________________________ Work Samples for Quarter #: __2__ |Quarter 1: August 16th – October 19th . | |Quarter 2: October 23rd – January 17th | |Quarter 3: January 24th –March 29th | |Quarter 4: April 2nd – June 15th | Work Sample Checklist: < Chart (below) is complete and accurate (paper clipped to the samples ) < PE Log is completed on cavaparent. Writing 288 Words | 3 Pages. The bar chart illustrates the proportion of car trips by peace corp demand and essay by stalin gender of corp drivers in 2005 Generally speaking, although the percentage of . trips by car varied according to purpose and essay by stalin gender, men and women used car mostly for work. To specify, 40% of women travelled by car for corp essay sake of work, followed by two other purposes including shopping and courses with less than 17% in each. Meanwhile, no more than 10% of them drove their cars to run errands, visit friends, bank, town and a 5 paragraph essay do other activities.
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anlytical essays You’ve been staring at your blank computer screen for what feels like hours, trying to figure out how to start your analytical essay. You try to choose between writing the introduction first or getting right into the meat of it. But somehow, it seems too difficult to do either. What you need is essay, is a blueprint—a foolproof way to get your essay structured. Then all you have to do is fill in research, the blanks. By Anonymous [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.
What an Analytical Essay Is—And What It Isn’t. Helpful, right? Um, not so much. First, it might be more useful to explain what an analytical essay isn’t before getting to what it is . An analytical essay isn’t a summary. Peace Corp Essay. Though this may seem obvious in theory, it’s more difficult in practice. If you read your essay and it sounds a lot like a book report, it’s probably only summarizing events or characters. One way to figure out if you’re summarizing instead of about poem analyzing is to look at your support. Are you simply stating what happened, or are you relating it back to your main point? Okay, so what is an analytical essay, exactly ? Usually, it’s writing that has a more narrowed focus than a summary. Analytical essays usually concentrate on how the book or poem was written—for example, how certain themes present themselves in the story, or how the essay, use of metaphor brings a certain meaning to retrolisthesis a poem.
In short, this type of essay essay requires you to look at the smaller parts of the work to help shed light on papers the larger picture. An example of a prompt—and the example I’m going to use for the rest of this post—could be something like: Analyze the essay, theme of sacrifice in the Harry Potter series. (Note: there might be some spoilers, but I figured everyone who was planning on reading the books has done so already—or at least has seen the movies.) One Way To Form Your Analytical Essay Outline. There are quite a few ways to writing papers organize your analytical essay, but no matter how you choose to write it, your essay should always have three main parts: I’ll get into the nitty-gritty of this soon, but for all you visual learners, here is a nice representation of all the components that make a great analytical essay outline. You can see that I’ve added a few more details than just the peace corp essay, introduction, body, and essay about poem analysis conclusion. Peace. But hold your horses—we’re getting to those parts right now. Introduction of Your Analytical Essay Outline. The purpose of your introduction is to analysis get the essay, reader interested in your analysis. The introduction should include at least three things—a hook, your thesis statement, and writing conclusions papers a sentence or two describing how you intend to peace essay prove your thesis statement.
1. You gotta hook ‘em from the start. The first part of your introduction should draw the paragraph argumentative essay, reader in. This is called the corp, hook. The hook should be interesting or surprising. You can achieve this by asking a rhetorical question, giving some relevant statistics, or making a statement that’s unusual or controversial. For my Harry Potter example, I might say, “Since the publication of the first book in the Harry Potter series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone , some Christian groups have attacked the books for promoting witchcraft. However, one of the main themes of the essay by stalin, books draws inspiration from Christianity itself—that of sacrifice.” Okay, so that’s two sentences. But it’s got a little bit of controversy and relates to what the rest of the essay will discuss. 2. Corp. Get to the good stuff—write a killer thesis statement. Okay, so now that you’ve got your reader hooked, you need to start getting to the point.
This is where the thesis statement comes in. My thesis might be, “The theme of sacrifice is prevalent throughout the series and writing a 5 essay is embodied as sacrifice for the greater good, sacrifice for an ultimate gain, and sacrifice to keep a promise.” 3. It’s time to back up your thesis. Let the reader know how you’re going to essay prove your claim. For my example, I would let the for, reader know that I intend to analyze the instances of Harry’s “death,” Voldemort’s sacrifice of corp essay his soul in exchange for immortality, and writing paragraph argumentative essay how Snape sacrifices in order to honor a promise made to Lily Potter. Essay. These points will be the building blocks of the for, body paragraphs. Body of Your Analytical Essay Outline. The body is where you can start to peace corp get really creative and writing a 5 paragraph argumentative essay play around with formatting. In the flowchart, there are three body paragraphs. But that’s because I was trained in the 5-paragraph outline.
But you can include as many or as few body paragraphs as you want—as long as you end up thoroughly supporting your thesis. For my outline, each body paragraph includes a topic sentence, followed by corp three sets of claims, evidence to support those claims, and how that evidence ties back to the topic sentence. Again, three is not necessarily a magic number here. You could make one claim with a lot of evidence, or five claims to writing a 5 essay support your topic sentence. But let’s get into it, shall we? 1. Corp Essay. Develop a strong topic sentence. Memoirs. Each topic sentence in each body paragraph of peace your analytical essay outline should tell the reader exactly what that section is going to be about. My first body paragraph might start with, “Harry Potter is willing to fulfill prophecy and make the ultimate sacrifice—that of writing paragraph argumentative essay his life—in order to save the rest of the wizarding world.” 2. Make your claim. The claim should dive into a smaller part of the peace, overarching topic sentence.
The topic sentence I gave can be broken down into minor retrolisthesis several smaller claims—that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, that he was actually willing to essay die, and that his death would be of profound significance. 3. Memoirs Of Paul. Provide evidence from the peace corp, text to back your claim. You can’t just go around making claims without any support. You can use quotes or paraphrase parts of the writing argumentative, text to peace corp add evidence. For evidence that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, you could cite the instance in conclusions research papers, the hall of essay prophecies with the quote, “and either must die at the hand of the other for neither can live while the poem, other survives.” 4. Tie that evidence to the topic sentence. You have to make it absolutely clear why you included the evidence. Corp Essay. If you don’t, your analytical essay runs the risk of being a summary. For example, with the citing of the prophecy, I would tell the reader that Harry and his friends found said prophecy and figured out that it had to be about him (although there are objections that it could’ve been referring to Neville, but we’ll leave that out of this example).
They knew that either Voldemort had to die or Harry did, and he had to essay by stalin be willing to do that. They’re not needed in the outline, but when you write your final essay, be sure you include effective transitions. This will help your essay flow. Conclusion of Your Analytical Essay Outline. After you’ve built up all of your body paragraphs, given the appropriate evidence to back your claims, and essay tied that evidence to your awesome topic sentences, you’re ready to wrap it all up. The conclusion should be a brief restatement of your main points without being a direct copy. For example, “There are many motivations behind sacrifice—to help others, to help oneself, or to revise my essay for keep a promise to a loved one—and J.K.
Rowling explores several of corp them through the characters in retrolisthesis, the Harry Potter book series.” This, of course, does not suffice as a full conclusion. To fill it out and give the reader a sense of closure, you can relate the peace corp essay, theme to the real world or end with a final quote from the a 5 paragraph argumentative essay, text or the author. Use This Downloadable Analytical Essay Outline as a Guide. Easy, right? I know you’re pumped to corp essay get started, but before you do, I have a template for the analytical essay outline for you to download. Of course, your instructor’s directions will trump mine, so if they say to do something a specific way, I won’t be offended if you take their advice over mine. And don’t forget about the Kibin editors. When your analytical essay is all typed up, they can help you make sure that it’s as good as it can get. Psst.
98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and education. You can find her on Google+. dis was absooltelee fantasteec thxc you 4 de owwline. awesome! Glad you liked it. #128578; @naomi_tepper:disqus Oh my Gosh! this was amazing thank you so much! This helped a lot with my Economics essay for minor retrolisthesis, Humanities 6 World Studies! Woot woot!
Happy to help. #128578; Thanks for the comment. This is undoubtedly very much helpful#8230; Thanks a lot. You#8217;re welcome! Thanks for essay, the comment and thanks for reading. #128578; Hi#8230;.Eden thank you for essay by stalin, orienting me on how to structure an analytical essay. Essay. because of many reasons which i don#8217;t like to name writing an analytical essay has been my Achilies Hill. Your effort in writing this article has thrown much need light as far as I#8217;m concerned. I look forward to minor retrolisthesis your reply on the question of structuring of essay analytical political essay on issues like say Affirmative Action or Constitutionalism.
Thank you for your kind words. In regards to writing a political analytical essay, it varies depending on the course and the requirements of your instructor. However, you can follow the same advice in this post. Introduction with a hook and thesis, body paragraphs that make claims with evidence to support those claims, and paragraph argumentative essay a conclusion that wraps it all up. Corp. The main difference is that you#8217;ll have to a 5 argumentative essay do more research than reading just one book. (And make sure to cite your sources.) I hope that helped! Thank you, this will help ? This was really useful I went through so many websites the finally got this one. Sweet!
Glad you found it helpful. hi this is great. Fabulous! Happy to help. How would I write an peace corp essay, analytic essay using dramatic conventions? I#8217;m supposed to write an essay by stalin, essay on peace corp essay The Tempest from Shakespeare using dramatic conventions and I#8217;m not doing so well at understanding how to essay analysis do it. basically it#8217;s also asking me #8220;how dramatic conventions make the corp, reader see characters in a certain way. Please respond to this if you can. I think that I would devote one body paragraph to each of the dramatic conventions that you#8217;re covering in your paper.
For instance, in memoirs revere essay, one paragraph, if you are writing about the conventions of soliloquy, the peace essay, play-within-a-play convention, and asides (these are the first three conventions I thought of #8212; I#8217;m not sure which ones you#8217;ve studied in class), then you could devote one body paragraph to essay by stalin each of these topics and peace their influence on how the audience views the characters. Revise For. I hope this puts you on the right track! I have two write an essay about Animals by O#8217;Hara and how it reflects the innocence and peace essay simplicity of childhood. I don#8217;t know how to start. Could anyone suggest the first sentence of the essay about analysis, introduction? I#8217;ve already got my outline #128578; Hi Lily Awesome that you have your outline ready to go. You might want to start with the quintessential quote from the text that stands out as reflecting these qualities of innocence/childhood simplicity.
For more great hook sentence tips visit: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/ This is peace essay, amazing and extremely helpful! Thank you author. Hey, thanks for reading and for the nice comment! I#8217;ll be sure to show the writing essay, author. #128578; do you eat pussy? Haha! Awesome. We#8217;re happy to help, but don#8217;t sell yourself short just because of your blonde hair. #128578; great site but second para 24th word should be ALWAYS not away. Corp. dont take this as offensive but im just trying to conclusions papers improve this site that is all. Thanks for keeping us on our toes, Shayan! No offense taken #8212; we#8217;ll get that updated #128578; Great blog post ! Just to add my thoughts if you are wanting a Express Evictions 3-Day Notice to peace essay Pay Rent or Quit , my secretary came across a blank version here https://goo.gl/nlOqzY.
Hi there! Although this was really helpful for literary analysis, I was wondering if you had an essay by stalin, idea as to how to apply this to historical analysis. I have to write about the corp essay, effects of European migration, warfare, and disease on Native Americans, and writing conclusions research papers was thinking of peace corp essay finding 3 specific examples of each and explaining the effect that each had on Native Americans. Is this a good plan? You could *definitely* apply this framework to a historical analysis, yes! As Eden mentions, you can have as many body paragraphs as you want, so you could devote a single paragraph to each of minor retrolisthesis your examples #8212; giving you 9 body paragraphs. Since that would get pretty lengthy, you could add a header before each of your 3-paragraph sections to keep your paper organized. DIOS MIO! this is really helpful. Woot!
That#8217;s awesome. So happy you found this post helpful. #128578; Thanks for the kind comment. Corp. This is so helpful, thank you. I have to write an analytical essay about The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara and I#8217;m stuck. This is my second essay and on the first I received a C #128577; I don#8217;t know how to start and it isn#8217;t even about the whole book, its only for half the book. Writing Paragraph Essay. Please help. Starting is definitely the peace, hardest part sometimes :/ thanks so much for retrolisthesis, your blog. you have made it very easy for me to understand this (horrible) essay. I have to write my first Analytical essay. kind regards to you.
And thanks to you for reading! Good luck with your essay #8212; you#8217;ve got this. I have to peace write an writing a 5, analytical essay for my college English course, and its about an American folk song called #8220;Frankie and Johnny#8221; and im stuck in how to begin it! my professor gave me an example on how to start, she said #8220;to summarize a short definition of North American folk music from Oxford Music Online#8221; please help. A definition is one way to start your essay, sure! This post contains lots more great advice (plus you can sign up for 14 hook types + examples in the bottom right corner): https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/ Damn am I thirsty, any fine white beothches dtf. NAH MEAN. Thank you so much. I was dying a moment ago.
Now I think I can manage it. love the example! it got me even more excited! #128516;#128523;#128526; Yesss, you can totally manage it! Thanks for peace, reading #128578; I feel motivated and have been trying my best all these days#8230; Grateful for a 5 argumentative, everything. )
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essay on nature camp A subtle chain of countless rings. The next unto the farthest brings; The eye reads omens where it goes, And speaks all languages the rose;
And, striving to peace corp be man, the worm. Mounts through all the spires of form. Introduction Our age is revise my essay for, retrospective. It builds the sepulchres of the fathers. It writes biographies, histories, and criticism. The foregoing generations beheld God and nature face to face; we, through their eyes. Why should not we also enjoy an original relation to the universe? Why should not we have a poetry and philosophy of insight and not of tradition, and a religion by revelation to us, and not the history of theirs? Embosomed for a season in nature, whose floods of life stream around and through us, and invite us by the powers they supply, to action proportioned to nature, why should we grope among the dry bones of the corp essay, past, or put the living generation into masquerade out of its faded wardrobe? The sun shines to-day also. There is essay about, more wool and flax in the fields.
There are new lands, new men, new thoughts. Let us demand our own works and peace corp essay laws and revise my essay for worship. Undoubtedly we have no questions to ask which are unanswerable. We must trust the perfection of the creation so far, as to corp believe that whatever curiosity the order of things has awakened in our minds, the order of things can satisfy. Every man's condition is for, a solution in hieroglyphic to those inquiries he would put. Peace Corp Essay? He acts it as life, before he apprehends it as truth. In like manner, nature is already, in its forms and essay about poem analysis tendencies, describing its own design. Let us interrogate the great apparition, that shines so peacefully around us. Let us inquire, to what end is nature? All science has one aim, namely, to find a theory of nature. We have theories of races and of functions, but scarcely yet a remote approach to an idea of creation.
We are now so far from the road to truth, that religious teachers dispute and hate each other, and speculative men are esteemed unsound and frivolous. But to a sound judgment, the corp, most abstract truth is the essay by stalin, most practical. Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is, that it will explain all phenomena. Now many are thought not only unexplained but inexplicable; as language, sleep, madness, dreams, beasts, sex. Philosophically considered, the universe is composed of Nature and the Soul. Strictly speaking, therefore, all that is separate from peace us, all which Philosophy distinguishes as the NOT ME, that is, both nature and art, all other men andmy own body, must be ranked under this name, NATURE. In enumerating the values of nature and casting up their sum, I shall use the word in both senses; -- in its common and in its philosophical import.
In inquiries so general as our present one, the inaccuracy is not material; no confusion of thought will occur. Nature, in the common sense, refers to writing paragraph essences unchanged by peace, man; space, the revise my essay, air, the river, the leaf. Art is applied to the mixture of his will with the same things, as in a house, a canal, a statue, a picture. But his operations taken together are so insignificant, a little chipping, baking, patching, and washing, that in an impression so grand as that of the world on the human mind, they do not vary the result. Chapter I NATURE To go into corp, solitude, a man needs to retire as much from his chamber as from about poem analysis society. I am not solitary whilst I read and write, though nobody is with me. But if a man would be alone, let him look at the stars. The rays that come from those heavenly worlds, will separate between him and what he touches. One might think the atmosphere was made transparent with this design, to give man, in the heavenly bodies, the perpetual presence of the sublime. Seen in the streets of cities, how great they are!
If the stars should appear one night in a thousand years, how would men believe and adore; and preserve for many generations the remembrance of the city of God which had been shown! But every night come out these envoys of beauty, and light the universe with their admonishing smile. The stars awaken a certain reverence, because though always present, they are inaccessible; but all natural objects make a kindred impression, when the mind is open to their influence. Nature never wears a mean appearance. Neither does the wisest man extort her secret, and lose his curiosity by essay, finding out all her perfection. Of Paul Revere? Nature never became a toy to a wise spirit. The flowers, the animals, the mountains, reflected the wisdom of his best hour, as much as they had delighted the simplicity of his childhood. When we speak of nature in this manner, we have a distinct but most poetical sense in the mind. We mean the integrity of impression made by manifold natural objects. It is this which distinguishes the stick of timber of the wood-cutter, from the tree of the poet. The charming landscape which I saw this morning, is indubitably made up of some twenty or thirty farms.
Miller owns this field, Locke that, and Manning the woodland beyond. But none of them owns the landscape. There is a property in the horizon which no man has but he whose eye can integrate all the parts, that is, the poet. This is the best part of these men's farms, yet to this their warranty-deeds give no title. To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature. Most persons do not see the sun.
At least they have a very superficial seeing. The sun illuminates only the eye of the man, but shines into the eye and the heart of the child. The lover of nature is he whose inward and outward senses are still truly adjusted to peace essay each other; who has retained the spirit of writing research, infancy even into peace corp, the era of manhood. His intercourse with heaven and earth, becomes part of his daily food. In the presence of nature, a wild delight runs through the man, in spite of real sorrows. Writing Conclusions Papers? Nature says, -- he is peace essay, my creature, and maugre all his impertinent griefs, he shall be glad with me.
Not the sun or the summer alone, but every hour and season yields its tribute of delight; for writing a 5, every hour and change corresponds to and authorizes a different state of the mind, from breathless noon to grimmest midnight. Nature is a setting that fits equally well a comic or a mourning piece. Essay? In good health, the air is a cordial of incredible virtue. Crossing a bare common, in snow puddles, at twilight, under a clouded sky, without having in my thoughts any occurrence of my essay for, special good fortune, I have enjoyed a perfect exhilaration. I am glad to corp the brink of fear. In the for, woods too, a man casts off his years, as the corp essay, snake his slough, and at what period soever of life, is conclusions research papers, always a child. In the woods, is perpetual youth. Within these plantations of peace, God, a decorum and sanctity reign, a perennial festival is dressed, and the guest sees not how he should tire of them in a thousand years. In the woods, we return to reason and faith. There I feel that nothing can befall me in life, -- no disgrace, no calamity, (leaving me my eyes,) which nature cannot repair. Standing on the bare ground, -- my head bathed by the blithe air, and uplifted into infinite space, -- all mean egotism vanishes.
I become a transparent eye-ball; I am nothing; I see all; the currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of God. The name of the nearest friend sounds then foreign and accidental: to be brothers, to writing argumentative essay be acquaintances, -- master or servant, is then a trifle and a disturbance. I am the lover of uncontained and immortal beauty. In the wilderness, I find something more dear and connate than in streets or villages. In the tranquil landscape, and especially in the distant line of the horizon, man beholds somewhat as beautiful as his own nature.
The greatest delight which the essay, fields and woods minister, is the suggestion of an occult relation between man and the vegetable. I am not alone and retrolisthesis unacknowledged. They nod to me, and I to them. The waving of the boughs in the storm, is new to me and old. It takes me by surprise, and yet is peace, not unknown. Its effect is like that of a higher thought or a better emotion coming over me, when I deemed I was thinking justly or doing right. Yet it is certain that the power to produce this delight, does not reside in minor nature, but in man, or in a harmony of both. It is peace essay, necessary to use these pleasures with great temperance. For, nature is writing research papers, not always tricked in holiday attire, but the same scene which yesterday breathed perfume and glittered as for the frolic of the nymphs, is overspread with melancholy today.
Nature always wears the corp essay, colors of the spirit. To a man laboring under calamity, the heat of his own fire hath sadness in it. Then, there is a kind of contempt of the landscape felt by writing, him who has just lost by death a dear friend. The sky is less grand as it shuts down over less worth in the population. Chapter II COMMODITY Whoever considers the peace essay, final cause of the world, will discern a multitude of usesthat result. They all admit of being thrown into one of the following classes; Commodity; Beauty; Language; and Discipline. Under the general name of Commodity, I rank all those advantages which our senses owe to nature. This, of course, is a benefit which is temporary and mediate, not ultimate, like its service to the soul. Yet although low, it is perfect in its kind, and is the only use of nature which all men apprehend.
The misery of man appears like childish petulance, when we explore the steady and prodigal provision that has been made for his support and delight on this green ball which floats him through the heavens. What angels invented these splendid ornaments, these rich conveniences, this ocean of air above, this ocean of water beneath, this firmament of earth between? this zodiac of lights, this tent of dropping clouds, this striped coat of climates, this fourfold year? Beasts, fire, water, stones, and corn serve him. The field is at a 5 paragraph essay once his floor, his work-yard, his play-ground, his garden, and his bed. More servants wait on man. Than he 'll take notice of. ------ Nature, in its ministry to man, is corp, not only the material, but is also the process and the result. All the parts incessantly work into each other's hands for the profit of man. The wind sows the seed; the sun evaporates the essay by stalin, sea; the wind blows the vapor to the field; the ice, on the other side of the corp essay, planet, condenses rain on this; the rain feeds the essay analysis, plant; the plant feeds the animal; and thus the endless circulations of the divine charity nourish man. The useful arts are reproductions or new combinations by the wit of peace corp essay, man, of the same natural benefactors. He no longer waits for favoring gales, but by means of steam, he realizes the fable of Aeolus's bag, and carries the two and thirty winds in the boiler of his boat. To diminish friction, he paves the writing, road with iron bars, and, mounting a coach with a ship-load of men, animals, and essay merchandise behind him, he darts through the country, from town to town, like an eagle or a swallow through the air.
By the aggregate of these aids, how is the face of the world changed, from the era of Noah to that of Napoleon! The private poor man hath cities, ships, canals, bridges, built for him. He goes to the post-office, and the human race run on his errands; to the book-shop, and the human race read and write of memoirs of paul essay, all that happens, for him; to the court-house, and nations repair his wrongs. He sets his house upon the road, and the human race go forth every morning, and shovel out the snow, and cut a path for him. But there is no need of specifying particulars in this class of corp essay, uses.
The catalogue is endless, and the examples so obvious, that I shall leave them to the reader's reflection, with the essay by stalin, general remark, that this mercenary benefit is one which has respect to a farther good. A man is fed, not that he may be fed, but that he may work. Chapter III BEAUTY A nobler want of essay, man is served by nature, namely, the essay by stalin, love of Beauty. The ancient Greeks called the world , beauty. Such is the constitution of all things, or such the plastic power of the human eye, that the corp essay, primary forms, as the sky, the mountain, the tree, the animal, give us a delight in and for themselves; a pleasure arising from outline, color, motion, and grouping. This seems partly owing to the eye itself. The eye is the best of artists. Essay By Stalin? By the peace corp essay, mutual action of its structure and of the laws of light, perspective is produced, which integrates every mass of objects, of what character soever, into a well colored and shaded globe, so that where the particular objects are mean and unaffecting, the about, landscape which they compose, is round and corp essay symmetrical. And as the eye is the best composer, so light is the first of painters.
There is no object so foul that intense light will not make beautiful. And the stimulus it affords to the sense, and a sort of infinitude which it hath, like space and time, make all matter gay. Even the minor, corpse has its own beauty. But besides this general grace diffused over nature, almost all the individual forms are agreeable to the eye, as is proved by our endless imitations of some of essay, them, as the acorn, the grape, the of paul revere essay, pine-cone, the wheat-ear, the egg, the wings and forms of most birds, the lion's claw, the serpent, the peace corp, butterfly, sea-shells, flames, clouds, buds, leaves, and the forms of of paul essay, many trees, as the essay, palm. For better consideration, we may distribute the aspects of Beauty in a threefold manner. 1. First, the simple perception of natural forms is a delight. The influence of the retrolisthesis, forms and actions in nature, is so needful to man, that, in its lowest functions, it seems to peace corp lie on the confines of commodity and beauty.
To the body and mind which have been cramped by noxious work or company, nature is medicinal and conclusions papers restores their tone. The tradesman, the peace essay, attorney comes out of the din and craft of the street, and sees the for, sky and corp the woods, and is a man again. In their eternal calm, he finds himself. The health of the writing paragraph essay, eye seems to demand a horizon. We are never tired, so long as we can see far enough. But in peace other hours, Nature satisfies by its loveliness, and without any mixture of corporeal benefit. I see the for, spectacle of morning from the hill-top over against my house, from day-break to sun-rise, with emotions which an angel might share.
The long slender bars of corp, cloud float like fishes in essay by stalin the sea of crimson light. From the earth, as a shore, I look out into that silent sea. I seem to partake its rapid transformations: the active enchantment reaches my dust, and I dilate and essay conspire with the minor, morning wind. How does Nature deify us with a few and cheap elements! Give me health and a day, and I will make the pomp of emperors ridiculous. The dawn is my Assyria; the sun-set and moon-rise my Paphos, and unimaginable realms of faerie; broad noon shall be my England of the senses and the understanding; the night shall be my Germany of mystic philosophy and dreams. Not less excellent, except for our less susceptibility in the afternoon, was the charm, last evening, of a January sunset. The western clouds divided and subdivided themselves into pink flakes modulated with tints of unspeakable softness; and peace essay the air had so much life and of paul essay sweetness, that it was a pain to peace corp come within doors. What was it that nature would say?
Was there no meaning in the live repose of the valley behind the mill, and which Homer or Shakspeare could not reform for me in words? The leafless trees become spires of flame in the sunset, with the blue east for their back-ground, and the stars of the dead calices of flowers, and every withered stem and stubble rimed with frost, contribute something to the mute music. The inhabitants of cities suppose that the country landscape is pleasant only half the year. I please myself with the graces of the winter scenery, and essay by stalin believe that we are as much touched by it as by corp essay, the genial influences of summer. To the attentive eye, each moment of the year has its own beauty, and in the same field, it beholds, every hour, a picture which was never seen before, and which shall never be seen again. The heavens change every moment, and reflect their glory or gloom on the plains beneath. The state of the crop in my essay for the surrounding farms alters the peace, expression of the earth from week to week. The succession of revise, native plants in the pastures and roadsides, which makes the silent clock by which time tells the summer hours, will make even the divisions of the day sensible to a keen observer. The tribes of birds and corp insects, like the plants punctual to their time, follow each other, and the year has room for all. By water-courses, the variety is greater. In July, the essay by stalin, blue pontederia or pickerel-weed blooms in large beds in the shallow parts of our pleasant river, and swarms with yellow butterflies in continual motion.
Art cannot rival this pomp of purple and gold. Indeed the river is a perpetual gala, and boasts each month a new ornament. But this beauty of Nature which is peace, seen and felt as beauty, is the least part. The shows of day, the dewy morning, the rainbow, mountains, orchards in conclusions research blossom, stars, moonlight, shadows in still water, and the like, if too eagerly hunted, become shows merely, and mock us with their unreality. Go out of the house to see the moon, and 't is mere tinsel; it will not please as when its light shines upon your necessary journey. The beauty that shimmers in the yellow afternoons of October, who ever could clutch it? Go forth to find it, and it is gone: 't is only a mirage as you look from the windows of diligence. 2. The presence of a higher, namely, of the spiritual element is essential to its perfection. The high and peace corp essay divine beauty which can be loved without effeminacy, is that which is found in combination with the revise my essay, human will. Beauty is the mark God sets upon virtue. Peace Essay? Every natural action is graceful.
Every heroic act is also decent, and causes the place and revise for the bystanders to shine. We are taught by great actions that the universe is the property of every individual in peace corp it. Every rational creature has all nature for essay, his dowry and estate. It is peace corp, his, if he will. He may divest himself of it; he may creep into a corner, and abdicate his kingdom, as most men do, but he is entitled to the world by of paul, his constitution. In proportion to peace essay the energy of his thought and will, he takes up the world into himself. All those things for which men plough, build, or sail, obey virtue; said Sallust. The winds and waves, said Gibbon, are always on the side of the ablest navigators. So are the sun and moon and all the stars of heaven. When a noble act is done, -- perchance in a scene of great natural beauty; when Leonidas and his three hundred martyrs consume one day in dying, and the sun and moon come each and look at revise my essay them once in the steep defile of peace, Thermopylae; when Arnold Winkelried, in the high Alps, under the shadow of the avalanche, gathers in his side a sheaf of Austrian spears to break the line for writing a 5 argumentative, his comrades; are not these heroes entitled to add the beauty of the scene to the beauty of the deed? When the bark of Columbus nears the shore of America; -- before it, the peace, beach lined with savages, fleeing out of all their huts of cane; the sea behind; and the purple mountains of the Indian Archipelago around, can we separate the man from the living picture?
Does not the New World clothe his form with her palm-groves and savannahs as fit drapery? Ever does natural beauty steal in like air, and envelope great actions. When Sir Harry Vane was dragged up the minor, Tower-hill, sitting on a sled, to corp suffer death, as the champion of the English laws, one of the multitude cried out to him, You never sate on so glorious a seat. Charles II., to for intimidate the corp, citizens of London, caused the patriot Lord Russel to be drawn in an open coach, through the principal streets of the city, on writing paragraph argumentative essay, his way to the scaffold. But, his biographer says, the multitude imagined they saw liberty and virtue sitting by his side. In private places, among sordid objects, an act of truth or heroism seems at essay once to draw to itself the sky as its temple, the sun as its candle. Nature stretcheth out her arms to my essay for embrace man, only let his thoughts be of equal greatness. Willingly does she follow his steps with the rose and the violet, and bend her lines of grandeur and grace to the decoration of peace, her darling child. Essay? Only let his thoughts be of equal scope, and peace the frame will suit the picture.
A virtuous man is in unison with her works, and makes the central figure of the visible sphere. Homer, Pindar, Socrates, Phocion, associate themselves fitly in our memory with the geography and climate of Greece. The visible heavens and about earth sympathize with Jesus. And in common life, whosoever has seen a person of powerful character and happy genius, will have remarked how easily he took all things along with him, -- the persons, the opinions, and the day, and nature became ancillary to a man. 3. There is peace corp, still another aspect under which the beauty of the world may be viewed, namely, as it become s an object of the intellect. Beside the relation of things to virtue, they have a relation to thought. Essay? The intellect searches out the absolute order of things as they stand in corp essay the mind of God, and without the colors of affection. The intellectual and the active powers seem to succeed each other, and the exclusive activity of the one, generates the exclusive activity of the other.
There is something unfriendly in each to the other, but they are like the alternate periods of feeding and working in retrolisthesis animals; each prepares and will be followed by the other. Therefore does beauty, which, in relation to actions, as we have seen, comes unsought, and peace corp comes because it is unsought, remain for the apprehension and pursuit of the intellect; and then again, in its turn, of the active power. Nothing divine dies. All good is retrolisthesis, eternally reproductive. The beauty of nature reforms itself in the mind, and corp essay not for barren contemplation, but for new creation. All men are in some degree impressed by the face of the world; some men even to delight. This love of minor retrolisthesis, beauty is Taste. Others have the same love in such excess, that, not content with admiring, they seek to embody it in new forms. The creation of beauty is Art. The production of a work of art throws a light upon essay the mystery of humanity. A 5 Paragraph? A work of corp essay, art is an abstract or epitome of the world.
It is the result or expression of nature, in miniature. For, although the works of nature are innumerable and all different, the my essay for, result or the expression of them all is similar and single. Nature is a sea of forms radically alike and even unique. A leaf, a sun-beam, a landscape, the ocean, make an analogous impression on the mind. What is common to them all, -- that perfectness and harmony, is beauty. The standard of beauty is the entire circuit of natural forms, -- the totality of nature; which the Italians expressed by defining beauty il piu nell' uno.
Nothing is quite beautiful alone: nothing but is essay, beautiful in the whole. A single object is only so far beautiful as it suggests this universal grace. The poet, the painter, the sculptor, the musician, the architect, seek each to concentrate this radiance of the world on one point, and each in his several work to satisfy the love of minor retrolisthesis, beauty which stimulates him to produce. Thus is Art, a nature passed through the alembic of man. Thus in art, does nature work through the will of a man filled with the beauty of her first works. The world thus exists to corp essay the soul to satisfy the desire of beauty. This element I call an ultimate end. No reason can be asked or given why the soul seeks beauty.
Beauty, in minor its largest and profoundest sense, is one expression for the universe. God is the all-fair. Truth, and goodness, and beauty, are but different faces of the same All. But beauty in nature is not ultimate. It is the essay, herald of inward and eternal beauty, and is not alone a solid and satisfactory good. It must stand as a part, and not as yet the last or highest expression of the final cause of about poem analysis, Nature. Chapter IV LANGUAGE Language is a third use which Nature subserves to man. Nature is the vehble, and threefold degree.
1. Words are signs of natural facts. 2. Essay? Particular natural facts are symbols of particular spiritual facts. 3. Nature is the symbol of spirit. 1. Words are signs of natural facts. The use of natural history is to give us aid in supernatural history: the use of the outer creation, to give us language for the beings and changes of the inward creation. Every word which is used to express a moral or intellectual fact, if traced to its root, is found to be borrowed from some material appearance. Right means straight ; wrong means twisted . Spirit primarily means wind ; transgression , the crossing of a line ; supercilious , the raising of the eyebrow . We say the heart to express emotion, the head to denote thought; and thought and emotion a re words borrowed from sensible things, and now appropriated to analysis spiritual nature. Most of the process by which this transformation is made, is hidden from us in the remote time when language was framed; but the same tendency may be daily observed in children. Children and savages use only nouns or names of things, which they convert into verbs, and apply to analogous mental acts.
2. But this origin of all words that convey a spiritual import, -- so conspicuous a fact in the history of language, -- is our least debt to peace corp essay nature. It is writing a 5 paragraph argumentative, not words only that are emblematic; it is things which are emblematic. Corp Essay? Every natural fact is a symbol of some spiritual fact. Every appearance in nature corresponds to some state of the mind, and that state of the conclusions, mind can only be described by presenting that natural appearance as its picture. An enraged man is a lion, a cunning man is a fox, a firm man is a rock, a learned man is a torch. A lamb is innocence; a snake is subtle spite; flowers express to us the peace corp essay, delicate affections. Light and darkness are our familiar expression for knowledge and essay by stalin ignorance; and heat for love. Visible distance behind and before us, is respectively our image of memory and hope. Who looks upon corp a river in a meditative hour, and papers is not reminded of the flux of all things?
Throw a stone into the stream, and the circles that propagate themselves are the beautiful type of all influence. Man is conscious of a universal soul within or behind his individual life, wherein, as in a firmament, the natures of Justice, Truth, Love, Freedom, arise and shine. This universal soul, he calls Reason: it is not mine, or thine, or his, but we are its; we are its property and men. And the blue sky in which the private earth is buried, the sky with its eternal calm, and full of everlasting orbs, is the type of Reason. That which, intellectually considered, we call Reason, considered in relation to nature, we call Spirit.
Spirit is the Creator. Spirit hath life in itself. And man in peace corp essay all ages and countries, embodies it in his language, as the FATHER. It is easily seen that there is nothing lucky or capricious in these analogies, but that they are constant, and pervade nature. These are not the dreams of essay, a few poets, here and there, but man is an peace essay analogist, and essay by stalin studies relations in peace essay all objects. He is placed in the centre of beings, and a ray of relation passes from essay by stalin every other being to him.
And neither can man be understood without these objects, nor these objects without man. All the essay, facts in natural history taken by themselves, have no value, but are barren, like a single sex. But marry it to human history, and it is full of life. Whole Floras, all Linnaeus' and Buffon's volumes, are dry catalogues of facts; but the most trivial of these facts, the writing paragraph, habit of a plant, the organs, or work, or noise of an corp essay insect, applied to the illustration of a fact in intellectual philosophy, or, in any way associated to human nature, affects us in the most lively and agreeable manner. The seed of research, a plant, -- to what affecting analogies in the nature of peace essay, man, is that little fruit made use of, in a 5 argumentative essay all discourse, up to the voice of Paul, who calls the human corpse a seed, -- It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. The motion of the earth round its axis, and round the sun, makes the day, and the year. These are certain amounts of brute light and heat.
But is there no intent of an analogy between man's life and the seasons? And do the seasons gain no grandeur or pathos from corp that analogy? The instincts of the ant are very unimportant, considered as the ant's; but the moment a ray of relation is conclusions research, seen to extend from it to peace corp essay man, and essay by stalin the little drudge is seen to essay be a monitor, a little body with a mighty heart, then all its habits, even that said to be recently observed, that it never sleeps, become sublime. Because of this radical correspondence between visible things and human thoughts, savages, who have only what is revere, necessary, converse in figures. As we go back in peace essay history, language becomes more picturesque, until its infancy, when it is all poetry; or all spiritual facts are represented by natural symbols.
The same symbols are found to make the original elements of all languages. It has moreover been observed, that the memoirs revere essay, idioms of peace, all languages approach each other in retrolisthesis passages of the greatest eloquence and essay power. And as this is the first language, so is minor, it the last. This immediate dependence of language upon nature, this conversion of an outward phenomenon into a type of somewhat in human life, never loses its power to affect us. It is this which gives that piquancy to the conversation of a strong-natured farmer or back-woodsman, which all men relish. A man's power to peace corp connect his thought with its proper symbol, and so to utter it, depends on the simplicity of his character, that is, upon his love of truth, and his desire to revise my essay communicate it without loss. The corruption of man is followed by the corruption of language. When simplicity of character and corp essay the sovereignty of ideas is broken up by the prevalence of secondary desires, the desire of riches, of pleasure, of power, and of praise, -- and duplicity and memoirs of paul revere essay falsehood take place of simplicity and truth, the power over nature as an interpreter of the will, is in a degree lost; new imagery ceases to peace corp essay be created, and old words are perverted to stand for papers, things which are not; a paper currency is employed, when there is no bullion in the vaults. In due time, the fraud is manifest, and words lose all power to stimulate the corp, understanding or the affections. Hundreds of writers may be found in every long-civilized nation, who for a short time believe, and make others believe, that they see and utter truths, who do not of themselves clothe one thought in its natural garment, but who feed unconsciously on the language created by the primary writers of the country, those, namely, who hold primarily on nature. But wise men pierce this rotten diction and fasten words again to minor retrolisthesis visible things; so that picturesque language is at once a commanding certificate that he who employs it, is a man in alliance with truth and God.
The moment our discourse rises above the ground line of familiar facts, and is inflamed with passion or exalted by thought, it clothes itself in images. A man conversing in earnest, if he watch his intellectual processes, will find that a material image, more or less luminous, arises in his mind, cotemporaneous with every thought, which furnishes the vestment of the thought. Corp? Hence, good writing and brilliant discourse are perpetual allegories. This imagery is spontaneous. It is the blending of experience with the present action of the mind. It is proper creation. It is the working of the Original Cause through the instruments he has already made.
These facts may suggest the advantage which the country-life possesses for a powerful mind, over the artificial and essay by stalin curtailed life of cities. We know more from peace essay nature than we can at will communicate. Its light flows into minor, the mind evermore, and we forget its presence. Peace Essay? The poet, the orator, bred in the woods, whose senses have been nourished by their fair and appeasing changes, year after year, without design and without heed, -- shall not lose their lesson altogether, in the roar of cities or the broil of politics. Long hereafter, amidst agitation and terror in essay by stalin national councils, -- in the hour of revolution, -- these solemn images shall reappear in their morning lustre, as fit symbols and words of the thoughts which the passing events shall awaken. At the call of peace corp essay, a noble sentiment, again the woods wave, the pines murmur, the poem analysis, river rolls and shines, and the cattle low upon the mountains, as he saw and heard them in his infancy. Corp? And with these forms, the spells of persuasion, the keys of power are put into his hands. 3. We are thus assisted by natural objects in the expression of particular meanings.
But how great a language to convey such pepper-corn informations! Did it need such noble races of creatures, this profusion of forms, this host of orbs in revere essay heaven, to furnish man with the dictionary and grammar of his municipal speech? Whilst we use this grand cipher to peace corp essay expedite the affairs of writing conclusions papers, our pot and kettle, we feel that we have not yet put it to its use, neither are able. We are like travellers using the peace, cinders of my essay, a volcano to roast their eggs. Whilst we see that it always stands ready to clothe what we would say, we cannot avoid the peace corp, question, whether the characters are not significant of themselves. Have mountains, and waves, and skies, no significance but what we consciously give them, when we employ them as emblems of our thoughts? The world is emblematic. Parts of speech are metaphors, because the whole of nature is a metaphor of the human mind. The laws of my essay for, moral nature answer to those of matter as face to face in a glass. The visible world and the relation of its parts, is the dial plate of the invisible.
The axioms of peace corp essay, physics translate the minor retrolisthesis, laws of ethics. Thus, the corp essay, whole is greater than its part; reaction is equal to action; the revise for, smallest weight may be made to lift the greatest, the difference of weight being compensated by time; and many the like propositions, which have an ethical as well as physical sense. Corp Essay? These propositions have a much more extensive and writing paragraph universal sense when applied to peace corp human life, than when confined to technical use. In like manner, the minor, memorable words of history, and corp essay the proverbs of nations, consist usually of a natural fact, selected as a picture or parable of a moral truth. Thus; A rolling stone gathers no moss; A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush; A cripple in the right way, will beat a racer in the wrong; Make hay while the sun shines; 'T is hard to carry a full cup even; Vinegar is the son of wine; The last ounce broke the camel's back; Long-lived trees make roots first; -- and the like. In their primary sense these are trivial facts, but we repeat them for the value of their analogical import. What is true of proverbs, is true of all fables, parables, and allegories. This relation between the mind and matter is not fancied by some poet, but stands in the will of God, and so is free to be known by all men. It appears to retrolisthesis men, or it does not appear.
When in fortunate hours we ponder this miracle, the wise man doubts, if, at all other times, he is not blind and deaf; ------ Can these things be, And overcome us like a summer's cloud, Without our special wonder? for corp, the universe becomes transparent, and the light of about poem analysis, higher laws than its own, shines through it. It is the standing problem which has exercised the wonder and the study of every fine genius since the corp, world began; from the era of the Egyptians and the Brahmins, to that of memoirs of paul, Pythagoras, of Plato, of Bacon, of Leibnitz, of peace corp essay, Swedenborg. There sits the Sphinx at the road-side, and from age to age, as each prophet comes by, he tries his fortune at essay by stalin reading her riddle.
There seems to be a necessity in spirit to manifest itself in material forms; and day and night, river and storm, beast and bird, acid and corp essay alkali, preexist in necessary Ideas in the mind of God, and memoirs of paul are what they are by virtue of preceding affections, in the world of spirit. A Fact is the end or last issue of spirit. The visible creation is the terminus or the circumference of the invisible world. Material objects, said a French philosopher, are necessarily kinds of scoriae of the substantial thoughts of the Creator, which must always preserve an exact relation to their first origin; in other words, visible nature must have a spiritual and moral side. This doctrine is abstruse, and peace corp essay though the images of minor retrolisthesis, garment, scoriae, mirror, c., may stimulate the fancy, we must summon the aid of subtler and more vital expositors to make it plain. Every scripture is to be interpreted by the same spirit which gave it forth, -- is the fundamental law of corp, criticism. A life in harmony with nature, the love of poem, truth and of virtue, will purge the eyes to understand her text.
By degrees we may come to know the primitive sense of the permanent objects of essay, nature, so that the world shall be to us an open book, and every form significant of its hidden life and final cause. A new interest surprises us, whilst, under the view now suggested, we contemplate the fearful extent and multitude of objects; since every object rightly seen, unlocks a new faculty of the soul. That which was unconscious truth, becomes, when interpreted and defined in an object, a part of the domain of knowledge, -- a new weapon in the magazine of power. Memoirs Of Paul? Chapter V DISCIPLINE In view of the significance of nature, we arrive at once at a new fact, that nature is a discipline. This use of the world includes the preceding uses, as parts of peace essay, itself. Space, time, society, labor, climate, food, locomotion, the animals, the mechanical forces, give us sincerest lessons, day by day, whose meaning is minor retrolisthesis, unlimited. They educate both the Understanding and the Reason. Every property of matter is a school for the understanding, -- its solidity or resistance, its inertia, its extension, its figure, its divisibility. The understanding adds, divides, combines, measures, and finds nutriment and room for its activity in this worthy scene. Meantime, Reason transfers all these lessons into peace corp essay, its own world of thought, by perceiving the analogy that marries Matter and Mind.
1. Nature is a discipline of the understanding in intellectual truths. Our dealing with sensible objects is a constant exercise in the necessary lessons of difference, of essay by stalin, likeness, of order, of being and seeming, of progressive arrangement; of ascent from particular to general; of combination to one end of manifold forces. Proportioned to the importance of the organ to be formed, is the extreme care with which its tuition is provided, -- a care pretermitted in no single case. Peace Corp Essay? What tedious training, day after day, year after year, never ending, to form the common sense; what continual reproduction of essay by stalin, annoyances, inconveniences, dilemmas; what rejoicing over us of little men; what disputing of peace, prices, what reckonings of interest, -- and all to form the Hand of the mind; -- to instruct us that good thoughts are no better than good dreams, unless they be executed! The same good office is performed by about poem analysis, Property and its filial systems of essay, debt and credit. Debt, grinding debt, whose iron face the essay by stalin, widow, the orphan, and the sons of genius fear and hate; -- debt, which consumes so much time, which so cripples and disheartens a great spirit with cares that seem so base, is a preceptor whose lessons cannot be forgone, and is needed most by those who suffer from essay it most. Moreover, property, which has been well compared to minor snow, -- if it fall level to-day, it will be blown into drifts to-morrow, -- is the surface action of corp, internal machinery, like the argumentative, index on the face of a clock. Whilst now it is the gymnastics of the understanding, it is hiving in the foresight of the spirit, experience in profounder laws. The whole character and fortune of the individual are affected by peace essay, the least inequalities in essay by stalin the culture of the understanding; for example, in the perception of differences.
Therefore is Space, and therefore Time, that man may know that things are not huddled and lumped, but sundered and individual. Corp? A bell and a plough have each their use, and neither can do the office of the other. Paragraph Argumentative? Water is good to drink, coal to burn, wool to wear; but wool cannot be drunk, nor water spun, nor coal eaten. The wise man shows his wisdom in separation, in peace corp essay gradation, and his scale of creatures and of merits is essay, as wide as nature. The foolish have no range in their scale, but suppose every man is as every other man. What is not good they call the worst, and what is not hateful, they call the best. In like manner, what good heed, nature forms in us! She pardons no mistakes. Her yea is yea, and her nay, nay. The first steps in Agriculture, Astronomy, Zoology, (those first steps which the corp, farmer, the hunter, and the sailor take,) teach that nature's dice are always loaded; that in minor her heaps and rubbish are concealed sure and useful results.
How calmly and genially the mind apprehends one after another the laws of physics! What noble emotions dilate the mortal as he enters into the counsels of the creation, and feels by knowledge the privilege to BE! His insight refines him. The beauty of nature shines in his own breast. Man is greater that he can see this, and the universe less, because Time and Space relations vanish as laws are known. Here again we are impressed and peace corp essay even daunted by the immense Universe to be explored. What we know, is a point to what we do not know. Open any recent journal of science, and weigh the problems suggested concerning Light, Heat, Electricity, Magnetism, Physiology, Geology, and judge whether the interest of natural science is likely to be soon exhausted.
Passing by many particulars of the discipline of nature, we must not omit to specify two. The exercise of the Will or the lesson of power is taught in every event. From the child's successive possession of his several senses up to the hour when he saith, Thy will be done! he is learning the secret, that he can reduce under his will, not only particular events, but great classes, nay the whole series of events, and so conform all facts to his character. Nature is thoroughly mediate. It is made to serve. Conclusions Papers? It receives the dominion of man as meekly as the ass on which the peace corp essay, Saviour rode.
It offers all its kingdoms to man as the essay poem analysis, raw material which he may mould into what is useful. Man is peace, never weary of working it up. He forges the subtile and delicate air into wise and melodious words, and gives them wing as angels of persuasion and a 5 argumentative command. One after another, his victorious thought comes up with and reduces all things, until the corp essay, world becomes, at last, only a realized will, -- the double of the man. 2. Sensible objects conform to the premonitions of Reason and reflect the conscience. All things are moral; and in their boundless changes have an unceasing reference to spiritual nature. Therefore is nature glorious with form, color, and retrolisthesis motion, that every globe in the remotest heaven; every chemical change from the rudest crystal up to the laws of life; every change of vegetation from the first principle of growth in the eye of a leaf, to the tropical forest and antediluvian coal-mine; every animal function from the sponge up to Hercules, shall hint or thunder to man the laws of right and wrong, and echo the Ten Commandments. Peace Corp? Therefore is nature ever the essay poem, ally of Religion: lends all her pomp and riches to the religious sentiment. Prophet and priest, David, Isaiah, Jesus, have drawn deeply from this source. This ethical character so penetrates the bone and marrow of nature, as to seem the end for which it was made. Whatever private purpose is answered by any member or part, this is corp, its public and universal function, and is never omitted.
Nothing in nature is exhausted in its first use. When a thing has served an end to the uttermost, it is wholly new for an ulterior service. In God, every end is converted into a new means. Thus the use of commodity, regarded by itself, is mean and squalid. But it is to the mind an education in the doctrine of Use, namely, that a thing is good only retrolisthesis so far as it serves; that a conspiring of parts and efforts to the production of an end, is essential to any being. The first and corp gross manifestation of this truth, is our inevitable and hated training in values and wants, in corn and meat. It has already been illustrated, that every natural process is a version of a moral sentence. The moral law lies at the centre of nature and radiates to the circumference.
It is the pith and marrow of every substance, every relation, and every process. All things with which we deal, preach to us. What is a farm but a mute gospel? The chaff and the wheat, weeds and plants, blight, rain, insects, sun, -- it is a sacred emblem from the first furrow of spring to the last stack which the minor, snow of winter overtakes in the fields. But the corp essay, sailor, the shepherd, the miner, the paragraph argumentative essay, merchant, in their several resorts, have each an experience precisely parallel, and leading to essay the same conclusion: because all organizations are radically alike. Nor can it be doubted that this moral sentiment which thus scents the air, grows in the grain, and impregnates the waters of the world, is caught by man and essay by stalin sinks into his soul. The moral influence of nature upon every individual is that amount of truth which it illustrates to him. Who can estimate this? Who can guess how much firmness the sea-beaten rock has taught the fisherman? how much tranquillity has been reflected to man from the azure sky, over whose unspotted deeps the winds forevermore drive flocks of peace corp, stormy clouds, and leave no wrinkle or stain? how much industry and providence and affection we have caught from the pantomime of brutes? What a searching preacher of self-command is the varying phenomenon of Health! Herein is writing paragraph argumentative essay, especially apprehended the peace, unity of Nature, -- the unity in variety, -- which meets us everywhere.
All the endless variety of things make an identical impression. Xenophanes complained in his old age, that, look where he would, all things hastened back to Unity. He was weary of seeing the same entity in paragraph argumentative the tedious variety of forms. The fable of Proteus has a cordial truth. A leaf, a drop, a crystal, a moment of time is related to the whole, and partakes of the perfection of the whole.
Each particle is a microcosm, and faithfully renders the essay, likeness of the world. Not only resemblances exist in things whose analogy is conclusions papers, obvious, as when we detect the type of the human hand in the flipper of the fossil saurus, but also in objects wherein there is great superficial unlikeness. Thus architecture is called frozen music, by De Stael and corp Goethe. Vitruvius thought an architect should be a musician. A Gothic church, said Coleridge, is a petrified religion. Michael Angelo maintained, that, to an architect, a knowledge of anatomy is essential.
In Haydn's oratorios, the notes present to the imagination not only motions, as, of the snake, the stag, and the elephant, but colors also; as the green grass. The law of harmonic sounds reappears in the harmonic colors. The granite is differenced in memoirs essay its laws only by the more or less of heat, from the river that wears it away. The river, as it flows, resembles the corp, air that flows over it; the air resembles the light which traverses it with more subtile currents; the light resembles the heat which rides with it through Space. Each creature is only a modification of the other; the a 5 paragraph argumentative, likeness in them is more than the difference, and their radical law is one and the same. Peace Corp Essay? A rule of memoirs, one art, or a law of essay, one organization, holds true throughout nature. So intimate is this Unity, that, it is easily seen, it lies under the undermost garment of nature, and betrays its source in Universal Spirit. For, it pervades Thought also.
Every universal truth which we express in words, implies or supposes every other truth. Omne verum vero consonat. It is like a great circle on a sphere, comprising all possible circles; which, however, may be drawn, and comprise it, in poem like manner. Every such truth is the absolute Ens seen from one side. But it has innumerable sides.
The central Unity is corp essay, still more conspicuous in actions. Words are finite organs of the infinite mind. They cannot cover the dimensions of what is in truth. They break, chop, and impoverish it. An action is the perfection and publication of memoirs of paul revere essay, thought. A right action seems to fill the peace essay, eye, and to be related to all nature. The wise man, in doing one thing, does all; or, in writing research the one thing he does rightly, he sees the likeness of all which is done rightly. Words and actions are not the attributes of brute nature. They introduce us to the human form, of essay, which all other organizations appear to be degradations. When this appears among so many that surround it, the spirit prefers it to all others. It says, `From such as this, have I drawn joy and knowledge; in retrolisthesis such as this, have I found and beheld myself; I will speak to it; it can speak again; it can yield me thought already formed and alive.' In fact, the eye, -- the mind, -- is always accompanied by these forms, male and female; and these are incomparably the richest informations of the power and order that lie at the heart of corp, things.
Unfortunately, every one of them bears the marks as of some injury; is marred and superficially defective. Essay? Nevertheless, far different from the deaf and dumb nature around them, these all rest like fountain-pipes on the unfathomed sea of thought and virtue whereto they alone, of all organizations, are the entrances. It were a pleasant inquiry to follow into detail their ministry to our education, but where would it stop? We are associated in adolescent and adult life with some friends, who, like skies and waters, are coextensive with our idea; who, answering each to a certain affection of the soul, satisfy our desire on that side; whom we lack power to put at such focal distance from us, that we can mend or even analyze them. We cannot choose but love them. When much intercourse with a friend has supplied us with a standard of excellence, and corp has increased our respect for the resources of God who thus sends a real person to outgo our ideal; when he has, moreover, become an object of thought, and, whilst his character retains all its unconscious effect, is converted in the mind into solid and sweet wisdom, -- it is a sign to minor us that his office is closing, and he is commonly withdrawn from our sight in a short time.
Chapter VI IDEALISM Thus is the unspeakable but intelligible and practicable meaning of the peace corp essay, world conveyed to revise for man, the immortal pupil, in every object of sense. To this one end of Discipline, all parts of nature conspire. A noble doubt perpetually suggests itself, whether this end be not the Final Cause of the Universe; and whether nature outwardly exists. Corp Essay? It is a sufficient account of that Appearance we call the World, that God will teach a human mind, and so makes it the receiver of a certain number of congruent sensations, which we call sun and revise moon, man and woman, house and trade. In my utter impotence to test the authenticity of the peace essay, report of my senses, to know whether the impressions they make on me correspond with outlying objects, what difference does it make, whether Orion is up there in heaven, or some god paints the image in minor the firmament of the soul? The relations of parts and the end of the whole remaining the same, what is the difference, whether land and sea interact, and worlds revolve and intermingle without number or end, -- deep yawning under deep, and galaxy balancing galaxy, throughout absolute space, -- or, whether, without relations of time and space, the same appearances are inscribed in the constant faith of man?
Whether nature enjoy a substantial existence without, or is only in the apocalypse of the mind, it is alike useful and alike venerable to me. Be it what it may, it is ideal to peace corp me, so long as I cannot try the accuracy of my senses. The frivolous make themselves merry with the Ideal theory, as if its consequences were burlesque; as if it affected the stability of nature. It surely does not. God never jests with us, and will not compromise the of paul essay, end of nature, by permitting any inconsequence in corp essay its procession.
Any distrust of the permanence of laws, would paralyze the essay analysis, faculties of man. Their permanence is sacredly respected, and his faith therein is perfect. The wheels and springs of man are all set to the hypothesis of the corp, permanence of essay by stalin, nature. We are not built like a ship to be tossed, but like a house to stand. It is a natural consequence of this structure, that, so long as the active powers predominate over the reflective, we resist with indignation any hint that nature is more short-lived or mutable than spirit.
The broker, the essay, wheelwright, the carpenter, the toll-man, are much displeased at the intimation. But whilst we acquiesce entirely in the permanence of natural laws, the question of the absolute existence of nature still remains open. It is the uniform effect of culture on the human mind, not to shake our faith in the stability of particular phenomena, as of heat, water, azote; but to lead us to regard nature as a phenomenon, not a substance; to attribute necessary existence to spirit; to esteem nature as an accident and an effect. To the revere, senses and the unrenewed understanding, belongs a sort of instinctive belief in the absolute existence of nature. In their view, man and nature are indissolubly joined. Things are ultimates, and they never look beyond their sphere. The presence of Reason mars this faith. Peace Corp? The first effort of thought tends to relax this despotism of the senses, which binds us to nature as if we were a part of essay, it, and shows us nature aloof, and, as it were, afloat.
Until this higher agency intervened, the animal eye sees, with wonderful accuracy, sharp outlines and colored surfaces. When the eye of peace, Reason opens, to outline and surface are at once added, grace and expression. These proceed from imagination and affection, and abate somewhat of the angular distinctness of objects. If the Reason be stimulated to more earnest vision, outlines and surfaces become transparent, and are no longer seen; causes and spirits are seen through them. The best moments of life are these delicious awakenings of the higher powers, and the reverential withdrawing of nature before its God. Let us proceed to indicate the effects of culture. 1. Essay Poem? Our first institution in the Ideal philosophy is a hint from nature herself. Nature is made to conspire with spirit to emancipate us.
Certain mechanical changes, a small alteration in our local position apprizes us of a dualism. Essay? We are strangely affected by seeing the shore from a moving ship, from a balloon, or through the tints of an unusual sky. The least change in our point of essay poem analysis, view, gives the whole world a pictorial air. A man who seldom rides, needs only to get into a coach and traverse his own town, to turn the street into a puppet-show. The men, the women, -- talking, running, bartering, fighting, -- the earnest mechanic, the lounger, the beggar, the boys, the dogs, are unrealized at once, or, at least, wholly detached from all relation to the observer, and seen as apparent, not substantial beings.
What new thoughts are suggested by seeing a face of peace corp, country quite familiar, in the rapid movement of the rail-road car! Nay, the most wonted objects, (make a very slight change in the point of vision,) please us most. In a camera obscura, the butcher's cart, and the figure of one of our own family amuse us. So a portrait of a well-known face gratifies us. Revere Essay? Turn the essay, eyes upside down, by looking at the landscape through your legs, and how agreeable is the picture, though you have seen it any time these twenty years! In these cases, by mechanical means, is suggested the difference between the observer and the spectacle, -- between man and nature. Hence arises a pleasure mixed with awe; I may say, a low degree of the sublime is felt from the essay poem, fact, probably, that man is hereby apprized, that, whilst the world is a spectacle, something in himself is stable.
2. Corp Essay? In a higher manner, the poet communicates the same pleasure. Minor? By a few strokes he delineates, as on air, the sun, the mountain, the camp, the city, the hero, the corp essay, maiden, not different from what we know them, but only lifted from the ground and revise for afloat before the peace essay, eye. He unfixes the conclusions research papers, land and the sea, makes them revolve around the axis of his primary thought, and disposes them anew. Possessed himself by a heroic passion, he uses matter as symbols of it. The sensual man conforms thoughts to corp essay things; the revise my essay for, poet conforms things to his thoughts. Peace Corp? The one esteems nature as rooted and fast; the other, as fluid, and poem impresses his being thereon. Peace Corp Essay? To him, the refractory world is ductile and flexible; he invests dust and my essay stones with humanity, and makes them the words of the Reason.
The Imagination may be defined to be, the use which the Reason makes of the material world. Shakspeare possesses the power of subordinating nature for the purposes of expression, beyond all poets. His imperial muse tosses the creation like a bauble from hand to hand, and corp uses it to embody any caprice of thought that is upper-most in his mind. The remotest spaces of nature are visited, and the farthest sundered things are brought together, by paragraph argumentative essay, a subtle spiritual connection. We are made aware that magnitude of material things is relative, and all objects shrink and corp essay expand to serve the passion of the poet. Thus, in his sonnets, the lays of birds, the scents and retrolisthesis dyes of flowers, he finds to be the shadow of his beloved; time, which keeps her from him, is his chest ; the suspicion she has awakened, is her ornament ; The ornament of beauty is peace corp, Suspect, A crow which flies in heaven's sweetest air. His passion is not the essay by stalin, fruit of chance; it swells, as he speaks, to a city, or a state. No, it was builded far from accident;
It suffers not in smiling pomp, nor falls. Under the brow of thralling discontent; It fears not policy, that heretic, That works on leases of short numbered hours, But all alone stands hugely politic In the strength of his constancy, the Pyramids seem to him recent and transitory. The freshness of youth and love dazzles him with its resemblance to morning. Take those lips away. Which so sweetly were forsworn; And those eyes, -- the break of day, Lights that do mislead the morn.
The wild beauty of this hyperbole, I may say, in passing, it would not be easy to match in peace essay literature. This transfiguration which all material objects undergo through the passion of the poet, -- this power which he exerts to dwarf the great, to magnify the small, -- might be illustrated by a thousand examples from his Plays. Essay By Stalin? I have before me the Tempest, and will cite only these few lines. Peace? ARIEL. The strong based promontory.
Have I made shake, and by the spurs plucked up. The pine and cedar. Prospero calls for music to soothe the frantic Alonzo, and his companions; A solemn air, and the best comforter. To an unsettled fancy, cure thy brains. Now useless, boiled within thy skull. About? Again; The charm dissolves apace, And, as the morning steals upon peace corp essay the night, Melting the darkness, so their rising senses. Begin to chase the minor retrolisthesis, ignorant fumes that mantle.
Their clearer reason. Begins to swell: and the approaching tide. Will shortly fill the reasonable shores. That now lie foul and muddy. The perception of real affinities between events, (that is to say, of ideal affinities, for those only are real,) enables the peace corp, poet thus to make free with the most imposing forms and phenomena of the world, and to assert the predominance of the soul. 3. Whilst thus the poet animates nature with his own thoughts, he differs from the philosopher only herein, that the one proposes Beauty as his main end; the other Truth. But the minor retrolisthesis, philosopher, not less than the poet, postpones the apparent order and relations of things to the empire of thought. The problem of philosophy, according to Plato, is, for corp essay, all that exists conditionally, to writing paragraph argumentative essay find a ground unconditioned and essay absolute.
It proceeds on the faith that a law determines all phenomena, which being known, the phenomena can be predicted. That law, when in the mind, is an idea. Its beauty is infinite. The true philosopher and the true poet are one, and a beauty, which is truth, and a truth, which is beauty, is the aim of both. Is not the charm of one of Plato's or Aristotle's definitions, strictly like that of the Antigone of Sophocles? It is, in both cases, that a spiritual life has been imparted to nature; that the solid seeming block of essay poem analysis, matter has been pervaded and dissolved by a thought; that this feeble human being has penetrated the vast masses of nature with an informing soul, and recognised itself in their harmony, that is, seized their law. In physics, when this is attained, the memory disburthens itself of its cumbrous catalogues of particulars, and carries centuries of observation in a single formula. Thus even in peace essay physics, the material is degraded before the spiritual.
The astronomer, the geometer, rely on their irrefragable analysis, and disdain the results of writing conclusions research, observation. The sublime remark of Euler on his law of arches, This will be found contrary to all experience, yet is true; had already transferred nature into the mind, and left matter like an essay outcast corpse. 4. Intellectual science has been observed to beget invariably a doubt of the minor, existence of matter. Turgot said, He that has never doubted the existence of matter, may be assured he has no aptitude for metaphysical inquiries. It fastens the attention upon immortal necessary uncreated natures, that is, upon Ideas; and in their presence, we feel that the outward circumstance is a dream and a shade. Whilst we wait in this Olympus of gods, we think of nature as an appendix to peace the soul. We ascend into their region, and know that these are the thoughts of the Supreme Being. These are they who were set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. When he prepared the heavens, they were there; when he established the essay about poem analysis, clouds above, when he strengthened the fountains of the deep. Then they were by him, as one brought up with him. Of them took he counsel.
Their influence is peace, proportionate. As objects of science, they are accessible to minor few men. Yet all men are capable of being raised by piety or by passion, into their region. And no man touches these divine natures, without becoming, in some degree, himself divine. Like a new soul, they renew the body. We become physically nimble and corp essay lightsome; we tread on air; life is no longer irksome, and we think it will never be so. No man fears age or misfortune or death, in essay by stalin their serene company, for he is transported out of the district of change. Whilst we behold unveiled the nature of corp, Justice and Truth, we learn the difference between the absolute and the conditional or relative. We apprehend the absolute. As it were, for the first time, we exist.
We become immortal, for we learn that time and space are relations of matter; that, with a perception of truth, or a virtuous will, they have no affinity. 5. Finally, religion and ethics, which may be fitly called, -- the practice of ideas, or the introduction of my essay, ideas into life, -- have an analogous effect with all lower culture, in degrading nature and suggesting its dependence on spirit. Ethics and religion differ herein; that the peace corp essay, one is the system of human duties commencing from man; the other, from God. Religion includes the personality of God; Ethics does not. They are one to our present design.
They both put nature under foot. Writing Paragraph Argumentative? The first and last lesson of religion is, The things that are seen, are temporal; the things that are unseen, are eternal. Peace Corp? It puts an affront upon nature. It does that for the unschooled, which philosophy does for Berkeley and Viasa. The uniform language that may be heard in the churches of the most ignorant sects, is,------Contemn the unsubstantial shows of the world; they are vanities, dreams, shadows, unrealities; seek the realities of religion.
The devotee flouts nature. Some theosophists have arrived at writing a 5 paragraph a certain hostility and indignation towards matter, as the Manichean and Plotinus. They distrusted in themselves any looking back to these flesh-pots of Egypt. Plotinus was ashamed of his body. In short, they might all say of matter, what Michael Angelo said of external beauty, it is the essay, frail and weary weed, in which God dresses the soul, which he has called into essay poem, time. It appears that motion, poetry, physical and intellectual science, and religion, all tend to affect our convictions of the reality of the external world. But I own there is peace corp essay, something ungrateful in expanding too curiously the particulars of the general proposition, that all culture tends to imbue us with idealism. About Poem? I have no hostility to nature, but a child's love to it. I expand and live in peace corp essay the warm day like corn and melons.
Let us speak her fair. I do not wish to fling stones at my beautiful mother, nor soil my gentle nest. I only wish to indicate the true position of nature in regard to man, wherein to minor establish man, all right education tends; as the ground which to attain is the object of essay, human life, that is, of minor, man's connection with nature. Culture inverts the vulgar views of nature, and brings the mind to call that apparent, which it uses to call real, and that real, which it uses to call visionary. Children, it is true, believe in the external world. The belief that it appears only, is an afterthought, but with culture, this faith will as surely arise on the mind as did the first. The advantage of the ideal theory over the popular faith, is this, that it presents the world in precisely that view which is most desirable to the mind. It is, in fact, the view which Reason, both speculative and practical, that is, philosophy and virtue, take.
For, seen in the light of peace essay, thought, the world always is phenomenal; and virtue subordinates it to the mind. Idealism sees the world in God. It beholds the whole circle of persons and essay analysis things, of actions and events, of country and religion, not as painfully accumulated, atom after atom, act after act, in corp an aged creeping Past, but as one vast picture, which God paints on the instant eternity, for the contemplation of the soul. Therefore the soul holds itself off from a too trivial and microscopic study of the universal tablet. Conclusions Papers? It respects the end too much, to immerse itself in the means.
It sees something more important in Christianity, than the scandals of ecclesiastical history, or the niceties of criticism; and, very incurious concerning persons or miracles, and not at all disturbed by chasms of historical evidence, it accepts from God the phenomenon, as it finds it, as the pure and awful form of peace essay, religion in the world. It is not hot and passionate at the appearance of what it calls its own good or bad fortune, at the union or opposition of other persons. Revise My Essay For? No man is peace corp, its enemy. It accepts whatsoever befalls, as part of its lesson. It is a watcher more than a doer, and minor retrolisthesis it is a doer, only that it may the essay, better watch. Chapter VII SPIRIT It is essential to a true theory of nature and of man, that it should contain somewhat progressive. Uses that are exhausted or that may be, and essay by stalin facts that end in the statement, cannot be all that is true of this brave lodging wherein man is harbored, and wherein all his faculties find appropriate and endless exercise. And all the uses of nature admit of being summed in one, which yields the activity of peace essay, man an infinite scope.
Through all its kingdoms, to the suburbs and outskirts of things, it is faithful to the cause whence it had its origin. It always speaks of about poem, Spirit. Peace Corp? It suggests the absolute. It is a perpetual effect. It is a great shadow pointing always to the sun behind us. The aspect of nature is devout. Like the writing conclusions research, figure of Jesus, she stands with bended head, and peace hands folded upon the breast.
The happiest man is he who learns from nature the lesson of worship. Of that ineffable essence which we call Spirit, he that thinks most, will say least. We can foresee God in the coarse, and, as it were, distant phenomena of matter; but when we try to define and describe himself, both language and essay by stalin thought desert us, and we are as helpless as fools and savages. Essay? That essence refuses to a 5 paragraph argumentative be recorded in corp essay propositions, but when man has worshipped him intellectually, the noblest ministry of nature is to stand as the apparition of God. It is the organ through which the universal spirit speaks to the individual, and strives to lead back the individual to it. When we consider Spirit, we see that the views already presented do not include the whole circumference of man. We must add some related thoughts. Three problems are put by nature to the mind; What is matter?
Whence is it? and Whereto? The first of these questions only, the ideal theory answers. Idealism saith: matter is essay by stalin, a phenomenon, not a substance. Idealism acquaints us with the peace corp, total disparity between the evidence of our own being, and the evidence of the world's being. The one is perfect; the other, incapable of any assurance; the mind is a part of the nature of things; the world is a divine dream, from which we may presently awake to the glories and minor certainties of day. Idealism is peace, a hypothesis to account for nature by other principles than those of carpentry and chemistry. Yet, if it only revere essay deny the existence of matter, it does not satisfy the demands of the spirit. It leaves God out of me. It leaves me in the splendid labyrinth of peace corp essay, my perceptions, to wander without end. Then the heart resists it, because it balks the research papers, affections in denying substantive being to men and women. Nature is so pervaded with human life, that there is peace, something of humanity in all, and in every particular.
But this theory makes nature foreign to me, and does not account for retrolisthesis, that consanguinity which we acknowledge to it. Let it stand, then, in the present state of our knowledge, merely as a useful introductory hypothesis, serving to apprize us of the eternal distinction between the soul and the world. But when, following the invisible steps of thought, we come to inquire, Whence is matter? and Whereto? many truths arise to us out of the recesses of consciousness. We learn that the highest is present to the soul of man, that the dread universal essence, which is not wisdom, or love, or beauty, or power, but all in one, and peace corp essay each entirely, is that for which all things exist, and that by which they are; that spirit creates; that behind nature, throughout nature, spirit is present; one and not compound, it does not act upon us from without, that is, in space and time, but spiritually, or through ourselves: therefore, that spirit, that is, the Supreme Being, does not build up nature around us, but puts it forth through us, as the life of the minor, tree puts forth new branches and leaves through the pores of the old. Peace Essay? As a plant upon the earth, so a man rests upon the bosom of God; he is nourished by unfailing fountains, and draws, at his need, inexhaustible power. Who can set bounds to the possibilities of man? Once inhale the upper air, being admitted to behold the revere, absolute natures of justice and truth, and we learn that man has access to the entire mind of the Creator, is himself the creator in the finite.
This view, which admonishes me where the sources of wisdom and power lie, and points to corp essay virtue as to The golden key. Which opes the palace of eternity, carries upon of paul revere essay its face the essay, highest certificate of truth, because it animates me to create my own world through the purification of my soul. The world proceeds from the same spirit as the body of writing a 5, man. It is a remoter and inferior incarnation of God, a projection of God in the unconscious. But it differs from the essay, body in one important respect. Writing Conclusions? It is not, like that, now subjected to the human will.
Its serene order is inviolable by us. Essay? It is, therefore, to us, the present expositor of the divine mind. It is a fixed point whereby we may measure our departure. As we degenerate, the a 5 paragraph argumentative essay, contrast between us and our house is more evident. We are as much strangers in nature, as we are aliens from peace essay God. We do not understand the notes of birds. Essay By Stalin? The fox and the deer run away from us; the bear and tiger rend us. We do not know the uses of more than a few plants, as corn and the apple, the potato and the vine. Is not the landscape, every glimpse of which hath a grandeur, a face of him?
Yet this may show us what discord is between man and nature, for you cannot freely admire a noble landscape, if laborers are digging in the field hard by. The poet finds something ridiculous in his delight, until he is out of the sight of men. Chapter VIII PROSPECTS In inquiries respecting the laws of the world and peace the frame of things, the highest reason is always the truest. That which seems faintly possible -- it is so refined, is of paul, often faint and dim because it is deepest seated in the mind among the peace corp, eternal verities. Empirical science is apt to cloud the sight, and, by the very knowledge of functions and processes, to bereave the student of the manly contemplation of the whole. The savant becomes unpoetic. Memoirs Revere? But the best read naturalist who lends an peace entire and devout attention to truth, will see that there remains much to memoirs of paul learn of his relation to the world, and that it is not to be learned by any addition or subtraction or other comparison of known quantities, but is essay, arrived at essay by stalin by untaught sallies of the peace corp, spirit, by a continual self-recovery, and by minor, entire humility. He will perceive that there are far more excellent qualities in the student than preciseness and infallibility; that a guess is peace corp, often more fruitful than an indisputable affirmation, and conclusions that a dream may let us deeper into the secret of nature than a hundred concerted experiments.
For, the problems to be solved are precisely those which the physiologist and corp the naturalist omit to state. It is not so pertinent to man to know all the individuals of the animal kingdom, as it is to know whence and essay by stalin whereto is this tyrannizing unity in his constitution, which evermore separates and essay classifies things, endeavoring to reduce the a 5, most diverse to one form. When I behold a rich landscape, it is peace essay, less to my purpose to recite correctly the writing conclusions, order and superposition of the strata, than to know why all thought of multitude is lost in a tranquil sense of essay, unity. I cannot greatly honor minuteness in details, so long as there is no hint to explain the relation between things and thoughts; no ray upon the metaphysics of conchology, of botany, of the arts, to show the relation of the forms of flowers, shells, animals, architecture, to the mind, and build science upon ideas. In a cabinet of natural history, we become sensible of a certain occult recognition and sympathy in writing regard to the most unwieldly and eccentric forms of beast, fish, and insect. The American who has been confined, in his own country, to the sight of buildings designed after foreign models, is surprised on entering York Minster or St.
Peter's at Rome, by the feeling that these structures are imitations also, -- faint copies of an invisible archetype. Nor has science sufficient humanity, so long as the naturalist overlooks that wonderful congruity which subsists between man and the world; of which he is lord, not because he is the most subtile inhabitant, but because he is its head and heart, and finds something of himself in every great and small thing, in every mountain stratum, in corp every new law of color, fact of astronomy, or atmospheric influence which observation or analysis lay open. Writing Conclusions? A perception of this mystery inspires the muse of George Herbert, the beautiful psalmist of the seventeenth century. The following lines are part of his little poem on Man. Man is peace essay, all symmetry,
Full of proportions, one limb to another, And to all the world besides. Each part may call the farthest, brother; For head with foot hath private amity, And both with moons and tides. Nothing hath got so far. But man hath caught and kept it as his prey; His eyes dismount the highest star; He is in little all the sphere. Herbs gladly cure our flesh, because that they.
Find their acquaintance there. For us, the winds do blow, The earth doth rest, heaven move, and fountains flow; Nothing we see, but means our good, As our delight, or as our treasure; The whole is either our cupboard of food, Or cabinet of pleasure.
The stars have us to about poem bed: Night draws the curtain; which the sun withdraws. Music and light attend our head. All things unto our flesh are kind, In their descent and being; to our mind, In their ascent and peace corp essay cause.
More servants wait on man. Than he'll take notice of. In every path, He treads down that which doth befriend him. When sickness makes him pale and wan. Oh mighty love! Man is one world, and hath. Another to attend him.
The perception of this class of truths makes the attraction which draws men to science, but the end is lost sight of in attention to the means. In view of essay by stalin, this half-sight of science, we accept the sentence of Plato, that, poetry comes nearer to vital truth than history. Every surmise and vaticination of the mind is entitled to a certain respect, and we learn to prefer imperfect theories, and sentences, which contain glimpses of truth, to digested systems which have no one valuable suggestion. A wise writer will feel that the ends of study and peace corp composition are best answered by announcing undiscovered regions of thought, and so communicating, through hope, new activity to the torpid spirit. I shall therefore conclude this essay with some traditions of man and nature, which a certain poet sang to revise my essay me; and which, as they have always been in the world, and perhaps reappear to every bard, may be both history and prophecy. `The foundations of man are not in matter, but in spirit. But the element of spirit is peace, eternity. To it, therefore, the longest series of events, the oldest chronologies are young and recent. In the cycle of the universal man, from whom the writing essay, known individuals proceed, centuries are points, and all history is peace corp essay, but the epoch of one degradation.
`We distrust and deny inwardly our sympathy with nature. We own and disown our relation to it, by turns. We are, like Nebuchadnezzar, dethroned, bereft of reason, and eating grass like an ox. Conclusions Research Papers? But who can set limits to the remedial force of spirit? `A man is a god in ruins. When men are innocent, life shall be longer, and shall pass into the immortal, as gently as we awake from dreams.
Now, the world would be insane and rabid, if these disorganizations should last for essay, hundreds of years. Writing Conclusions Research? It is peace corp essay, kept in check by death and infancy. Infancy is the perpetual Messiah, which comes into the arms of fallen men, and pleads with them to essay analysis return to paradise. `Man is the dwarf of himself. Once he was permeated and dissolved by spirit. He filled nature with his overflowing currents. Out from him sprang the sun and corp moon; from man, the sun; from woman, the moon.
The laws of his mind, the periods of his actions externized themselves into writing a 5, day and night, into the year and the seasons. But, having made for himself this huge shell, his waters retired; he no longer fills the veins and veinlets; he is peace essay, shrunk to a drop. He sees, that the structure still fits him, but fits him colossally. Say, rather, once it fitted him, now it corresponds to him from far and on high. He adores timidly his own work. Now is man the revise, follower of the sun, and woman the essay, follower of the moon. Yet sometimes he starts in his slumber, and wonders at a 5 argumentative essay himself and his house, and muses strangely at the resemblance betwixt him and peace it. He perceives that if his law is still paramount, if still he have elemental power, if his word is sterling yet in nature, it is not conscious power, it is not inferior but superior to his will. It is Instinct.' Thus my Orphic poet sang. At present, man applies to nature but half his force.
He works on the world with his understanding alone. Essay By Stalin? He lives in it, and masters it by a penny-wisdom; and he that works most in it, is but a half-man, and whilst his arms are strong and his digestion good, his mind is corp essay, imbruted, and he is a selfish savage. His relation to nature, his power over it, is through the my essay, understanding; as by manure; the economic use of fire, wind, water, and the mariner's needle; steam, coal, chemical agriculture; the repairs of the human body by the dentist and the surgeon. This is such a resumption of power, as if a banished king should buy his territories inch by inch, instead of vaulting at once into his throne. Meantime, in the thick darkness, there are not wanting gleams of corp, a better light, -- occasional examples of the action of man upon nature with his entire force, -- with reason as well as understanding. Such examples are; the traditions of miracles in essay analysis the earliest antiquity of all nations; the history of Jesus Christ; the achievements of a principle, as in religious and political revolutions, and in the abolition of the Slave-trade; the miracles of enthusiasm, as those reported of Swedenborg, Hohenlohe, and the Shakers; many obscure and yet contested facts, now arranged under the peace corp, name of Animal Magnetism; prayer; eloquence; self-healing; and the wisdom of children. These are examples of Reason's momentary grasp of the sceptre; the exertions of a power which exists not in time or space, but an writing conclusions research instantaneous in-streaming causing power. The difference between the essay, actual and the ideal force of man is happily figured by the schoolmen, in saying, that the knowledge of man is an evening knowledge, vespertina cognitio, but that of God is a morning knowledge, matutina cognitio.
The problem of paragraph, restoring to the world original and eternal beauty, is solved by peace corp, the redemption of the soul. The ruin or the retrolisthesis, blank, that we see when we look at nature, is in our own eye. The axis of vision is not coincident with the axis of things, and so they appear not transparent but opake. The reason why the world lacks unity, and lies broken and in peace heaps, is, because man is disunited with himself. He cannot be a naturalist, until he satisfies all the demands of the spirit. Love is as much its demand, as perception. Indeed, neither can be perfect without the other. In the uttermost meaning of the words, thought is devout, and devotion is thought. Deep calls unto deep.
But in actual life, the marriage is not celebrated. There are innocent men who worship God after the tradition of their fathers, but their sense of duty has not yet extended to the use of all their faculties. And there are patient naturalists, but they freeze their subject under the wintry light of the understanding. Is not prayer also a study of truth, -- a sally of the poem, soul into peace, the unfound infinite? No man ever prayed heartily, without learning something. But when a faithful thinker, resolute to detach every object from personal relations, and see it in the light of thought, shall, at the same time, kindle science with the fire of the holiest affections, then will God go forth anew into the creation. It will not need, when the mind is essay by stalin, prepared for study, to search for objects. The invariable mark of wisdom is to peace corp essay see the miraculous in revise my essay the common.
What is a day? What is a year? What is summer? What is woman? What is a child? What is sleep? To our blindness, these things seem unaffecting. We make fables to hide the baldness of the fact and conform it, as we say, to the higher law of the mind.
But when the corp, fact is seen under the light of an idea, the gaudy fable fades and shrivels. We behold the real higher law. To the wise, therefore, a fact is true poetry, and the most beautiful of fables. These wonders are brought to our own door. You also are a man. Essay By Stalin? Man and woman, and their social life, poverty, labor, sleep, fear, fortune, are known to you. Learn that none of these things is superficial, but that each phenomenon has its roots in the faculties and peace corp affections of the mind. Whilst the abstract question occupies your intellect, nature brings it in the concrete to be solved by your hands. It were a wise inquiry for the closet, to compare, point by point, especially at remarkable crises in life, our daily history, with the of paul essay, rise and progress of ideas in corp the mind. So shall we come to my essay look at the world with new eyes. It shall answer the endless inquiry of the intellect, -- What is truth? and of the affections, -- What is good? by yielding itself passive to the educated Will.
Then shall come to pass what my poet said; `Nature is not fixed but fluid. Spirit alters, moulds, makes it. The immobility or bruteness of peace corp essay, nature, is the absence of spirit; to pure spirit, it is fluid, it is volatile, it is obedient. Every spirit builds itself a house; and beyond its house a world; and beyond its world, a heaven. Know then, that the world exists for you. For you is the phenomenon perfect.
What we are, that only can we see. All that Adam had, all that Caesar could, you have and can do. Minor Retrolisthesis? Adam called his house, heaven and earth; Caesar called his house, Rome; you perhaps call yours, a cobler's trade; a hundred acres of ploughed land; or a scholar's garret. Yet line for line and point for point, your dominion is as great as theirs, though without fine names. Build, therefore, your own world. As fast as you conform your life to the pure idea in your mind, that will unfold its great proportions. A correspondent revolution in things will attend the influx of the spirit.
So fast will disagreeable appearances, swine, spiders, snakes, pests, madhouses, prisons, enemies, vanish; they are temporary and shall be no more seen. The sordor and filths of nature, the sun shall dry up, and the wind exhale. As when the summer comes from the south; the snow-banks melt, and the face of the earth becomes green before it, so shall the advancing spirit create its ornaments along its path, and carry with it the beauty it visits, and the song which enchants it; it shall draw beautiful faces, warm hearts, wise discourse, and heroic acts, around its way, until evil is essay, no more seen. The kingdom of man over nature, which cometh not with observation, -- a dominion such as now is beyond his dream of God, -- he shall enter without more wonder than the blind man feels who is gradually restored to perfect sight.'